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  1. Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders negatively affect ability to perform activities of daily living, self-care and work. Therefore, outcome measurements that address muscle strength, fatigue resistance, ...

    Authors: Thaís Marques Fifolato, Heloísa Correa Bueno Nardim, Ester Rodrigues do Carmo Lopes, Karen A. Kawano Suzuki, Natalia Claro da Silva, Felipe de Souza Serenza and Marisa C. Registro Fonseca

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:508

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Many clinical practice guidelines have been developed for the management of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). However, there is a gap between evidence-based knowledge and clinical practice, and reasons are poo...

    Authors: Delphine Sorondo, Cyrille Delpierre, Pierre Côté, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Christine Cedraschi, Anne Taylor-Vaisey and Nadège Lemeunier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:507

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Intraoperative hypothermia is associated with various risk factors, morbidity, and mortality in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA), increasing the emotional and financial burden on patients. Thi...

    Authors: Ronika Devi Ukrani, Aiman Arif, Anum Sadruddin, Obada Hasan and Shahryar Noordin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:504

    Content type: Research

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  4. Hallux valgus deformity has been reported to be associated with increased postural sway. However, the direction and magnitude of postural sway associated with hallux valgus remain inconclusive. We assessed the...

    Authors: Hiroaki Omae, Takashi Ohsawa, Naohiro Hio, Kazuhiko Tsunoda, Takuya Omodaka, Shogo Hashimoto, Akira Ueno, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Yoichi Iizuka and Hirotaka Chikuda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:503

    Content type: Research

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  5. Open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is an effective treatment option for young and middle-aged active patients with medial unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis (OA). In addition, particulated cartilage im...

    Authors: Yasushi Oshima, Norishige Iizawa, Shinro Takai and Tokifumi Majima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:502

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability and pain especially among older adults, but it is also known to affect working age individuals, often leading to reduced productivity and increased healthca...

    Authors: Milla Summanen, Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti, Samu Kurki, Samuli Tuominen and Rami Madanat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:501

    Content type: Research

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  7. The long-term effects of behavioural medical rehabilitation (BMR), as a type of multidisciplinary rehabilitation, in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain (CLBP) have been shown. However, the spe...

    Authors: Jana Semrau, Christian Hentschke, Stefan Peters and Klaus Pfeifer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:500

    Content type: Research

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  8. Surgical treatment of full-thickness rotator cuff (RC) tears is associated with generally good results. There is no consensus regarding treatment of partial thickness tears that fail conservative treatment. Th...

    Authors: Chadwick C Prodromos, Susan Finkle, Alexandra Prodromos, Jasmine Li Chen, Aron Schwartz and Lucas Wathen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:499

    Content type: Research

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  9. The interference screw is the most popular device that fixes the graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, reducing the incidence of windshield effect and bungee effect. For the screw, either metall...

    Authors: Chao-Hua Fang, Ming Li, Yun-Feng Zhang and Hua Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:498

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Lag screw cut-out is the most common cause of fixation failure of trochanteric fractures. Intraoperative assessment of fracture reduction and fixation quality is vital to avoid fracture reduction and achieve g...

    Authors: Wei Hao, Long Fang, Shuangshuang Yin, Yongjie Lin and Bingchen Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:497

    Content type: Correspondence

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  11. We compared blood loss and transfusion frequency between the lateral decubitus and the supine position in patients undergoing hip replacement surgery due to femoral neck fractures.

    Authors: Thomas Haider, Jesse Seilern und Aspang, Claudia Gahleitner, Stefan Plesser and Stefan Hajdu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:496

    Content type: Research

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  12. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) candidates frequently present pelvic malrotation. The aim of this study is to analyze how pelvic malrotation influence transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) guided cup orientation a...

    Authors: Tingxian Ling, Zichuan Ding, Mingcheng Yuan, Kai Zhou and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:495

    Content type: Research

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  13. Macrophages and inflammatory cytokines play important roles in bone fracture healing. However, the expression patterns of macrophages and inflammatory cytokines during fracture healing under the condition of p...

    Authors: Lin Chen, Shao Cheng, Kanghui Sun, Jing Wang, Xinhua Liu, Yongjian Zhao, Junjie Yang, Dongfeng Zhao, Chunchun Xue, Yuren Tao, Shitian Zhao, Hao Zhang, Sheng Lu, Qi Shi, Yongjun Wang and Bing Shu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:494

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Re-injury rates following reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are significant; in more than 20% of patients a rupture of the graft occurs. One of the main reasons for graft failure is malpos...

    Authors: M. J. M. Zee, R. A. Sulaihem, R. L. Diercks and I. van den Akker-Scheek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:493

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Previous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of duloxetine in reducing postoperative pain and opioid consumption. However, the effect of duloxetine on total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains unclear. The objec...

