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  1. Content type: Research article

    A significant number of patients use opioids prior to total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in North America and there is growing concern that preoperative opioid use negatively impacts postoperative patient outcomes...

    Authors: C. Michael Goplen, Wesley Verbeek, Sung Hyun Kang, C. Allyson Jones, Donald C. Voaklander, Thomas A. Churchill and Lauren A. Beaupre

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:234

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In osteoarthritis (OA), cartilage matrix is lost despite vigorous chondrocyte anabolism. In this study, we attempted to determine whether altered matrix synthesis is involved in this paradox in disease progres...

    Authors: Nobuho Tanaka, Toshiyuki Tashiro, Yozo Katsuragawa, Motoji Sawabe, Hiroshi Furukawa and Naoshi Fukui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:232

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  3. Content type: Research article

    There is accumulating evidence for the advantages of rehabilitation involving sensori-motor training (SMT) following total knee replacement (TKR). However, the best way in which to deliver SMT remains elusive ...

    Authors: Maria Moutzouri, Fiona Coutts, John Gliatis, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis and Nigel Gleeson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:231

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In the past few decades, there has been an increasing focus on the importance of patient involvement in the health care system. Patient participation executed through patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and the i...

    Authors: Natasha Lee Sørensen, Lianna Hede Hammeken, Janus Laust Thomsen and Lars Holger Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:230

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Total hip replacement (THR) is a procedure which can improve the quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis. However, deficits in static stability and impairment of lower limb efficiency can be observed e...

    Authors: Agnieszka Wareńczak and Przemysław Lisiński

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:229

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Perioperative blood management is an important issue in the treatment of elderly patients at an increased risk of postoperative complications. Accordingly, tranexamic acid (TXA) is widely administered to reduc...

    Authors: Dae-Kyung Kwak, Chul-Young Jang, Dae-Hwan Kim, Sang-Hyun Rhyu, Ji-Hyo Hwang and Je-Hyun Yoo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:228

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The Australian/Canadian hand Osteoarthritis Index (AUSCAN) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities knee and hip Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) are the most commonly used clinical tools to manage and mo...

    Authors: Paola Siviero, Federica Limongi, Antonella Gesmundo, Sabina Zambon, Cyrus Cooper, Elaine M. Dennison, Mark H. Edwards, Erik J. Timmermans, Suzan van der Pas, Laura A. Schaap, Natasja M. van Schoor, Michael D. Denkinger, Florian Herbolsheimer, Richard Peter, Maria Victoria Castell, Ángel Otero…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:227

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Displaced intracapsular hip fractures are typically treated with hemiarthroplasty (HA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). A number of professional bodies recommend considering THA for patients that were independ...

    Authors: David Metcalfe, Andrew Judge, Daniel C. Perry, Belinda Gabbe, Cheryl K. Zogg and Matthew L. Costa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:226

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The expression of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK) /RANK ligand (RANKL) /osteoprotegerin (OPG) system and its association with the progression of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration h...

    Authors: Tomohiko Sano, Koji Akeda, Junichi Yamada, Norihiko Takegami, Takao Sudo and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:225

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  10. Content type: Research article

    As treatment of Dupuytren disease (DD) is expected to shift towards prevention of progression, the use of imaging in patients with DD becomes more important. In this systematic review an overview is given of t...

    Authors: Sanne Molenkamp, Roel J. M. van Straalen, Paul M. N. Werker and Dieuwke C. Broekstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:224

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to reveal the clinical history and physical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of patients with an inverted-type discoid lateral meniscus (DLM) tear compared with those...

    Authors: Kengo Shimozaki, Junsuke Nakase, Yasushi Takata, Kazuki Asai, Kazu Toyooka, Katsuhiko Kitaoka and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:223

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In order to treat proximal femur fibrous dysplasia (FD) patients combined with hip joint osteoarthritis (OA), the three-dimensional (3D) designing osteotomy and implantation of femoral component was firstly us...

