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  1. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity in adolescence is promoted for its multi-dimensional health benefits. However, too intensive sports participation is associated with an increased injury risk. Our aim was to compare the occur...

    Authors: L. Ristolainen, K. Toivo, J. Parkkari, S. Kokko, L. Alanko, O. J. Heinonen, R. Korpelainen, K. Savonen, H. Selänne, T. Vasankari, L. Kannas, J. Villberg and U. M. Kujala

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:32

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Assessment of outcomes for spinal surgeries is challenging, and an ideal measurement that reflects all aspects of importance for the patients does not exist. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), EuroQol (EQ-5D) an...

    Authors: Ivar Magne Austevoll, Rolf Gjestad, Margreth Grotle, Tore Solberg, Jens Ivar Brox, Erland Hermansen, Frode Rekeland, Kari Indrekvam, Kjersti Storheim and Christian Hellum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:31

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Interventions for low back pain (LBP) commonly target ‘dysfunctional’ or atypical lumbo-pelvic kinematics in the belief that correcting aberrant movement improves patients’ pain and activity outcomes. If atypi...

    Authors: Robert A. Laird, Jennifer L. Keating, Kasper Ussing, Paoline Li and Peter Kent

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:28

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies suggest that RA activity is sensitive to seasonal changes. This study explored the influence of season on RA activity, particularly the distribution of affected joints, using a nationwide data...

    Authors: Hiroaki Mori, Tetsuji Sawada, Susumu Nishiyama, Kota Shimada, Koichiro Tahara, Haeru Hayashi, Eri Kato, Mayu Tago, Toshihiro Matsui and Shigeto Tohma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:30

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) includes biomechanical parameters that vary between clinicians, but for which the influence on the therapy clinical effects is unknown. This parallel-randomized controlled tri...

    Authors: Isabelle Pagé and Martin Descarreaux

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:29

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Suture anchor-based fixations of humeral greater tuberosity (GT) fractures have yielded good outcomes in both clinical and biomechanical studies. Be that as it may, the interface contact properties of these fi...

    Authors: Cheng-Li Lin, Ming-Long Yeh, Fong-Chin Su, Yu-Chih Wang, Chen-Hao Chiang, Chih-Kai Hong and Wei-Ren Su

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:26

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Very little is known about the burden of chronic low back pain in Africa. This study aimed at assessing disability and associated factors in chronic low back patients in Cameroon.

    Authors: Marie Doualla, Jeannine Aminde, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Fernando Kemta Lekpa, Felix Mangan Kwedi, Emmanuel Vubo Yenshu and Alain Mefire Chichom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:25

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Multifocal osteonecrosis (ON) is defined as ON involving three or more distinct anatomical sites. We investigated the clinical characteristics and utility of whole-body bone scans (WBBS) in patients with multi...

    Authors: Young-Sil An, Sunghoon Park, Ju-Yang Jung, Chang-Hee Suh and Hyoun-Ah Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:23

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Rare variants of HSPG2 have recently been reported to function as a potential contributor to the susceptibility of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in the Caucasians. A replication study in the different pop...

    Authors: Chao Xia, Leilei Xu, Bingchuan Xue, Fei Sheng, Yong Qiu and Zezhang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:24

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  10. Content type: Research article

    As one of the classical total hip arthroplasty (THA) approaches, the posterior approach is widely used. However, there is a lack of in-depth quantitative researches on the surgical-related injury to the hip ex...

    Authors: Ting Wang, Long Shao, Wei Xu, Feilong Li and Wei Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:22

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Accurate assessment of isometric hand grip strength (HGS) and isometric lower limb strength (LS) are often limited to specialized clinics due to high costs and need for specialized equipment and personnel. A m...

    Authors: F. Eika, A. W. Blomkvist, M. T. Rahbek, K. D. Eikhof, M. D. Hansen, M. Søndergaard, J. Ryg, S. Andersen and M. G. Jorgensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:21

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Shoulder and neck pain are reported as the most common occupational-related health problem and cause of morbidity, absenteeism from work among school teachers worldwide. School teachers represent an occupation...

