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  1. American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification system and its association with postoperative outcomes has been studied in different diseases. However, there is a paucity of studies...

    Authors: Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Kristina Burström, Jenny Berg, Reiner Leidl and Ola Rolfson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:441

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Many patients with cervical radiculopathy experience stenosis of the neural foramens due to cumulative osteophyte or uncovertebral joint hypertrophy. For cervical foraminal stenosis, complete uncinate process ...

    Authors: Sung Hyun Noh, Jeong Yoon Park, Sung Uk Kuh, Dong Kyu Chin, Keun Su Kim, Yong Eun Cho and Kyung Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:439

    Content type: Research article

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  3. This study compares the use of radiographic K-Rod dynamic stabilization to the rigid system for the treatment of multisegmental degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (MDLSS).

    Authors: Chaohua Fu, Tianjun Chen, Yuhao Yang, Hua Yang, Maohui Diao, Guowei Zhang, Zhisheng Ji and Hongsheng Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:437

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Many patients report postoperative pain, limited improvement in physical function and poor quality of life (QOL) after knee replacement surgery. Our study uses baseline predictors of change to investigate the ...

    Authors: Paola Siviero, Anna Marseglia, Carlo Biz, Augusto Rovini, Pietro Ruggieri, Roberto Nardacchione and Stefania Maggi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:436

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To aid design of exercise trials for people with pelvic and lower limb fragility fractures a systematic review was conducted to identify what types of exercise interventions and mobility outcomes have been ass...

    Authors: David J. Keene, Colin Forde, Thavapriya Sugavanam, Mark A. Williams and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:435

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Design modifications in prostheses may cause alterations in gait kinematics, thus influencing functional restoration of knees after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the study was to investigate the di...

    Authors: Mengyuan Li, Guangtao Fu, Wenhan Huang, Bofu Lin, Ruiying Zhang, Yu Zhang, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:434

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) is a condition associated with recurrent low back pain (LBP). Knowledge regarding effective management is limited. As a step towards the identification of risk, prognostic or pot...

    Authors: Janet A. Deane, Anastasia V. Pavlova, Adrian K. P. Lim, Jennifer S. Gregory, Richard M. Aspden and Alison H. McGregor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:433

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Locomotive syndrome (LoS) is defined as the loss of mobility due to age-related impairment of motor organs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of LoS, muscular strength and b...

    Authors: Ryosuke Tokida, Shota Ikegami, Jun Takahashi, Yoshikazu Ido, Ayaka Sato, Noriko Sakai, Hiroshi Horiuchi and Hiroyuki Kato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:431

    Content type: Research article

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  9. congenital posteromedial bowing of tibia (CPMBT) is a very rare birth defect, characterized by shortened bowed leg and ankle deformity. We described a single institution experience in the management of CPMBT.

    Authors: Giovanni Luigi Di Gennaro, Giovanni Gallone, Edgar Alejandro Martinez Vazquez, Leonardo Marchesini Reggiani, Costantina Racano, Eleonora Olivotto, Stefano Stilli and Giovanni Trisolino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:430

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASDis) is a major complication following spinal fusion. Sagittal spinopelvic imbalance may contribute to the development of ASDis. However, the exact ideal correction of l...

    Authors: Shan-Jin Wang, Shu-Bao Zhang, Yu-Yang Yi, Hao-Wei Xu and De-Sheng Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:429

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Although MRI is the gold-standard imaging method in the diagnosis of spondylodiscitis, role of follow-up imaging is debated and there can be discrepancies with regard to the significance of bony or soft tissue...

    Authors: Kyung-Sik Ahn, Chang Ho Kang, Suk-Joo Hong, Baek Hyun Kim and Euddeum Shim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:428

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of spinal deformity in children and adolescents which presents as complex three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the spine and rib cage. This study ai...

    Authors: Long Chen, Zeyu Sun, Jingming He, Yunwen Xu, Zhuhai Li, Qian Zou and Bo Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:427

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The prevalence of osteoporosis and risk of fractures is elevated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but we have limited information about the bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in patients with inflammato...

    Authors: Anett Vincze, Levente Bodoki, Katalin Szabó, Melinda Nagy-Vincze, Orsolya Szalmás, József Varga, Katalin Dankó, János Gaál and Zoltán Griger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:426

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Articular cartilage has a high-weight-bearing area and a low-weight-bearing area, the macroscopic elastic moduli of the two regions are different. Chondrocytes are affected by the applied force at the microsco...

    Authors: Jiang-Bo Guo, Ting Liang, Yan-Jun Che, Hui-Lin Yang and Zong-Ping Luo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:425

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The role of altered joint mechanics on cartilage degeneration in in vivo models has not been studied successfully due to a lack of pre-injury information. We aimed 1) to develop an accurate in vivo canine mode...

    Authors: Dokwan Lee, Ki-Taek Hong, Tae Seong Lim, Eugene Lee, Ye Hyun Lee, Ji Soon Park, Woo Kim, Joo Han Oh, Jung-Ah Choi and Yongnam Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:424

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications between laminectomy and fusion (LF) and laminoplasty (LP) for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) with increased signal intens...

