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  1. The decision regarding which trans syndesmotic ankle fractures to treat surgically and which to treat non-surgically is a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of ankle fract...

    Authors: Emilia Möller Rydberg, Tina Zorko, Mikael Sundfeldt, Michael Möller and David Wennergren

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:521

    Content type: Research article

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  2. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: S. A. Dingemans, M. F. N. Birnie, F. R. K. Sanders, M. P. J. van den Bekerom, M. Backes, E. van Beeck, F. W. Bloemers, B. van Dijkman, E. Flikweert, D. Haverkamp, H. R. Holtslag, J. M. Hoogendoorn, P. Joosse, M. Parkkinen, G. Roukema, N. Sosef…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:520

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:35

  3. To assess the relationship between mechanical wear and the failure of the internal lengthening mechanism in retrieved MAGnetic Expansion Control (MAGEC) growing rods.

    Authors: Jack Z. Wei, Harry S. Hothi, Holly Morganti, Sean Bergiers, Elisabetta Dal Gal, Doris Likcani, Johann Henckel and Alister J. Hart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:519

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A method that can accurately predict the outcome of surgery can give patients timely feedback. In addition, to some extent, an objective evaluation method can help the surgeon quickly summarize the patient’s s...

    Authors: Ziming Chen, Zhantao Deng, Qingtian Li, Junfeng Chen, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:518

    Content type: Research article

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  5. One of the most significant complications after a femoral neck fracture is osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The concomitant use of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with computed tomo...

    Authors: Jae Youn Yoon, Soong Joon Lee, Kang Sup Yoon and Pil Whan Yoon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:517

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The impact of handedness on clinical outcomes was easily overlooked in hip replacement. This study aimed to find whether the component positioning and hip function were affected by the handedness in total hip ...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Renwen Guo, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Wei Chai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:516

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The epidemiology, risk factors, and prevention of locomotive syndrome (LS) have been reported. However, the number of clinical studies about the efficacy of LS treatment, including surgery, has been limited. T...

    Authors: Satoshi Kato, Yuki Kurokawa, Tamon Kabata, Satoru Demura, Hidenori Matsubara, Yoshitomo Kajino, Yoshiyuki Okamoto, Hiroaki Kimura, Kazuya Shinmura, Kentaro Igarashi, Takaki Shimizu, Noritaka Yonezawa, Noriaki Yokogawa and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:515

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The assessment of generalized joint hypermobility is difficult due to differences in classification methods and in the performance of joint mobility assessment. The primary aim was to evaluate the validity of ...

    Authors: Angela Schlager, Kerstin Ahlqvist, Ronnie Pingel, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Christina B. Olsson and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:514

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects mostly older adults and its primary risk factor is obesity. This study sought to understand weight-control strategies, facilitators of and barriers toward weight control in old...

    Authors: Wen-Ling Yeh, Yun-Fang Tsai, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Dave Weichih Chen, Jong-Shyan Wang and Ching-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:504

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Vertebroplasty with posterior spinal fusion (VP + PSF) is one of the most widely accepted surgical techniques for treating osteoporotic vertebral collapse (OVC). Nevertheless, the effect of the extent of fusio...

    Authors: Yuya Ishikawa, Kei Watanabe, Keiichi Katsumi, Masayuki Ohashi, Yohei Shibuya, Tomohiro Izumi, Toru Hirano, Naoto Endo, Takashi Kaito, Tomoya Yamashita, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Yuji Matsuoka, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hirosuke Nishimura, Hidetomi Terai…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:513

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To demonstrate the correlation between guide pin-shaft angle (PSA) at the anteroposterior film and anteversion angle of guide pin at the lateral film and investigate whether excellent tip–apex distance (TAD) c...

    Authors: Zhe Wang, Yadong Liu, Shenglong Li, Xiuhui Wang, Changjian Liu and Xin Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:512

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Our preliminary RNA-Seq data revealed altered expression of small nucleolar RNA host gene 9 (SNHG9) in osteoarthritis (OA) and its reverse correlation with miR-34a, which can regulate chondrocyte apoptosis in ...

