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  1. Imaging cannot be performed during natural weightbearing in biomechanical studies using conventional closed-bore MRI, which has necessitated simulating weightbearing load on the joint. Upright, open MRI (UO-MR...

    Authors: Andrew M. Schmidt, David J. Stockton, Michael A. Hunt, Andrew Yung, Bassam A. Masri and David R. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:795

    Content type: Technical advance

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  2. Nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) is a heterogeneous condition that is associated with complex neuromuscular adaptations. Exercise is a widely administered treatment, but its effects are small to mode...

    Authors: Katharina van Baal, Jana Allofs, Katja Ehrenbrusthoff, Christian Grüneberg, Thomas Hering, Christian Kopkow and Christian Thiel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:794

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Orofacial digital syndrome is a rare genetic disorder with oral cavity, facial and digits anomalies. Orofacial digital syndrome type II, also called the “Mohr syndrome” is a very rare subtype that has been rep...

    Authors: Bita Malekianzadeh, Fardis Vosoughi and Ramin Zargarbashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:793

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Vertebral augmentation is the first-line treatment for the osteoporosis vertebral compression fractures. Bone cement leakage is the most common complication of this surgery. This study aims to assess the risk ...

    Authors: Tian-yu Zhang, Pei-xun Zhang, Feng Xue, Dian-ying Zhang and Bao-guo Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:792

    Content type: Research article

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  5. At present, it is unclear which device (uncemented or cemented total hip arthroplasty [UTA or CTA, respectively]) is more suitable for the conversion of a failed proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA). The...

    Authors: Weiguang Yu, Xiulan Han, Wenli Chen, Shuai Mao, Mingdong Zhao, Xinchao Zhang, Guowei Han, Junxing Ye, Meiji Chen and Jintao Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:791

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Musculoskeletal pain is globally a leading cause of physical disability. Many musculoskeletal-related pain conditions, such as low back pain, often resolve spontaneously. In some individuals, pain may recur or...

    Authors: MEH Larsson, L. Nordeman, K. Holmgren, A. Grimby-Ekman, G. Hensing, C. Björkelund, S. Bergman, A. Ekhammar, M. Dottori and S. Bernhardsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:790

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis, all have one clear common denominator; an altered turnover of bone. However, this may be more complex than a simple change...

    Authors: Christian S. Thudium, Signe Holm Nielsen, Samra Sardar, Ali Mobasheri, Willem Evert van Spil, Rik Lories, Kim Henriksen, Anne-Christine Bay-Jensen and Morten A. Karsdal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:789

    Content type: Review

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  8. Apert syndrome is characterised by the presence of craniosynostosis, midface retrusion and syndactyly of hands and feet, thus, synonymously referred to as acrocephalosyndactyly type I. Considering these multid...

    Authors: Alexandra Stauffer and Sebastian Farr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:788

    Content type: Review

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  9. Recently, the infra-acetabular screw has been proposed for use in treatment of acetabular fractures as a part of a periacetabular fixation frame. Biomechanical studies have shown that an additional infra-aceta...

    Authors: Fei Liu, Xiaoreng Feng, Yang Xiao, Jie Xiang, Keyu Chen, Yihang Deng, Jiaxin Lv and Bin Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:787

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Unexpectedly positive bacterial cultures during prosthesis revision surgery still occur on occasion despite good preoperative diagnostics. In such cases a six-week antibiotic therapy without further surgical i...

    Authors: Bernd Fink and Michael Schlumberger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:786

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The aim of the present study is to compare the clinical outcomes and postoperative complications of lumbar endoscopic unilateral laminotomy bilateral decompression (LE-ULBD) and minimally invasive surgery tran...

    Authors: Wenbin Hua, Bingjin Wang, Wencan Ke, Xinghuo Wu, Yukun Zhang, Shuai Li, Shuhua Yang and Cao Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:785

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Dysferlinopathies are a group of muscle disorders causing muscle weakness and absence or low levels of dysferlin, a type-II transmembrane protein and the causative gene of these dystrophies. Dysferlin is impli...