    Authors: Xin He, Jia Nan Zhang, Tuan Jiang Liu and Ding Jun Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:423

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Age-related height loss is a normal physical change that occurs in all individuals over 50 years of age. Although many epidemiological studies on height loss have been conducted worldwide, none have been long-...

    Authors: Mutsuya Shimizu, Tetsuya Kobayashi, Hisashi Chiba, Issei Senoo, Hiroshi Ito, Keisuke Matsukura and Senri Saito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:422

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although double-plate fixation (DP), i.e., fixation with a combination of a main lateral plate (LP) and a support medial plate (MP), is a relatively mature method for treating femoral shaft non-union with bone...

    Authors: Jian Lu, Qi-Yang Wang, Jia-Gen Sheng, Shang-Chun Guo and Shi-Cong Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:421

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The optimal treatment of osteoporosis after reconstruction surgery for osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF) remains unclear. In this multicentre retrospective study, we investigated the effects of typically ...

    Authors: Atsuyuki Kawabata, Toshitaka Yoshii, Takashi Hirai, Shuta Ushio, Takashi Kaito, Tomoya Yamashita, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Yuji Matsuoka, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hirosuke Nishimura, Hidetomi Terai, Koji Tamai, Atsushi Tagami, Syuta Yamada, Shinji Adachi…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:420

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Regular exercise is vital for overall health, and key to the maintenance of joint health. However, whilst people are encouraged to participate in sport and exercise, many are unaware that they could be at risk...

    Authors: Ross Watkins, Georgina Young, Max Western, Keith Stokes and Carly McKay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:419

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Deformity assessment and preoperative planning of realignment surgery are conventionally based on weight-bearing (WB) radiographs. However, newer technologies such as three-dimensional (3D) preoperative planni...

    Authors: Lukas Jud, Tabitha Roth, Philipp Fürnstahl, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Reto Sutter and Sandro F. Fucentese

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:418

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a commonly used health outcome. For many acute conditions (e.g. fractures), retrospective measurement of HRQoL is necessary to establish pre-morbid health status. Howe...

    Authors: Andrew Lawson, Aidan C. Tan, Justine Naylor and Ian A. Harris

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:415

    Content type: Research article

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  23. It is still controversial whether the combination of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and extra-articular reconstruction (EAR) have good clinical efficacy. This meta-analysis aims systematically...

    Authors: Xiangyun Cheng, Fanxiao Liu, Dongsheng Zhou and Alexander C. Paulus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:414

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Plate fixation is frequently used to treat displaced midshaft clavicular fractures, however the ideal plate choice remains subject to discussion; reconstruction locking compression plates (RLCPs) are cheaper a...

    Authors: Christian X. Fang, Ruiping Liu, Dennis K. H. Yee, Jackie Chau, Tak-Wing Lau, Rebecca Chan, Siu-Bon Woo, Tak-Man Wong, Evan Fang and Frankie Leung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:413

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Charcot spinal arthropathy, also known as Charcot spine and neuropathic spinal arthropathy, is a progressive and destructive condition that affects an intervertebral disc and the adjacent vertebral bodies foll...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Ryu, Jun-Seok Lee, Chang-Rack Lim, Wan Jae Cho and Ki-Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:412

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Both cylindrical and tapered stems are commonly used in revision total hip arthroplasty. However, whether the geometry of prosthesis stem has an effect on patient prognosis is unclear. We assume that the taper...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Ye Zhang, Jian-Ning Sun, Zi-Jian Hua, Xiang-Yang Chen and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:411

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Surgical site infections are more frequent among patients with rheumatic disease. To what extent this is related to immunosuppressive antirheumatic drugs is unclear, as is the value of discontinuing medication...

    Authors: Ylva Borgas, Anders Gülfe, Mikael Kindt and Anna Stefánsdóttir

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:410

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Whether using the scalpel can provide better and faster recovery after the primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is still controversial. The aim of this research was to compare the clinical outcomes of using t...

    Authors: Wei Lin, Yike Dai, Jinghui Niu, Guangmin Yang, Ming Li and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:409

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Fixing a tibial eminence fracture with a tri-pulley is a new technique. The purpose of this study was to present the early clinical outcome of arthroscopic tri-pulley suture fixation for tibial eminence fractu...

    Authors: Liang Zhang, Li Zhang, Jiang Zheng, Bo Ren, Xin Kang, Xian Zhang and Xiaoqian Dang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:408

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Traditional methods for minimally invasive internal fixation (MIIF) of calcaneal fractures require extensive intraoperative fluoroscopy, and fracture recovery is usually not ideal. We developed a new surgical ...

    Authors: Chenggong Wang, Can Xu, Mingqing Li, Hui Li, Han Xiao, Da Zhong and Hua Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:407

    Content type: Research article

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  31. With the rapid aging of the population, the incidence of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) has increased. However, the optimal method for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) remains controversial.

    Authors: Ji-Qi Wang, Chui-cong Lin, You-Ming Zhao, Bing-Jie Jiang and Xiao-Jing Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:406

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In the current diagnostic procedure, generally, both plain radiographs and 3D-CT scans are used for the diagnosis of acetabular fractures. There is no consensus regarding the value of a three-dimensional compu...

