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  1. Previous research has described a neuroprotective effect of IGF-I, supporting neuronal survival, axon growth and proliferation of muscle cells. Therefore, the association between IGF-I concentration, muscle hi...

    Authors: Stefanie Jarmusch, Lisa Baber, Martin Bidlingmaier, Uta Ferrari, Fabian Hofmeister, Stefan Hintze, Stefan Mehaffey, Peter Meinke, Carl Neuerburg, Benedikt Schoser, Fabiana Tanganelli and Michael Drey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:807

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Performing postoperative laboratory tests following joint arthroplasty is a regular practice. However, the role of routine postoperative laboratory tests in primary hip arthroplasty is currently in doubt. This...

    Authors: Teng-Feng Zhuang, Song-Wei Huan, Si-Min Luo, Guo-Rong She, Wen-Rui Wu, Jun-Yuan Chen, Ning Liu and Zhen-Gang Zha

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:806

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The impact of intravertebral cleft (IVC) on cement leakage in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) has been discussed. However, the results were conflictin...

    Authors: Benqiang Tang, Songjie Xu, Xueming Chen, Libin Cui, Yanhui Wang, Xin Yan and Yadong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:805

    Content type: Research

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  4. There are no ideal plates or approaches for anatomical restoration and rigid fixation of posterolateral tibial plateau fractures. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term preliminary outcomes of our novel a...

    Authors: Pan Cai, Mingyuan Yuan, Houlin Ji, Xu Cui, Chao Shen, Xiaoxiao Zhou and Yang Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:804

    Content type: Research

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  5. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in clinical outcomes, if any, between intraoperative acute correction and postoperative gradual correction for tibial shaft fractures with multiplanar...

    Authors: Yanshi Liu, Feiyu Cai, Kai Liu, Xingpeng Zhang, Hong Li, Xuefei Fu, Tao Zhang and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:803

    Content type: Research

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  6. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) are widely used in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases. In the present study, a meta-a...

    Authors: Qing-Yi Zhang, Jie Tan, Kai Huang and Hui-Qi Xie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:802

    Content type: Research

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  7. Diagnosing Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) involves damages to multiple joints and carries variable clinical symptoms, posing great challenge to the diagnosis of KBD for clinical practitioners. However, it is still ...

    Authors: Yanan Zhang, Xiaoli Wei, Chunxia Cao, Fangfang Yu, Wenrong Li, Guanghui Zhao, Haiyan Wei, Feng’e Zhang, Peilin Meng, Shiquan Sun, Mikko Juhani Lammi and Xiong Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:801

    Content type: Research

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  8. The microbiology and the susceptibility patterns of infected total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) vary depending on demographic, local antimicrobial stewardship, and surgical factors. We wanted to compare the rece...

    Authors: Sujeesh Sebastian, Erdem Aras Sezgin, Justinas Stučinskas, Šarūnas Tarasevičius, Yang Liu, Deepak Bhushan Raina, Magnus Tägil, Lars Lidgren and Annette W-Dahl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:800

    Content type: Research

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  9. This study aims primarily to investigate the outcome following surgical management of pertrochanteric fractures of patients over 90 years compared to the outcome of a control group below 90 years under special...

    Authors: Mohamed Ghanem, Jonas Garthmann, Anja Redecker, Annette Brigitte Ahrberg-Spiegl, Johannes Karl Maria Fakler and Ulrich Josef Albert Spiegl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:799

    Content type: Research

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  10. We assessed predictive factors of patients with fractures of the lower extremities caused by trauma. We examined which factors are associated with an increased risk of failure. Furthermore, the predictive fact...

    Authors: Barbara Prediger, Thorsten Tjardes, Christian Probst, Anahieta Heu-Parvaresch, Angelina Glatt, Dominique Rodil dos Anjos, Bertil Bouillon and Tim Mathes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:798

    Content type: Research

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  11. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent form of joint disease and commonly affects the hip. Hip OA is associated with a high socioeconomic burden. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) injection may be of ben...

    Authors: David M. Long and Jane Fitzpatrick

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:797

    Content type: Research

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  12. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of self-reported musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among Polish territorial army soldiers during the COVID-19 pandemic and to investigate whether there was a re...

