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  1. The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a valid and reliable instrument that evaluates pain self-efficacy beliefs in people with pain conditions. However, it has not been validated and used in Ethiopia....

    Authors: Mulugeta Bayisa Chala, Catherine Donnelly, Yemataw Wondie, Setareh Ghahari and Jordan Miller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:111

    Content type: Research article

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  2. It is difficult to judge the stability of lateral compression type-1 (LC-1) pelvic fracture, as it is often based on static images of the pelvis. Compared with the traditional experience strategy, ultrasonogra...

    Authors: Hai Huang, Bin-Fei Zhang, Ping Liu, Hong-Li Deng, Peng-Fei Wang, Hu Wang, Bao-Feng Li, Yu-Xuan Cong and Yan Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:110

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease depicted by synovial inflammation leading to local and systemic bone loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate by a HR-pQCT (High Resolution Peripher...

    Authors: Camille P. Figueiredo, Mariana O. Perez, Lucas Peixoto Sales, Ana Cristina Medeiros, Valeria F. Caparbo and Rosa M. R. Pereira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:109

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Osteoporotic fractures are a major cause of morbidity in the elderly. Menopausal women represent the population with the highest risk of early osteoporosis onset, often accompanied by vertebral fractures (VF)....

    Authors: Annamaria Zaia, Roberto Rossi, Roberta Galeazzi, Manuela Sallei, Pierluigi Maponi and Pietro Scendoni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:108

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The newest generation of cementless titanium-coated, isoelastic monoblock cup with vitamin E-blended highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) was introduced to the market in 2009. The aim of the present study ...

    Authors: Yama Afghanyar, Sebastian Joser, Jonas Tecle, Philipp Drees, Jens Dargel, Philipp Rehbein and Karl Philipp Kutzner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:107

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The severe rigid deformity patients with pulmonary dysfunction could not tolerate complicated corrective surgery. Preoperative traction are used to reduce the curve magnitude and improve the pulmonary function...

    Authors: Jian Chen, Wen-yuan Sui, Jing-fan Yang, Yao-long Deng, Jing Xu, Zi-fang Huang and Jun-lin Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:106

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Recent studies are lacking reports on mortality after non-hip fractures in adults aged > 65.

    Authors: Jacques P. Brown, Jonathan D. Adachi, Emil Schemitsch, Jean-Eric Tarride, Vivien Brown, Alan Bell, Maureen Reiner, Thiago Oliveira, Ponda Motsepe-Ditshego, Natasha Burke and Lubomira Slatkovska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:105

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The medical community is beginning to recognize the contribution of prescription opioids in the growing national opioid crisis. Many studies have compared the safety and efficacy of alternative analgesics to o...

    Authors: Elaine Z. Shing, Daniel Leas, Caleb Michalek, Meghan K. Wally and Nady Hamid

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:104

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. A common sequela of hip fracture is loss of ambulation capacity. Prediction of postoperative ambulation capacity is important for surgical and rehabilitation decision making. Handgrip strength is a quick and c...

    Authors: Chih-Mai Chang, Cheng-Hung Lee, Cheng-Min Shih, Shun-Ping Wang, Yung-Cheng Chiu and Cheng-En Hsu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:103

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) affects daily life function and is the most prevalent disorder in primary health care. The primary objective was to examine demographic factors and pain characteristics assoc...

    Authors: Kirsti Krohn Garnaes, Siv Mørkved, Øyvind Salvesen, Torgrim Tønne, Lars Furan, Gudmund Grønhaug, Ottar Vasseljen and Hege Hølmo Johannessen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:102

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To report a mini-open pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) technique, to summarize the 2-year follow-up results of 25 patients, and to describe a modified operating table which allows the osteotomy to be closed...

    Authors: Yu Wang, Chunde Li, Long Liu and Longtao Qi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:101

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several studies on the relationship between morphological parameters and traumatic diseases of the knee have already been conducted. However, few studies focused on the association between knee morphology and ...

