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  1. Previous studies have found that bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were capable of self-replication, multi-differentiation, and regeneration. The aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review and me...

    Authors: Zhenxiong Jin, Jinman Chen, Bing Shu, Yanhua Xiao and Dezhi Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:556

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Serial casting is a treatment for early onset scoliosis (EOS) in young children to achieve curve correction before bracing or to postpone initial surgical treatment until the patient is older. Good results hav...

    Authors: Tobias M. Ballhause, Menard Moritz, Annika Hättich, Ralf Stücker and Kiril Mladenov

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:554

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Camptocormia has been reported in a plethora of diseases comprising disorders of the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and the neuromuscular junction as well as hereditary and acquired myo...

    Authors: Matthias Türk, Armin M. Nagel, Frank Roemer, Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt, Christian T. Thiel, Martin Winterholler and Rolf Schröder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:553

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a challenging complication following total joint arthroplasty (TJA), and the diagnostic criteria remains controversial. The 2018 new definition proposed in May 2018 cons...

    Authors: Haitao Guan, Chi Xu, Jun Fu, Ming Ni, Xiang Li, Wei Chai, Libo Hao, Yonggang Zhou and Jiying Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:552

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Degenerative intervertebral disc (IVD) disease can cause lower back pain. However, the change of lactic acid content during disc degeneration process still unclear. The objective of this study was to investiga...

    Authors: Jinhui Shi, Xichao Zhou, Zhen Wang, Swamy Kurra, Junjie Niu and Huilin Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:551

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and open reduction–internal fixation (ORIF) in patients with proximal humeral fract...

    Authors: Feilong Li, Xuqiang Liu, Fuqiang Wang, Zhiping Gu, Qianyuan Tao, Cong Yao, Xuwen Luo and Tao Nie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:550

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Injuries in the musculoskeletal system, such as tendon and ligament ruptures, are challenging to manage and often require surgical reconstructions with limited long-term success. Thus, characterizations of the...

    Authors: Endre Soreide, Janet M. Denbeigh, Eric A. Lewallen, Roman Thaler, Rebekah M. Samsonraj, Dakota L. Jones, Wei Xu, Dirk Larson, Lars Nordsletten, Sanjeev Kakar and Andre J. van Wijnen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:549

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We investigated the clinical value of posterior percutaneous endoscopic decompression (PED) for single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR). Methods: Clini...

    Authors: Chengli Li, Xiaojie Tang, Song Chen, Yongchun Meng and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:548

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The current gold standard for the treatment of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is reconstruction with tendon graft. Recently, two surgical ACL repair techniques have been developed for treating an ...

    Authors: Christiaan H. W. Heusdens, Katja Zazulia, Ella Roelant, Lieven Dossche, Damien van Tiggelen, Johan Roeykens, Elke Smits, Johan Vanlauwe and Pieter Van Dyck

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:547

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Wearable sensors are acquiring more and more influence in diagnostic and rehabilitation field to assess motor abilities of people with neurological or musculoskeletal impairments. The aim of this systematic li...

    Authors: Arianna Carnevale, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Emiliano Schena, Carlo Massaroni, Daniela Lo Presti, Alessandra Berton, Vincenzo Candela and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:546

    Content type: Research article

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  11. L3 vertebral fractures with posterior dislocation are rare and usually secondary to high-energy trauma. To assess the outcome of a valuable distraction technique, using long-tail multiaxial pedicle screw which...

    Authors: Zhangzhe Zhou, Yimeng Wang, Zhiyong Sun, Xiaoyu Zhu and Zhonglai Qian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:545

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Several methods are available for the treatment of early-stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Core decompression with implantation is a widely-used treatment. However, no single implant is recognized as th...

    Authors: Liangta Huang, Feiyan Chen, Siqun Wang, Yibing Wei, Gangyong Huang, Jie Chen, Jingsheng Shi, Rajeev K. Naidu, Jun Xia and Tiger H. Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:544

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Low aspiration volumes have been recommended to allow for higher concentrations of progenitor cells during bone marrow harvesting. However, these guidelines then require multiple aspiration attempts in order t...

