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  1. 40–50 % of all boys and 30–40 % of girls suffer from at least one fracture during childhood. A quarter of these fractures affects the wrist, making it the worst affected part of the body. Children often sustai...

    Authors: Hanna Südow and Cecilia Mellstrand Navarro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:564

    Content type: Research

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  2. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders worldwide. The National Disease Management Guideline (NVL) “Non-specific LBP” is a practical decision-making aid for both physicians and ...

    Authors: Carolin Bahns, Lisa Happe, Christian Thiel and Christian Kopkow

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:563

    Content type: Research

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  3. Obese patients are at risk of complications after spinal surgery. Full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy (FELD) has advantages over conventional open surgery in the treatment of obese adult patients with lumbar dis...

    Authors: Haijiang Yu, Bin Zhu, Qingpeng Song and Xiaoguang Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:562

    Content type: Research

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  4. Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a disease characterized by the limited function of the hip joint, knee pain, and abnormal gait. There is a lack of research on the effect of GMC on the hip joint structure t...

    Authors: Yi Zhang, Qihang Su, Yuanzhen Zhang, Heng’an Ge, Wang Wei and Biao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:561

    Content type: Research

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  5. Psychological factors may impact recovery in patients undergoing treatment for shoulder complaints. The aim of this review is to systematically analyse the evidence for the effect of modifiable psychological f...

    Authors: Ali Sheikhzadeh, Maria M. Wertli, Shira Schecter Weiner, Eva Rasmussen-Barr and Sherri Weiser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:560

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Surgical reduction for high-grade spondylolisthesis is beneficial for restoring sagittal balance and improving the biomechanical environment for arthrodesis. Compared to posterior total laminectomy and long in...

    Authors: Kao-Chang Tu, Cheng-Min Shih, Kun-Hui Chen, Chien-Chou Pan, Fuu-Cheng Jiang, Cheng-En Hsu, Yun-Ming Wang and Cheng-Hung Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:559

    Content type: Research

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  7. Inversion ankle sprains, or lateral ankle sprains, often result in symptomatic lateral ankle instability, and some patients need lateral ankle ligament reconstruction to reduce pain, improve function, and prev...

    Authors: Masato Takao, Danielle Lowe, Satoru Ozeki, Xavier M. Oliva, Ryota Inokuchi, Takayuki Yamazaki, Yoshitaka Takeuchi, Maya Kubo, Kentaro Matsui, Mai Katakura and Mark Glazebrook

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:558

    Content type: Research

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  8. Debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) is the recommended treatment for acute hematogenous periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, DAIR is associated ...

    Authors: Pruk Chaiyakit, Surapoj Meknavin, Natthapong Hongku and Ittiwat Onklin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:557

    Content type: Research

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  9. Superior biomechanical performance of tapered interference screws, compared with non-tapered screws, with reference to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction process, has been reported in the lite...

    Authors: Nazanin Daneshvarhashjin, Mahmoud Chizari, Javad Mortazavi and Gholamreza Rouhi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:556

    Content type: Research

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  10. Fractures in children under 2 years of age are rare, and little has been published on their mechanisms. We aimed at examining the incidence, mechanisms, pattern and fracture characteristics in a large, populat...

    Authors: Karen Rosendahl, Ramona Myklebust, Kjersti Foros Ulriksen, A. Nøttveit, Pernille Eide, Åsmund Djuve and Christina Brudvik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:555

    Content type: Research

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  11. Exercise, especially weight-bearing exercise (e.g. walking), may affect plantar tissue viability due to prolonged repetitive high vertical and high shear pressure stimulus on the plantar tissue, and further in...

    Authors: Yijie Duan, Weiyan Ren, Liqiang Xu, Wenqiang Ye, Yih-Kuen Jan and Fang Pu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:554

    Content type: Research

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  12. The impact of sagittal spinopelvic alignment on spondylolysis is well established in Caucasian populations. However, prior studies suggest that people from different ethnological backgrounds showed divergence,...