    Authors: Małgorzata Grabara and Ewa Sadowska-Krępa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:796

    Content type: Research

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  13. Spinopelvic dissociation is a transverse sacral fracture in conjunction with a vertical fracture of the sacrum on both sides, which causes the dissociation of the upper sacrum and spine from the pelvis. The mo...

    Authors: Giedrius Petryla, Rokas Bobina, Valentinas Uvarovas, Jaunius Kurtinaitis, Tomas Sveikata, Sigitas Ryliškis, Giedrius Kvederas and Igoris Šatkauskas

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:795

    Content type: Research

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  14. In scoliosis corrective surgery, total blood loss is composed of visible blood loss, including intraoperative haemorrhage and drainage, and hidden blood loss in which blood extravasates into the tissues and ac...

    Authors: Lipeng Wang, Jiangli Liu, Xiaoxiao Song, Muhui Luo and Yongquan Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:794

    Content type: Research

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  15. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is a promising minimally invasive treatment for lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Postoperative rehabilitation can improve patient outcomes. Not only rehabilitation...

    Authors: Zhen Lyu, Jinzhu Bai, Shizheng Chen, Jiesheng Liu and Wenlong Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:793

    Content type: Research

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  16. Persistent monoarthritis in otherwise well-controlled rheumatoid arthritis presents a therapeutic challenge. Intra-articular (IA) steroids are a mainstay of treatment, though some have queried whether IA disea...

    Authors: Megan M. Sullivan, Michael M. Pham, Lisa A. Marks and Fawad Aslam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:792

    Content type: Research

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  17. There are different procedures for both, the diagnosis and the therapy of a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), however, national or international guidelines for a standardised treatment regime are still lac...

    Authors: Katrin Osmanski-Zenk, Annett Klinder, Christina Rimke, Dieter C. Wirtz, Christoph H. Lohmann, Holger Haas, Bernd Kladny and Wolfram Mittelmeier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:791

    Content type: Research

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  18. The relevance of local twitch response (LTR) during dry needling technique (DNT) is controversial, and it is questioned whether LTR is necessary for successful outcomes. Furthermore, because the LTR during the...

    Authors: Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Mauricio Cerda, Pablo Becerra, Claudio Tapia, Rodrigo Núñez-Cortés, Rodrigo Latorre-García, Sandro R. Freitas and Antonio Cuesta-Vargas

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:790

    Content type: Research

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  19. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an autoimmune rheumatic disease. Few candidate gene associations have been reported for AS and the current understanding of its pathogenesis remains still poor. Thus, the exact m...

    Authors: Arezou Lari, Hamid Gholami Pourbadie, Ali Sharifi-Zarchi, Maryam Akhtari, Leila Nejatbakhsh Samimi, Ahmadreza Jamshidi and Mahdi Mahmoudi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:789

    Content type: Research

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  20. Congenital scoliosis caused by failure of multiply vertebral segmentation with concave fused rib or unsegmented bar combined with contralateralhemivertebra is usually rigid and produces enormous asymmetric gro...

    Authors: Sheng Zhao, Xuhong Xue, Kai Li, Feng Miao and Bin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:788

    Content type: Research

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  21. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially fatal complication after arthroplasty. Numerous prophylactic strategies and studies to reduce VTEs have focused on the duration of the hospital stay and on few ext...

    Authors: Kai Tong, Hankun Liu, Jun Qin, Zhengqi Pan, Yangfan Shangguan, Hao Xiao, Hua Wang, Liaobin Chen and Yang Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:787

    Content type: Research

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  22. In previous studies, we demonstrated that the T1 slope (T1s) is associated with clinical outcomes, but the results were not specific for individuals. A recent study suggested that an increased pelvic tilt (PT)...

    Authors: Zhibin Lan, Zhiqiang Wu, Yuming Huang and Weihong Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:785

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Patellofemoral overstuffing after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can cause limited range of motion and anterior knee pain. This study compared anterior prominence of femoral components among different prothesis...

    Authors: Junya Itou, Umito Kuwashima, Masafumi Itoh and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:784

    Content type: Research

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  24. Total knee replacement (TKR) is one of the most commonly performed routine procedures in the world. Prognostic studies indicate that the number of TKR will further increase constituting growing burden on healt...