    Authors: Lukas N. Muench, Cameron Kia, Alexander Otto, Julian Mehl, Joshua B. Baldino, Mark P. Cote, Mary Beth McCarthy, Knut Beitzel and Augustus D. Mazzocca

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:543

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Musculoskeletal symptoms account for the majority of work-related illnesses resulting in a significant economic burden on society. Computer users are subject to unique repetitive strains that predispose them t...

    Authors: Malak Al Shammari, Ali Hassan, Omran Al Dandan, Mohammed Al Gadeeb and Dalal Bubshait

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:541

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Altered thickness, cross-sectional area and activity of deep neck muscles have frequently been reported in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain (CNNP). It is claimed that these muscles do not recover s...

    Authors: Pegah Kashfi, Noureddin Karimi, Anneli Peolsson and Leila Rahnama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:540

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a single- vs. double-layer cementing technique on morphological cementation and the generation of microscopic cement layers or loose cement fragments i...

    Authors: Christian B. Scheele, Matthias F. Pietschmann, Christian Schröder, Christian Suren, Thomas M. Grupp and Peter E. Müller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:539

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Volar locked plate for distal radius fracture is one of the common procedures performed in trauma surgery. There are already some factors which can be used to predict the functional outcome after volar locked ...

    Authors: Hui Yao, Weijia Zhang, Wenbin Xu, Kaihua Liu and Yichun Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Children and young people make up an age group most vulnerable to falls. Various stability disorders may become instrumental in sustaining more frequent falls and resultant fractures. Correct morphological str...

    Authors: Beata Szczepanowska-Wolowiec, Paulina Sztandera, Ireneusz Kotela and Marek Zak

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Injury to the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IBSN) is common during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a standard midline skin incision. Occasionally, painful neuromas form at the transection of ...

    Authors: Yongbo Xiang, Zeng Li, Peng Yu, Zhibo Zheng, Bin Feng and Xisheng Weng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:536

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Achilles tendinopathy is one of the most common overuse injuries in running, and forefoot pronation, seen in flatfeet participants, has been proposed to cause additional loading across the Achilles tendon. Foo...

    Authors: Kawin K. W. Lee, Samuel K. K. Ling and Patrick S. H. Yung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of reduction quality, using intraoperative 3D imaging, on quality of life and functional outcome in the operative treatment of tibial plafond fractures.

    Authors: Maxim Privalov, Finn Euler, Holger Keil, Benedict Swartman, Nils Beisemann, Jochen Franke, Paul Alfred Grützner and Sven Y. Vetter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:534

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) is one of the most important measures for preventing surgical site infections (SSIs); however, controversies remain regarding its adequate duration. Although the World Health Or...

    Authors: Kosei Nagata, Koji Yamada, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Tsuyoshi Miyazaki, Fumiaki Tokimura, Hiroyuki Oka, Yasuhito Tajiri, Sakae Tanaka and Hiroshi Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:533

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Circulatory osteocalcin (OC) has been widely used as a biomarker to indicate bone turnover status in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO). However, the change of serum OC (sOC) level in PMO cases compared to post...

    Authors: Zhongyu Liu, Ruiqiang Chen, Yutong Jiang, Yang Yang, Lei He, Chunxiao Luo, Jianwen Dong and Limin Rong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:532

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Prognosis of musculoskeletal disorders following injury is essential in determining appropriate treatment and care. A generic validated prognostic tool to stratify risk of poor recovery for people with musculo...

    Authors: Ha Nguyen, Trudy Rebbeck, Annette Kifley, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Michael Dinh, Amith Shetty, Michael Nicholas and Ian D. Cameron

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:531

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the three dimensional (3D) femoral head displacement in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and Crowe classification.

