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  1. Poor functional outcome can result from humeral greater tuberosity (GT) fracture if not treated appropriately. A two-screw construct is commonly used for the surgical treatment of such injury. However, loss of...

    Authors: Chao-Jui Chang, Wei-Ren Su, Kai-Lan Hsu, Chih-Kai Hong, Fa-Chuan Kuan, Chih-Hsun Chang and Cheng-Li Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:350

    Content type: Research article

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  2. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Samuli Juopperi, Reijo Sund, Toni Rikkonen, Heikki Kröger and Joonas Sirola

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:349

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:192

  3. En bloc resection of malignant tumors involving upper thoracic spine is technically difficult. We surgically treated a patient with grade 2 chondrosarcoma involving T1–5, left upper thoracic cavity, and chest ...

    Authors: Xiaodong Tang, Zhenyu Cai, Ruifeng Wang, Tao Ji and Wei Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:348

    Content type: Case report

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  4. To assess the therapeutic efficacy of transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) combined with radio frequency (RF) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH).

    Authors: Wen-Bo Wei, Sha-Jie Dang, Ling Wei, Tian Liu and Jue Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:347

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Tibial rotational alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is generally determined based on intra-articular structure, and can be difficult to ascertain in some cases. The aim of this study was to investigat...

    Authors: Hyunho Lee, Takanobu Sumino, Takashi Suzuki, Yutaka Sano, Noriyuki Endo, Yingshih Chang, Hirohisa Fujimaki, Keinosuke Ryu and Kazuyoshi Nakanishi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:346

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In the late stage of spinal tuberculosis, the bony destruction and vertebral collapse often leads to significant kyphosis, presenting clinically as a painful gibbus deformity, with increased instability, verte...

    Authors: Yi Huang, Wenhao Hu, Jing Li, Tianhao Wang, Huawei Liu, Guoquan Zheng, Xuesong Zhang and Yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:345

    Content type: Research article

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  7. DDH (Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip) screening can potentially avert many morbidities and reduce costs. The debate about universal vs. selective DDH ultrasonography screening in different countries revolve...

    Authors: Haomin Li, Liqi Shu, Jin Yu, Zeng Xian, Huilong Duan, Qiang Shu and Jingjing Ye

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:344

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Gout is a metabolic disease characterized by recurrent episodes of acute arthritis. Gout has been reported in many locations but is rarely localized in the shoulder joint. We describe a rare case of gouty arth...

    Authors: Huricha Bao, Yansong Qi, Baogang Wei, Bingxian Ma, Yongxiang Wang and Yongsheng Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:343

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Patients with intra-articular fractures tend to develop post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). The initial inflammatory response with elevation of inflammatory cytokines following joint trauma might be responsi...

    Authors: Imran Jamal Iversen, That Minh Pham and Hagen Schmal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:342

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Arthritis, regardless of cause, has significant physical, social and psychological impacts on patients. We aimed to identify the non-healthcare needs perceived by patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and ...

    Authors: Jessica L. Fairley, Maheeka Seneviwickrama, Sabrina Yeh, Shane Anthony, Louisa Chou, Flavia M. Cicuttini, Kaye Sullivan, Andrew M. Briggs and Anita E. Wluka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:341

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The plate-to-disc distance (PDD) is an important factor affecting the degeneration of adjacent segments after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). However, the most suitable PDD is controversial. Th...

    Authors: Xing Guo, Jiaming Zhou, Yueyang Tian, Liang Kang and Yuan Xue

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:340

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Distraction osteogenesis using the Ilizarov external circular fixator has been applied in lower limb reconstructive surgery widely. The increasing ankle osteoarthritis (OA) progression and severity are often a...

    Authors: Kai Liu, Feiyu Cai, Yanshi Liu, Alimujiang Abulaiti, Peng Ren and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:339

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Chronic intercondylar fractures of the distal humerus with massive bone defects and severe comminution in the metaphysis are rare and complex injuries that are challenging for surgeons to treat, as reconstruct...