    Authors: Toni Lange, Stefanie Deckert, Franziska Beyer, Waldemar Hahn, Natascha Einhart, Martin Roessler, Martin Sedlmayr, Jochen Schmitt and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:783

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Osteoarthritis(OA) is a major source of pain, disability, and socioeconomic cost in worldwide. However, there is no effective means for the early diagnosis of OA, nor can it accurately predict the progress of ...

    Authors: Yingwei Sun, Chunbo Deng, Zhan Zhang, Xun Ma, Fenghua Zhou and Xueyong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:782

    Content type: Research

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  26. The metal-on-metal large-diameter-head (MoM-LDH) hip replacements increased in popularity during the start of the twenty-first century. Subsequently reports raised concerns regarding adverse reactions due to e...

    Authors: Peter Nyby Hersnaes, Kirill Gromov, Kristian Stahl Otte, Peter Henrik Gebuhr and Anders Troelsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:781

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Periprosthetic joint infection is a serious complication after total joint arthroplasty and polymicrobial PJI which compose a subtype of PJI often indicate worse outcomes compared to monomicrobial periprosthet...

    Authors: Hao Li, Jun Fu, Erlong Niu, Wei Chai, Chi Xu, Li Bo Hao and Jiying Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:780

    Content type: Research

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  28. Contradictory opinions about whether early correction and fusion surgeries should be performed for congenital scoliosis (CS) patients at a young age exist. The objectives of this study were to analyze the asso...

    Authors: Xiran Chai, Guanfeng Lin, Shengru Wang, Yang Yang, Zhe Su, You Du, Xiaolin Xu, Xiaohan Ye, Jianxiong Shen and Jianguo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:779

    Content type: Research

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  29. Postoperative delirium (PD), as an acute brain failure, is widely reported as a very common postoperative complication, and it is closely associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Recently, malnutriti...

    Authors: Jie Chen, Chaojun Zheng, Jinxiu Zhong, Guanglei Zhao, Jingsheng Shi, Gangyong Huang, Yibin Wei, Siqun Wang, Jie Yu and Jun Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:778

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Biomechanical studies have demonstrated that uncovertebral joint contributes to segment mobility and stability to a certain extent. Simultaneously, osteophytes arising from the uncinate process are a common ca...

    Authors: Haimiti Abudouaini, Tingkui Wu, Hao Liu, Beiyu Wang, Hua Chen, Chengyi Huang, Ying Hong and Yang Meng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:777

    Content type: Research

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  31. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a catastrophic complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Our meta-analysis aimed to identify the individual-related risk factors that predispose patients to PJI f...

    Authors: Xiaolei Ren, Lin Ling, Lin Qi, Zhongyue Liu, Wenchao Zhang, Zhimin Yang, Wanchun Wang, Chao Tu and Zhihong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:776

    Content type: Research

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  32. Management of severely angulated Rockwood and Wilkins’ type C (RW-C) thumb metacarpal base fractures in children is challenging. We report experiences of percutaneous leverage reduction and dual antegrade cros...

    Authors: Fei Qiao, Dehai Qu, Lei Cheng and Fei Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:775

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Video consultations have proven to be an efficient source of support for patient-doctor interactions and have become increasingly used in orthopedics, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study analyz...

    Authors: K Estel, G Weber, F Fellmer, L Richter, S Tsitsilonis, C Willy and DA Back

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:774

    Content type: Research

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  34. A first-year interim analysis of this two-year study suggested that intra-articular injections of highly purified, natural-origin polynucleotides and hyaluronic acid (HA) as a fixed combination (PNHA) might im...

    Authors: Cesare Stagni, Martina Rocchi, Alessandro Mazzotta, Nicolandrea Del Piccolo, Nicola Rani, Marco Govoni, Leonardo Vivarelli, Francesca Veronesi, Milena Fini and Dante Dallari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:773

    Content type: Research

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  35. No studies have directly evaluated kinematic changes during squatting before and after bicruciate-stabilized total knee arthroplasty (BCS-TKA) with the dual cam-post mechanism and asymmetric surfaces. This stu...

    Authors: Masato Kiyohara, Satoshi Hamai, Hirotaka Gondo, Hidehiko Higaki, Satoru Ikebe, Ken Okazaki and Yasuharu Nakashima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:772

    Content type: Research

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  36. Musculoskeletal pain is a risk factor for leaving the labour market temporarily and permanently. While the presence of multi-site pain increases the risk of disability pension, we lack detailed knowledge about...

