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  1. Elderly patients with vertebral hemangiomas are rare and might require surgery. Thus, the choice of surgery for these lesions remains controversial because of the rarity of these lesions. This study aimed to a...

    Authors: Weihong Xu, Zhibin Lan and Yuming Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:125

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Trochanter valgus deformity (TVD) is a rare condition of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Femoral osteotomy could be required in correcting the deformity to implant femoral stem in severe TVD. In this study, we d...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Yonggang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:124

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Injuries and resulting stiffness around joints, especially the elbow, have huge psychological effects by reducing quality of life through interference with normal daily activities such as feeding, dressing, gr...

    Authors: Ayoola Ademola, Kevin A. Hildebrand, Prism S. Schneider, Nicholas G. H. Mohtadi, Neil J. White, Michael J. Bosse, Alexandra Garven, Richard E. A. Walker and Tolulope T. Sajobi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:123

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-I) are a serious problem in sports medicine. Modifiable and non-modifiable factors are associated with susceptibility to these injuries. Thus, the aim of this study was to describ...

    Authors: Rodrigo Araújo Goes, Lucas Rafael Lopes, Victor Rodrigues Amaral Cossich, Vitor Almeida Ribeiro de Miranda, Olívia Nogueira Coelho, Ricardo do Carmo Bastos, Letícia Aparecida Marincolo Domenis, João Antonio Matheus Guimarães, João Alves Grangeiro-Neto and Jamila Alessandra Perini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:122

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Continuous femoral nerve block (cFNB) has been developed to extend the analgesic effect since the efficacy of single-injection femoral nerve block (sFNB) is often limited to approximately 16–24 h. The aim of t...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This study aims to explore (i) physiotherapists’ current use in daily practice of patient-reported measurement instruments (screening tools and questionnaires) for patients with acute low back pain (LBP), (ii)...

    Authors: J. Knoop, W. van Lankveld, F. J. B. Geerdink, R. Soer and J. B. Staal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The osteotomy of the posterolateral overhanging part (PLOP) of the greater trochanter via posterior approach has been used for the hip arthroplasty for decades with good results. However, the osteotomy method ...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Zhou, Houlin Ji, Jinhua Guo, Yang Yang, Pan Cai and Xianlong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Dislocation, periprosthetic fracture and infection are serious complications of total hip replacement (THR) and which negatively impact on patients’ outcomes including satisfaction, quality of life, mental hea...

    Authors: Charlotte V. E. Carpenter, Vikki Wylde, Andrew J. Moore, Adrian Sayers, Ashley W. Blom and Michael R. Whitehouse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:118

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is a well-known complication after interbody fusion. Pedicle screw-rod revision possesses sufficient strength and rigidity. However, is a surgical segment with rigid fixation nec...

    Authors: Ziyang Liang, Jianchao Cui, Jiarui Zhang, Jiahui He, Jingjing Tang, Hui Ren, Linqiang Ye, De Liang and Xiaobing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Seven T ultra-high field MRI systems have recently been approved for clinical use by the U.S. and European regulatory agencies. These systems are now being used clinically and will likely be more widely availa...

    Authors: Christoph Treutlein, Tobias Bäuerle, Armin M. Nagel, Ali Guermazi, Arnd Kleyer, David Simon, Georg Schett, Tobias Hepp, Michael Uder and Frank W. Roemer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:116

    Content type: Technical advance

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  11. Some patients complain of noise after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Controversy still exists on how the noise affects the clinical outcomes, including joint awareness, after TKA. The Forgotten Joint Score—12 ...

    Authors: Hiroto Taniguchi, Masafumi Itoh, Nobuyuki Yoshimoto, Junya Itou, Umito Kuwashima and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:115

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several modern designs of metal-backed glenoids (MBG) have been devised to overcome flaws such as loosening and a high failure rate. This review aimed to compare rates of complications and revision surgeries b...

