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  1. Content type: Research article

    Intra-articular tranexamic acid (TXA) as an adjunct to intravenous TXA was reported to decrease perioperative blood loss during unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there have been no randomized ...

    Authors: Sachiyuki Tsukada, Kenji Kurosaka, Masahiro Nishino, Tetsuyuki Maeda, Yoshiharu Yonekawa and Naoyuki Hirasawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:464

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Globally, low back pain (LBP) is one of the greatest causes of disability. In people with LBP, dysfunction of muscles such as the gluteus medius have been demonstrated to increase spinal loading and reduce spi...

    Authors: Sean Sadler, Samuel Cassidy, Benjamin Peterson, Martin Spink and Vivienne Chuter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:463

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To raise the effectiveness of interventions, clinicians should evaluate important biopsychosocial aspects of the patient’s situation. There is limited knowledge of which factors according to the International ...

    Authors: K. Vårbakken, H. Lorås, K. G. Nilsson, M. Engdal and A. K. Stensdotter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:462

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT) identifies patients with low back pain (LBP) at risk of a worse prognosis of persistent disabling back pain, and thereby facilitates triage to appropriate treatment level. H...

    Authors: Emma Haglund, Ann Bremander and Stefan Bergman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:460

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Trunk muscle dysfunction is often regarded as a key feature of non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) despite being poorly understood and variable with increases, decreases and no change in muscle activit...

    Authors: Rebecca Hemming, Liba Sheeran, Robert van Deursen and Valerie Sparkes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:459

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  6. Content type: Research article

    One of the characteristics of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is elastin degradation and fibrosis in the ligamentum flavum (LF). However, the biochemical factors that cause these histologic changes is unclear. P1...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Shunli Kan, Guang Liu, Zegang Cao and Rusen Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:458

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  7. Content type: Case report

    The treatment of aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) has evolved and less invasive methods have been tried. Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody which inhibits osteoclasts. It has been shown to be effective in giant ce...

    Authors: Hans Roland Dürr, Ferdinand Grahneis, Andrea Baur-Melnyk, Thomas Knösel, Christof Birkenmaier, Volkmar Jansson and Alexander Klein

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:456

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Scarf osteotomy (SO) was broadly applied in moderate to severe hallux valgus (MSHV), and the results were satisfactory. However, due to the complicated pathologic changes in hallux valgus, the ideal surgical t...

    Authors: Yuan Xiong, Bo Shen, Cheng Hao, Kai Xiao, Junwen Wang and Zhenhua Fang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:455

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The paraspinal and psoas muscles have been considered to be essentially important for stabilizing the spinal column, and the muscle degeneration was found to exist in degenerative spinal kyphosis (DSK) patient...

    Authors: Weiwei Xia, Han Fu, Zhenqi Zhu, Chenjun Liu, Kaifeng Wang, Shuai Xu and Haiying Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:454

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The topic that whether the injured deltoid ligament should be repaired when associated with ankle joint fractures is still discussed. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical effect of open redu...

    Authors: Bohua Li, Shanxi Wang, Zhengdong Zhang, Hai Yang, Jun Li, Qin Li and Lei Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:453

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have investigated the effects of mobilization with movement (MWM) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared to other procedures. Sham procedures are generally more appropriate control than...

    Authors: Hani A. Alkhawajah and Ali M. Alshami

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:452

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To compare the imaging parameters pre- and post- reductive procedure for atlantoaxial dislocation via posterior fixation using pedicle screw and rod.

    Authors: Jia Shao, Yanzheng Gao, Kun Gao and Zhenghong Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:451

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hallux valgus deformity (HV) affects around every fourth individual, and surgical treatment is performed in every thousandth person. There is an ongoing quest for the best surgical management and reduction of ...

    Authors: Stephan H. Wirth, Niklas Renner, Richard Niehaus, Jan Farei-Campagna, Marcel Deggeller, Fabrice Scheurer, Katie Palmer and Thorsten Jentzsch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:450

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fracture is a very rare condition, even in osteoporotic elderly individuals. We report an atypical case of a young male adult who developed simultaneous bilateral femoral ne...

    Authors: Shinkichi Arisumi, Taro Mawatari, Satoshi Ikemura, Gen Matsui, Takahiro Iguchi and Hiroaki Mitsuyasu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:449

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a progressive disease that leads to collapse and the development of secondary arthritis. The preferred management of ONFH remains controversial. Arthroscopic-assiste...

    Authors: Mark R. Nazal, Ali Parsa and Scott D. Martin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:448

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Cervical proprioception is critical in the maintenance of posture and movements, so its assessment in different cervical conditions has gained importance in recent clinical practice. Studies reporting this ass...