    Authors: Ning Fan, Yong-chen Zheng, Lei Zang, Cheng-gang Yang, Shuo Yuan, Peng Du, Yan-mei Liu, Qing Zhao and Jin-wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:100

    Content type: Research article

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  13. It is very rare for clear cell sarcomas (CCS) to arise in the bone. During diagnosis, it is important to distinguish primary CCS of bone from bone metastasis of melanoma because this difference fundamentally c...

    Authors: Yuta Kubota, Kazuhiro Tanaka, Masanori Hisaoka, Tsutomu Daa, Tatsuya Iwasaki, Masanori Kawano, Ichiro Itonaga and Hiroshi Tsumura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:99

    Content type: Case report

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  14. There is evidence that people with persistent shoulder pain exhibit findings consistent with the presence of sensorimotor dysfunction. Sensorimotor impairments can manifest in a variety of ways, and further de...

    Authors: Tomohiko Nishigami, Akihisa Watanabe, Toshiki Maitani, Hayato Shigetoh, Akira Mibu, Benedict Martin Wand, Mark J. Catley, Tasha R. Stanton and G. Lorimer Moseley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:98

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The intrinsic muscles of the foot are key contributors to foot function and are important to evaluate in lower limb disorders. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), provides a non-invasive option to measure muscle...

    Authors: Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, James M. Elliott, Aiman Al-Najjar, Kenneth A. Weber II, Mark A. Hoggarth, Bill Vicenzino, Paul W. Hodges and Natalie J. Collins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:97

    Content type: Technical advance

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  16. This study aimed to assess the radii of the distal and posterior articular surfaces of the medial femoral condyle in a Chinese population and provide detailed parameters of the knee joint for the future design...

    Authors: Feifan Lu, Xiaowei Sun, Weiguo Wang, Qidong Zhang and Wanshou Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:95

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) induce osteogenesis in various environments. However, when BMPs are used alone in the bone marrow environment, the maintenance of new bone formation is difficult owing to vig...

    Authors: Hideki Ueyama, Yoichi Ohta, Yuuki Imai, Akinobu Suzuki, Ryo Sugama, Yukihide Minoda, Kunio Takaoka and Hiroaki Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:94

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The purpose of the study is to investigate the correlation between upper lumbar disc herniation (ULDH) and multifidus muscle degeneration via the comparison of width, the cross-sectional area and degree of fat...

    Authors: Chong Liu, Jiang Xue, Jingjing Liu, Gang Ma, Abu Moro, Tuo Liang, Haopeng Zeng, Zide Zhang, Guoyong Xu, Zhaojun Lu and Xinli Zhan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:92

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Co-occurring musculoskeletal pain is common among people with persistent low back pain (LBP) and associated with more negative consequences than LBP alone. The distribution and prevalence of musculoskeletal pa...

    Authors: Cecilie K. Øverås, Melker S. Johansson, Tarcisio F. de Campos, Manuela L. Ferreira, Bård Natvig, Paul J. Mork and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:91

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Patellar instability (PI) often increases the possibility of lateral patellar dislocation and early osteoarthritis. The molecular mechanism of early articular cartilage degeneration during patellofemoral osteo...

    Authors: Wei Lin, Huijun Kang, Yike Dai, Yingzhen Niu, Guangmin Yang, Jinghui Niu, Ming Li and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:90

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an effective and safe treatment method for medial osteoarthritis of the knee. However, unintended changes in the posterior tibial slope (PTS) may occur. Several...

    Authors: Sang Won Moon, Ji Young Ryu, Sung-Jae Lee, Sang Won Woo, Sin Hyung Park and Young Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:89

    Content type: Research article

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  22. We present a case of an immense unprecedented tibial bone lengthening of 33.5 cm. The management of chronic osteomyelitis of the right tibia with subtotal tibial bone defect, talus defect and equinus ankle def...

    Authors: Abdulnassir Ali, Ying Ren, Chun-Hao Zhou, Jia Fang and Cheng-He Qin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:88

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Percutaneous anterior odontoid screw fixation for odontoid fractures remains challenging due to the complex anatomy of the craniocervical junction. We designed a new guide instrument to help with the placement...

    Authors: Yan Wang, Min Li, Guanxing Cui, Jing Li, Zhiliang Guo, Dahai Zhang, Haijun Teng and Haijiang Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:87

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Axial spondyloarthritis (axial SpA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder could lead to disability due to the failure of timely treatment. The role of lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) in axial SpA remains uncle...