    Authors: Yejun Zha, Kehan Hua, Maoqi Gong and Xieyuan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:338

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment mononeuropathy of the upper extremity. The previous systematic review of the diagnostic tests for CTS was outdated. The objective of this study was to...

    Authors: Armaghan Dabbagh, Joy C. MacDermid, Joshua Yong, Tara L. Packham, Luciana G. Macedo and Maryam Ghodrati

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:337

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The purpose of this study was to determine the mid-term clinical, radiographic and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes and define the survival rate in patients who had undergone revision total knee...

    Authors: Jake von Hintze, Mika Niemeläinen, Harri Sintonen, Jyrki Nieminen and Antti Eskelinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:336

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Metacarpal shaft fractures are common and can be treated nonoperatively. Shortening, angulation, and rotational deformity are indications for surgical treatment. Various forms of treatment with advantages and ...

    Authors: Felix G. E. Dyrna, Daniel M. Avery III, Ryu Yoshida, David Lam, Simon Oeckenpöhler, Mark P. Cote, Elifho Obopilwe, Craig M. Rodner and Augustus D. Mazzocca

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:335

    Content type: Research article

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  17. With the population aging worldwide, adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS) is receiving increased attention. Frailty, instead of chronological age, is used for assessing the patient’s overall physical condition. ...

    Authors: Bin Li, Xianglong Meng, Xinuo Zhang and Yong Hai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:333

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Major abnormalities of tarsal bone shape after surgical clubfoot treatment are well known from the literature. The Ponseti method has gained widespread acceptance in primary treatment of congenital clubfeet. D...

    Authors: Johannes Hamel, Hubert Hörterer and Norbert Harrasser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:332

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Irreparable rotator cuff tears are common and difficult to treat. Techniques for “filling the loss of substance” require fixation to the rotator cuff stump (tendon augmentation) or to the glenoid (superior cap...

    Authors: Marie Protais, Maxime Laurent-Perrot, Mickaël Artuso, M. Christian Moody, Alain Sautet and Marc Soubeyrand

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:331

    Content type: Technical advance

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  20. Recent clinical studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of specific, multidisciplinary, bio-psychosocial, rehabilitation programmes for chronic neck pain. However, prognostic factors for the improvement of...

    Authors: Martin Weigl, Josefine Letzel and Felix Angst

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:330

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Animal model of Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) is the primary testing methodology for studies on pathogenic mechanisms and therapies of human OA disease. Recent major modeling methods are divided into artificially i...

    Authors: Canzhang Li, Yinhong He, Yanlin Li, Guoliang Wang, Dejian Liu, Guofeng Cai and Chuan He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:329

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Limited studies were available to investigate the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) on admission in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures. The aim of present study was to evaluate risk facto...

    Authors: Jixing Fan, Fang Zhou, Xiangyu Xu, Zhishan Zhang, Yun Tian, Hongquan Ji, Yan Guo, Yang Lv, Zhongwei Yang and Guojin Hou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:328

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Two ipsilateral hemivertebrae is less common and presents severe growth imbalance caused by the vertebral anomalies. However, there is a paucity of reports regarding to two ipsilateral thoracolumbar hemiverteb...

    Authors: Xuhong Xue, Sheng Zhao, Feng Miao, Kai Li and Bin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:327

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an established treatment option for patients with unicompartmental osteoarthritis (OA). However, strict patient selection is crucial for its success. The proposed ad...

    Authors: Eric Tille, Franziska Beyer, Kai Auerbach, Marco Tinius and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:326

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The outcome of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) should be determined early. Rapid radiological progression (RRP) is > or = 5 units increase according to the van der Heijde-Sharp score within a year. The risk of RRP c...

