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  1. Spinal deformity is frequently identified in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). As it progresses, tracheal stenosis often develops due to compression between the innominate artery and anteriorly deviated verte...

    Authors: Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, So Kato, Fumihiko Oguchi, Ayato Nohara, Toru Doi, Yasushi Oshima and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:217

    Content type: Case report

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  2. One of the causes of dissatisfaction following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is abnormal knee kinematics. A newly designed bi-cruciate stabilized (BCS) TKA system has been developed to produce close-to-normal ...

    Authors: Hiroshi Inui, Shuji Taketomi, Ryota Yamagami, Kenichi Kono, Kohei Kawaguchi, Kosuke Uehara and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:215

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although pelvic incidence (PI) is a key morphologic parameter in assessing spinopelvic sagittal alignment, accurate measurements of PI become difficult in patients with severe hip dislocation or femoral head d...

    Authors: Yasuhito Takahashi, Kei Watanabe, Masashi Okamoto, Shun Hatsushikano, Kazuhiro Hasegawa and Naoto Endo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:214

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and intermediate-term effects of the combined application of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) techniques and neuromuscular exercises of ...

    Authors: Konstantinos Mylonas, Pavlos Angelopoulos, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis and Konstantinos Fousekis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:212

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In this study, we investigated whether substance P (SP) or calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) expression is associated with tendon degeneration in patients with lateral epicondylitis.

    Authors: Soo-Hong Han, Hyung Kyung Kim, Yoon Jang, Hyeon Hae Lee, Jeongbae Rhie, Donghun Han, Jongbeom Oh and Soonchul Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:210

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different pretreatment methods on the microbial yield from infectious tissues.

    Authors: Yuanqing Cai, Xinyu Fang, Lvheng Zhang, Xurong Yang, Lixiong Nie, Zida Huang, Wenbo Li, Chaofan Zhang, Bin Yang, Zhenpeng Guan and Wenming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:209

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Measuring the strain patterns of ligaments at various joint positions informs our understanding of their function. However, few studies have examined the biomechanical properties of ankle ligaments; further, t...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Takeuchi, Ryota Inokuchi, Masato Takao, Mark Glazebrook, Xavier Martin Oliva, Takayuki Yamazaki, Maya Kubo, Danielle Lowe, Kentaro Matsui, Mai Katakura and Satoru Ozeki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:208

    Content type: Research article

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  8. 3D Surgical planning has become a key tool in complex hip revision surgery. The restoration of centre of rotation (CoR) of the hips and leg length (LL) are key factors in achieving good clinical outcome. Pelvi...

    Authors: Anna Di Laura, Johann Henckel, Elisabetta Dal Gal, Mohammed Monem, Maria Moralidou and Alister J. Hart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:207

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Walking is an easily prescribed physical activity for people with low back pain (LBP). However, the evidence for its effectiveness to improve pain and disability levels for people with chronic low back pain (C...

    Authors: Angelica E. Lang, Paul A. Hendrick, Lynne Clay, Prosanta Mondal, Catherine M. Trask, Brenna Bath, Erika D. Penz, Samuel A. Stewart, G. David Baxter, Deidre A. Hurley, Suzanne M. McDonough and Stephan Milosavljevic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:206

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although the Nirschl technique was introduced approximately 40 years ago, only limited information is available about the long-term results, especially concerning extensor power changes after surgery.

    Authors: Soonchul Lee, In-Tae Hong, Soohyun Lee, Tae-sup Kim, Kyunghun Jung and Soo-Hong Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:205

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Pediatric deformity surgery traditionally involves major blood loss. Patients refusing blood transfusion add extra clinical and medicolegal challenges; specifically the Jehovah’s witnesses population. The obje...

    Authors: Alexander Mihas, Subaraman Ramchandran, Sebastian Rivera, Ali Mansour, Jahangir Asghar, Harry Shufflebarger and Stephen George

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:204

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The surgical treatment of acetabular fracture has adverse outcomes and high risk, and minimally invasive method is a good way to reduce complications and improve hip joint function. This study is to investigat...

