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  1. Research article

    Second opinion for degenerative spinal conditions: an option or a necessity? A prospective observational study

    Second opinions may improve quality of patient care. The primary objective of this study was to determine the concordance between first and second diagnoses and opinions regarding need for spinal surgery among...

    Mario Lenza, Rachelle Buchbinder, Margaret P. Staples, Oscar F.P. dos Santos, Reynaldo A. Brandt, Claudio L. Lottenberg, Miguel Cendoroglo and Mario Ferretti

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:354

    Published on: 17 August 2017

  2. Research article

    Quality of life and correlation with clinical and radiographic variables in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a retrospective case series study

    Previously, many studies have evaluated quality of life (QoL) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), however, none of them specifically investigated the correlation between pain-related disability measu...

    Ji-chen Huang, Bang-ping Qian, Yong Qiu, Bin Wang, Yang Yu, Ze-Zhang Zhu, Jun Hu and Zhe Qu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:352

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  3. Research article

    Chitosan in viscosupplementation: in vivo effect on rabbit subchondral bone

    To investigate the effect of intra-articular injection of Chitosan (Cs) added to hyaluronic acid (HA) on subchondral bone during osteoarthritis (OA), microarchitectural parameters and mineral density were meas...

    R. Rieger, C. Boulocher, S. Kaderli and T. Hoc

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:350

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  4. Case report

    Subcutaneous emphysema of the leg after hardware removal and bone allografting for infected non-union of the distal femur

    Infected non-unions of the supracondylar region of the femur are uncommon. Even though hardware removal is a common procedure, it may lead to complications, including neurovascular injury, refracture, worsenin...

    Vincenzo Denaro, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Giuseppe Salvatore, Vincenzo Candela and Nicola Maffulli

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:351

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  5. Research article

    Causes, trends and severity of musculoskeletal injuries in Ghana

    Musculoskeletal [MSK] injuries are common causes of long-term pain and physical disability which affect many people worldwide. The economic and social impacts on the individual, society and national health sys...

    Eric Lawer Torgbenu, Emmanuel K. Nakua, Henry Kyei, Eric Badu and Maxwell Peprah Opoku

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:349

    Published on: 11 August 2017

  6. Research article

    With a biomechanical treatment in knee osteoarthritis, less knee pain did not correlate with synovitis reduction

    Braces are used to treat pain in patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PFJOA). In a trial, we previously reported pain improvement after 6-weeks brace use. The pain reduction did not correlate with changes in M...

    Vikram Swaminathan, Matthew J Parkes, Michael J Callaghan, Terence W O’Neill, Richard Hodgson, Andrew D Gait and David T Felson

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:347

    Published on: 10 August 2017

  7. Research article

    Does structural leg-length discrepancy affect postural control? Preliminary study

    Leg-length inequality results in an altered position of the spine and pelvis. Previous studies on the influence of leg asymmetry on postural control have been inconclusive. The purpose of this paper was to inv...

    Małgorzata Eliks, Wioleta Ostiak-Tomaszewska, Przemysław Lisiński and Paweł Koczewski

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:346

    Published on: 9 August 2017

  8. Research article

    Patellar tendinopathy in young elite soccer– clinical and sonographical analysis of a German elite soccer academy

    The prevalence of patellar tendinopathy is elevated in elite soccer compared to less explosive sports. While the burden of training hours and load is comparably high in youth elite players (age < 23 years), li...

    Gerrit Bode, Thorsten Hammer, N. Karvouniaris, M. J. Feucht, L. Konstantinidis, N. P. Südkamp and A. Hirschmüller

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:344

    Published on: 8 August 2017

  9. Research article

    Gene expression profiling in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica before and after symptom-abolishing glucocorticoid treatment

    The pathophysiology, including the impact of gene expression, of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) remains elusive. We profiled the gene expression in muscle tissue in PMR patients before and after glucocorticoid t...

    Frederik Flindt Kreiner, Rehannah Borup, Finn Cilius Nielsen, Peter Schjerling and Henrik Galbo

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:341

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  10. Research article

    Long-term outcome following additional rhBMP-7 application in revision surgery of aseptic humeral, femoral, and tibial shaft nonunion

    Surgical revision concepts for the treatment of aseptic humeral, femoral, and tibial diaphyseal nonunion were evaluated. It was analyzed if the range of time to bone healing was shorter, and if clinical and ra...