    Authors: Edit Végh, János Gaál, Pál Géher, Edina Gömöri, Attila Kovács, László Kovács, Katalin Nagy, Edit Feketéné Posta, László Tamási, Edit Tóth, Eszter Varga, Andrea Domján, Zoltán Szekanecz and Gabriella Szűcs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:325

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Linear elastic, hyperelastic, and multiphasic material constitutive models are frequently used for spinal intervertebral disc simulations. While the characteristics of each model are known, their effect on spi...

    Authors: Amin Komeili, Akbar Rasoulian, Fatemeh Moghaddam, Marwan El-Rich and Le Ping Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:324

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Disrupted self-perception of the low back might contribute to chronic non-specific low back pain. The Fremantle back awareness questionnaire is a simple questionnaire to assess back specific self-perception. T...

    Authors: Axel Schäfer, Benedict M. Wand, Kerstin Lüdtke, Katja Ehrenbrusthoff and Thomas Schöttker-Königer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:323

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Recent studies have pointed out that arthroscopy, the commonly-used surgical procedure for meniscal tears, may lead to an elevated risk of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). The biomechanical factors of KOA can be cla...

    Authors: Xiaohui Zhang, Shuo Yuan, Jun Wang, Bagen Liao and De Liang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:322

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) proponents have suggested the benefits of improved component alignment and reduced outliers. In this randomized controlled trial, we attempted to assess the advantage of ...

    Authors: Sammy Abdullah ALShammari, Keun Young Choi, In Jun Koh, Man Soo Kim and Yong In

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:321

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Giant cell tumor of bone is a benign, locally aggressive neoplasm. Surgical resection is the preferred treatment method. However, for cases in which resection poses an increased risk to the patient, denosumab ...

    Authors: Andrew Chandler, Meredith K. Bartelstein, Tomohiro Fujiwara, Cristina R. Antonescu, John H. Healey and Max Vaynrub

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:320

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The first magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) was implanted in 2009. Since then multiple complications have been identified that have helped drive the development of the MCGR and its surgery. The aim of...

    Authors: Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Kam Yim Sze, Kenneth Man Chee Cheung and Teng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:319

    Content type: Case report

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  32. As septic arthritis is time-dependent and has a propensity for irreversible joint damage, early diagnosis and treatment are needed. Frequently, adult patients with septic arthritis cannot undergo invasive surg...

    Authors: Kensuke Fukushima, Yui Uekusa, Tomohisa Koyama, Yoshihisa Ohashi, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Naonobu Takahira and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:318

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition that is often associated with chronic pain. Pain often leads patients to seek healthcare advice and treatment. In this retrospective cohort analysis of German longitud...

    Authors: Marie Schild, Ulrike Müller, Ursula von Schenck, Sigurd Prieur and Robert Miller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:317

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Postoperative residual knee pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a significant factor that contributes to patient dissatisfaction. Patients with preoperative central sensitization (CS) may be more susce...

    Authors: Shicheng Wang, Wensheng Wang, Long Shao and Jing Ling

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:316

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. The optimal duration of intravenous antibiotic therapy in Staphylococcus aureus prosthetic bone and joint infection has not been established. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of early and lat...

    Authors: Hélène Boclé, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Nicolas Cellier, Julien Crouzet, Pascal Kouyoumdjian, Albert Sotto and Paul Loubet

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:315

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study compared the early clinical recovery of total hip arthroplasty (THA) using computer navigation systems (nTHA) and robotic arm-assisted THA (rTHA).

    Authors: Nao Shibanuma, Kazunari Ishida, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Yutaro Sanada, Masahiro Kurosaka, Ryosuke Kuroda and Shinya Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:314

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Exercise is recommended as a principal treatment for individuals with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). However, the best choice for an optimal exercise program able to promote long-term compliance in KOA patients is...

    Authors: Fenglan Wang, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiao Tong, Min Zhang, Fengmei Xing, Kun Yang, Nana Jiao and Zhiguang Duan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:313

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Patient-reported outcome measures are widely utilized to assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, the association between HRQOL and curve s...

