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  1. There is no consensus on the optimal treatment for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. Several studies indicate superior patient satisfaction in favour of operative reconstruction. It is unknown what drives...

    Authors: Eric D. Tutuhatunewa, Martin Stevens, Olivier C. Dams, Jeffrey van Son, Rebecca D. Louhanepessy, Paul F. M. Krabbe, Maarten J. Postma and Ron L. Diercks

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:560

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Recently, an increasing number of studies have focused on the extra-gastrointestinal effects of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), including metabolic syndrome, fatty liver, and rheumatic and skin diseases. Oste...

    Authors: Jing-Wei Wang, Feng-Xiao Dong, Hui Su, Licun Zhu, Sujun Shao and Hong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:559

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although computed tomography (CT) is commonly used to diagnose the scoliotic spine in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) preoperatively, it is limited by the high radiation and prone scanning ...

    Authors: Kwong Hang Yeung, Gene Chi Wai Man, Tsz Ping Lam, Bobby Kin Wah Ng, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng and Winnie Chiu Wing Chu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:558

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Microfracture is a surgical technique that involves creating multiple holes of 3–4 mm depth in the subchondral bone to recruit stem cells in the bone marrow to the lesion, inducing fibrocartilage repair and kn...

    Authors: Xiang Yun Yin, Do Young Park, Young Jick Kim, Hye Jung Ahn, Seung-Hyun Yoo and Byoung-Hyun Min

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:557

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Combined anterior and posterior ankle impingement has seldom been reported. Cedell fracture, fracture of posteromedial tubercle of talus, is an uncommon and easily missed injury which may elicit posteromedial ...

    Authors: De-an Qin, Zhi-zhen Jin and Jie-fu Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:556

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Congenital kyphoscoliosis is a disease that often requires surgical treatment. Wedge osteotomies, such as pedicle subtraction osteotomy, are insufficient to correct this complicated rigid deformity. Vertebral ...

    Authors: Fanqi Hu, Wenhao Hu, Xiaoqing Yang, Chunguo Wang, Kai Song, Guoquan Zheng and Xuesong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:555

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Although mid back pain (MBP) is a common condition that causes significant disability, it has received little attention in research and knowledge about trajectories and prognosis of MBP is limited. The purpose...

    Authors: Christina Knecht, Sonja Hartnack, Beate Sick, Fabienne Riner, Petra Schweinhardt and Brigitte Wirth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:554

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) of the shoulder, is associated with an increased risk of shoulder injuries in tennis athletes. The aim of the present study was to reveal the impact of 1) age, s...

    Authors: Kristin Kalo, Lutz Vogt, Johanna Sieland, Winfried Banzer and Daniel Niederer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:553

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Few studies compared the length change of ligaments of normal knees during dynamic activities of daily living. The aim of this study was to investigate in vivo length change of ligaments of the normal knees du...

    Authors: Kenichi Kono, Shoji Konda, Takaharu Yamazaki, Sakae Tanaka, Kazuomi Sugamoto and Tetsuya Tomita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:552

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Due to its abnormal morphology and ultrastructure, discoid lateral meniscus (DLM) is prone to tear and degeneration, leading to clinical symptoms. Arthroscopy is the main treatment for symptomatic DLM; however...

    Authors: Shun-Jie Yang, Zhong-Jun Ding, Jian Li, Yang Xue and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:551

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To compare intra-articular (IA) knee injections of a cross-linked high-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (HMW-HA) with a linear low-molecular weight HA (LMW-HA) in terms of pain and functional improvement among...

    Authors: Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Mohsen Cheraghi, Shahram Rahimi-Dehgolan and Adel Ebrahimpour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:550

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Recovery of motor dysfunction is important for patients with incomplete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). To enhance the recovery of muscle strength, both research and treatments mainly focus on injury of upp...

    Authors: Jun Li, Yancheng Zhu, Yang Li, Shisheng He and Deguo Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:549

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The prognostic value of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) for the outcome of acute cervical traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) patients has rarely been studied by now throughout the world.