    Authors: Jing Wang, Jinyu Su, Yuan Yuan, Xiaxia Jin, Bo Shen and Guoguang Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:86

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (SONFH) is a chronic and crippling bone disease. This study aims to reveal novel diagnostic biomarkers of SONFH.

    Authors: Zhixin Wu, Yinxian Wen, Guanlan Fan, Hangyuan He, Siqi Zhou and Liaobin Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:85

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Early detection of scapholunate ligament (SLL) tears is essential after minor and major trauma to the wrist. The differentiation between stable and instable injuries determines therapeutic measures which aim t...

    Authors: Leonie Goelz, Simon Kim, Claas Güthoff, Frank Eichenauer, Andreas Eisenschenk, Sven Mutze and Ariane Asmus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:84

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Previous research and published literature indicate that some patients with spinal diseases who underwent percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic decompression (PTED) still suffer some discomfort in the early r...

    Authors: Li-sheng Hou, Dong Zhang, Feng Ge, Hai-feng Li and Tian-jun Gao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:83

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Cervical disc replacement (CDR) has been widely used to treat one- and two-level cervical degenerative disc disease. Studies have shown the effectiveness of CDR in preserving range of motion (ROM) and delaying...

    Authors: Xiaofei Wang, Yang Meng, Hao Liu, Hua Chen, Beiyu Wang and Ying Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:82

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Evidence has shown that velocity-specific exercise results in additional benefits for peripheral joint muscles by promoting their functions, however, its effects on spinal muscles are yet to be investigated. T...

    Authors: Sharon MH Tsang, Kenneth TK Chan, Parco LT Ho, Jacky CY Kwok, Daniel HT Tse and Henry HT Tsoi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:81

    Content type: Research article

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  30. This prospective cohort study reports on a modified technique, namely precise safety decompression via double percutaneous lumbar foraminoplasty (DPLF) and percutaneous endoscopic lumbar decompression (PELD) f...

    Authors: Yu Wang, Mingyan Deng, Hao Wu, Ye Wu, Chuan Guo, Dongfeng Zhang and Qingquan Kong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:80

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To improve quality of care for patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA), general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists (PTs) in a Norwegian municipality initiated an intervention. The intervention aim...

    Authors: Nina Østerås, Irma Brandeggen Blaker, Tore Hjortland, Elizabeth Cottrell, Jonathan G. Quicke, Krysia S. Dziedzic, Steven Blackburn and Aksel Paulsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:79

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Due to the unspecific symptoms of spondylodiscitis (SpD), an early radiological examination is necessary. However, controversially discussed is the need for magnetic resonance imaging of the entire spine to ex...

    Authors: Jeanette Henkelmann, Timm Denecke, Philipp Pieroh, Stephanie Einhorn, Nicolas H. von der Hoeh, Christoph-Eckhard Heyde and Anna Voelker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:78

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is a primary cause of degenerative disc diseases; however, the mechanisms underlying the degeneration remain unclear. The immunoinflammatory response plays an important ...

    Authors: Zhu Guo, Chensheng Qiu, Christina Mecca, Yang Zhang, Jiang Bian, Yan Wang, Xiaolin Wu, Tianrui Wang, Weiliang Su, Xianglin Li, Wei Zhang, Bohua Chen and Hongfei Xiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:77

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Standard balloon kyphoplasty represents a well-established treatment option for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Aim of the present study was to evaluate two different methods of percutaneous augm...

    Authors: Antonio Krüger, Martin Bäumlein, Tom Knauf, Hugues Pascal-Moussellard, Steffen Ruchholtz and Ludwig Oberkircher

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:76

    Content type: Research article

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  35. If bone union is expected, conservative treatment is generally selected for lumbar spondylolysis. However, sometimes conservative treatments are unsuccessful. We sought to determine the factors associated with...