    Authors: Ravi Shankar Reddy, Jaya Shanker Tedla, Snehil Dixit and Mohammed Abohashrh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:447

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Subacromial impingement syndrome is a common problem in primary healthcare. It often include tendinopathy. While exercise therapy is effective for this condition, it is not clear which type of exercise is the ...

    Authors: Robin Larsson, Susanne Bernhardsson and Lena Nordeman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:446

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Abscess formation in the subscapularis muscle is a rare clinical condition. Few reports are available regarding the treatment methods and surgical approaches for subscapularis intramuscular abscesses. Here, we...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Doji Inoue, Yasuhiro Kiyota, Hideo Morioka and Hiroshi Arino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:445

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are common among soldiers and constitute the most common reason for discontinuing military service within different military populations worldwide. The aims of this study were t...

    Authors: Alexandra Halvarsson, Monika Seth, Matthias Tegern, Lisbet Broman and Helena Larsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:444

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    The development of total knee replacement (TKR) implant designs aims to improve outcome regarding pain, function, joint stiffness, instability, patellar problems, and ultimately wear of the implant. Recently, ...

    Authors: T. Irmola, J. Kangas, A. Eskelinen, M. Niemeläinen, H. Huhtala, V. M. Mattila and T. Moilanen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:443

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Insoles are often applied as preventive therapy of flatfoot deformity, but the therapeutic effects on obese individuals are still controversial. We aimed to investigate the effect of insole use on time-depende...

    Authors: Yuki Saito, Takako S. Chikenji, Yuichi Takata, Tomoaki Kamiya and Eiichi Uchiyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:442

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block (CPSNB) has been performed in outpatient foot and ankle surgery as a regional anesthesia method to relieve postoperative pain. Its efficacy as well as safety is yet to ...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:441

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Several methods have been reported to correct deformity and shortening of the distal radius. However, the results are not entirely satisfactory. The results of bifocal osteosynthesis were retrospectively analy...

    Authors: Junjie Guan, Hongjiang Ruan, Jimin Yin, Yimin Chai and Qinglin Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:440

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Biopsychosocial rehabilitation programs have been advocated for its management, especially since the widespread acceptance of the biopsyc...

    Authors: Maha E. Ibrahim, Kerstin Weber, Delphine S. Courvoisier and Stéphane Genevay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:439

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to find out whether the shear wave elastography (SWE) findings of patients with unilateral lumbar disc herniation (LDH) were related to clinical characteristics.

    Authors: Qingyuan Wang, Hao Zhang, Jinxin Zhang, Hanqi Zhang and Hui Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:438

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is often performed for the treatment of degenerative cervical spine. While this procedure is highly successful, 0.1–1.6% of early and late postoperative infection...

    Authors: Ying-Chun Chen, Lin Zhang, Er-Nan Li, Li-Xiang Ding, Gen-Ai Zhang, Yu Hou and Wei Yuan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:437

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has indicated that wide international variation in the prevalence of disabling low back pain among working populations is largely driven by factors predisposing to musculoskeletal pain more g...

    Authors: David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Vanda E. Felli, Florencia Harari, Lope H. Barrero, Sarah A. Felknor, Marianela Rojas, Anna Cattrell, Consol Serra, Rossana Borchini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R. Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M. Masood Kadir…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:436

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Vertebral fractures are common osteoporotic fractures, affecting 2–46% of the population, causing morbidity and increased risk of mortality. Physical activity has beneficial effects for bone health, including ...

    Authors: Saija Mikkilä, Giovanna Calogiuri, Nina Emaus and Bente Morseth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:435

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Maintenance of optimal knee joint line orientation (KJLO) is important after high tibial osteotomy (HTO). No tools, however, are currently available that could predict the value of postoperative KJLO before su...

    Authors: Jae-Young Park, Chong Bum Chang, Dong-Wan Kang, Sohee Oh, Seung-Baik Kang and Myung Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:434

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  30. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that the headers in Table 2 in their paper were omitted.

    Authors: Jos IJspeert, Hans C. J. W. Kerstens, Renske M. J. Janssen, Alexander C. H. Geurts, Nens van Alfen and Jan T. Groothuis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:433

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:360

  31. Content type: Research article

    Due to advances in hip arthroscopy, the number of surgical procedures has increased dramatically. The diagnostic challenge in patients with longstanding hip and groin pain, as well as the increasing number of ...

    Authors: Anders Pålsson, Ioannis Kostogiannis, Håkan Lindvall and Eva Ageberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:432

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common spinal condition and the most frequent indication for spinal surgery in elderly people. General practitioners (GPs) are on the 1st line for its diagnosis and treatment. We...

