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  1. Content type: Research article

    Due to advances in hip arthroscopy, the number of surgical procedures has increased dramatically. The diagnostic challenge in patients with longstanding hip and groin pain, as well as the increasing number of ...

    Authors: Anders Pålsson, Ioannis Kostogiannis, Håkan Lindvall and Eva Ageberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:432

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common spinal condition and the most frequent indication for spinal surgery in elderly people. General practitioners (GPs) are on the 1st line for its diagnosis and treatment. We...

    Authors: Marie-Ombeline Chagnas, Serge Poiraudeau, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, François Rannou and Christelle Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:431

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  3. Content type: Research article

    ASD is a relatively common degenerative alteration after cervical surgery which occurs above or below the fused segment. In addition, some patients may need reoperation to treat severe ASD after the primary su...

    Authors: Yijian Zhang, Yijie Shao, Hao Liu, Junxin Zhang, Fan He, Angela Chen, Huilin Yang and Bin Pi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:430

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Various cross-sectional studies provide an abundance of evidence that shows a relationship between bone quantity and muscle health. However, one question remains, less-often studied: is their development - or ...

    Authors: Médéa Locquet, Charlotte Beaudart, Nancy Durieux, Jean-Yves Reginster and Olivier Bruyère

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:429

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent condition. People with knee OA often have other co-morbidities such as obesity. Exercise is advocated in all clinical guidelines for the management of knee OA. It...

    Authors: Rachel K. Nelligan, Rana S. Hinman, Jessica Kasza, Sarah Schwartz, Alexander Kimp, Lou Atkins and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:428

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Analgesic drugs are recommended to treat pain caused by osteoarthritis, and joint replacement should decrease the need for them. We aimed to determine the user rates of analgesic drugs before and after joint r...

    Authors: Tuomas J. Rajamäki Jr, Pia A. Puolakka, Aki Hietaharju, Teemu Moilanen and Esa Jämsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:427

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Existing ultrashort echo time magnetic resonance imaging (UTE MRI) methods require prohibitively long acquisition times (~ 20–40 min) to quantitatively assess the clinically relevant fast decay T2* component in l...

    Authors: Takeshi Fukuda, Kenneth Wengler, Dharmesh Tank, Seth Korbin, James M. Paci, David E. Komatsu, Megan Paulus, Mingqian Huang, Elaine Gould, Mark E. Schweitzer and Xiang He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:426

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Gout in spine is rare and commonly mimics some infectious or tumoral lesions, the differentiation of spinal gout from other diseases is not always easy. We report a case of gout involved cervical disc and adja...

    Authors: Suying Zhou, Yundan Xiao, Xin Liu, Yi Zhong and Haitao Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:425

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Intra-articular (IA) injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) (IA-HA) is a well-recognized treatment option for pain associated with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). IA-HA products differ in their HA content, mo...

    Authors: Keiji Yoshioka, Madoka Katayama, Takeo Nishiyama, Kohei Harada, Sawako Takeshita and Yuji Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:424

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) can effectively treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Although satisfactory clinical outcomes can be achieved, bone cement leakage remains a primary complic...

    Authors: Shuai Zhang, Gao Ju Wang, Qing Wang, Jin Yang, Shuang Xu and Chao Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:423

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In obese patients, total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be technically demanding with increased perioperative risks. The aim of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on r...

    Authors: Bariq Al-Amiry, Georgios Pantelakis, Sarwar Mahmood, Bakir Kadum, Torkel B. Brismar and Arkan S. Sayed-Noor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:422

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Pain catastrophizing contributes to acute and long-term pain after knee arthroplasty (KA), but the association between pain catastrophizing and physical function is not clear.

    Authors: Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg and Torben Bæk Hansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:421

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Proximal humeral fractures can be treated non-operatively or operatively with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and arthroplasty. Our objective was to assess practice patterns for operative and non-o...

    Authors: Dominique I. Dabija, Hongshu Guan, Andrew Neviaser and Nitin B. Jain

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:419

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Resuming walking after lumbar surgery is a common focus of early post-operative rehabilitation, however there is no knowledge about whether increased walking is associated with better functional outcomes. This...

    Authors: Sarah J. Gilmore, Andrew J. Hahne, Megan Davidson and Jodie A. McClelland

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:418

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Biomechanical changes in articular cartilage are associated with the onset of osteoarthritis. We developed an optical coherence tomography-based strain rate tomography method: stress relaxation optical coheren...

    Authors: Suguru Nakamura, Mitsuhiko Ikebuchi, Souichi Saeki, Daisuke Furukawa, Kumi Orita, Nobuo Niimi, Yoshito Tsukahara and Hiroaki Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:417

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is an important factor affecting incidence and development of musculoskeletal degenerative changes. In addition, obese patients are considered less favorable surgical candidates for decompression surge...