    Authors: Kai Yao, Li Min, Fan Tang, Minxun Lu, Yuqi Zhang, Jie Wang, Yong Zhou, Yi Luo, Wenli Zhang and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:222

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Non-specific chronic low back pain (nscLBP) has a high socio-economic relevance due to its high incidence, prevalence and associated costs. Therefore, it is essential to evaluate effective therapeutic strategi...

    Authors: Daniela Huber, Carina Grafetstätter, Johanna Proßegger, Christina Pichler, Ewald Wöll, Martin Fischer, Martin Dürl, Karin Geiersperger, Melanie Höcketstaller, Stefan Frischhut, Markus Ritter and Arnulf Hartl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:221

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Thumb-base osteoarthritis (OA) is a common cause of pain and disability This study aimed to investigate the associations of musculoskeletal ultrasound OA pathologies with the extent of pain, function, radiogra...

    Authors: Win Min Oo, Leticia A. Deveza, Vicky Duong, Kai Fu, James M. Linklater, Edward A. Riordan, Sarah R. Robbins and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:220

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to review the patient rated outcome (PROM) of surgically treated fractures to the lateral process of the talus (LPTF) and identify factors influencing the outcome.

    Authors: Hubert Hörterer, Sebastian Felix Baumbach, Stefan Lemperle, Sebastian Altenberger, Oliver Gottschalk, Alexander Tobias Mehlhorn, Anke Röser and Markus Walther

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:219

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  16. Content type: Research article

    No consensus exists on the treatment of proximal humerus fractures, especially in the elderly patients with osteoporosis. This study was aimed to evaluate the biomechanical characteristics of a novel external ...

    Authors: Haijing Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:218

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic lateral compression fractures are the most stable of the unstable fractures. Therefore, decision making regarding operative or non-operative therapy is still a matter of debate.

    Authors: J. Zwingmann, H. Eberbach, P. C. Strohm, N. P. Südkamp, J. Lauritsen and H. Schmal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:217

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    The purpose of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is to restore stability to the knee. Persistent rotational laxity following ACLR has been correlated with poor outcome and graft failure. We hypo...

    Authors: Alan Getgood, Dianne Bryant and Andrew Firth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:216

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Back pain is one of the most common causes for disability in the working population. Some risk factors for back pain are well known, however little is known about factors uniquely associated with acute or chro...

    Authors: Steinthora Jonsdottir, Haroon Ahmed, Kristinn Tómasson and Ben Carter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:215

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  20. Content type: Research article

    High-level evidence consistently indicates that resource-intensive facility-based rehabilitation does not provide better recovery compared to home programs for uncomplicated knee or hip arthroplasty patients a...

    Authors: Justine M. Naylor, Andrew Hart, Ian A. Harris and Adriane M. Lewin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:214

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  21. Content type: Research article

    An interspinous process device, the Device for Intervertebral Assisted Motion (DIAM™) designed to treat lumbar neurogenic disease secondary to the lumbar spinal stenosis, it provides dynamic stabilization afte...

    Authors: Hao-Ju Lo, Chen-Sheng Chen, Hung-Ming Chen and Sai-Wei Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:213

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  22. Content type: Research article

    To date, published systematic reviews concerning the effects of Kinesio Taping (KT) on muscle strength have not analysed facilitatory and inhibitory applications separately. As a result, their results could be...

    Authors: Ming Lok Yam, Zuyao Yang, Benny Chung-Ying Zee and Ka Chun Chong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:212

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is a rare chronic autoinflammatory syndrome affecting mainly children and young adults. The natural history of the disease is marked by recurrent pain as the mainstay o...

    Authors: Patrick Goetti, Chau Pham, Nicolas Gallusser, Fabio Becce, Pietro G. di Summa, Frédéric Vauclair and Stéphane Cherix

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:211

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to determine patient reported outcome measures (PROMS) after arthroscopic repair of an isolated labral tear using the validated International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-33). The iHOT-...