    Authors: Marie-Ombeline Chagnas, Serge Poiraudeau, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, François Rannou and Christelle Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:431

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  33. Content type: Research article

    ASD is a relatively common degenerative alteration after cervical surgery which occurs above or below the fused segment. In addition, some patients may need reoperation to treat severe ASD after the primary su...

    Authors: Yijian Zhang, Yijie Shao, Hao Liu, Junxin Zhang, Fan He, Angela Chen, Huilin Yang and Bin Pi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:430

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Various cross-sectional studies provide an abundance of evidence that shows a relationship between bone quantity and muscle health. However, one question remains, less-often studied: is their development - or ...

    Authors: Médéa Locquet, Charlotte Beaudart, Nancy Durieux, Jean-Yves Reginster and Olivier Bruyère

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:429

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent condition. People with knee OA often have other co-morbidities such as obesity. Exercise is advocated in all clinical guidelines for the management of knee OA. It...

    Authors: Rachel K. Nelligan, Rana S. Hinman, Jessica Kasza, Sarah Schwartz, Alexander Kimp, Lou Atkins and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:428

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Analgesic drugs are recommended to treat pain caused by osteoarthritis, and joint replacement should decrease the need for them. We aimed to determine the user rates of analgesic drugs before and after joint r...

    Authors: Tuomas J. Rajamäki Jr, Pia A. Puolakka, Aki Hietaharju, Teemu Moilanen and Esa Jämsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:427

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Existing ultrashort echo time magnetic resonance imaging (UTE MRI) methods require prohibitively long acquisition times (~ 20–40 min) to quantitatively assess the clinically relevant fast decay T2* component in l...

    Authors: Takeshi Fukuda, Kenneth Wengler, Dharmesh Tank, Seth Korbin, James M. Paci, David E. Komatsu, Megan Paulus, Mingqian Huang, Elaine Gould, Mark E. Schweitzer and Xiang He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:426

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Gout in spine is rare and commonly mimics some infectious or tumoral lesions, the differentiation of spinal gout from other diseases is not always easy. We report a case of gout involved cervical disc and adja...

    Authors: Suying Zhou, Yundan Xiao, Xin Liu, Yi Zhong and Haitao Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:425

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Intra-articular (IA) injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) (IA-HA) is a well-recognized treatment option for pain associated with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). IA-HA products differ in their HA content, mo...

    Authors: Keiji Yoshioka, Madoka Katayama, Takeo Nishiyama, Kohei Harada, Sawako Takeshita and Yuji Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:424

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) can effectively treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Although satisfactory clinical outcomes can be achieved, bone cement leakage remains a primary complic...

    Authors: Shuai Zhang, Gao Ju Wang, Qing Wang, Jin Yang, Shuang Xu and Chao Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:423

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In obese patients, total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be technically demanding with increased perioperative risks. The aim of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on r...

    Authors: Bariq Al-Amiry, Georgios Pantelakis, Sarwar Mahmood, Bakir Kadum, Torkel B. Brismar and Arkan S. Sayed-Noor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:422

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Pain catastrophizing contributes to acute and long-term pain after knee arthroplasty (KA), but the association between pain catastrophizing and physical function is not clear.

    Authors: Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg and Torben Bæk Hansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:421

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Proximal humeral fractures can be treated non-operatively or operatively with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and arthroplasty. Our objective was to assess practice patterns for operative and non-o...

    Authors: Dominique I. Dabija, Hongshu Guan, Andrew Neviaser and Nitin B. Jain

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:419

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Resuming walking after lumbar surgery is a common focus of early post-operative rehabilitation, however there is no knowledge about whether increased walking is associated with better functional outcomes. This...

    Authors: Sarah J. Gilmore, Andrew J. Hahne, Megan Davidson and Jodie A. McClelland

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:418

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Biomechanical changes in articular cartilage are associated with the onset of osteoarthritis. We developed an optical coherence tomography-based strain rate tomography method: stress relaxation optical coheren...

    Authors: Suguru Nakamura, Mitsuhiko Ikebuchi, Souichi Saeki, Daisuke Furukawa, Kumi Orita, Nobuo Niimi, Yoshito Tsukahara and Hiroaki Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:417

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is an important factor affecting incidence and development of musculoskeletal degenerative changes. In addition, obese patients are considered less favorable surgical candidates for decompression surge...

    Authors: Kengo Harato, Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Shu Kobayashi, Akihito Ohya, Kazuya Kaneda, Yu Iwama, Masaya Nakamura and Morio Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:416

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