    Authors: Hongfei Zhang, Jinglian Li, Weiguang Shao and Naipeng Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:511

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Increased physical activity level is related to lower risk of depressive symptoms, and there is an inverse association between muscle strength and risk of depressive symptoms among the elderly. Although there ...

    Authors: Zhongyu Ren, Jianhua Cao, Yingke Li, Peng Cheng, Bing Cao, Zongji Hao, Hui Yao, Dongzhe Shi, Bin Liu, Chang Chen, Guang Yang, Li Peng and Liya Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:510

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A locked thumb metacarpophalangeal joint is a rare condition that presents as restricted joint motions with mild hyperextension deformity, usually after a relatively minor hyperextension injury. Owing to the l...

    Authors: Kyung-Sik Ahn, In Cheul Choi, Chang Ho Kang and Jong Woong Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:509

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Sarcopenia, cachexia and frailty have overlapping features and clinical consequences, but often go unrecognized. The objective was to detect patients described by clinicians as having sarcopenia, cachexia or f...

    Authors: Ranjani N. Moorthi, Ziyue Liu, Sarah A. El-Azab, Lauren R. Lembcke, Matthew R. Miller, Andrea A. Broyles and Erik A. Imel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:508

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Bone tumors are often treated with intralesional curettage. High-speed burring, an adjuvant therapy, was performed to maximize the tumor cell killing; however, tumor recurrence might still occur, which may be ...

    Authors: Pai-Han Wang, Chia-Lun Wu, Chao-Ming Chen, Jir-You Wang, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:507

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Ti-Ni shape-memory patella concentrator (TNSMPC) has been designed as an alternative approach for fixation of patella fracture, which has some advantages like higher hardness, higher tenacity, better wearing r...

    Authors: Chen Yao, Jie Sun, Jiancheng Wu, Zhenyu Zhou, Fan Liu, Ran Tao and Yafeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:506

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an ultra-rare genetic disorder characterized by extraskeletal heterotopic ossification. It is well recognized that FOP can lead to a devastating condition of disa...

    Authors: Dunmin She, Ran Li, Ping Fang, Guannan Zong, Ying Xue and Keqin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:152

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The Valued Life Activities Scale (VLAs) measures difficulty in daily activities and social participation. With various versions involving a different number of items, we have linguistically and culturally adop...

    Authors: Y. Prior, A. Tennant, S. Tyson and A. Hammond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:505

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Articular surface damage commonly associated with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Large osteochondral defect, which consists of a severe depression fracture and a large cartilage defect, need ...

    Authors: Takuma Kaibara, Eiji Kondo, Masatake Matsuoka, Koji Iwasaki, Tomohiro Onodera, Daisuke Momma, Naoki Seito, Susumu Mikami and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:494

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Most patients suffering from distal femoral unicameral bone cysts (UBCs) are adolescents that require an early return to normal activities, including school attendance and sports exercises. However, the optima...

    Authors: Jin Li, Saroj Rai, Renhao Ze, Xin Tang, Ruikang Liu and Pan Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:503

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The traditional Tönnis Classification System has inherent drawbacks as it is vulnerable to the subjectivity of a four-grade system. A two-grade classification could potentially be more reliable. The purpose of...

    Authors: Jacob Shapira, Jeffrey W. Chen, Rishika Bheem, Philip J. Rosinsky, David R. Maldonado, Ajay C. Lall and Benjamin G. Domb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:502

    Content type: Research article

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  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Diana Cabrera, Marlena Kruger, Frances M. Wolber, Nicole C. Roy and Karl Fraser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:501

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:349

  24. The HIF-1α/Notch signaling pathway regulates cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metabolism in the intervertebral discs (IVDs) and is implicated in disc degeneration. The nucleus pulposus (NP) is an important s...

    Authors: Zekang Xiong, Jun Ding, Jinge Zhou, Sheng Yao, Jin Zheng and Xiaodong Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:500

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Fractures have dire consequences including pain, immobility, and death. People receiving home care are at higher risk for fractures than the general population. Yet, current fracture risk assessment tools requ...

    Authors: Caitlin McArthur, George Ioannidis, Micaela Jantzi, Jonathon D. Adachi, Lora Giangregorio, John Hirdes and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:499

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Greater accuracy is needed when determining the final femoral component (FC) rotation during total knee arthroplasty (TKA), because this parameter affects soft tissue balance during flexion and patellar tracki...