    Authors: Esther Fernández-Simón, Cinta Lleixà, Xavier Suarez-Calvet, Jordi Diaz-Manera, Isabel Illa, Eduard Gallardo and Noemí de Luna

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:784

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The purpose of this prospective case series study was to compare changes in early postoperative physical activity and physical function between 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months after lumbar spine surgery.

    Authors: Rogelio A. Coronado, Hiral Master, Daniel K. White, Jacquelyn S. Pennings, Mackenzie L. Bird, Clinton J. Devin, Maciej S. Buchowski, Shannon L. Mathis, Matthew J. McGirt, Joseph S. Cheng, Oran S. Aaronson, Stephen T. Wegener and Kristin R. Archer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:783

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Spasticity interfering with gross motor development in cerebral palsy (CP) can be reduced with selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR). Although reported, it is unknown if SDR surgery causes later spine problems. Usi...

    Authors: Annika Lundkvist Josenby and Lena Westbom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:782

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Previous clinical studies reported that thoracolumbar vertebral fractures (VFs) associated with high energy spine trauma cause adjacent intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration; however, the effect of non-trauma...

    Authors: Norihiko Takegami, Koji Akeda, Koichiro Murata, Junichi Yamada and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:781

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Septic arthritis of digits needs urgent treatment. When treatments delayed or insufficient, patients may be referred to the upper-level hospital due to uncontrolled infection. We reviewed the treatment history...

    Authors: Sang Ho Kwak, Jung Yun Bae, Youngkwang Oh, Hyo Seok Jang, Tae Young Ahn and Sang Hyun Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:780

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoporotic hip fracture is a common general health problem with a significant impact on human life because it debilitates the patients and largely decreases their quality of life. Early prevention of fractur...

    Authors: Kuang-Ting Yeh, Tzai-Chiu Yu, Ru-Ping Lee, Jen-Hung Wang, Kuan-Lin Liu, Cheng-Huan Peng, Hao-Wen Chen, Ing-Ho Chen, Chung-Yi Hsu and Wen-Tien Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:779

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The hip abductors are crucial in maintaining pelvic stability. Tears in these tendons are common and often debilitating. There is uncertainty regarding both the histological and macroscopic features of hip abd...

    Authors: Mark F. Zhu, Brittany Smith, Sanjeev Krishna, David S. Musson, Peter R. Riordan, Sue R. McGlashan, Jillian Cornish and Jacob T. Munro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:778

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The purpose of this study was to prospectively recruit patients treated with limb malformation and to explore the prevalence and the clinical and epidemiological features of Heart-Hand Syndrome (HHS) in China.

    Authors: Yaobin Yin, Jianguang Ji, Junhui Zhao, Shanlin Chen and Wen Tian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:777

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although risk-stratifying patients with acute lower back pain is a promising approach for improving long-term outcomes, efforts to implement stratified care in the US healthcare system have had limited success...

    Authors: Addie Middleton, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Anthony Delitto, Robert B. Saper, Katherine Gergen Barnett and Joel Stevans

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:776

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The major causes of failure after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) include prosthesis loosening and infection. This study aimed to investigate the role of carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) in knee arthroplasty.

    Authors: Feng Liu, Hai-Yan Li, Zhen Wang, Hai-Ning Zhang, Ying-Zhen Wang and Hao Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:775

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In the management of early inflammatory joint of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), there is a need for reliable noninvasive quantitative monitoring biomarker to closely assess status of synovitis progression. Cogni...

    Authors: Hui Yang, Ling Jiang, Jiang Li, Xiuzhu Zheng, Qianqian Yao, Changqin Li, Jianzhong Zhu and Jian Qin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:774

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Unicondylar knee arthroplasty was introduced in the late 1960s and remains a topic of controversial discussion. Patient-specific instruments and patient-specific implants are not yet the standard of care. The ...

    Authors: Viola Freigang, Markus Rupp, Christian Pfeifer, Michael Worlicek, Stefan Radke, Stephan Deckelmann, Volker Alt and Florian Baumann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:773

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Given the unexpected high rate of failure following metal-on-metal total hip replacement (MoM-THR), it is expected that more MoM-THR patients will experience revision. The long-term outcomes regarding the prim...