    Simon Hackl, Christian Hierholzer, Jan Friederichs, Alexander Woltmann, Volker Bühren and Christian von Rüden

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:342

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  11. Research article

    Bone preserving level of osteotomy in short-stem total hip arthroplasty does not influence stress shielding dimensions – a comparing finite elements analysis

    The main objective of every new development in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is the longest possible survival of the implant. Periprosthetic stress shielding is a scientifically proven phenomenon which leads to...

    Rene Burchard, Sabrina Braas, Christian Soost, Jan Adriaan Graw and Jan Schmitt

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:343

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  12. Research article

    Incidence and risk factors of exercise-related knee disorders in young adult men

    Musculoskeletal disorders and injuries are common causes of morbidity and loss of active, physically demanding training days in military populations. We evaluated the incidence, diagnosis, and risk factors of ...

    Harri K. Pihlajamäki, Mickael C. Parviainen, Hannu Kautiainen and Ilkka Kiviranta

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:340

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  13. Research article

    Effectiveness and tolerability of transdermal buprenorphine patches: a multicenter, prospective, open-label study in Asian patients with moderate to severe chronic musculoskeletal pain

    We examined the effectiveness and tolerability of transdermal buprenorphine (TDB) treatment in real-world setting in Asian patients with musculoskeletal pain.

    Do Heum Yoon, Seong-Il Bin, Simon Kin-Cheong Chan, Chun Kee Chung, Yong In, Hyoungmin Kim, Juan Javier Lichauco, Chi Chiu Mok, Young-Wan Moon, Tony Kwun-Tung Ng, Ester Gonzales Penserga, Dong Ah Shin, Dora You and Hanlim Moon

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:337

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  14. Research article

    The effect of targeted treatment on people with patellofemoral pain: a pragmatic, randomised controlled feasibility study

    Targeted treatment, matched according to specific clinical criteria e.g. hip muscle weakness, may result in better outcomes for people with patellofemoral pain (PFP). However, to ensure the success of future t...

    Benjamin T. Drew, Philip G. Conaghan, Toby O. Smith, James Selfe and Anthony C. Redmond

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:338

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  15. Research article

    Acromioclavicular joint dislocation treated with Bosworth screw and additional K-wiring: results after 7.8 years – still an adequate procedure?

    The acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation is a major reason for shoulder instability. Different concepts of treatment and surgical methods are described in the literature. Thus, the purpose of this study wa...

    Thomas M. Tiefenboeck, Domenik Popp, Sandra Boesmueller, Stephan Payr, Julian Joestl, Micha Komjati, Harald Binder, Mark Schurz and Roman C. Ostermann

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:339

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  16. Research article

    Drug survival of second biological DMARD therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a retrospective non-interventional cohort analysis

    Since persistence to first biological disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) is far from ideal in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, many do receive a second and/or third bDMARD treatment. However, ...

    Thomas Wilke, Sabrina Mueller, Sze Chim Lee, Istvan Majer and Marieke Heisen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:332

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  17. Research article

    Assessment of potential risk factors for new onset disabling low back pain in Japanese workers: findings from the CUPID (cultural and psychosocial influences on disability) study

    Most studies of risk factors for new low back pain (LBP) have been conducted in Western populations, but because of cultural and environmental differences, the impact of causal factors may not be the same in o...

    Mika Kawaguchi, Ko Matsudaira, Takayuki Sawada, Tadashi Koga, Akiko Ishizuka, Tatsuya Isomura and David Coggon

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:334

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  18. Study protocol

    Preventing musculoskeletal injuries among recreational adult volleyball players: design of a randomised prospective controlled trial

    Both acute and overuse injuries are common among recreational volleyball players, especially finger/wrist, ankle, shoulder and knee injuries. Consequently, an intervention (‘VolleyVeilig’) was developed to pre...

    Vincent Gouttebarge, Johannes Zwerver and Evert Verhagen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:333

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  19. Research article

    Comparison of low density and high density pedicle screw instrumentation in Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

    The correlation between implant density and deformity correction has not yet led to a precise conclusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low densi...

    Mingkui Shen, Honghui Jiang, Ming Luo, Wengang Wang, Ning Li, Lulu Wang and Lei Xia

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:336

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  20. Research article

    Characterisation of the correlation between standing lordosis and degenerative joint disease in the lower lumbar spine in women and men: a radiographic study

    Degenerative joint disease (DJD) in the lumbar spine is a common condition that is associated with chronic low back pain. Excessive loading of lumbar joints is a risk factor for DJD. Changes in lumbar lordosis...

    Kelvin J. Murray, Michael R. Le Grande, Arantxa Ortega de Mues and Michael F. Azari

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:330

    Published on: 1 August 2017

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