    Authors: Sheng Yao, Kaifang Chen, Fengzhao Zhu, Jia Liu, Yulong Wang, Lian Zeng, Yizhou Wan, Yanzhen Qu, Liang Yang, Xiaodong Guo and Xu Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:203

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether decompression of suprascapular nerve (SSN) at the spinoglenoid notch could lead to a better functional outcome for the patients who underwent repairment of r...

    Authors: Pu Yang, Chen Wang, Dongfang Zhang, Yi Zhang, Tengbo Yu and Chao Qi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:202

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Monoblock taper fluted stems have been reliably used to treat proximal femoral periprosthetic fractures (PFF) and femoral aseptic loosening (AL). Although proximal femoral remodeling has been observed around t...

    Authors: Gábor Friebert, Csaba Gombár, András Bozó, Ilona Polyák, Ádám Brzózka and Krisztián Sisák

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:201

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This study aimed to assess the surgical outcomes of two kinds of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) putties/local autograft composites in instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF).

    Authors: Dong-Gune Chang, Jong-Beom Park and Yangjun Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:200

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To evaluate and quantify the intraoperative effect of capsulorrhaphy on the deep seating of femoral head within the acetabulum as measured by medial joint space, a surrogate measure of acetabular-head contact.

    Authors: Ramin Zargarbashi, Mohammadreza Bozorgmanesh, Behnam Panjavi and Fardis Vosoughi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:199

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Chronic ankle instability (CAI) arises from the two etiological factors of functional (FAI) and mechanical ankle instability (MAI). To distinguish the contributions of the two etiologies, it is necessary to qu...

    Authors: Markus Wenning, Dominic Gehring, Thomas Lange, David Fuerst-Meroth, Paul Streicher, Hagen Schmal and Albert Gollhofer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:198

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. The purpose of this study was to use MRI and CT to observe osteoporosis vertebral fracture (OVF) combined with endplate-disc complex (EDC) injury and to classify the degree of EDC injury according to the chang...

    Authors: Shuai Zhang, Song Wang, Qing Wang, Jin Yang and Shuang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:197

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A mismatch between the femoral component and trochlear resection surface is observed in kinematically aligned total knee arthroplasty (KA-TKA) when conventional prostheses are employed. This mismatch is mainly...

    Authors: Zhiwei Wang, Liang Wen, Liang Zhang, Desi Ma, Xiang Dong and Tiebing Qu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:196

    Content type: Research article

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  20. L-carnitine decreases oxidation and inflammation by reducing the fatty acid in plasma and using oxygen in ATP synthesis. As such, knee osteoarthritis (KOA) can be improved by reducing apoptotic chondrocytes. T...

    Authors: Farnaz Baghban, Mahdieh Hosseinzadeh, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Ali Dehghan and Hossein Fallahzadeh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:195

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Current health policy states that patients with osteoarthritis (OA) should mainly be managed in primary health care. Still, research shows that patients with hand OA have poor access to recommended treatment i...

    Authors: Ingvild Kjeken, Kjetil Bergsmark, Ida K. Haugen, Toril Hennig, Merete Hermann-Eriksen, Vivian Tryving Hornburg, Åshild Hove, Anne Prøven, Trine Amalie Sjøvold and Barbara Slatkowsky-Christensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:194

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Olof Westin, Tony Sjögren, Simon Svedman, Alexandra Horvath, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Kristian Samuelsson and Paul Ackermann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:193

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:358

  23. Good physical capability is an important part of healthy biological ageing. Several factors influencing physical capability have previously been reported. Long-term reports on physical capability and the onset...

    Authors: Samuli Juopperi, Reijo Sund, Toni Rikkonen, Heikki Kröger and Joonas Sirola

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:192

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:349

  24. Proven treatments for low back pain, at best, only provide modest overall benefits. Matching people to treatments that are likely to be most effective for them may improve clinical outcomes and makes better us...

    Authors: Siew Wan Hee, Dipesh Mistry, Tim Friede, Sarah E. Lamb, Nigel Stallard, Martin Underwood and Shilpa Patel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:191

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Irreparable massive rotator cuff tears (IMRCTs) are a well-known cause for functional limitation and difficult to treat. Although several joint-preserving as well as joint-replacing procedures were found to pr...