    Authors: Hao-Chun Chuang, Yu-Hsiang Tseng, Yueh Chen, Po-Hsin Chou, Wei-Lun Chang, Pei-Fang Su and Cheng-Li Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:553

    Content type: Research

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  13. Physical activity (PA) is important to general health and knee osteoarthritis (OA). Excessive workplace PA is an established risk factor for knee OA however, appropriate methods of measurement are unclear. The...

    Authors: Xia Wang, Thomas A Perry, Jimmy Caroupapoullé, Alexander Forrester, Nigel K Arden and David J Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:552

    Content type: Research

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  14. The infra-acetabular screw which is placed from the pubis to the ischium can be used as a special positional screw of the posterior column of the acetabulum. This study was performed to simulate the surgical p...

    Authors: Bei Zhao, Wei Zhang, Hao Li, Liren Han, Shizhang Han, Xiaofei Yang, Jun Yan and Weidong Mu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:551

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Intra-articular (IA) corticosteroid (CS) injections are the mainstay of treatment for symptomatic management in knee osteoarthritis (OA), particularly in the UK. IA platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections are a ...

    Authors: Michael McLarnon and Neil Heron

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:550

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Treatment of benign osteolytic lesions in the femoral head and neck can be extremely challenging, particularly in children with open physis or for aggressive tumors with pathological fracture. There remains th...

    Authors: Jingtian Shi, Zhiqing Zhao, Taiqiang Yan, Wei Guo, Rongli Yang, Xiaodong Tang, Huayi Qu and Sen Dong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:549

    Content type: Research

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  17. Antegrade intramedullary nailing (AIMN) with Kirschner wire (K-wire) is a minimally invasive osteosynthesis technique. This procedure has been widely performed to treat the fifth metacarpal neck fracture (FMNF...

    Authors: Xiao-Lei Fan, Jian Wang, De-Hua Zhang, Feng Mao, Yi Liao and Rui Xiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:546

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although the incidence, types, and radiological outcomes of simultaneous ipsilateral pelvic ring and acetabular fractures have been reported, there have been no reports on factors that may affect the quality o...

    Authors: Yi-Hsun Yu, Chang-Heng Liu, Yung-Heng Hsu, Ying-Chao Chou, I-Jung Chen and Chi-Chuan Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:544

    Content type: Research

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  19. The effects of postoperative intervertebral height (IH) changes on the clinical and radiological outcomes after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) surgery using a zero-profile device remain uncl...

    Authors: Haimiti Abudouaini, Chengyi Huang, Hao Liu, Ying Hong, Beiyu Wang, Chen Ding, Yang Meng and Tingkui Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:543

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The aims of this meta-analysis were to: (1) validate the outcome of modern dual mobility (DM) designs in patients who had undergone primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedures and (2) to ident...

    Authors: Fu-Yuan Pai, Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Tsan-Wen Huang, Kuo-Chin Huang, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:541

    Content type: Research

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  21. Short-segment transpedicular screw fixation is a common method for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures (TBFs),but this technique has many problems. Therefore,the purpose of this article is to observ...

    Authors: Menghan Cai, Zhijun Xin, Weijun Kong, Qian Du, Wenjun Ji, Fujun Wu, Jin Li, Jialin He and Wenbo Liao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:540

    Content type: Research

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  22. Open lower limb fractures are serious injuries requiring combined ortho-plastic surgery and have significantly worse outcomes than similar closed fractures. There is little objective published data to determin...

    Authors: Ian Pallister, Gregory Jack Handley, Sharon Maggs, Ann-Marie Davies, Amanda Kyle, Owen Bodger and Hywel Dafydd

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:539

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Currently, there is little evidence about the outcome of two-stage exchange arthroplasty for the treatment of knee periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in patients with chronic viral hepatitis. To evaluate it,...

