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  1. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and sedentary behaviour, risk factors for knee osteoarthritis in middle-age, are increasing in younger adults. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of knee problems in young adu...

    Authors: Chukwuemeka Ibeachu, James Selfe, Chris J. Sutton and Paola Dey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:116

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  2. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate whether cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) would be equally effective in elderly patients as in the young. The inclusion criteria of published clinical trials for CDA-enrolled pat...

    Authors: Jau-Ching Wu, Hsuan-Kan Chang, Wen-Cheng Huang, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Li-Yu Fay, Chao-Hung Kuo, Chih-Chang Chang, Ching-Lan Wu, Huang-Chou Chang and Henrich Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:115

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Spinal surgery requires an intimate understanding of pedicle morphology to provide safe and effective outcomes. Although current research has attempted to identify morphological vertebral pedicle trends, no st...

    Authors: Robert Stockton, Joseph Albano, Jonathon Lentz, Maximillian Ganz, Kanwarpaul Grewal and Gus Katsigiorgis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:114

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Distally fixed cylindrical femoral stems extensively coated with porous materials are widely used in revision and total hip arthroplasty surgeries. Stem fracture is an uncommon complication; few case reports h...

    Authors: Leibo Zhu and Rongxin He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:112

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to determine the pre-operative factors that are associated with reparability of the large-sized and massive rotator cuff tears.

    Authors: Vanasiri Kuptniratsaikul, Thongchai Laohathaimongkol, Vantawat Umprai, Chuenrutai Yeekian and Niti Prasathaporn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:111

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Intra-articular lipomas are rare and very few cases have been reported in the knee. To the best of our knowledge, here we report the largest lipoma to have ever been observed in the knee. It is crucial to avoi...

    Authors: Jaime Dalla Rosa and José Juan Nogales Zafra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:110

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the study was to compare the results of a primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using the press-fit fixation technique for a quadriceps tendon (QT) graft to a standard quadr...

    Authors: Ralph Akoto, Malte Albers, Maurice Balke, Bertil Bouillon and Jürgen Höher

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:109

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been widely accepted in promoting the fracture healing process. However, there have been limited clinical trials focused on the efficacy of LIPUS during distraction ...

    Authors: Mi Hyun Song, Tae-Jin Kim, Sung Hyun Kang and Hae-Ryong Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:108

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Compared to patients without Parkinson’s disease (PD), patients with PD who underwent spinal surgeries were reported to have a relatively high complication rate. However, studies that analyze surgical risk fac...

    Authors: Huan Sheu, Jen-Chung Liao and Yu-Chih Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:106

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The etiology of non-specific low back pain (LBP) is complex and not well understood. LBP is common and causes a remarkable health burden worldwide. Leg-length discrepancy (LLD) is potentially a risk factor for...

    Authors: Satu Rannisto, Annaleena Okuloff, Jukka Uitti, Markus Paananen, Pasi-Heikki Rannisto, Antti Malmivaara and Jaro Karppinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:105

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Locomotive syndrome (LS) is associated with weakness and loss of function in the musculoskeletal organs. We aimed to determine the association between LS components and blood parameters in middle-aged and elde...

    Authors: Toshinori Yoshihara, Hayao Ozaki, Takashi Nakagata, Toshiharu Natsume, Tomoharu Kitada, Yoshihiko Ishihara, Shuji Sawada, Masayoshi Ishibashi, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Shuichi Machida and Hisashi Naito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:104

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To date, there have been little published data on surgical outcomes for patients with PD with thoracolumbar OVF. We conducted a retrospective multicenter study of registry data to investigate the outcomes of f...

    Authors: Kei Watanabe, Keiichi Katsumi, Masayuki Ohashi, Yohei Shibuya, Tomohiro Izumi, Toru Hirano, Naoto Endo, Takashi Kaito, Tomoya Yamashita, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Yuji Matsuoka, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hirosuke Nishimura, Hidetomi Terai, Koji Tamai…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:103

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This meta-analysis was designed to quantify adduction moment loss, to evaluate the relationship between changes in mechanical axis alignment and adduction moment, and to assess whether sagittal plane moment is...