    Authors: Fabian Plachel, Paul Siegert, Philipp Moroder, Leo Pauzenberger, Brenda Laky, Werner Anderl and Philipp Heuberer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:190

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The evidence for the treatment of midthoracic fractures in elderly patients is weak. The aim of this study was to evaluate midterm results after posterior stabilization of unstable midthoracic fractures in the...

    Authors: U. J. Spiegl, P.-L. Hölbing, J.-S. Jarvers, N. v. d. Höh, P. Pieroh, G. Osterhoff and C.-E. Heyde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:188

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Faster, easier, more economical and more effective versions of the minimally invasive reduction procedure for femoral shaft fractures need to be developed for use by orthopaedic surgeons. In this study, a frac...

    Authors: Wei Shui, Youyin Yang, Xinling Pi, Gang Luo, Bo Qiao, Weidong Ni and Shuquan Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:187

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The use of smartphones has become widely popular, especially among young people, for multiple purposes other than communication, including gaming and internet browsing. The hand and wrist weakness is one of th...

    Authors: Ahmad Osailan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:186

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether pelvic incidence (PI) will affect the occurrence of PJK in Lenke 5 AIS patients after correction surgery and try to explore a better surgical scheme based on...

    Authors: Quan Zhou, Bowen Hu, Xi Yang, Yueming Song, Limin Liu, Linnan Wang, Lei Wang, Chunguang Zhou, Zhongjie Zhou, Peng Xiu and Liang Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:185

    Content type: Research article

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  30. According to existing literature, musicians experience high rates of musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders involving different anatomical areas. The aim of the study was to identify patterns of pain location in a sa...

    Authors: Cinzia Cruder, Marco Barbero, Emiliano Soldini and Nigel Gleeson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:184

    Content type: Research article

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    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:263

  31. Fibromyalgia (FM) patients are likely to differ from healthy controls in muscle activity and in reactivity to experimental stress.

    Authors: Teemu Zetterman, Ritva Markkula, Juhani V. Partanen, Teemu Miettinen, Ann-Mari Estlander and Eija Kalso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:183

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Goal setting is linked to person-centred care and is a core component in physiotherapy, but the associations between goal classes, patient characteristics and outcome measures for musculoskeletal disorders has...

    Authors: Olav Amundsen, Nina Køpke Vøllestad, Ingebrigt Meisingset and Hilde Stendal Robinson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:182

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Arthritis and joint pain are highly prevalent in agricultural (ag) workers. Many ag operations are sustained by a small number of workers, and the disability of even one worker thus contributes to economic har...

    Authors: Eliza J. Webber, Tan Tran, Ronald June, Emily Healy, Tara M. Andrews, Roubie Younkin, Justin MacDonald and Erik S. Adams

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:181

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Emerging evidence highlights the importance of preoperative expectations in predicting patient-reported outcomes of orthopedic surgeries. To date, it is still a matter of controversy whether patient satisfacti...

    Authors: Anne Kästner, Virginie S. C. Ng Kuet Leong, Frank Petzke, Stefan Budde, Michael Przemeck, Martin Müller and Joachim Erlenwein

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:180

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Recovery trajectories differ between individual patients and it is hypothesizes that they can be used to predict if an individual patient is likely to recover earlier or later. Primary aim of this study was to...

    Authors: K. E. M. Harmelink, R. Dandis, P. J. der Van der Wees PJ, A. V. C. M. Zeegers, M. W. Nijhuis-van der Sanden and J. B. Staal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:179

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Aim of this multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and treatment satisfaction of current medications in Chinese knee OA patients.

    Authors: Qingyun Xue, Huibin Long, Jianhao Lin, Dongping Du, Jin Zhou, Jinwei Chen, Shu li, Yanlei Zhang, Yan Cheng, Xiao Ma and Zhiyi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:178

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Few studies describe thoracolumbar disc herniation (TLDH) as an isolated category, it is frequently classified as the lower thoracic spine or upper lumbar spine. Thus, less is known about the morphology and ae...