    Authors: Jian-Lan Zhao, Song-Tao Lai, Zhuo-Ying Du, Jian Xu, Yi-Rui Sun, Qiang Yuan, Xing Wu, Zhi-Qi Li, Jin Hu and Rong Xie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:548

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a complicated disease associated with trauma, hormone abuse and excessive alcohol consumption. Polymorphisms of long non-coding RNAs have been also linked with the d...

    Authors: Yongchang Guo, Yuju Cao, Shunguo Gong, Sumei Zhang, Fengzhi Hou, Xinjie Zhang, Jiangeng Hu, Zhimin Yang, Juanjuan Yi, Dan Luo, Xifeng Chen and Jingbo Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:547

    Content type: Research article

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  15. One advantage of an endoscopic approach to treating lumbar spinal stenosis is preservation of spine stability and the adjacent anatomy, and there is a decrease in adjacent segment disc degeneration. The purpos...

    Authors: Peigen Xie, Feng Feng, Zihao Chen, Lei He, Bu Yang, Ruiqiang Chen, Wenbin Wu, Bin Liu, Jianwen Dong, Tao Shu, Liangming Zhang, Chien-Min Chen and Limin Rong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:546

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Osteoarthritis (OA) disproportionately impacts African Americans compared to Caucasians, including greater pain severity. The Pain Coping Skills Training for African Americans with Osteoarthritis (STAART) study e...

    Authors: Chamara J. Dharmasri, Ida Griesemer, Liubov Arbeeva, Lisa C. Campbell, Crystal W. Cené, Francis J. Keefe, Eugene Z. Oddone, Tamara J. Somers and Kelli D. Allen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:545

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Physiotherapy is a proven effective treatment strategy after total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA), however there is considerable practice variation regarding its timing, content and duration. This study a...

    Authors: Lichelle Groot, Maaike G.J. Gademan, Wilfred F. Peter, Wilbert B. van den Hout, Hennie Verburg, Thea P.M. Vliet Vlieland and Max Reijman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:544

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare and temporary clinical condition characterised by bone marrow edema (BME), severe pain, and functional limitation. It commonly occurs in middle-aged men or in ...

    Authors: Marco Paoletta, Antimo Moretti, Sara Liguori, Matteo Bertone, Giuseppe Toro and Giovanni Iolascon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:543

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Kashin–Beck disease (KBD) is a disabling osteoarticular disease involving growth and joint cartilage. Early diagnosis can effectively prevent the progress of the disease. However, the early diagnosis of it is ...

    Authors: Yong Li, Pengde Kang, Zongke Zhou, Fuxing Pei, Qing He and Dike Ruan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:540

    Content type: Research article

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  20. C1-ring osteosynthesis is a valid alternative to posterior C1–C2 or C0–C2 fusion to preserve important C1–C2 motion in the treatment of unstable atlas fractures. Nevertheless, the fixation instruments used in ...

    Authors: Xiaobao Zou, Beiping Ouyang, Binbin Wang, Haozhi Yang, Su Ge, Yuyue Chen, Ling Ni, Shuang Zhang, Hong Xia, Zenghui Wu and Xiangyang Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:538

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Denis and Ferguson et al.’s three-column spinal theory has been widely accepted and applied. However, this three-column theory was proposed based solely on observation and experience without thorough documente...

    Authors: Qihang Su, Cong Li, Yongchao Li, Zifei Zhou, Shuiqiang Zhang, Song Guo, Xiaofei Feng, Meijun Yan, Yan Zhang, Jinbiao Zhang, Jie Pan, Biao Cheng and Jun Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:537

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Previous studies have confirmed the feasibility of the cortical bone trajectory (CBT) technique. However, there are few reports on spinous process violation and screw penetration during the screw insertion. Th...

    Authors: Lilian Zhang, Naifeng Tian, Jian Yang, Wenfei Ni and Liya Jin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:536

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Headache is a common and costly health problem. Although the pathogenesis of headache is heterogeneous, reported contributing factors are dysfunctions of the upper cervical spine. The flexion rotation test (FR...