    Authors: Hao Li, Wei-Nan Zeng, Zi-Chuan Ding, Ming-Cheng Yuan, Yong-Rui Cai and Zong-Ke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:492

    Content type: Research

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  16. Difficulty in obtaining union, recurrent fractures, and residual deformities remain the problems challenging the management of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT). We applied the “Eiffel Tower” double...

    Authors: Xiaoyu Wang, Li Shi, Rui Zhang, Wenbo Wang, Feng Wang, Mengwei Wang, Ze Xu, Rongtai Zuo, Jia Xu and Qinglin Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:490

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Survival analysis and effect of covariates on survival time is a central research interest. Cox proportional hazards regression remains as a gold standard in the survival analysis. The Cox model relies on the ...

    Authors: Ilari Kuitunen, Ville T. Ponkilainen, Mikko M. Uimonen, Antti Eskelinen and Aleksi Reito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:489

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Clubfeet are typically shorter than normal feet. This study aimed first to describe the development of foot length in a consecutive series of children with congenital clubfoot and second to relate foot length ...

    Authors: Evgenia Manousaki, Anna-Clara Esbjörnsson, Gunnar Hägglund and Hanneke Andriesse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:487

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) and posterior tibial slope (PTS) are important for postoperative range of motion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, normative data of PCO and PTS and the corr...

    Authors: Liangxiao Bao, Shengwei Rong, Zhanjun Shi, Jian Wang and Yang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:486

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of targeted eccentric calf muscle exercises compared to regular training on ankle dorsiflexion in healthy adolescent soccer players with a decreased ankle ...

    Authors: Iris Femmigje Lagas, Duncan E. Meuffels, Edwin Visser, Floor P. Groot, Max Reijman, Jan A.N. Verhaar and Robert-Jan de Vos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:485

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Conservative therapies are typically offered to individuals who experience mild or intermittent symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) or postoperatively to subjects who have undergone carpal tunnel release....

    Authors: Juhani Multanen, Mikko M. Uimonen, Jussi P. Repo, Arja Häkkinen and Jari Ylinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:484

    Content type: Research

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  22. Adult non-degenerative scoliosis accounts for 90% of spinal deformities in young adults. However, perioperative complications and related risk factors of long posterior instrumentation and fusion for the treat...

    Authors: Nan Wu, Jiashen Shao, Zhen Zhang, Shengru Wang, Ziquan Li, Sen Zhao, Yang Yang, Lian Liu, Chenxi Yu, Sen Liu, Zhengye Zhao, You Du, Yuanqiang Zhang, Lianlei Wang, Yu Zhao, Keyi Yu…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:483

    Content type: Research

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  23. Hip arthroplasty using acrylic prosthesis was once conducted; however, it has now been abandoned because of early breakages and wear of material. Therefore, complications or revision surgeries due to the use o...

    Authors: Hisatoshi Ishikura, Masaki Nakamura, Kenta Matsuda, Takeyuki Tanaka, Hirotaka Kawano and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:482

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. Indications and cutoff value of deformities to determine surgical procedures for flexed knee gait are not clear. The aim was to determine the influence of none or mild, and moderate preoperative knee flexion c...

    Authors: Evelina Pantzar-Castilla, Brian Po-Jung Chen, Freeman Miller and Jacques Riad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:481

    Content type: Research

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  25. Wnt-catenin signaling antagonists sclerostin and dickkopf-related protein-1 (Dkk-1) inhibit bone formation and are involved in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PO). However, the association bet...

    Authors: Jia Peng, Zhang Dong, Zhang Hui, Wang Aifei, Deng Lianfu and Xu Youjia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:480

    Content type: Research

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  26. We report a case of osteitis fibrosa cystica, a rare benign resorptive bone lesion caused by hyperparathyroidism, that presented on imaging as an aggressive bone tumor.

    Authors: Maya L. Nasser, Serge Medawar, Tonine Younan, Halim Abboud and Viviane Trak-Smayra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:479

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. Dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has an incidence of 2–3%. Approximately 77% of dislocations occur within the first year after surgery. The SuperPATH technique is a minimally invasive app...

    Authors: Andrew Kay, Derek Klavas, Varan Haghshenas, Mimi Phan and Daniel Le

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:478

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Reduced gliding ability of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel has been observed in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gliding abilities of the median n...

    Authors: Chien-Ting Liu, Dung-Huan Liu, Chii-Jen Chen, You-Wei Wang, Pao-Sheng Wu and Yi-Shiung Horng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:477

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are the most common among all osteoporotic fractures. The body may compensate to the kyphosis from vertebral compression fractures with lordosis of the adjacent spinal se...

    Authors: Leo Tsz Ching Chau, Zongshan Hu, Koko Shaau Yiu Ko, Gene Chi Wai Man, Kwong Hang Yeung, Ying Yeung Law, Lawrence Chun Man Lau, Ronald Man Yeung Wong, Winnie Chiu Wing Chu, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng and Sheung Wai Law

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:476

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. In clinical trials, good quality athletic shoes offer short-term improvements (two-months) in foot pain and disability in people with gout, but these improvements are not sustained over time. This may be due t...