    Authors: Dong Min Kim, Mohammed Aldeghaither, Fahad Alabdullatif, Myung Jin Shin, Erica Kholinne, Hyojune Kim, In-Ho Jeon and Kyoung-Hwan Koh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  13. During total hip arthroplasty (THA), the accurate placement of the femoral components is an important determinant of the success of the procedure. This study assessed the accuracy of cemented stem placement us...

    Authors: Ryo Mitsutake, Hiromasa Tanino, Yasuhiro Nishida, Masaru Higa and Hiroshi Ito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Osteoporosis is a worldwide severe bone disease. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of polyphyllin VII on the genesis of osteoclasts from bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) and its potentiality as a therapeut...

    Authors: Long Zhou, Hanyi Song, Yiqi Zhang, Zhaozhou Ren, Minghe Li and Qin Fu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Sports participants are faced with the decision to continue or cease play when injured. The implications of playing sport while injured on joint health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been i...

    Authors: Garrett S. Bullock, Gary S. Collins, Nick Peirce, Nigel K. Arden and Stephanie R. Filbay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:111

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Fractures in older men are not uncommon and need to be healed as soon as possible to avoid related complications. Anti-osteoporotic drugs targeting Wnt/β-catenin and PTH (parathyroid hormone) to promote fractu...

    Authors: Daocheng Liu, Hao Qin, Jiazhi Yang, Lei Yang, Sihao He, Sixu Chen, Quanwei Bao, Yufeng Zhao and Zhaowen Zong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) based-treatments of cartilage injury are promising but impaired by high levels of hypertrophy after chondrogenic induction with several bone morphogenetic protein superfamily member...

    Authors: M. Weissenberger, M. H. Weissenberger, F. Gilbert, J. Groll, C. H. Evans and A. F. Steinert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Arthroscopic closure release includes arthroscopic lateral patella retinaculum releasing (LPRR) either outside synovial membrane (OSM) or through synovial membrane (TSM). At present, there is no research to co...

    Authors: Ji-Bin Chen, Dong Chen, Ya-Ping Xiao, Jian-Zhong Chang and Te Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The Flexible Nichidai Knee Posterior Stabilized (FNK-PS) system was designed to provide relatively high varus-valgus stabilities without the stem extensions to patients with severe knee joint disorders. This i...

    Authors: Takanobu Sumino, Tetsuya Tomita, Kazuomi Sugamoto, Takaharu Yamazaki and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The aim of this study was twofold: (i) to investigate the intrarater reliability of acromiohumeral distance measurement; (ii) to assess the level of association between acromiohumeral distance measured by ultr...

    Authors: Mingmin Xu, Zhenping Li, Youfa Zhou, Bin Ji, Suming Tian and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:106

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Giant cell tumour (GCT) of the bone is a rare, invasive benign bone tumour, which typically originates in the metaphyseal ends of long bones and rarely in the spine. Here, we report a rare case of recurrent GC...

    Authors: Ping-Guo Duan, Yong-Hong Sheng, Chang-Hao Deng, Ben-Yu Tang and Hao-Qun Yao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:105

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Previous studies have revealed positive effect of Topping-off technique on upper adjacent segment after fusion surgery, while for the cases with fusion surgery on L5-S1 segment, owning maximal range of motion,...

    Authors: Liangliang Cao, Yumei Liu, Wei Mei, Jianguang Xu and Shi Zhan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Computer-assisted solutions are changing surgical practice continuously. One of the most disruptive technologies among the computer-integrated surgical techniques is Augmented Reality (AR). While Augmented Rea...

    Authors: Lukas Jud, Javad Fotouhi, Octavian Andronic, Alexander Aichmair, Greg Osgood, Nassir Navab and Mazda Farshad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The incidence of insufficiency fracture (IF) at femoral neck is low, accounting for about 5% of all insufficiency fractures, and IF at bilateral femoral neck is less common with more occurrence in athlete or s...

    Authors: Xu-yi Tan, Ting Lei, Guan-bao Wu, Hai-en Luo, Gang Huang, Can-yu He, Min Lu and Peng-fei Lei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:102

    Content type: Case report

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  25. To evaluate the maximal sectional area (SA) of the rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPmi) muscle and its potential correlation with to be named ligament (TBNL) in the suboccipital area using 3D MR imaging.