    Authors: Sepideh Abdi Tazeabadi, Shima Ghafourian Noroozi, Meysam Salehzadeh, Mansour Bahardoust, Hossein Farahini, Mikaiel Hajializade and Ali Yeganeh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:405

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Chronic musculoskeletal pain is one of the main causes of years lived with disability and generates the highest cost of health care among chronic pain conditions. Internet-based treatments have been shown to b...

    Authors: Iuri Fioratti, Bruno T. Saragiotto, Felipe J. J. Reis, Gisela C. Miyamoto, Hopin Lee, Tiê P. Yamato, Junior V. Fandim, Blake Dear, Chris G. Maher and Leonardo O. P. Costa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:404

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. To evaluate paraspinal back muscles of asymptomatic subjects using qualitative and quantitative analysis on CT and MRI and correlate the results with demographic data.

    Authors: Eun Kyung Khil, Jung-Ah Choi, Eunjin Hwang, Sabrilhakim Sidek and Il Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:403

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Studies have shown that the spherical shape of the lateral femoral condyle has a clear relationship with the relative axial movement of tibiofemoral joint and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. The ...

    Authors: Ruibo Li, Xingyue Yuan, Zhi Fang, Yuehong Liu, Xi Chen and Jianjun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:402

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis. Patient reported-outcome measures (PROMs) capture the patients’ perception of the success of an intervention. The minimal i...

    Authors: N. Holtz, D. F. Hamilton, J. M. Giesinger, B. Jost and K. Giesinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:401

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Playing tennis is associated with various movements that can lead to labral injuries and may require arthroscopic surgery. While hip arthroscopies have demonstrated good outcomes in athletes, there is limited ...

    Authors: David R. Maldonado, Mitchell J. Yelton, Philip J. Rosinsky, Jacob Shapira, Mitchell B. Meghpara, Ajay C. Lall and Benjamin G. Domb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:400

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Cervical Pedicle Screw (CPS) placement is a challenging work due to the high risk of neurovascular complications. Although there have been several different free-hand or navigation assisted techniques for CPS ...

    Authors: Bin Liu, Xiangyang Liu, Xiongjie Shen, Guoping Wang and Yixin Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:399

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Retrospective studies have found that daily opioid use pre-arthroplasty predicts worse longer-term service, clinical and patient-reported outcomes. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these observations....

    Authors: Justine M. Naylor, Natalie Pavlovic, Melissa Farrugia, Shaniya Ogul, Danella Hackett, Anthony Wan, Sam Adie, Bernadette Brady, Leeanne Gray, Rachael Wright, Michelle Nazar and Wei Xuan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:398

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Although shoulder arthroplasty is less common than knee or hip arthroplasty, the number of procedures being performed is increasing rapidly. The treatment effect is a simple method to measure outcome of joint ...

    Authors: Joerg Huber, Ulrich Irlenbusch, Max J. Kääb, Falk Reuther, Georges Kohut and Andy Judge

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:397

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In Parkinson’s disease (PD) population, performing secondary tasks while walking further deteriorates gait and restrict mobility in functional contexts of daily life. This study (1) analyzed the interference o...

    Authors: Constanza San Martín Valenzuela, Lirios Dueñas Moscardó, Juan López-Pascual, Pilar Serra-Añó and José M. Tomás

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:396

    Content type: Research article

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  42. An alternative to the current gold standard in operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures (DMCF) using plate osteosynthesis, is internal fixation by means of intramedullary fixation devices. ...

    Authors: Paul Hoogervorst, Tess van Dam, Nico Verdonschot and Gerjon Hannink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:395

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Multiple primary tumors, especially quadruple primary neoplasms is extremely rare. Fibrous dysplasia (FD), osteosarcoma (OS), and giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) are three bone tumors with low incidence while ...

    Authors: Zhiqing Zhao, Kunkun Sun, Taiqiang Yan, Ran Wei and Wei Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:394

    Content type: Case report

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  44. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of positive microbiology samples after osteosynthesis of proximal humerus fractures at the time of revision surgery and evaluate clinical characteristics...

    Authors: Doruk Akgün, Paulina-Maria Peters, Nina Maziak, Fabian Plachel, Marvin Minkus and Philipp Moroder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:393

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Butterfly vertebrae are a rare congenital vertebral anomaly. An overlap of this spinal anomaly with other diseases has been reported. However, to the authors’ knowledge, the coexistence of butterfly vertebrae ...

    Authors: Ai-Bing Huang, Meng Bai, Huan Liu, Zhi-Yong Zhou and Jia-Xu Wei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:392

    Content type: Case report

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  46. The Functional Index of Hand Osteoarthritis (FIHOA) is a clinically and methodologically validated score used to assess functional impact in patients with hand osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of the study was to ...

    Authors: Fatima Zahrae Taik, Latifa Tahiri, Hanan Rkain, Ilham Aachari, Emmanuel Maheu and Fadoua Allali

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:390

    Content type: Research article

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