    Authors: Jesse Renouf, Nicholas Pergaminelis, Phong Tran, Camdon Fary and Oren Tirosh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:210

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Repair of rotator cuff tears has yielded excellent functional outcomes in recent decades; however, poor outcomes and dissatisfaction have been noted in specific groups. Spontaneous tendon rupture has been repo...

    Authors: Kuan-Ting Wu, Wen-Yi Chou, Jih-Yang Ko, Ka-Kit Siu and Ya-Ju Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:209

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies support the theory that ill-fitting shoes are an important source of pain and may lead to foot malformations in the medium term. Taking as reference the ideal allowance considered in the literat...

    Authors: María Luisa González Elena and Antonio Córdoba-Fernández

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:208

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint in the elderly Japanese population. Although previous studies showed that height loss was associated with LBP, it remains unclear whether LBP is associated with body c...

    Authors: Takeshi Endo, Takafumi Abe, Kenju Akai, Tsunetaka Kijima, Miwako Takeda, Masayuki Yamasaki, Minoru Isomura, Toru Nabika and Shozo Yano

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:207

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Although various surgical methods are used to treat lumbosacral tuberculosis, no unified surgical approach exists. Thus, exploring an optimal operation method has substantial clinical importance. Evaluate the ...

    Authors: Jiantao Liu, Yanzheng Gao, Zhengchao Gao, Binbin Niu, Dongbo Lv and Yin Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:206

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  29. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of subaxial cervical pedicle screw (CPS) insertion by comparing the morphological parameters between developmental canal stenosis (DCS) and non-developme...

    Authors: Song Wang, Gangyi Yang, Ce Zhu, Jianping Kang and Qing Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:205

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Nerve growth factor (NGF) contributes to pain in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) stimulates NGF expression in chondrocytes from KOA patients. However, the correlatio...

    Authors: Shotaro Takano, Kentaro Uchida, Makoto Itakura, Dai Iwase, Jun Aikawa, Gen Inoue, Manabu Mukai, Masayuki Miyagi, Kosuke Murata, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:204

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is considerably difficult to perform in patients with Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Some Crowe type IV DDH patients require a femoral subtrochanteric shor...

    Authors: Song Gong, Weihua Xu, Ruoyu Wang, Shaokai Liu, Lizhi Han, Guo Chen and Bo Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:203

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There is increasing interest in the role of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of sciatica and whether these could be potential targets for treatment. We sought to investigate serum biomarker level...

    Authors: Samantha L. Hider, Kika Konstantinou, Elaine M. Hay, John Glossop and Derek L. Mattey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:202

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  33. Content type: Research article

    We have reported that a single intra-articular injection of diclofenac etalhyaluronate (SI-613) exerted a potent and long-lasting analgesic effect in experimental arthritis models. In the present study, we inv...

    Authors: Tomochika Kisukeda, Junichi Onaya and Keiji Yoshioka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:201

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Chronic inflammation with aging contributes to sarcopenia. Previous studies have suggested that the accumulation of adipose tissue in skeletal muscle, referred to as intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT), increa...

    Authors: Ryo Tazawa, Kentaro Uchida, Hisako Fujimaki, Masayuki Miyagi, Gen Inoue, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, Kosuke Murata, Ken Takata, Ayumu Kawakubo and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:199

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Telephone cognitive behavioural therapy (tCBT) is an acceptable and effective treatment for patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP). Preventing the onset of CWP offers considerable benefits to the individu...

    Authors: Claire Fraser, Marcus Beasley, Gary Macfarlane and Karina Lovell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:198

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  36. Content type: Research article

    A total of more than 270,000 fractures are registered in the Swedish Fracture Register (SFR), a national quality register. Fractures are classified following the AO/OTA classification, commonly by a junior doc...

    Authors: Sara Brandt Knutsson, David Wennergren, Alicja Bojan, Jan Ekelund and Michael Möller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:197

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  37. Content type: Research article

    High molecular weight (HMW) hyaluronic acid (HA) is a treatment option for knee osteoarthritis (OA). The efficacy of HMW-HA in knee OA is investigated extensively, but the effectiveness in patients in the work...