    Authors: Weiguang Yu, Meiji Chen, Xianshang Zeng, Mingdong Zhao, Xinchao Zhang, Junxing Ye, Jintao Zhuang and Guowei Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:772

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The objective of the study was to compare the effects of neuromobilization (NM) techniques and routine physiotherapy on pain and functional disability in patients having shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). Pr...

    Authors: Muhammad Akhtar, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gilani, Ashfaq Ahmad and Asim Raza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:770

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Although most cases of humeral shaft nonunion respond well to surgical intervention, surgeons still encounter patients with humeral shaft nonunion who have already undergone repeated surgeries for nonunion. Th...

    Authors: Dongxu Feng, Xiaolong Wang, Liang Sun, Xiao Cai, Kun Zhang, Zhan Wang and Yangjun Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:769

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The measurement of patellar height and restoration of the natural position of the joint line are crucial to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there remains a lack of consensus on an optimal measurement m...

    Authors: Hua Han and Xiaohui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:768

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The currently available scoring methods for enthesitis are often measures of pain but not of inflammation at entheseal sites. The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Clinical Trials (OMERACT) psoriatic arthritis ...

    Authors: Xenofon Baraliakos, Philipp Sewerin, Eugenio de Miguel, Effie Pournara, Christine Kleinmond, Annette Wiedon and Frank Behrens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:767

    Content type: Technical advance

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  29. The revision surgery of basilar invagination (BI) with irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD) after a previous occipitocervical fusion (OCF) is challenging. Transoral revision surgery has more advantages ...

    Authors: Xiaobao Zou, Binbin Wang, Haozhi Yang, Su Ge, Bieping Ouyang, Yuyue Chen, Ling Ni, Shuang Zhang, Hong Xia and Xiangyang Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:766

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Models of care for managing total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA, THA) incorporating early mobilisation are associated with shorter acute length-of-stay (LOS). Few studies have examined the effect of implementi...

    Authors: Happy Chua, Bernadette Brady, Melissa Farrugia, Natalie Pavlovic, Shaniya Ogul, Danella Hackett, Dimyana Farag, Anthony Wan, Sam Adie, Leeanne Gray, Michelle Nazar, Wei Xuan, Richard M. Walker, Ian A. Harris and Justine M. Naylor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:765

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Due to its unique arrangement, the deep and superficial fibers of the multifidus may have differential roles for maintaining spine stabilization and lumbar posture; the superficial multifidus is responsible fo...

    Authors: Jennifer Padwal, David B. Berry, James C. Hubbard, Vinko Zlomislic, R. Todd Allen, Steven R. Garfin, Samuel R. Ward and Bahar Shahidi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:764

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Radial head arthroplasty (RHA) has been commonly adopted for irreparable radial head fractures while little information is addressed on valgus type injury. The purpose of this study is to report long-term outc...

    Authors: Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Chun-Jui Weng, Chih-Hao Chiu, Shih-Sheng Chang, Chun-Ying Cheng and Yi-Sheng Chan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:763

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Intramedullary osteosclerosis (IMOS) is a rare condition without specific radiological findings except for the osteosclerotic lesion and is not associated with family history and infection, trauma, or systemic...

    Authors: Kensaku Abe, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Takashi Higuchi, Yuta Taniguchi, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Yoshihiro Araki, Sei Morinaga, Yohei Asano and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:762

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Joint hemorrhage is caused by trauma, ligament reconstruction surgery, and bleeding disorders such as hemophilia. Recurrence of hemorrhage in the joint space induces hemosiderotic synovitis and oxidative stres...

    Authors: Yasuhito Sogi, Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Yoshito Onoda, Takuya Sekiguchi, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Toshihisa Yano, Kazuaki Suzuki, Takahiro Onoki and Eiji Itoi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:761

    Content type: Research article

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  35. This study aimed to describe the changes in spinopelvic sagittal alignment in the sitting position after posterior lumbar fusion, and to identify the factors influencing unfused adjacent segment lordosis.