    Authors: Jun-Ho Kim, Hyun-Jung Kim, Haluk Celik, Joo-Hwan Kim and Dae-Hee Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:102

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a neuromuscular disease characterized by multisystemic involvements including a progressive loss of maximal muscle strength and muscle wasting. Poor lower-limb strength is an...

    Authors: Marie-Pier Roussel, Marika Morin, Cynthia Gagnon and Elise Duchesne

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:101

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Unilateral laminectomy for bilateral decompression (ULBD) for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a less invasive technique compared to conventional laminectomy. Recently, several authors have reported favorable r...

    Authors: Hiroshi Takahashi, Yasuchika Aoki, Junya Saito, Arata Nakajima, Masato Sonobe, Yorikazu Akatsu, Masahiro Inoue, Shinji Taniguchi, Manabu Yamada, Keita Koyama, Keiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Shiga, Kazuhide Inage, Sumihisa Orita, Satoshi Maki, Takeo Furuya…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:100

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Cannulated screws with an anterior wire are currently used for managing transverse patellar fracture. However, the addition of anterior wiring with various types of screws via open surgery to increase the mech...

    Authors: Chih-Hsien Chen, Yen-Nien Chen, Chun-Ting Li, Chih-Wei Chang, Chih-Han Chang and Yao-Te Peng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:99

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  17. Content type: Research article

    More personalized implant designs for total knee arthroplasty might optimize the clinical outcome after surgery. One of these personalized implant designs is the Persona knee implant system (Zimmer Biomet, War...

    Authors: N. M. C. Mathijssen, H. Verburg, N. J. London, M. Landsiedl and M. Dominkus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:97

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Stroke is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. No study has evaluated the association between diuretic use and risk of vertebral fracture in stroke patients, although a considerable proportion o...

    Authors: Shu-Man Lin, Shih-Hsien Yang, Chih-Yung Wang and Huei-Kai Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:96

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  19. Content type: Research article

    A multicentre retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of single-stage posterior debridement, decompression and transpedicular screw fixation for the treatment of thoracolumbar jun...

    Authors: Yanping Zeng, Wenjie Wu, Jingtong Lyu, Xun Liu, Jiulin Tan, Zhilin Li, Yuan Chen, Litao Li, Yonghong Zheng, Gaoju Wang, Jianzhong Xu and Zehua Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:95

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Stratified care is an up-to-date treatment approach suggested for patients with back pain in several guidelines. A comprehensively studied stratification instrument is the STarT Back Tool (SBT). It was develop...

    Authors: Sven Karstens, Katja Krug, Heiner Raspe, Max Wunderlich, Martin Hochheim, Stefanie Joos and Angelika Hüppe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:94

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to use confocal fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) to examine the specific and dose-dependent effect of proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) on hyaluronan (HA) solutions of diff...

    Authors: Adam K. Bloom, Michael L. Samsom, Suresh C. Regmi, Bridgett L. Steele and Tannin A. Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:93

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD) is an extremely rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by cemento-osseous lesions in the jawbones, bone fragility, and diaphyseal sclerosis of the tubular bones. Patient...

    Authors: Takuma Kuroda, Ichiro Okano, Takatoshi Sawada, Satoshi Okamoto, Yuki Midorikawa, Tetsuya Tachibana, Toshio Yagi and Katsunori Inagaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:92

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  23. Content type: Research article

    A majority of proximal humeral fractures can be managed without surgery. Recent randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses even question the benefit of surgical treatment for displaced 3-, and 4-part fractur...

    Authors: Stig Brorson, Nikola Alispahic, Christian Bahrs, Alexander Joeris, Amir Steinitz and Laurent Audigé

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:91

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Comprehensive national joint replacement registries with well-validated data offer unique opportunities for examining the potential future burden of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) at a population level. This...

    Authors: Ilana N. Ackerman, Megan A. Bohensky, Ella Zomer, Mark Tacey, Alexandra Gorelik, Caroline A. Brand and Richard de Steiger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:90

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    While the rates of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) continue to rise worldwide, there are concerns about whether all surgeries are appropriate. Guidelines for appropriateness suggest that patients should have rea...