    Authors: Mike Frecklington, Nicola Dalbeth, Peter McNair, Alain Vandal, Peter Gow and Keith Rome

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:475

    Content type: Research

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  31. Fibrinogen (FIB) has been found to be a promising marker in diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), however, the value of FIB in predicting reinfection of PJI is unknown. The purpose of this study was...

    Authors: Dacheng Zhao, Jinwen He, Xingwen Wang, Xiaobing Zhao, Yayi Xia and Bin Geng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:474

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Low back pain is often long-lasting, and implementation of low-cost interventions to improve care and minimise its burden is needed. GLA:D® Back is an evidence-based programme consisting of patient education a...

    Authors: Inge Ris, Daniel Broholm, Jan Hartvigsen, Tonny Elmose Andersen and Alice Kongsted

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:473

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Exercise is a common approach for the management of patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). However, there is no clear mechanistic evidence or consensus on what type of exercise is more effecti...

    Authors: Maryse Fortin, Meaghan Rye, Alexa Roussac, Neda Naghdi, Luciana Gazzi Macedo, Geoffrey Dover, James M. Elliott, Richard DeMont, Michael H. Weber and Véronique Pepin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:472

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  34. Opioids continue to be the analgesic of choice for postoperative pain control following arthroscopic knee and shoulder surgery. Despite their widespread use, there are limited evidence-based clinical practice ...

    Authors:

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:471

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:615

  35. Neuromuscular and quadriceps exercises have been shown to be effective approaches to relieve pain and to improve function for patients with knee osteoarthritis. In this study, we aim to provide an informative ...

    Authors: Lin Wang, Suhang Xie, Tianjie Bao, Siyi Zhu, Qiu Liang, Xiaoyi Wang, Ruishi Zhang, Xiaona Xiang, Chunping Du and Chengqi He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:470

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. Osteomyelitis (OM) in the jaw is an inflammatory disease of osseous tissue that begins in the medullary space and progressively expands to the cortical portion of the bone, the Haversian system, the periosteum...

    Authors: Buyanbileg Sodnom-Ish, Mi Young Eo, Mi Hyun Seo, Jong Ho Lee and Soung Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:469

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Failure of surgical fixation in orthopaedic fractures occurs at a significantly higher rate in osteoporotic patients due to weakened osteoporotic bone. A therapy to acutely improve the mechanical properties of...

    Authors: Michael R. Eby, Danielle M. Cristino, Matthew Counihan, Kendall M. Masada, Jaimo Ahn and Michael W. Hast

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:468

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The Nice knots have been widely used in orthopedic surgeries to fix torn soft tissue and fracture in recent years. The study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of intraoperative and postop...

    Authors: Fangning Hu, Xi Liu, Fanxiao Liu, Honglei Jia, Xiaolong Lv, Fengrui Wang, Shihong Xu, Juanjuan Yang, Lingfei Hu, Bomin Wang and Yongliang Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:467

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. To compare the diseased verses the non-diseased intervertebral surgery used in the treatment of thoracolumbar and lumbar spinal tuberculosis and to explore the best choice of fusion of fixation range.

    Authors: Zongqiang Yang, Changhao Liu, Ningkui Niu, Jing Tang, Jiandang Shi, Zili Wang and Huiqiang Ding

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:466

    Content type: Research

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  40. Care continuum models (also known as care cascade models) are used by researchers and health system planners to identify potential gaps or disparities in healthcare, but these models have limited applications ...

    Authors: Martha L. Carvour, Allyssa Chiu and Kimberly Page

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:465

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Limitations in spinal mobility are a characteristic feature of Axial Spondyloarthritis. Current clinical measurements of spinal mobility have shown low criterion-concurrent validity. This study sought to evalu...

    Authors: John Charles Snow, Kyle Simpson, Proton Rahman, Samuel Howarth and Diana De Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:464

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The calcar femorale was identified long ago. However, our current understanding of the calcar is insufficient, and its related concepts are sometimes confused. The calcar femoral is an important anatomical str...

    Authors: Jin Mei, Lili Pang and Zhongchao Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:460

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Low-back pain, including facet joint pain, accounts for up to 20 % of all sick leaves in DenmarkA proposed treatment option is cryoneurolysis. This study aims to investigate the effect of cryoneurolysis in lum...

    Authors: K. Truong, K. Meier, L. Nikolajsen, M. W. van Tulder, J. C.H Sørensen and M. M Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:458

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. Demographic changes led to an increasingly ageing population in Germany and thus to possible changes in the frequency of fractures. The primary aim of this study was to report changes in fracture rates of the ...

    Authors: Philipp Hemmann, Maximilian Friederich, Daniel Körner, Tim Klopfer and Christian Bahrs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:456

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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