    Authors: Kerstin Luedtke, Thomas Schoettker-Königer, Toby Hall, Christine Reimer, Maike Grassold, Petra Hasselhoff-Styhler, Christian Neulinger, Max Obrocki, Philipp Przyhoda and Axel Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:535

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:624

  24. Multiple definitions are used to investigate injuries in musicians, resulting in a wide range of prevalence rates. The aim of this study is to establish the impact of different injury definitions on the preval...

    Authors: Suze Steemers, Marienke van Middelkoop, Gideon G. de Boks, Rogier M. van Rijn, Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra and Janine H. Stubbe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:534

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Hip effusion-synovitis may be relevant to osteoarthritis (OA) but is of uncertain etiology. The aim of this study was to describe the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of hip effusion-synovitis wit...

    Authors: Harbeer Ahedi, Dawn Aitken, Leigh Blizzard, Flavia Cicuttini and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:533

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Low back-related leg pain (LBLP) is a challenge for healthcare providers to manage. Neuropathic pain (NP) is highly prevalent in presentations of LBLP and an accurate diagnosis of NP in LBLP is essential to en...

    Authors: Jai Mistry, Nicola R. Heneghan, Tim Noblet, Deborah Falla and Alison Rushton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:532

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is known to be a progressive degenerative disorder; however, recent evidence suggests that inflammatory mediators contribute to cartilage degradation. Studies have reported that N-acet...

    Authors: Ying-Ting Yeh, Chung-Chao Liang, Chia-Ling Chang, Chung-Y. Hsu and Pei-Chen Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:531

    Content type: Database

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  28. Although the regression of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation (SLDH) has been widely reported, little data exist regarding the generalized incidence of regression (IR). We aimed to review the varying IRs and t...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Guogang Dai, Ling Jiang and Shichuan Liao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:530

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The thoracic spine (TS) has been neglected in the study of the spine despite its essential role in the stability and posture of the entire spinal complex. Therefore, there is an inevitable need to investigate ...

    Authors: Jani Takatalo, Jari Ylinen, Tuomo Pienimäki and Arja Häkkinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:529

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Numerous comparative studies of surgical procedures have focused on clinical and radiographical outcomes, as well as the effect of bone fragility on the outcome of spinal surgery; however, insights concerning ...

    Authors: Tetsuro Ohba, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Kensuke Koyama, Nobuki Tanaka, Kotaro Oda and Hirotaka Haro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:528

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder characterized by deterioration in the quantity and quality of bone tissue, with a consequent increase susceptibility to fracture.

    Authors: Chin-Chean Wong, Jeng-Hao Liao, Shi-Yuan Sheu, Po-Yu Lin, Chih-Hwa Chen and Tzong-Fu Kuo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:527

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The nature of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries and the scarcity of data on this issue have made reports on clinical and epidemiological features of PCL injuries valuable. We aimed to report our exper...

    Authors: Mohammad Razi, Saman Ghaffari, Alireza Askari, Peyman Arasteh, Elaheh Ziaei Ziabari and Haleh Dadgostar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:526

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The differentiation of human stromal (mesenchymal) stem cells (hMSCs) is a critical procedure for the development of osteoblast. SNHG14 is a newly discovered lncRNA that has been barely studied. Our preliminar...

    Authors: Mingchang Du, Bo Wu, Shiwen Fan, Ye Liu, Xu Ma and Xun Fu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:525

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Elderly patients with hip fractures often have multiple medical comorbidities, and vitamin D deficiency is common in this population. Accumulating evidence links low vitamin D levels to various comorbidities. ...

    Authors: Ing How Moo, Carmen Jia Wen Kam, Eric Wei Liang Cher, Bryan Ce Jie Peh, Chung Ean Lo, David Thai Chong Chua, Ngai Nung Lo, Tet Sen Howe and Joyce Suang Bee Koh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:524

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Sustaining injury is a common consequence of playing sport. At least one in every three recreational athletes with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction do not return to their preinjury sport followi...