    Authors: Teruyuki Miyasaka, Mitsuru Saito, Daisaburo Kurosaka, Ryo Ikeda, Shoki Yamanaka and Keishi Marumo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:498

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The treatment of Hoffa fractures is challenging, for which the ideal fixation and approach are still controversial. Osteosynthesis with plate or screws fixation in different trajectories have been described in...

    Authors: Shu-Hsin Yao, Wei-Ren Su, Kai-Lan Hsu, Yueh Chen, Chih-Kai Hong and Fa-Chuan Kuan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:497

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Little research exists on the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) on return to work (RTW) in workers on long term sick leave. The objectives of this study protocol is to describe a randomized contr...

    Authors: Britt Elin Øiestad, Fiona Aanesen, Ida Løchting, Kjersti Storheim, Alexander Tingulstad, Tarjei L. Rysstad, Milada C. Småstuen, Anne Therese Tveter, Gail Sowden, Gwenllian Wynne-Jones, Egil A. Fors, Maurits van Tulder, Rigmor C. Berg, Nadine E. Foster and Margreth Grotle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:496

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common pediatric spinal deformity with reported complications including pain, mental health concern and respiratory dysfunction. The scoliosis-specific exercis...

    Authors: Yunli Fan, Qing Ren, Michael Kai Tsun To and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:495

    Content type: Research article

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  30. This retrospective study sought to delineate the radiographic characteristics of DDH patients over 13 years of age and investigate whether the lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) could serve as radiographic selec...

    Authors: Daguang Zhang, Xin Pan, Hong Zhang, Dianzhong Luo, Hui Cheng and Kai Xiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:493

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy that can be provoked by either intrinsic or extrinsic factors that compresses the posterior tibial nerve beneath the flexor retinaculum. Osteochondroma, the m...

    Authors: Sung Hun Won, Jahyung Kim, Tae-Hong Min, Dong-Il Chun, Young Yi, Sang Hak Han and Jaeho Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:491

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Wound healing complications are causal factors of prosthesis infection and poor postoperative evolution of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) can be an option ...

    Authors: Camilo Partezani Helito, Marcel Faraco Sobrado, Pedro Nogueira Giglio, Marcelo Batista Bonadio, José Ricardo Pécora, Marco Kawamura Demange and Riccardo Gomes Gobbi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:490

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Altered walking patterns are often described in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Contemporary treatment paradigms recommend backward walking (BW) to improve locomotion in people with musculosk...

    Authors: Tharani Balasukumaran, Uri Gottlieb and Shmuel Springer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:489

    Content type: Research article

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  34. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Andrea M. Aegerter, Manja Deforth, Venerina Johnston, Markus J. Ernst, Thomas Volken, Hannu Luomajoki, Beatrice Brunner, Julia Dratva, Gisela Sjøgaard, Achim Elfering and Markus Melloh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:488

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:391

  35. For various reasons, some elderly patients with femoral neck fracture undergo delayed surgical treatment. There is little information about the effect of delayed treatment on postoperative hip function and qua...

    Authors: Jidong Song, Gensheng Zhang, Jialin Liang, Chuanyi Bai, Xiaoqian Dang, Kunzheng Wang, Caiyou He and Ruiyu Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:487

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent type of arthritis, which commonly involves inflammation in the articular cartilage in OA pathogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in the regulation and pa...

    Authors: Hong Pan, Huming Dai, Linzhi Wang, Silong Lin, Yuefeng Tao, Yi Zheng, Renyi Jiang, Fan Fang and Yifan Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:486

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The objective of this study was to explore the relationships between claw toe deformity, peripheral neuropathy, intrinsic muscle volume, and plantar aponeurosis thickness using computed tomography (CT) images ...

    Authors: Tadashi Kimura, Eric D. Thorhauer, Matthew W. Kindig, Jane B. Shofer, Bruce J. Sangeorzan and William R. Ledoux

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:485

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Postoperative epidural haematoma and wound infection can cause devastating neurological damage in spinal surgery. Closed drainage is a common method to prevent epidural haematoma, infection and related neurolo...