    Authors: Nick Bansback, Logan Trenaman, Karen V. MacDonald, Gillian Hawker, Jeffrey A. Johnson, Dawn Stacey and Deborah A. Marshall

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:89

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  26. Content type: Case report

    The incidence of bilateral corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is high. Although the precise mechanism of corticosteroid-induced ONFH development is unclear, hepatic enzyme abnormal...

    Authors: Hirokazu Shimizu, Tomohiro Shimizu, Daisuke Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Asano, Ryuta Arai, Yasunari Takakuwa and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:88

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to clarify the characteristics associated with postoperative floating of the lesser toes, especially focusing on the medial and lateral lessor toes, after arthrodesis of the first metatarsopha...

    Authors: Tomohiro Onodera, Hiroaki Nakano, Kentaro Homan, Eiji Kondo and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:87

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a six-week combined manual therapy (MT) and stabilizing exercises (SEs), with a one-month follow-up on neck pain and improving function and posture in pat...

    Authors: Kiana Fathollahnejad, Amir Letafatkar and Malihe Hadadnezhad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:86

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Reassuring patient education and exercise therapy are widely recommended interventions for back pain in clinical guidelines. However, many patients are offered non-guideline endorsed options, and strategies fo...

    Authors: Alice Kongsted, Inge Ris, Per Kjaer, Werner Vach, Lars Morsø and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:85

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Lower extremity defects in healthy children raises interest of researchers as confirmed by numerous published original and review articles. The relationship between lower extremity postural defects and body ma...

    Authors: Michał Brzeziński, Zbigniew Czubek, Aleksandra Niedzielska, Marek Jankowski, Tomasz Kobus and Zbigniew Ossowski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:84

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders are less likely to be reported as an underlying cause of death (UCD) and since cause of death studies are generally limited to the UCD, little is known about socioeconomic inequ...

    Authors: Aliasghar A. Kiadaliri, Ingemar F. Petersson and Martin Englund

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:83

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  32. Content type: Research article

    It is very important to dynamically evaluate the functional outcome in the knee after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction under physiological weight bearing. The objective of the current study is t...

    Authors: Zhiping Lin, Yangyang Tang, Hongchang Tan and Daozhang Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:82

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Neck pain (NP) is a very common musculoskeletal condition with potential for a high burden in disability and length of disorder. Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) give recommendations to clinicians for provid...

    Authors: Pulak Parikh, Pasqualina Santaguida, Joy Macdermid, Anita Gross and Arshia Eshtiaghi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:81

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare, systemic disease caused by mutation(s) within the ALPL gene encoding tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (ALP). HPP has a heterogeneous presentation, which coupled with its r...

    Authors: Wolfgang Högler, Craig Langman, Hugo Gomes da Silva, Shona Fang, Agnès Linglart, Keiichi Ozono, Anna Petryk, Cheryl Rockman-Greenberg, Lothar Seefried and Priya S. Kishnani

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:80

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  35. Content type: Research article

    A fracture in the isolated greater trochanter is an infrequent type of femoral intertrochanteric fracture. The gluteus medius and gluteus minimus are abducent muscle groups with attachments located on the grea...

    Authors: Hanru Ren, Qikai Huang, Jiawen He, Yongan Wang, Lianghao Wu, Baoqing Yu and Dianying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:79

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a serious human endemic chronic osteochondral disease. However, quantitative syntheses of X-ray detective rate studies for KBD are rare. We performed an initial systematic review a...

    Authors: Xi Wang, Yujie Ning, Amin Liu, Xin Qi, Meidan Liu, Pan Zhang and Xiong Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:78

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The direct anterior approach (DAA) has gained popularity in total hip arthroplasty (THA) over the past decade. A large number of studies have compared the DAA to other approaches with inclusion of a learning c...