    Authors: Jui-ping Chen, Chih-hsiang Chang, Yu-chih Lin, Sheng-hsun Lee, Hsin-nung Shih and Yuhan Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:538

    Content type: Research

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  24. Before the role of shear wave elastography (SWE) and B mode ultrasound (US) in the diagnosis of different forms of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) can be investigated, normative data is required. This...

    Authors: Shereen Paramalingam, Merrilee Needham, Warren Raymond, Frank Mastaglia, Daniel Lightowler, Narelle Morin, Peter Counsel and Helen Isobel Keen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:537

    Content type: Research

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  25. Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) is a common degenerative condition in older adults. Muscle atrophy (MA) is a leading cause of muscle weakness and disability commonly reported in individuals with spi...

    Authors: Gen Xia, Xueru Li, Yanbing Shang, Bin Fu, Feng Jiang, Huan Liu and Yongdong Qiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:536

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. To determine whether multiple drilling is effective in postponing the need for total hip arthroplasty (THA) in early-stage nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).

    Authors: Zunhan Liu, Xuetao Yang, Yuhan Li, Wei-Nan Zeng, Enze Zhao and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:535

    Content type: Research

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  27. To explore the prevalence of bone loss among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy controls (HC) and further explored the risk factors for osteopenia and osteoporosis of RA patients.

    Authors: Zhuoran Hu, Lei Zhang, Zhiming Lin, Changlin Zhao, Shuiming Xu, He Lin, Jiejing Zhang, Wenjie Li and Yongliang Chu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:534

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. With a rapidly aging population in Japan, locomotive syndrome is becoming an increasingly serious social problem. Exercise therapy using the lumbar type HAL, which is a wearable robot suit that can assist volu...

    Authors: Kousei Miura, Masao Koda, Kazuhiro Tamaki, Masatoshi Ishida, Aiki Marushima, Toru Funayama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Hiroshi Noguchi, Kentaro Mataki, Yoshihiro Yasunaga, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Akira Matsumura and Masashi Yamazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:533

    Content type: Research

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  29. Non-union occurs in approximately 5 to 10% of fracture patients, with certain bones at greater risk of failing to heal. Non-unions have a significant impact on socioeconomic costs and the patients short and lo...

    Authors: Ross Leighton, Mark Phillips, Mohit Bhandari and Robert Zura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:532

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Surgical site infection (SSI) occurs in 3–10 % of patients with surgically treated tibial plateau fractures. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of SSI on patients’ outcome after fixation of tibial plateau...

    Authors: Ralf Henkelmann, Richard Glaab, Meinhard Mende, Christopher Ull, Philipp-Johannes Braun, Christoph Katthagen, Tobias J Gensior, Karl-Heinz Frosch and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:531

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The prognosis of lung metastasis (LM) in patients with chondrosarcoma was poor. The aim of this study was to construct a prognostic nomogram to predict the risk of LM, which was imperative and helpful for clin...

    Authors: Wenle Li, Shengtao Dong, Haosheng Wang, Rilige Wu, Huitao Wu, Zhi-Ri Tang, Junyan Zhang, Zhaohui Hu and Chengliang Yin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:529

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The purpose of this study was to present a navigated image-free augmentation technique for the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) and coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments and to report the clinical and radiological outc...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Ralf Henkelmann, Claus Zhang, Tobias Schöbel, Georg Osterhoff and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:528

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Musculoskeletal pains are among evident health problems in children and adolescents. Backpack carrying behaviors and the sitting postures are among behavioral factors associated with musculoskeletal pain in sc...

    Authors: Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Elham Gheysvandi, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Leili Tapak, Rashid Heidarimoghadam and Iman Dianat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:527

    Content type: Research

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  34. Exercise-based approaches have been a cornerstone of physiotherapy management of knee osteoarthritis for many years. However, clinical effects are considered small to modest and the need for continued adherenc...