    Authors: Job Hermans, Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra, Pieter K. Bos, Dieu Donne Niesten, Jan A. N. Verhaar and Max Reijman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:196

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Adverse Reaction to Metal Debris (ARMD) is a major reason for revision surgeries in patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) hip replacements. Most failures are related to excessively wearing implant producing harmf...

    Authors: Lari Lehtovirta, Aleksi Reito, Olli Lainiala, Jyrki Parkkinen, Harry Hothi, Johann Henckel, Alister Hart and Antti Eskelinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:195

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Fatigue is a major symptom of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There is some evidence that physical activity (PA) may be effective in reducing RA fatigue. However, few PA interventions have been designed to manage f...

    Authors: Victoria E. Salmon, Sarah Hewlett, Nicola E. Walsh, John R. Kirwan, Maria Morris, Marie Urban and Fiona Cramp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:194

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Cartilage repair outcomes are compromised in a pro-inflammatory environment; therefore, the mitigation of pro-inflammatory responses is beneficial. Treatment with continuous low-intensity ultrasound (cLIUS) at...

    Authors: Neety Sahu, Hendrik J. Viljoen and Anuradha Subramanian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:193

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Diseased, injured, or dysfunctional skeletal muscles may demonstrate abnormal function and contractility. Currently, only few in vivo imaging techniques are able to characterize the contractile properties of m...

    Authors: Lars Henrik Frich, Kate Lykke Lambertsen, John Hjarbaek, Jordi Sanchez Dahl and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:192

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Active foot disease persists in a high proportion of people with psoriatic arthritis despite the availability of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to modify the course of the disease. Limit...

    Authors: Kate Carter, Steven Walmsley, Keith Rome and Deborah E. Turner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:191

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Metabolic disorders presenting in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) may increase the risk of osteoarthritis. However, structural changes of the knee in HIV infected subjects are understudie...

    Authors: Yao Liu, Sarah C. Foreman, Gabby B. Joseph, Jan Neumann, Phyllis C. Tien, Xiaoming Li, Nancy E. Lane, Michael C. Nevitt, Charles E. McCulloch and Thomas M. Link

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:190

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Prolonged static postures (PSPs) may predispose dentists to develop cervical herniated intervertebral disc (C-HIVD); however, there is limited evidence supporting this in the literature thus far. We conducted ...

    Authors: Chien-Cheng Huang, Ping-Jang Kuo, Chien-Chin Hsu, Hung-Jung Lin, Shih-Bin Su, Jhi-Joung Wang and Shih-Feng Weng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:189

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Physical therapy and exercising are key components of biopsychosocial rehabilitation for chronic pain. Exercise helps reduce pain and improve physical functions. In addition, a high level of physical activity ...

    Authors: Philippe Terrier, Caroline Praz, Joane Le Carré, Philippe Vuistiner, Bertrand Léger and François Luthi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:188

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are a common presentation in primary care. This study sought to determine the prevalence of MSK conditions in primary care in Ontario and to validate the extent to which health...

    Authors: Bridget L. Ryan, Heather L. Maddocks, Scott McKay, Robert Petrella, Amanda L. Terry and Moira Stewart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:187

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  47. Content type: Case report

    Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic granulomatous disease caused by Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that colonize the oral cavity. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most frequent clinical presentation of actino...

    Authors: Dong Jin Ryu, Yoon Sang Jeon, Hea Yoon Kwon, Suk Jin Choi, Tae Hoon Roh and Myung Ku Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:185

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Device-related infections in orthopaedic and trauma surgery are a devastating complication with substantial impact on morbidity and mortality. Systemic suppressive antibiotic treatment is regarded an integral ...

    Authors: Romy Spitzmüller, Denis Gümbel, Claas Güthoff, Sarah Zaatreh, Annett Klinder, Matthias Napp, Rainer Bader, Wolfram Mittelmeier, Axel Ekkernkamp, Axel Kramer and Dirk Stengel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:184

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