    Authors: Kengo Harato, Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Shu Kobayashi, Akihito Ohya, Kazuya Kaneda, Yu Iwama, Masaya Nakamura and Morio Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:416

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Chronic low back pain (LBP) is common and associated with lumbar disc herniation. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the grade of lumbar disc degeneration correlates with the degree of lumbar mult...

    Authors: Cosmin Faur, Jenel M. Patrascu, Horia Haragus and Bogdan Anglitoiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:414

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  18. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to determine the influence of ageing on the incidence and site of femoral fractures in trauma patients, by taking the sex, body weight, and trauma mechanisms into account.

    Authors: Shao-Chun Wu, Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Spencer C. H. Kuo, Peng-Chen Chien and Ching-Hua Hsieh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:413

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Age of onset in symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) varies. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether psychological factors, radiogr...

    Authors: Shawn Okpara, Paul Nakonezny and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:412

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Developmental factors were assumed to be the key factors that influenced the morphology of femoral trochlea. This study investigated the effects of insufficient patellar stress after birth on the morphological...

    Authors: Guangmin Yang, Faquan Li, Jiangfeng Lu, Yingzhen Niu, Yike Dai, Lixiong Zuo, Gengshuang Tian and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:411

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) occurs at a relatively younger age. It is therefore important to prevent the resultant femoral head collapse and requirement of total hip arthroplasty in the...

    Authors: Yohei Tomaru, Tomokazu Yoshioka, Hisashi Sugaya, Hiroshi Kumagai, Kojiro Hyodo, Katsuya Aoto, Hiroshi Wada, Hiroshi Akaogi, Masashi Yamazaki and Hajime Mishima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:410

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to compare radiological features between high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO), in order to define the radiological indication criteria for TCVO.

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Hironobu Koseki, Akihiko Yonekura, Ko Chiba, Yusuke Nakazoe, Shinya Sunagawa, Chieko Noguchi and Makoto Osaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:409

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MCS) is a rare malignant variant of chondrosarcoma with a high tendency of recurrence and metastasis. Intradural extramedullary spinal MCS is exceedingly rare and usually found in p...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Chen, I-Hsin Chen, Ming-Hsiao Hu, Jen-Chieh Lee, Hsuan-Ying Huang, Ruey-Long Hong and Shu-Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:408

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder among elderly individuals. Nonsurgical treatment plays an important role in treating knee OA. The aim of the present study was to investigate the trends an...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Dan Xing, Shengjie Dong and Jianhao Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:407

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Fractures of the proximal and diaphyseal femur are frequently internally fixed using a fracture table. Moreover, some femoral neck fractures may be treated with total hip arthroplasty using a direct anterior a...

    Authors: Morad Mohamad, Alexandre Ansorge, Diogo Vieira Cardoso and Axel Gamulin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:406

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative neck tilt (PNT) is a phenomenon in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients which is distinct form shoulder imbalance. There were scarce studies performed to explore the risk factors for PN...

    Authors: Yilin Yang, Mingyuan Yang, Zongde Yang, Kai Chen, Jinyi Bai, Jian Zhao, Haijian Ni, Changwei Yang and Ming Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:405

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used to estimate peak bone mass, define osteoporosis and predict fracture. However, as aBMD is calculated as bone minera...

    Authors: Erik Lindgren, Björn E. Rosengren and Magnus K. Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:404

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The Constant score (CS) is one of the most frequently applied tools for the assessment of the shoulder joint. However, evaluation of strength is not standardized leading to potential bias when comparing differ...

    Authors: Patrick Ziegler, Luise Kühle, Ulrich Stöckle, Elke Wintermeyer, Laura E. Stollhof, Christoph Ihle and Christian Bahrs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:403

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The lower limb joints, including hip and knee, are the most commonly involved joints in haemophilic arthropathy. With a higher risk of transfusion, total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) are still the f...

    Authors: Ze Yu Huang, Qiang Huang, Han Jiang Zeng, Jun Ma, Bin Shen, Zong Ke Zhou and Fu Xing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:402

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Stress fracture of the lateral tubercle of the posterior talar process in runners is extremely rare. Here, we describe a case of a female long-distance runner who sustained a stress fracture of the lateral tub...

    Authors: Maya Kubo, Youichi Yasui, Shinya Miki, Hirotaka Kawano and Wataru Miyamoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:401

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The recent increase in knee arthroplasty (KA) use in Korea is among the highest in the world. The rapid increase in KA use suggests that the KA use in Korea could have been affected by medically unjustifiable ...

    Authors: Agnus M. Kim, Sungchan Kang, Jong Heon Park, Tae Ho Yoon and Yoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:400

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Bone loss with aging and menopause increases the risk of fragile vertebral fracture, osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). The fracture causes severe pain, impedes respiratory function, lower the...