    Authors: Mei-Yu Sun, Xu Han, Meng-Yao Wang, Dian-Xiu Ning, Bin Xu, Li-Zhi Xie, Sheng-Bo Yu and Hong-Jin Sui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:101

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Lumbar spinal fusion with rigid spinal fixators as one of the high risk factors related to adjacent-segment failure. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the material properties of spinal fixation r...

    Authors: Yueh-Ying Hsieh, Fon-Yih Tsuang, Yi-Jie Kuo, Chia-Hsien Chen, Chang-Jung Chiang and Chun-Li Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Inflammatory mediators in the synovial fluid (SF) play critical roles in the initiation and development of pain in knee osteoarthritis (KOA). However, data for inflammatory marker expression are conflicting, a...

    Authors: Li Li, Zhenxing Li, Yuyan Li, Xi Hu, Yu Zhang and Pei Fan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Whether or not, prophylactic neurosurgical interventions of split cord malformation (SCM) before undertaking corrective surgery was the focus of debate. The present study was performed to evaluate the safety a...

    Authors: Hong-Qi Zhang, Ang Deng, Ming-Xing Tang, Shao-Hua Liu, Yu-Xiang Wang and Qi-Le Gao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Patients with chondrocalcinosis may suffer from a series of symptoms resembling acute gouty arthritis or septic arthritis, but the aetiology and pathogenesis of chondrocalcinosis have not been fully elucidated...

    Authors: Hongyi He, Yilun Wang, Zidan Yang, Xiang Ding, Tuo Yang, Guanghua Lei, Hui Li and Dongxing Xie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) plays a critical role to stabilize the spine. While low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint in soccer players, few studies have examined LMM characteristics in this athleti...

    Authors: Neil Nandlall, Hassan Rivaz, Amanda Rizk, Stephane Frenette, Mathieu Boily and Maryse Fortin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The ideal thromboprophylaxis regime following lower limb arthroplasty and proximal femur fractures remains controversial. Guidelines disagree on the type of chemical prophylaxis, its dose or duration. This art...

    Authors: Viswanath Mula, Sunny Parikh, Sivakolundu Suresh, Alex Bottle, Mark Loeffler and Mahbub Alam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Screening for osteoporosis with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is recommended for male HIV-infected patients only above the age of 50. Recently, trabecular bone score (TBS) has been introduced as a nov...

    Authors: Youn Jeong Kim, Kwi Young Kang, Juyoung Shin, Yoonhee Jun, Sang Il Kim and Yang Ree Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is characterized by the ossification of vertebral bodies and peripheral entheses. However, variations in sacroiliac (SI) joint change in patients with DISH have ...

    Authors: Yasuhito Yahara, Taketoshi Yasuda, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Kayo Suzuki, Shoji Seki, Miho Kondo, Hiroto Makino, Katsuhiko Kamei, Masahiko Kanamori and Tomoatsu Kimura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:93

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Compared to other types of surgeries, minimally invasive surgeries (MISs) of humeral shaft fractures are associated with less radial nerve injury, less soft tissue injury and higher union rate. However, malrot...

    Authors: Yo-Lun Chu, Cheng-Kuang Chen, Yu-Chia Liu, Tung-Wu Lu and Chen-Kun Liaw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:92

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To compare the outcomes after surgical intervention, including external fixation (EF) with the optional addition of K-pins or open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with a volar locking plate (VLP), in pa...

    Authors: Yu-Yi Huang, Tung-Yi Lin, Chien-Hao Chen, Ying-Chao Chou and Chun-Yi Su

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:91

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Osteoporosis is a highly prevalent disease identified by Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) that can be performed in an ambulatory (out-patient) or hospitalized population. We evaluated the use of baselin...

    Authors: Olivier Malaise, Marie Detroz, Mathieu Leroy, Lorenzo Leonori, Laurence Seidel and Michel G. Malaise

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The extent of muscle deterioration associated with ageing or disease can be quantified by comparison with appropriate reference data. The objective of this study is to present normative data for lower-limb mus...