    Authors: Melaku Hailu Temesgen, Gashaw Jember Belay, Asmare Yitayeh Gelaw, Balamurugan Janakiraman and Yaregal Animut

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:18

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Proximal humeral fractures (PHFs) are the third most common fracture in older patients. The purpose of the study was to prospectively evaluate the outcomes of PHF fixation with a locking blade nail (LBN) or lo...

    Authors: Johannes E. Plath, Christian Kerschbaum, Tobias Seebauer, Rainer Holz, Daniel J. H. Henderson, Stefan Förch and Edgar Mayr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:20

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) has been used over the last two decades to treat focal cartilage lesions aiming to delay or prevent the onset of osteoarthritis; however, some patients do not respond ...

    Authors: Ashraful Islam, Vegard Fossum, Ann Kristin Hansen, Ilona Urbarova, Gunnar Knutsen and Inigo Martinez-Zubiaurre

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:19

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Osteoid osteoma is a painful benign skeletal tumour of unknown aetiology. Most often it occurs in the long bones of extremities and responds well to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. However, unusual...

    Authors: Josip Vlaic, Lovro Lamot, Sven Simunic, Miroslav Harjacek and Davor Bojic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:17

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies suggest that fish may be protective for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk perhaps through the anti-inflammatory effect of omega-3 fatty acid, but this relationship has not been clearly established. ...

    Authors: Jeffrey A. Sparks, Éilis J. O’Reilly, Medha Barbhaiya, Sara K. Tedeschi, Susan Malspeis, Bing Lu, Walter C. Willett, Karen H. Costenbader and Elizabeth W. Karlson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:2

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The gluteus medius muscle plays a very important role in the stability of the gait, especially in patients with amputation of the lower limbs. Therefore, choosing the appropriate type of approach for hip arthr...

    Authors: Hong-Man Cho, Jae-Woong Seo, Hyun-Ju Lee, Sun-Do Kim, Kyu-Bok Kang, Jung-Ryul Kim and Ho-Wook Wee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:3

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  18. Content type: Research article

    This study examines the association of both pain severity and within-person pain variability with physical activity (PA) in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA).

    Authors: Erik J. Timmermans, Elisa J. de Koning, Natasja M. van Schoor, Suzan van der Pas, Michael D. Denkinger, Elaine M. Dennison, Stefania Maggi, Nancy L. Pedersen, Ángel Otero, Richard Peter, Cyrus Cooper, Paola Siviero, Maria Victoria Castell, Florian Herbolsheimer, Mark Edwards, Federica Limongi…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:12

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Surface electromyographic (EMG) recordings collected during the performance of functional evaluations allow clinicians to assess aberrant patterns of muscle activity associated with musculoskeletal disorders. ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Noushin Golabchi, Stefano Sapienza, Giacomo Severini, Phil Reaston, Frank Tomecek, Danilo Demarchi, MaryRose Reaston and Paolo Bonato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:13

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Subchondral bone cysts are a widely observed, but poorly understood, feature in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Clinical quantitative computed tomography (QCT) has the potential to characterize cysts i...

    Authors: Wadena D. Burnett, Saija A. Kontulainen, Christine E. McLennan, Diane Hazel, Carl Talmo, David R. Wilson, David J. Hunter and James D. Johnston

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:14

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Functional tests are widely used to measure performance in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Our objective was to determine the Minimal Clinically Important Differences (MCID) for the 6-min walk test...

    Authors: Charles Benaim, Simon Blaser, Bertrand Léger, Philippe Vuistiner and François Luthi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:16

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint disease in aging societies, which is accompanied by chronic inflammation and degeneration of the joint structure. Inflammation of the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) and synov...