    Authors: Rongshan Cheng, Henghui Zhang, Willem Alexander Kernkamp, Jingmao Zheng, Kerong Dai, Yifei Yao, Liao Wang and Tsung-Yuan Tsai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:530

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The aim of this study was to investigate what exposure to work demands, physical and psychosocial, is associated with lower levels of sickness absence among workers with neck or upper back pain in different gr...

    Authors: Stefan Oliv, Ewa Gustafsson, Adnan Noor Baloch, Mats Hagberg and Helena Sandén

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:529

    Content type: Research article

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  27. It is theorized that neck pain may cause reduced postural control due to the known physiological connection between the receptors in the cervical spine and the vestibular system. The purpose of this study was ...

    Authors: Mari K. Knapstad, Frederik K. Goplen, Tove Ask, Jan S. Skouen and Stein Helge G. Nordahl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:528

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Fractures of the humeral shaft represent 2–4% of all fractures. Fractures of the humerus have traditionally been approached posteriorly for open reduction and internal fixation. Reports of treating midshaft fr...

    Authors: Sebastian Lotzien, Clemens Hoberg, Valentin Rausch, Thomas Rosteius, Thomas Armin Schildhauer and Jan Gessmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Gait kinematics after total hip replacement only partly explain the differences in the joint moments in the frontal plane between hip osteoarthritis patients after hip replacement and healthy controls. The goa...

    Authors: Stefan van Drongelen, Hanna Kaldowski, Timur Tarhan, Ayman Assi, Andrea Meurer and Felix Stief

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:526

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In cases of neck and shoulder pain, the responsibility for assessing work prognosis is held by clinicians with access to different domains of information. One of these domains is magnetic resonance imaging (MR...

    Authors: Line Thorndal Moll, Anne Mette Schmidt, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Merete Labriola, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Morten Wasmod Kindt, Tue Secher Jensen and Berit Schiøttz-Christensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:525

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The surgical approaches to thoracolumbar junction (T12-L1) tuberculosis were controversial. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of three different procedures through a multicentre retrospective study.

    Authors: Yanping Zeng, Peng Cheng, Jiulin Tan, Zhilin Li, Yuan Chen, Li Tao Li, Yonghong Zheng, Gaoju Wang, Jianzhong Xu and Zehua Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The construction industry is one of the most hazardous working areas, where the highest number of labourers engaged. However, the predisposing factors for occupational injury in the construction sites in Ethio...

    Authors: Fentahun Berhanu, Mulat Gebrehiwot and Zemichael Gizaw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:523

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Simple tenotomy and anchor tenodesis are commonly used in treatment of long biceps tendon (LHB) pathologies. The tenotomy can result in biceps distalization or cosmetic deformities. A novel loop Tenodesis Tech...

    Authors: Maximilian Kerschbaum, Andreas Voss, Christian Pfeifer, Isabella Weiss, Agnes Mayr, Volker Alt, Stefan Greiner and Stephan Grechenig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The killer turn has been documented as the primary drawback of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. Fanelli advocated placing the tibial tunnel outlet in the inferior lateral part of the PCL fovea...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Wang, Yan Xiong, Qi Li, Gang Chen, Zhong Zhang, Xin Tang and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:521

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Nutritional factors including vitamin D, magnesium, and fat are known to affect bone mineral accrual. This study aimed to evaluate associations between dietary nutrient intakes (both macronutrients and micronu...

    Authors: Guo-Hau Gou, Feng-Jen Tseng, Sheng-Hao Wang, Pao-Ju Chen, Jia-Fwu Shyu and Ru-Yu Pan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:520

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Although the delivery of appropriate healthcare is an important goal, the definition of what constitutes appropriate care is not always agreed upon. The RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method is one of the most well...

    Authors: Patricia M. Herman, Margaret D. Whitley, Gery W. Ryan, Eric L. Hurwitz and Ian D. Coulter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:519

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Severe acetabular bone defects is a complex problem in revision hip arthroplasty, cage is one of the reconstruction options. The purpose of this study is to report the mid-long term clinical and radiographic r...