    Authors: Rúni Bláfoss, Jonas Vinstrup, Sebastian Venge Skovlund, Rubén López-Bueno, Joaquin Calatayud, Thomas Clausen and Lars Louis Andersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:771

    Content type: Research

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  37. The physical examination is one of the cornerstones of the diagnostic process in patients with acute shoulder injuries. The discriminative properties of a given examination test depend both on its validity and...

    Authors: Malte Schmidt, Martine Enger, Are Hugo Pripp, Lars Nordsletten, Stefan Moosmayer, Knut Melhuus and Jens Ivar Brox

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:770

    Content type: Research

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  38. Obesity is common in persons with a lower limb amputation, an amputation can also lead to further weight gain. Data regarding the prevalence of obesity in the Dutch population with a lower limb amputation are ...

    Authors: Terezka S. Mollee, Pieter U. Dijkstra, Rienk Dekker and Jan H.B. Geertzen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:769

    Content type: Research

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  39. Locked posterior glenohumeral dislocations with a reverse Hill-Sachs impaction fracture involving less than 30% of the humeral head are most frequently treated with lesser tuberosity transfer into the defect, ...

    Authors: Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Vito Gaetano Rinaldi, Giada Lullini, Alice Ritali, Massimiliano Mosca, Matteo Romagnoli, Enrico Guerra and Stefano Zaffagnini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:768

    Content type: Research article

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  40. When a hip screw needs to be changed, choosing between the conventional (C-type) and helical blade (H-type) types is difficult. In this biomechanical study, we compared these two screw types relative to the ty...

    Authors: Hong Man Cho, Kwang Min Park, Tae Gon Jung, Ji Yeon Park and Young Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:767

    Content type: Research

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  41. It is controversial whether or not the carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) should be included in total wrist arthrodesis (TWA). Complications commonly occur at this site and studies examining its inclusion and exclus...

    Authors: David H. Owen, Diana M. Perriman, Igor Policinski, Maurizio Damiani, Paul N. Smith and Chris J. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:766

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. In treating patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (COPLL), a novel surgery technique - anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) suggested promising clinical...

    Authors: Yu Chen, Jingchuan Sun, Dan Han, Xiaoqiu Yuan, Yuan Wang, Yongfei Guo, Xihua Zhong and Jiangang Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:765

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Finite element analysis (FEA) has been previously applied for the biomechanical analysis of acetabular dysplasia and osteotomy. However, until now, there have been little reports on the use of FEA to evaluate ...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Tamon Kabata, Yoshitomo Kajino, Daisuke Inoue, Jiro Sakamoto and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:764

    Content type: Research

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  44. Musculoskeletal disorders are common worldwide. Several factors are suggested in their aetiology, one of which is ergonomics alongside other individual factors. This study aims at investigating the prevalence ...

    Authors: Reem S. AlOmar, Nouf A. AlShamlan, Saad Alawashiz, Yaser Badawood, Badr A. Ghwoidi and Hassan Abugad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:763

    Content type: Research

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  45. Healthy lifestyle behaviours are associated with protection against health disorders and pain. Exercise participation is one such behaviour, associated with improved outcomes in those experiencing pain. Muscul...

    Authors: Paul Shawcross, Melinda Lyons and Victoria Filingeri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:762

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Up to now in the surgical treatment of Kümmell’s disease combined with thoracolumbar kyphosis, little research has focused on the evaluation of the imaging and clinical outcomes of restoring the normal alignme...

    Authors: Hao Cheng, Guo-dong Wang, Tao Li, Xiao-yang Liu and Jian-min Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:761

    Content type: Research

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  47. Acromial anatomy has been found to be correlated with degenerative full-thickness rotator cuff tears in current studies. However, research on the relationship between acromial anatomy and articular-sided parti...

    Authors: Cen Tao Liu, Jia Qing Miao, Hua Wang, Heng an Ge, Xian Hui Wang and Biao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:760

    Content type: Research

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  48. Osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are 2 major public health problems. Osteoporosis and CVDs may be linked but the association between lipid profile and osteoporosis is still controversial. The pu...

    Authors: Bo Kan, Qianqian Zhao, Lijuan Wang, Shanshan Xue, Hanqing Cai and Shuman Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:759

    Content type: Research article

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