    Authors: Kei Inomata, Kunikazu Tsuji, Hiroaki Onuma, Takashi Hoshino, Mio Udo, Masako Akiyama, Yusuke Nakagawa, Hiroki Katagiri, Kazumasa Miyatake, Ichiro Sekiya, Takeshi Muneta and Hideyuki Koga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:8

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Fusion in addition to decompression has become the standard treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). The evidence for performing fusion among these patients is conflicting...

    Authors: Ivar Magne Austevoll, Erland Hermansen, Morten Fagerland, Frode Rekeland, Tore Solberg, Kjersti Storheim, Jens Ivar Brox, Greger Lønne, Kari Indrekvam, Jørn Aaen, Oliver Grundnes and Christian Hellum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:7

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Pre-contoured locking plates were recently introduced in the management of clavicular midshaft fractures. These plates may offer advantages such as no necessity for intraoperative bending and reduced plate irr...

    Authors: Tania Reisch, Roland S. Camenzind, Reto Fuhrer, Ulf Riede and Naeder Helmy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:4

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  25. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the relationships between sagittal parameters and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores following anterior cervical hybrid decompression and fusion (ACHDF) of multilevel cervical spondyl...

    Authors: Yuming Huang, Zhibin Lan and Weihong Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:1

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The intense ischemic pain of acute compartment syndrome can be difficult to discriminate from the pain related to an associated fracture. Lacking objective measures, the decision to perform fasciotomy is often...

    Authors: Abraham Nilsson, Björn Alkner, Patrick Wetterlöv, Stefan Wetterstad, Lars Palm and Jörg Schilcher

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:15

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Nodular fasciitis is a benign proliferation of myofibroblasts that usually arises in subcutaneous tissues of the trunk, neck, head, and upper extremities of young adults. It is not reported to arise in the joi...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Yiting Huang, Changxing Wang, Jianqiao Hong, Chiyuan Ma, Nong Lin, Zhaoming Ye, Shiyuan Yan and Haobo Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:5

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  28. Content type: Case report

    In cases of avulsion fracture of the ischial tuberosity in which the bone fragments are substantially displaced, nonunion may cause pain in the ischial area. Various surgical procedures have been reported, but...

    Authors: Tomonori Tetsunaga, Hirosuke Endo, Tomoko Tetsunaga, Kazuki Yamada, Takayuki Furumatsu and Toshifumi Ozaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:9

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital syndrome characterized by the triad of venous varicosities, capillary malformations and limb hypertrophy. However, KTS may rarely occur in combination with...

    Authors: Jiliang Zhai, Min-Er Zhong, Jianxiong Shen, Haining Tan and Zheng Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:10

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and refractory autoimmune joint disease. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) produce inflammatory cytokines and are involved in the migration and invasion of panuus tissue...

    Authors: Jing Wu, Yuan Qu, Yu-Ping Zhang, Jia-Xin Deng and Qing-Hong Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:455

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The aetiology and pathogenesis of primary bone marrow oedema syndrome (BMES) remain unclear. This retrospective cross-sectional study in a large cohort of patients with BMES was performed to characterise the o...

    Authors: Nicola Oehler, Haider Mussawy, Tobias Schmidt, Tim Rolvien and Florian Barvencik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:451

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There are various established scoring systems to assess the outcome of clubfoot treatment after correction with the Ponseti method. We used five measures to compare the results in a cohort of children followed...

    Authors: Tracey Smythe, Maxman Gova, Rumbidzai Muzarurwi, Allen Foster and Christopher Lavy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:450

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis is a degradative joint disease found in humans and commercial swine which can develop from a number of factors, including prior joint trauma. An impact injury model was developed to deliver in v...

    Authors: R. S. McCulloch, P. L. Mente, A. T. O’Nan and M. S. Ashwell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:449

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Up to 40% of patients diagnosed with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) show evidence of redundant nerve roots (RNR) of the cauda equina on their magnetic resonance images (MRI). The etiology of RNR is still unclear...