    Authors: Qiang Xiao, Haoyang Wang, Kai Zhou, Duan Wang, Tingxian Ling, Fuxing Pei and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:517

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Pain neuroscience education (PNE) has been shown to reduce pain or psychological symptoms in patients with chronic pain and preoperative knee osteoarthritis; however, the evidence of its effectiveness in hospi...

    Authors: Naoki Deguchi, Yoshiyuki Hirakawa, Shota Izawa, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Keito Muraki, Ryouiti Oshibuti and Yasuki Higaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:516

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Quantification of vertebral bone marrow (VBM) water–fat composition has been proposed as advanced imaging biomarker for osteoporosis. Estrogen deficiency is the primary reason for trabecular bone loss in postm...

    Authors: Michael Dieckmeyer, Stefan Ruschke, Alexander Rohrmeier, Jan Syväri, Ingo Einspieler, Vanadin Seifert-Klauss, Monika Schmidmayr, Stephan Metz, Jan S. Kirschke, Ernst J. Rummeny, Claus Zimmer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos and Thomas Baum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:515

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is prevalent and often associated with meniscal tear. Physical therapy (PT) and exercise regimens are often used to treat OA or meniscal tear, but, to date, few programs have been desi...

    Authors: Clare E. Safran-Norton, James K. Sullivan, James J. Irrgang, Hannah M. Kerman, Kim L. Bennell, Gary Calabrese, Leigh Dechaves, Brian Deluca, Alexandra B. Gil, Madhuri Kale, Brittney Luc-Harkey, Faith Selzer, Derek Sople, Peter Tonsoline, Elena Losina and Jeffrey N. Katz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:514

    Content type: Correspondence

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  41. Limb length discrepancy (LLD) is one of the main cause of dissatisfaction after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The teardrop-lesser trochanter method can accurately predict and analyze LLD for healthy people. Ho...

    Authors: Renwen Guo, Jerry Yongqiang Chen, Guoqiang Zhang, Yonggang Zhou, Jiying Chen and Wei Chai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:513

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Meniscus injury and meniscectomy both entail increased risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Thigh muscle weakness is a suggested mediator of OA but there is little evidence of its importance for knee OA developme...

    Authors: Ylva B. Ericsson, Ewa M. Roos, Henrik Owman and Leif E. Dahlberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:512

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Proximal humeral fractures (PHFs) are the third most commonly occurring fractures in elderly patients. Most of these fractures can be treated with conservative methods, but the optimal surgical treatment strat...

    Authors: Xueliang Cui, Hui Chen, Binbin Ma, Wenbin Fan and He Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) is a 14-item patient-reported questionnaire that measures attitudes and beliefs about the consequences of back pain. The BBQ has recently been translated into Norwegian, bu...

    Authors: Alexander Tingulstad, Rikke Munk, Margreth Grotle, Ørjan Vigdal, Kjersti Storheim and Birgitta Langhammer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Hallux valgus(HV) with an increased distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA) is one of the most common foot deformities among adults. Double metatarsal osteotomy (DMO) is effective in treating severe HV deform...

    Authors: Xinwen Wang, Qian Wen, Yi Li, Cheng Liu, Kai Zhao, Hongmou Zhao and Xiaojun Liang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:508

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The video Animated Activity Questionnaire (AAQ) was developed to assess the impact of lower limb osteoarthritis (OA) on daily functional activities. The objective of the study was to compare the video and the ...

    Authors: L. Dubouis, W. Ngueyon-Sime, W. Peter, A. Vallata, J. Epstein, A-C. Rat, N. Agrinier, C. B. Terwee and F. Guillemin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Chronic musculoskeletal pain affects more than 20% of the population, and the prevalence is increasing, causing suffering, loss of quality of life, disability, and an enormous expenditure on healthcare resourc...

    Authors: Miguel A. Galán-Martín, Federico Montero-Cuadrado, Enrique Lluch-Girbes, M. Carmen Coca-López, Agustín Mayo-Iscar and Antonio Cuesta-Vargas

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:505

    Content type: Study protocol

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