    Authors: Ang Gao, Yongqiang Wang, Miao Yu and Xiaoguang Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:177

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Telemore length (TL) shortening has been found in many diseases. However, clinical characteristics of TL shortening in osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) has not been investigated. Therefore, we studied ...

    Authors: Si-Wook Lee, Kyung-Hwan Lim, Kyung-Jae Lee, Yu-Ran Heo and Jae-Ho Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:176

    Content type: Research article

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  39. A two-stage prosthesis exchange procedure has been the gold standard in surgical treatment of the chronically infected knee arthroplasty so far. This includes 2 surgeries/hospitalizations and an interim period...

    Authors: Martin Lindberg-Larsen, Anders Odgaard, Charlotte Fredborg and Henrik Morville Schrøder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:175

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. This study aimed to investigate the effect of abnormal Core binding factor-β expression on proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of chondrocytes, and elucidate the relationship between Core binding fact...

    Authors: Guangdi Li, Mi Zhang, Yuan Huang, Jiafei Yang, Lianghong Dong, Hao Shi, Long Li, Riguang Liu and Jiangwei Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:174

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Patients with rheumatic diseases have a high risk for joint destruction and secondary osteoarthritis (OA) as well as low bone mineral density (BMD, i.e., osteoporosis). While several factors may lead to low BM...

    Authors: Moritz Mühlenfeld, André Strahl, Ulrich Bechler, Nico Maximilian Jandl, Jan Hubert and Tim Rolvien

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:173

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Anticonvulsant use has been linked to bone deficits in specific patient populations. We studied the association between anticonvulsant use and bone health in a population-based sample of men and women.

    Authors: Vinoomika Chandrasekaran, Julie A. Pasco, Amanda L. Stuart, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Michael Berk, Jason M. Hodge, Rasika M. Samarasinghe and Lana J. Williams

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:172

    Content type: Research article

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  43. We developed a porous Ti alloy/PEEK composite interbody cage by utilizing the advantages of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and titanium alloy (Ti alloy) in combination with additive manufacturing technology.

    Authors: Pei-I Tsai, Meng-Huang Wu, Yen-Yao Li, Tzu-Hung Lin, Jane S. C. Tsai, Hsin-I Huang, Hong-Jen Lai, Ming-Hsueh Lee and Chih-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:171

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The aim of this study was to identify case definitions of diagnostic criteria for specific musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) for use in occupational healthcare, surveillance or research.

    Authors: Henk F. van der Molen, Steven Visser, Jose Hernán Alfonso, Stefania Curti, Stefano Mattioli, David Rempel, Yves Roquelaure, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer and Sietske J. Tamminga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:169

    Content type: Research article

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  45. According to most of the commonly used classification systems for subaxial spine injuries, unilateral and minimally displaced facet fractures without any sign of a spinal cord injury would be directed to non-o...

    Authors: Satoshi Maki, Mitsuhiro Kitamura, Takeo Furuya, Takuya Miyamoto, Sho Okimatsu, Yasuhiro Shiga, Kazuhide Inage, Sumihisa Orita, Yawara Eguchi and Seiji Ohtori

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:168

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Several authors have reported favorable results in low back pain (LBP) for patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) treated with discectomy. However, detailed changes over time in the characteristics and loc...

    Authors: Hiroshi Takahashi, Yasuchika Aoki, Masahiro Inoue, Junya Saito, Arata Nakajima, Masato Sonobe, Yorikazu Akatsu, Keita Koyama, Yasuhiro Shiga, Kazuhide Inage, Yawara Eguchi, Sumihisa Orita, Satoshi Maki, Takeo Furuya, Tsutomu Akazawa, Tetsuya Abe…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:167

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Measurement of hip rotation is a crucial clinical parameter for the identification of hip problems and the monitoring of symptoms. The objective of this study was to determine whether the use of two smartphone...

    Authors: Phob Ganokroj, Nuchanun Sompornpanich, Pichitpol Kerdsomnuek, Bavornrat Vanadurongwan and Pisit Lertwanich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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