    Authors: Luca Papavero, Carlos J. Marques, Jens Lohmann and Thies Fitting

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:452

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Walker orthosis are frequently prescribed as they are removable to allow wound control, body care and physiotherapy and are adaptable to the soft tissue conditions. The prerequisite for successful treatment wi...

    Authors: Alena Sint, Sebastian Felix Baumbach, Wolfgang Böcker, Christian Kammerlander, Karl-Georg Kanz, Mareen Braunstein and Hans Polzer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:453

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Preliminary evidence suggests osteoarthritis is a risk factor for cognitive decline. One potential reason is 87% of adults with osteoarthritis are inactive, and low moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and h...

    Authors: Ryan S. Falck, John R. Best, Linda C. Li, Patrick C. Y. Chan, Lynne M. Feehan and Teresa Liu-Ambrose

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:447

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Nonunions of the subtrochanteric region of the femur after previous intramedullary nailing can be difficult to address. Implant failure and bone defects around the implant significantly complicate the therapy,...

    Authors: Sebastian Lotzien, Valentin Rausch, Thomas Armin Schildhauer and Jan Gessmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:448

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Failure of isolated primary meniscal repair must be expected in approximately 10–25% of cases. Patients requiring revision surgery may benefit from revision meniscal repair, however, the results of this proced...

    Authors: Andreas Fuchs, Ferdinand Kloos, Gerrit Bode, Kaywan Izadpanah, Norbert P. Südkamp and Matthias J. Feucht

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:446

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Elderly hip fracture (HF) patients are at very high risk of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which increases their perioperative mortality. However, data focusing on the admission prevalence of DVT in el...

    Authors: Fei Xing, Lang Li, Ye Long and Zhou Xiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:444

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  40. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of this protocol [1], our collaborator Prima Health solutions advised us of their intent to withdraw from the study.

    Authors: D. J. Hunter, R. S. Hinman, J. L. Bowden, T. Egerton, A. M. Briggs, S. J. Bunker, J. Kasza, A. B. Forbes, S. D. French, M. Pirotta, D. J. Schofield, N. A. Zwar and K. L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:443

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:132

  41. Content type: Research article

    The existence of latent low-virulence anaerobic bacteria in degenerated intervertebral discs (IVDs) remains controversial. In this study, the prevalence of low-virulence anaerobic bacteria in degenerated IVDs ...

    Authors: Guoqing Tang, Zhuo Wang, Ji Chen, Zhengshi Zhang, Hongbin Qian and Yong Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:445

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Tibia infected nonunion and chronic osteomyelitis are challenging clinical presentations. Bone transportation with external or hybrid fixators (combined external and internal fixators) is versatile to solve th...

    Authors: Zhen Zhang, W. Benton Swanson, Yan-Hong Wang, Wei Lin and Guanglin Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:442

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The ankle fracture is one of the most common fractures, increasing in an ageing population, but not generally seen as an osteoporotic fracture. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between dif...

    Authors: Hans Juto, Helena Nilsson and Per Morberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:441

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Newly developed simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) scans are now being introduced as a clinical application in neuroimaging. We examined the feasibility of SMS scans for joint imaging. The purpose of the present s...

    Authors: Mayuko Haraikawa, Masashi Suzuki, Kaiji Inoue, Eito Kozawa, Junji Tanaka and Mamoru Niitsu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:440

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a clinical decision-making framework that supports quality improvement in healthcare. While osteopaths are key providers of musculoskeletal healthcare, the extent to which oste...

    Authors: Tobias Sundberg, Matthew J. Leach, Oliver P. Thomson, Philip Austin, Gary Fryer and Jon Adams

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:439

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective was to investigate the clinical and radiological outcome in patients undergoing major hip surgery using a novel antibiotic containing bone substitute for local augmentation in trochanteri...

    Authors: Mindaugas Stravinskas, Sarunas Tarasevicius, Simonas Laukaitis, Malin Nilsson, Deepak Bushan Raina and Lars Lidgren

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:438

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