    Authors: Toru Doi, Kei Watanabe, Tokuhide Doi, Hirokazu Inoue, Ryo Sugawara, Yasuhisa Arai, Osamu Shirado, Ken Yamazaki, Koki Uno, Haruhisa Yanagida, So Kato, Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Yasushi Oshima, Sakae Tanaka and Katsushi Takeshita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:312

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is broadly used in clinical and research settings for assessing the disability level in patients with lumbar radiculopathy but it has not been translated into Urdu language acco...

    Authors: Fareeha Amjad, Mohammad A. Mohseni-Bandpei, Syed Amir Gilani, Ashfaq Ahmad, Muhammad Waqas and Asif Hanif

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:311

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Inaccurate projection on standard pelvic radiographs leads to the underestimation of femoral offset—a critical determinant of postoperative hip function—during total hip arthroplasty (THA) templating. We noted...

    Authors: Stefan Blümel, Vincent A. Stadelmann, Marco Brioschi, Alexander Küffer, Michael Leunig and Hannes A. Rüdiger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:310

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) degeneration is often seen in knee osteoarthritis (OA); however, there is no established method for its evaluation. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the Hou...

    Authors: Yoshikazu Sumida, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Masakazu Ishikawa, Atsuo Nakamae and Nobuo Adachi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:309

    Content type: Research article

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  42. We investigated the mid-term clinical and radiological results of total hip arthroplasty (THA) using a three-dimensional (3D) porous titanium cup and analyzed the micromotion at the interface of the cup using ...

    Authors: Takaki Miyagawa, Kazu Matsumoto, Shingo Komura and Haruhiko Akiyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:308

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Chieving postoperative coronal balance in adult spinal deformity correction surgeries can be challenging. Even with T square rod technique, there were still some cases with good intraoperative coronal alignmen...

    Authors: Jiandang Zhang, Pengfei Chi, Junyao Cheng and Zheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:307

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Distal radius fractures (DRFs) constitute 15–21% of all fractures. There are no detailed data on the possible changes in the epidemiology and treatment of DRFs in children and adults during the Covid pandemic. Th...

    Authors: Jarosław Olech, Mariusz Ciszewski and Piotr Morasiewicz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:306

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Arthroscopic repair is recommended for young patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears (RCTs), but the healing rates have raised concerns. The Southern California Orthopedic Institute (SCOI) row method h...

    Authors: He-Bei He, Tao Wang, Min-Cong Wang, Hui-Feng Zhu, Yue Meng, Cheng-Long Pan, Yong Hu, Xiao-Min Chao, Chun Yang Yang, Min Wang and Jian Feng Ou-Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:305

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is noted most frequently in periarticular muscles and has not yet been reported in the cruciate ligaments of the knee. We present a rare case of symptomatic ossification of the po...

    Authors: Cun Li, Zonggui Huang, K. C. Anil, Chendeng Lao, Qianghua Wu and Hongmian Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:304

    Content type: Case report

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  47. The straight leg raise (SLR) is the most commonly applied physical tests on patients with sciatica, but the sensitivity and specificity ratings for disc hernia and neural compression leave areas for improvemen...

    Authors: Janne Pesonen, Michael Shacklock, Pekka Rantanen, Jussi Mäki, Lauri Karttunen, Markku Kankaanpää, Olavi Airaksinen and Marinko Rade

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:303

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Bilateral osseous ankylosed hips secondary to ankylosis spondylitis (AS) are relatively rare but impact the quality of life hugely. Cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) for bilateral osseous ankylosed hips ...

    Authors: Ping Mou, Wei Nan Zeng, Yu Chen and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:302

    Content type: Research article

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  49. An inflamed and thickened medial patellar plica (MPP) caused by repeated mechanical irritation from trauma or overuse leads to impingement between the anterior medial femoral condyle and the medial articular f...

    Authors: Sung-Jae Kim, Yong Gon Koh and Yong Sang Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:301

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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