    Authors: Clare L. Ardern and Joanna Kvist

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:523

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a global problem that causes significant pain and physical dysfunction, substantially impacting on quality of life and imposing enormous cost to the healthcare system. Exercise is p...

    Authors: Rana S. Hinman, Alexander J. Kimp, Penny K. Campbell, Trevor Russell, Nadine E. Foster, Jessica Kasza, Anthony Harris and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:522

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. A locked thumb metacarpophalangeal joint is a rare condition that presents as restricted joint motions with mild hyperextension deformity, usually after a relatively minor hyperextension injury. Owing to the l...

    Authors: Kyung-Sik Ahn, In Cheul Choi, Chang Ho Kang and Jong Woong Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:509

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Ti-Ni shape-memory patella concentrator (TNSMPC) has been designed as an alternative approach for fixation of patella fracture, which has some advantages like higher hardness, higher tenacity, better wearing r...

    Authors: Chen Yao, Jie Sun, Jiancheng Wu, Zhenyu Zhou, Fan Liu, Ran Tao and Yafeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:506

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The decision regarding which trans syndesmotic ankle fractures to treat surgically and which to treat non-surgically is a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of ankle fract...

    Authors: Emilia Möller Rydberg, Tina Zorko, Mikael Sundfeldt, Michael Möller and David Wennergren

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:521

    Content type: Research article

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  40. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: S. A. Dingemans, M. F. N. Birnie, F. R. K. Sanders, M. P. J. van den Bekerom, M. Backes, E. van Beeck, F. W. Bloemers, B. van Dijkman, E. Flikweert, D. Haverkamp, H. R. Holtslag, J. M. Hoogendoorn, P. Joosse, M. Parkkinen, G. Roukema, N. Sosef…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:520

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:35

  41. To assess the relationship between mechanical wear and the failure of the internal lengthening mechanism in retrieved MAGnetic Expansion Control (MAGEC) growing rods.

    Authors: Jack Z. Wei, Harry S. Hothi, Holly Morganti, Sean Bergiers, Elisabetta Dal Gal, Doris Likcani, Johann Henckel and Alister J. Hart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:519

    Content type: Research article

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  42. A method that can accurately predict the outcome of surgery can give patients timely feedback. In addition, to some extent, an objective evaluation method can help the surgeon quickly summarize the patient’s s...

    Authors: Ziming Chen, Zhantao Deng, Qingtian Li, Junfeng Chen, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:518

    Content type: Research article

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  43. One of the most significant complications after a femoral neck fracture is osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The concomitant use of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with computed tomo...

    Authors: Jae Youn Yoon, Soong Joon Lee, Kang Sup Yoon and Pil Whan Yoon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:517

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The impact of handedness on clinical outcomes was easily overlooked in hip replacement. This study aimed to find whether the component positioning and hip function were affected by the handedness in total hip ...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Renwen Guo, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Wei Chai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:516

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The epidemiology, risk factors, and prevention of locomotive syndrome (LS) have been reported. However, the number of clinical studies about the efficacy of LS treatment, including surgery, has been limited. T...

    Authors: Satoshi Kato, Yuki Kurokawa, Tamon Kabata, Satoru Demura, Hidenori Matsubara, Yoshitomo Kajino, Yoshiyuki Okamoto, Hiroaki Kimura, Kazuya Shinmura, Kentaro Igarashi, Takaki Shimizu, Noritaka Yonezawa, Noriaki Yokogawa and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:515

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The assessment of generalized joint hypermobility is difficult due to differences in classification methods and in the performance of joint mobility assessment. The primary aim was to evaluate the validity of ...

    Authors: Angela Schlager, Kerstin Ahlqvist, Ronnie Pingel, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Christina B. Olsson and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:514

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects mostly older adults and its primary risk factor is obesity. This study sought to understand weight-control strategies, facilitators of and barriers toward weight control in old...

    Authors: Wen-Ling Yeh, Yun-Fang Tsai, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Dave Weichih Chen, Jong-Shyan Wang and Ching-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:504

    Content type: Research article

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