    Authors: Yuan-Zhe Jin, Jae Hyup Lee, Bin Xu and Minjoon Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:399

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    This paper describes (the development of) an eHealth tool (dr. Bart app) to enhance self-management and to optimize non-surgical health care utilization in patients with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis (OA) and...

    Authors: Tim Pelle, Karen Bevers, Job van der Palen, Frank H. J. van den Hoogen and Cornelia H. M. van den Ende

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:398

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Thoracolumbar fractures are most frequent along the spine, and surgical treatment is indicated for unstable fractures. Percutaneous minimally invasive surgery was introduced to reduce the pain associated with ...

    Authors: Helton L. A. Defino, Herton R. T. Costa, Altacílio A. Nunes, Marcello Nogueira Barbosa and Valéria Romero

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:397

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries commonly involves the use of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) artificial ligaments for reconstruction. However, the currently available methods require long fix...

    Authors: Takuya Egawa, Yusuke Inagaki, Manabu Akahane, Akira Furukawa, Kazuya Inoue, Munehiro Ogawa and Yasuhito Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:396

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Individuals afflicted with nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP) exhibit altered fundamental movement patterns. However, there is a lack of validated analysis tools. The present study aimed to elucidate the...

    Authors: Johanna Vogel, Jan Wilke, Frieder Krause, Lutz Vogt, Daniel Niederer and Winfried Banzer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:395

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Acute lateral ankle ligament sprains (LALS) are a common injury seen by many different clinicians. Knowledge translation advocates that clinicians use Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) to aid clinical decisi...

    Authors: Toni Green, Grant Willson, Donna Martin and Kieran Fallon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:394

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The correlation between peripheral blood neutrophil level and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) has not been extensively studied. Thus, we aimed to investigate the correlation between neutrophil level i...

    Authors: Jiang Jiang, Xuqiang Liu, Baojian Lai, Dengjiong Hu, Lizhen Lai, Jiaxiang Xu, Songqing Chen and Xiaofeng Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:393

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare idiopathic autoinflammatory bone disease that mostly affects children and adolescents. It is a diagnosis of exclusions since no clinical signs and sy...

    Authors: Joanna Świdrowska-Jaros and Elżbieta Smolewska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:392

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Subtrochanteric femur fractures (SFF) are uncommon, but have a high complication rate concerning non-union and mechanical complications. There is ongoing discussion about risk factors for delayed fracture heal...

    Authors: Viola Freigang, Franziska Gschrei, Himanshu Bhayana, Paul Schmitz, Johannes Weber, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Michael Nerlich and Florian Baumann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:391

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) for patients with degenerative lumbar disc herniation, stenosis or instability undergoing posterior lumbar fusi...

    Authors: Jianzhong Bai, Pei Zhang, Yuan Liang, Jingcheng Wang and Yongxiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:390

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Lithium, an established psychiatric medication, has recently been shown to enhance new bone formation in preclinical fracture models. Current research is focused on evaluating the efficacy of low-dose, short-t...

    Authors: Kathak Vachhani, Cari M. Whyne, Ayal Schaffer and Diane Nam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:389

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Ankle fractures cause considerable pain, loss of function and healthcare resource use. High quality randomised controlled trials are required to evaluate the optimal management protocols for ankle fracture. Ho...

    Authors: Rebecca McKeown, Abdul-Rasheed Rabiu, David R. Ellard and Rebecca S. Kearney

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:388

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Dupuytren’s contracture (DC) is a fibrotic hand condition in which one or more fingers develop progressive flexion deformities. Quality of life is diminished due to disabling limitations in performing everyday...

    Authors: Terese Aglen, Karin Hoegh Matre, Cecilie Lind, Ruud W. Selles, Jörg Aßmus and Tina Taule

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:387

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  45. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluated the technical adequacy of trans-articular sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion using three screws for non-traumatic SIJ pain, considering different grades of sacral dysplasia.

    Authors: Soo-An Park, Dai-Soon Kwak and Ho-Jung Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:386

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is used increasingly in younger patients. There is little knowledge about the effect of THA characteristics on risk of revision, especially in young patients. Therefore, we studied...

    Authors: M. F. L. Kuijpers, G. Hannink, S. B. W. Vehmeijer, L. N. van Steenbergen and B. W. Schreurs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:385

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard in diagnosing rotator cuff pathology; however, there is a lack of studies investigating the reliability agreement for supraspinatus partial-thickness tears...

    Authors: João Alberto Yazigi Junior, Fábio Anauate Nicolao, Nicola Archetti Netto, Fabio Teruo Matsunaga, Jéssica Hae Lim Lee, Stéphanie Yuri Torres Ogata, Leonardo Massamaro Sugawara, André Yui Aihara and Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:383

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