    Authors: Hua Guo, Biao Wang, Zhaohua Ji, Xi Gao, Yuting Zhang, Li Yuan and Dingjun Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:484

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study was conducted to compare differences in imaging features and clinical symptoms between patients with single-level isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS) at L4 and at L5 and to investigate the correlation be...

    Authors: Shaoli Zheng, Zhaoming Zhong, Qingan Zhu, Zongze Li, Siyuan Zhu, Xinqiang Yao, Shuai Zheng, Congrui Liao, Yongjian Zhu and Jianting Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:483

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Clinicians and patients lack an evidence-based framework by which to judge individual-level recovery following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery, thus impeding personalized treatment approaches for this el...

    Authors: Andrew J. Kittelson, Jordi Elings, Kathryn Colborn, Thomas J. Hoogeboom, Jesse C. Christensen, Nico L. U. van Meeteren, Stef van Buuren and Jennifer E. Stevens-lapsley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:482

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) reduces pain and improves function in those suffering from severe osteoarthritis. A significant cost of TKA is post-acute care, however, current evidence suggests that discharge t...

    Authors: Larissa Sattler, Wayne Hing, Evelyne Rathbone and Christopher Vertullo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:481

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Meniscal repair has received increasing attention, but for inexperienced doctors, unilateral suture anchor pulling out may occur during all-inside meniscal repair, and the treatment outcome may be affected. Wh...

    Authors: Jianlong Ni, Zhibin Shi, Lihong Fan, Ning Guo, Haoyu Wang, Xiaoqian Dang and Dichen Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:480

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Previous research indicated that nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is the key molecule for S-nitrosylation of ryanodine receptor 1 (RyR1) in DMD model mice (mdx mice) and that both neuronal NOS (nNOS) and inducible NOS...

    Authors: Ken’ichiro Nogami, Yusuke Maruyama, Ahmed Elhussieny, Fusako Sakai-Takemura, Jun Tanihata, Jun-ichi Kira, Yuko Miyagoe-Suzuki and Shin’ichi Takeda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:479

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of an individual navigation template for the deep pin position on the iliac crest, based on digital design and 3D printing technology.

    Authors: Bin Liang, Qiang Chen, Shuai Liu, Shuo Chen, Qingqiang Yao, Bo Wei, Yan Xu, Cheng Tang and Liming Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:478

    Content type: Technical advance

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  45. Patellar tendon rupture is a rare condition, especially when it is bilateral. The most frequent associated pathologies are systemic lupus erythematosus, chronic renal failure, or treatments like corticosteroid...

    Authors: Zakaria El Ouali, Kawtar Nassar, Elie Bassa, Reda Taoussi, Mouna Sabiri, Mohamed Rafai and Saadia Janani

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:477

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Low back pain (LBP) is the second highest cause of health burden in China. Delayed recovery, poor clinical outcomes and persistence of LBP are associated with negative pain beliefs about LBP. Chinese philosoph...

    Authors: YiJun Li, Michel W. Coppieters, Jenny Setchell, Paul W. Hodges and Gwendolyne G. M. Scholten-Peeters

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:476

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Three-dimensional idiopathic scoliosis cannot be accurately assessed with the aid of a single plane parameter – the Cobb angle. We propose a novel method for evaluating the three-dimensional (3D) pattern of sc...

    Authors: Paweł Główka, Wojciech Politarczyk, Piotr Janusz, Łukasz Woźniak and Tomasz Kotwicki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:475

    Content type: Technical advance

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  48. Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is common during pregnancy but the causes remain poorly understood. Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) is an inherited trait, with joint mobility beyond normal limits and is assumed...

    Authors: Kerstin Ahlqvist, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland, Ronnie Pingel, Angela Schlager, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:474

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Currently, few studies have described the relationship between functional MRI findings and histology of normal sacroiliac joint (SIJ). Besides, due to the difficulties in access to SIJ, authentic animal models...

    Authors: Jian Qin, Qianqian Yao, Xubo Ge, Jianzhong Zhu, Zhaoliang Yin, Xiaoqian Li and Changqin Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:472

    Content type: Research article

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