    Authors: Julie A. Pasco, Amanda L. Stuart, Kara L. Holloway-Kew, Monica C. Tembo, Sophia X. Sui, Kara B. Anderson, Natalie K. Hyde, Lana J. Williams and Mark A. Kotowicz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Distal radius fractures are the most common of all fractures. Optimal treatment is still debated. Previous studies report substantial changes in treatment trends in recent decades. Few nation-wide studies on d...

    Authors: Johanna Rundgren, Alicja Bojan, Cecilia Mellstrand Navarro and Anders Enocson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:88

    Content type: Research article

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  39. There is a paucity of literature regarding the conservative management of adult scoliosis. The authors review and summarize the literature from 1967 to 2018 on the clinical outcomes of spinal brace/orthosis us...

    Authors: Jeb McAviney, Johanna Mee, Azharuddin Fazalbhoy, Juan Du Plessis and Benjamin T. Brown

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:87

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between posterior mono-segment and short-segment fixation combined with one-stage posterior debridement and bone grafting fusion in treating single-segment lum...

    Authors: Zheng Liu, Weiwei Li, Zhengchao Xu, Xiyang Wang and Hao Zeng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hip fractures have become a severe public health problem, especially in very elderly patients. Most of them are treated with low molecular weight heparin as prophylaxis or treatment of venous thromboembolism. ...

    Authors: Yijun Liu, Hao Lu, Hailin Xu, Zhongguo Fu, Dianying Zhang and Baoguo Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:85

    Content type: Case report

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  42. The present study aimed to compare the capabilities of preoperative usual and maximal gait speeds in predicting functional recovery in patients who have undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA).

    Authors: Manaka Shibuya, Yuta Nanri, Kentaro Kamiya, Kensuke Fukushima, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Naonobu Takahira, Masashi Takaso, Michinari Fukuda and Atsuhiko Matsunaga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:84

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most severe type of cervical spondylosis and the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction among adults over 55 years old. MRI plays an important role in the dia...

    Authors: Nanfang Xu, Youyu Zhang, Guangjin Zhou, Qiang Zhao and Shaobo Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:83

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Kümmell’s disease is a special type of osteoporotic vertebral fracture that causes chronic low back pain and deformity, which seriously affects the living quality of patients. PVP is commonly used to treat ost...

    Authors: Jiang Jiang, Fu-long Gu, Zhong-wei Li and Yi Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Limb salvage surgery is becoming increasingly popular after tumor resection in the lower extremity. Biological reconstruction and use of megaprosthesis are main methods for malignant bone tumors of the proxima...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Shinji Miwa, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Kentaro Igarashi, Takashi Higuchi, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Sei Morinaga and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The treatment for infected tibial bone defects can be a great challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. This meta-analysis was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy between bone transport (BT) and the acut...

    Authors: Hongjie Wen, Shouyan Zhu, Canzhang Li and Yongqing Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  47. To evaluate the effects of the updated version of an evidence-based osteoarthritis (OA) resource and consumer hub, ‘My Joint Pain’ website, on health education and quality of care over 12 months.

    Authors: Xia Wang, Hema Urban, Kim L. Bennell, Chris Dickson, Fiona Dobson, Marlene Fransen, Graeme Jones and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  48. This article systematically reviews the current evidence regarding inflammation in Tendinopathy with the aim to increase understanding of a potential common pathophysiology.

    Authors: George Jomaa, Cheuk-Kin Kwan, Sai-Chuen Fu, Samuel Ka-Kin Ling, Kai-Ming Chan, Patrick Shu-Hang Yung and Christer Rolf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  49. For patients with spinal canal stenosis in the upper cervical spine who undergo C3–7 laminoplasty alone, it remains impossible to achieve full decompression due to its limited range. This study explores the ex...

    Authors: Wen-xuan Wang, Yi-bo Zhao, Xiang-dong Lu, Xiao-feng Zhao, Yuan-zhang Jin, Xian-wei Chen, Yan-xin Fan, Xiao-nan Wang, Run-tian Zhou and Bin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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