    Authors: Zhuoran Sun, Siyu Zhou, Wei Wang, Da Zou and Weishi Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:760

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Legg–Calvé–Perthes (LCP) is a common orthopedic childhood disease that causes a deformity of the femoral head and to an adaptive deformity of the acetabulum. The altered joint biomechanics can result in early ...

    Authors: P. Fürnstahl, F. A. Casari, J. Ackermann, M. Marcon, M. Leunig and R. Ganz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:759

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Several risk assessments have been developed to evaluate fall risk in older adults, but it has not been conclusively established which of these tools is most effective for assessing fall risk in this vulnerabl...

    Authors: Nitchanant Kitcharanant, Ekasame Vanitcharoenkul and Aasis Unnanuntana

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:757

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The technique of posterior pedicle screw fixation has already been widely applied in the treatment of upper thoracic spinal tuberculosis. However, lesions of tuberculosis directly invade the vertebrae and surr...

    Authors: Yuhang Wang, Dingjun Hao, Lixiong Qian, Xin He, Yibin Meng and Biao Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:756

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Globally, the leading cause of years lived with disability is low back pain (LBP). Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is responsible for most of the cost and disability associated with LBP. This is more devastating ...

    Authors: Chinonso Nwamaka Igwesi-Chidobe, Sheila Kitchen, Isaac Olubunmi Sorinola and Emma Louise Godfrey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:755

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Planned lower limb surgery is common, with over 90,000 hip replacements, 95,000 knee replacements and 15,000 anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions performed in the UK each year. These procedures are prima...

    Authors: Maxwell Stanley Renna, Andrew Metcalfe, David Ellard and David Davies

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:754

    Content type: Research article

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  41. A fracture of the calcaneus can be a painful and disabling injury. Treatment modalities may be conservative or operative. Surgical treatment strategies include open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) techn...

    Authors: Christian Rodemund, Ronny Krenn, Carl Kihm, Iris Leister, Reinhold Ortmaier, Werner Litzlbauer, Angelika M. Schwarz and Georg Mattiassich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:753

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Two parallel cannulated screws along with an anterior wire to construct a tension band is a popular approach in transverse patellar fractures. However, the optimal screw proximity, either deep or superficial s...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Chang, Chih-Hsien Chen, Chun-Ting Li, Yen-Nien Chen, Tai-Hua Yang, Chia-Jung Chang and Chih-Han Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:752

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Sequential therapy from bone-forming medication to resorptive agents is reportedly effective for patients with severe osteoporosis. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of implementing short-...

    Authors: Chan Ho Park, Jun-Il Yoo, Chang Hyun Choi and You-Sung Suh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:751

    Content type: Research article

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  44. We studied the characteristics and regularity of appropriate insertion points for percutaneous pedicle screw placement in the lumbar spine using C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy. The purpose of this study was to improv...

    Authors: Wei-Xing Xu, Wei-Guo Ding, Bin Xu, Tian-Hong Hu, Hong-Feng Sheng, Jia-Fu Zhu and Xiao-Long Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:750

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Selective thoracolumbar/lumbar fusion technique was introduced to treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients with major thoracolumbar/lumbar curves. Theoretically, this surgical strategy could also b...

    Authors: Fan Feng, Hongxing Shen, Xiuyuan Chen, Zude Liu, Jianwei Chen, Quan Li and Lifeng Lao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:749

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The prevalence and economic burdens of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are serious in rural China. In addition to formal support, health-related private transfers (HRPTs), including adult children transfers (A...

    Authors: Chaoyang Yan, Aichun Li, Qin Xiang and Jing Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:747

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Plasma cell granuloma (PCG) is a rare non-neoplastic entity, with the precise etiology remaining unclear. Vertebra-affected spinal PCG has not been reported yet. This report presented a case with cross-segment...

    Authors: Renqin Lin, Shenglin Wang, Jianhua Lin, Zhenzhen Zhang and Xuanwei Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:746

    Content type: Case report

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