    Authors: Stephen J. Preece, Nathan Brookes, Anita E. Williams, Richard K. Jones, Chelsea Starbuck, Anthony Jones and Nicola E. Walsh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:526

    Content type: Research

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  35. Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous connective tissue disorder characterized by increased bone fragility and a series of extraskeletal manifestations. Approximately 90 % of OI cases are caused by t...

    Authors: Shiwei Wang, Xiaoli Wang, Xiaochun Teng, Songbai Li, Hanyi Zhang, Zhongyan Shan and Yushu Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:525

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  36. The effect of postoperative shoulder sling compliance on surgical outcomes is unknown. The goal was to determine an accurate method to measure sling compliance. We compared volunteer recorded sling wear time w...

    Authors: Anshum Sood, Ashley Klein, Samir Kaveeshwar, Derek L. Jones, Grant Duvall, James Paul Hovis, Tristan B. Weir, Blessing Enobun, S. Ashfaq Hasan, R. Frank Henn 3rd, Jonathan D. Packer and Mohit N. Gilotra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:524

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The relationship between spinopelvic alignment and functional disability after total hip arthroplasty (THA) has not been fully elucidated despite the growing recognition of its importance on patient-reported o...

    Authors: Yoshinori Okamoto, Hitoshi Wakama, Tomohiro Okayoshi, Shuhei Otsuki and Masashi Neo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:523

    Content type: Research

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  38. Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is recognized worldwide as a major cause of increased years lived with disability. In addition to known generic prognostic factors, illness perceptions (IPs) may have predictive valu...

    Authors: E. J. de Raaij, H. Wittink, J. F. Maissan, P. Westers and R. W. J. G. Ostelo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:522

    Content type: Research

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  39. Typical gait is often considered to be highly symmetrical, with gait asymmetries typically associated with pathological gait. Whilst gait symmetry is often expressed in symmetry ratios, measures of symmetry do...

    Authors: Alexis Brierty, Christopher P. Carty, Claudia Giacomozzi, Teresa Phillips, Henry P. J. Walsh, David Bade and Sean Horan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:521

    Content type: Research

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  40. There is no universally accepted treatment standard for idiopathic toe walking patients (ITW) in the current literature. None of the established methods provide homogenous satisfying results. In our department...

    Authors: N. Berger, M. Bauer, A. Hapfelmeier, M. Salzmann and P. M. Prodinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:520

    Content type: Research

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  41. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), an adrenal steroid, has a protective role against diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo protective effects of DHEA against high glucose-induced oxida...

    Authors: Shintaro Mukohara, Yutaka Mifune, Atsuyuki Inui, Hanako Nishimoto, Takashi Kurosawa, Kohei Yamaura, Tomoya Yoshikawa and Ryosuke Kuroda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:519

    Content type: Research

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  42. Limb salvage surgery (LSS) is the preferred method for treatment of patients with sarcomas and to a greater extent also to patients with metastatic bone disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate th...

    Authors: Christina Enciso Holm, Peter Horstmann, Michala Skovlund Sørensen, Karen Dyreborg and Michael Mørk Petersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:518

    Content type: Research

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  43. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip rarely develops in the early second decade. As the incidence of this disease is low, no treatment method has been established. We report two patients with unilateral OA in their ...

    Authors: Takahiro Nishimura, Hideaki Watanabe, Naoya Taki, Saki Onuma and Ichiro Kikkawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:517

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA), chronic widespread pain (CWP) and overweight/obesity are public health problems that often coincide, and there is a multifactorial and unclear relationship between them. The study ai...

    Authors: Charlotte Sylwander, Ingrid Larsson, Emma Haglund, Stefan Bergman and Maria L.E. Andersson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:516

    Content type: Research

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  45. Enhancing self-efficacy to manage symptoms and functions is an important aspect of self-management for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Many reports have investigated the effects of self-management educ...

    Authors: Daisuke Uritani, Hitoshi Koda and Sho Sugita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:515

    Content type: Research

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