    Authors: Antonio Klasan, Thomas Neri, Ludwig Oberkircher, Dominik Malcherczyk, Thomas Jan Heyse and Christopher Bliemel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:77

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Data from a recent clinical trial of vitamin D therapy in knee OA suggests that, compared to placebo, vitamin D therapy may be associated with a reduction in effusion-synovitis. Our aim was, using contrast-enh...

    Authors: Thomas A. Perry, Matthew J. Parkes, Richard Hodgson, David T. Felson, Terence W. O’Neill and Nigel K. Arden

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:76

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Up to 40% of individuals who sprain their ankle develop chronic ankle instability (CAI). One treatment option for this debilitating condition is joint mobilisation. There is preliminary evidence that Mulligan’...

    Authors: Ishanka Weerasekara, Peter Grant Osmotherly, Suzanne Jordan Snodgrass, John Tessier and Darren Anthony Rivett

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:75

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  40. Content type: Research article

    There is a pressing need to enhance osteoarthritis (OA) research to find ways of alleviating its enormous individual and societal impact due to the high prevalence, associated disability, and extensive costs.

    Authors: David J. Hunter, Philippa J. A. Nicolson, Christopher B. Little, Sarah R. Robbins, Xia Wang and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:74

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Gorham’s disease (GSD) is a rare osteolytic disease with unclear etiology, and no known prevention or effective treatment. Here we report a new surgical treatment for a case of GSD in September 2017.

    Authors: Linjie Feng, Yaoping Wu, Xiangqian Yu and Wenguo Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:73

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  42. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1], it was noticed that the following corrections needed to be implemented.

    Authors: Stefanie Fitschen-Oestern, Sebastian Lippross, Tim Klueter, Matthias Weuster, Deike Varoga, Mersedeh Tohidnezhad, Thomas Pufe, Stefan Rose-John, Hagen Andruszkow, Frank Hildebrand, Nadine Steubesand, Andreas Seekamp and Claudia Neunaber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:72

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:468

  43. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions and the highest contributor to disability in the world. It is characterized by frequent relapses leading to additional care-seeking. Engage...

    Authors: Anita B. Amorim, Evangelos Pappas, Milena Simic, Manuela L. Ferreira, Matthew Jennings, Anne Tiedemann, Ana Paula Carvalho-e-Silva, Eduardo Caputo, Alice Kongsted and Paulo H. Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:71

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Preclinical osteoarthritis models where damage occurs spontaneously may better reflect the initiation and development of human osteoarthritis. The aim was to assess the commercial pig as a model of spontaneous...

    Authors: Mhairi A. Macfadyen, Zoe Daniel, Sara Kelly, Tim Parr, John M. Brameld, Andrew J. Murton and Simon W. Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:70

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) is a common sports injury, with a rising incidence and significant impairments. Due to the lack of treatment guidelines, there is no consensus about diagnostic methods, primary tr...

    Authors: Olivier C. Dams, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Ron L. Diercks, Klaus W. Wendt, Eelke Bosma, Tom M. van Raaij, Arvid V. Munzebrock, Wierd P. Zijlstra, Johannes Zwerver and Inge H. F. Reininga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:69

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    A tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a locally aggressive benign neoplasm arising from intra- or extra-articular tissue. Diffuse TGCT (D-TGCT) most commonly develops in the knee, followed by the hip, ankl...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Akihiro Nomura, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Kentaro Igarashi, Susumu Tandai, Akira Kawai, Akihiko Matsumine, Shinji Miwa, Yoshihiro Nishida, Tomoki Nakamura, Ryu Terauchi, Manabu Hoshi, Toshiyuki Kunisada, Makoto Endo, Kenichi Yoshimura…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:68

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Community characteristics such as poverty affect total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes. However, it is unknown whether other community factors such as immigrant proportion (IP) also affect outcomes. Our objec...

    Authors: Bella Mehta, Jackie Szymonifka, Shirin Dey, Iris Navarro-Millan, Stephen Grassia, Lisa A. Mandl, Anne R. Bass, Linda Russell, Michael Parks, Mark Figgie, Lily Lee, Joe Nguyen and Susan M. Goodman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:67

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