    Authors: Masaki Tatsumura, Hisanori Gamada, Shun Okuwaki, Fumihiko Eto, Katsuya Nagashima, Takeshi Ogawa, Takeo Mammoto, Atsushi Hirano, Masao Koda and Masashi Yamazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:75

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Tibial intercondylar eminence avulsion fractures occur primarily in adolescents and young adults. However, the incidence of such fractures is increasing in adults, concurrent with an increase in sports injurie...

    Authors: Yupeng Chu, Ting Hu, Mangmang Chen, Chendi Jiang, Zhuqi Wu and Junwu Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:74

    Content type: Technical advance

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  37. The unicameral bone cyst (UBC) is a kind of benign tumor whose clinical treatments and efficacy are controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the elastic stable intramedullary na...

    Authors: Ke-Xue Zhang, Wei Chai, Jia-Jia Zhao, Jun-Hao Deng, Zhan Peng and Ji-Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:73

    Content type: Research article

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  38. There is no recommended standard for positioning of a mouse for radiographic assessment of the spine. This is necessary to have reproducible radiographic data and avoid false positive results. The objective of...

    Authors: Zhe Yi Chen, Keith Dip Kei Luk, You Qiang Song, Bo Gao and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:72

    Content type: Research article

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  39. We read with interest the article by Gomes et al. entitled: “Exercise program combined with electrophysical modalities in subjects with knee osteoarthritis: A randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial”. Gomes...

    Authors: Martin Bjørn Stausholm and Jan Magnus Bjordal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:71

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:258

  40. Skeletal manifestations are predominant in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The aim of this cross-sectional, case-control study is the complex assessment of areal and volumetric bone mineral density (BMD), fracture ...

    Authors: Zsófia Pethő, Edit Kalina, Zoltán Pap, Katalin Hodosi, Rebeka Falcsik, Ádám Balogh, Zoltán Szekanecz and Harjit Pal Bhattoa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:70

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common endocrinopathy that may increase fracture risk and decrease bone mineral density (BMD). Some patients develop distal renal tubular acidification dysfunction under...

    Authors: Wangna Tang, Hongwei Jia, Baoping Wang, Yun Chai, Tong Liu, Hao Wang and Chenlin Dai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:69

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Neck pain is prevalent among office workers. This study evaluated the impact of an ergonomic and exercise training (EET) intervention and an ergonomic and health promotion (EHP) intervention on neck pain inten...

    Authors: Venerina Johnston, Xiaoqi Chen, Alyssa Welch, Gisela Sjøgaard, Tracy A. Comans, Megan McStea, Leon Straker, Markus Melloh, Michelle Pereira and Shaun O’Leary

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:68

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been implicated in the progression of osteoarthritis (OA). This study was aimed to explore the role and molecular mechanism of lncRNA HOXA terminal transcriptional RNA (HOTTIP)...

    Authors: Xianwei He, Kun Gao, Shuaihua Lu and Rongbo Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:67

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopy has been widely used to treat lumbar disc herniation (LDH), but the steep learning curve and difficulties in removing the calcified disc hinders the application of convent...

    Authors: Hao Wang, Tianyao Zhou, Yutong Gu and Zuoqin Yan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:65

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Recent research has suggested that cardiotrophin-like cytokine factor 1 (CLCF1) may be an important regulator of bone homeostasis. Furthermore, a whole gene chip analysis suggested that the expression levels o...

    Authors: Xuan Chen, Jianyang Li, Yunjin Ye, Jingwen Huang, Lihua Xie, Juan Chen, Shengqiang Li, Sainan Chen and Jirong Ge

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:62

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is prevalent in individuals with Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). To date, no study has investigated treatment of OSA in adult individuals with OI using positive airway pressure (PAP...

    Authors: Heidi Arponen, Adel Bachour, Leif Bäck, Helena Valta, Antti Mäkitie, Outi Mäkitie and Janna Waltimo-Sirén

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:61

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Displaced patellar fractures are commonly treated with open reduction and fixation with several different types of tension-band (TB) constructs. The main objective of this study was to compare the prevalence o...

    Authors: Xiao-zhong Zhu, Teng-li Huang, Hong-yi Zhu, Bing-bo Bao, Tao Gao, Xing-wei Li, Jun-qing Lin and Xian-You Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:60

    Content type: Research article

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