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  1. Foot problems are highly prevalent in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment of foot problems related to rheumatoid arthritis often consists of custom made foot orthoses. One of the assumed working mech...

    Authors: Marloes Tenten-Diepenmaat, Joost Dekker, Jos W. R. Twisk, Elleke Huijbrechts, Leo D. Roorda and Marike van der Leeden

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:348

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Hypoparathyroidism is characterized by low or inappropriately normal levels of parathyroid hormone leading to hypocalcemia. In this report, a case of recurrent fifth metatarsal stress fractures in a profession...

    Authors: Itaru Kawashima, Atsushi Yamaga, Ryosuke Kawai, Yushi Hoshino and Shinya Ishizuka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:347

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) is the most common type of primary osteoporosis. ESR1 polymorphism rs2234693 and rs9340799 has been widely studied as a candidate gene associated with PMO, however, the findings ...

    Authors: Jin Shu, Junling Li, Yujuan Fu, Xuelian Hui, Yani Jin, Mengjie Chen, Xin Zheng and Yaowu Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:346

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Synovial fluid culture is the standard investigation for the preoperative diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). However, the culture has limited sensitivity and requires several days until result....

    Authors: Christian Morgenstern, Nora Renz, Sabrina Cabric, Elena Maiolo, Carsten Perka and Andrej Trampuz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:345

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A few previous studies have investigated patient satisfaction after total hip arthroplasty (THA) according to the degree of pelvic deformity. This study compared patient-reported outcomes after primary THA for...

    Authors: Ken Ueoka, Tamon Kabata, Yoshitomo Kajino, Daisuke Inoue, Takaaki Ohmori, Takuro Ueno, Junya Yoshitani, Yuki Yamamuro and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:344

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Running is one of the most popular sports worldwide. Despite low back pain (LBP) represents the most common musculoskeletal disorder in population and in sports, there is currently sparse evidence about preval...

    Authors: Filippo Maselli, Lorenzo Storari, Valerio Barbari, Andrea Colombi, Andrea Turolla, Silvia Gianola, Giacomo Rossettini and Marco Testa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:343

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Extensor apparatus rupture is a severe complication after knee arthroplasty, but there have not been many reports on how to perform knee arthroplasty after chronic patellar ligament rupture. We reported a case...

    Authors: Xuejun Zhang, Yun Li, Jianfeng Chen, Chao Yan, Xiaoyi Tan and Huafang Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:342

    Content type: Case report

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  8. A femoral bone tunnel in ACL reconstruction can be constructed from the outside in or from the inside out. When doing it inside out, the approach can be via the anteromedial (AM) portal or through the tibial b...

    Authors: Leena Metso, Kirsi-Maaria Nyrhinen, Ville Bister, Jerker Sandelin and Arsi Harilainen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:341

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Multiple surgical procedures are applied in young patients with symptomatic lumbar spondylolysis when conservative treatments fail. Although the optimal surgical procedure option is controversial, the treatmen...

    Authors: Mengran Jin, Jun Zhang, Haiyu Shao, Jianwen Liu, Tingxiao Zhao and Yazeng Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:340

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is a major cause of low back pain. Although the mechanism of degeneration remains unclear, aging has been recognized as a key risk factor for IVDD. Most studies seeking ...

    Authors: Chensheng Qiu, Xiaolin Wu, Jiang Bian, Xuexiao Ma, Guoqing Zhang, Zhu Guo, Yan Wang, Yandong Ci, Qizun Wang, Hongfei Xiang and Bohua Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:339

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the direct anterior approach and posterior approach for primary total hip arthroplasty in terms of the clinical, functional and radiograph...

    Authors: Linbo Peng, Yi Zeng, Yuangang Wu, Junfeng Zeng, Yuan Liu and Bin Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:338

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Concerning the high prevalence of anxiety disorders and joint hypermobility in children and the lack of related studies in this age group, we aimed to assess the association of hypermobility with anxiety disor...

    Authors: Vadood Javadi Parvaneh, Shadialsadat Modaress, Ghazal Zahed, Khosro Rahmani and Reza Shiari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:337

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To study the correlation of neurological function in degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) patients with quantitative assessment of spinal cord compression and impairment by intraoperative ultrasound imaging ...

    Authors: Guoliang Chen, Jiachun Li, Fuxin Wei, Qiao Ji, Wenyuan Sui, Bailing Chen, Xuenong Zou, Zuofeng Xu, Xizhe Liu and Shaoyu Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:336

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In most institutions, arterial embolization (AE) remains a standard procedure to achieve hemostasis during the resuscitation of patients with pelvic fractures. However, the actual benefits of AE are controvers...

    Authors: Chih-Yang Lai, I-Chuan Tseng, Chun-Yi Su, Yung-Heng Hsu, Ying-Chao Chou, Huan-Wu Chen and Yi-Hsun Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:335

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Pressure ulcers (PU), one of the common challenging public health problems affecting patient with spinal cord injury. PUs occurs over bony areas of the body where pressure and tissue distortion is greatest. It...

    Authors: Wondimeneh Shibabaw Shiferaw, Tadesse Yirga Akalu, Henok Mulugeta and Yared Asmare Aynalem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:334

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The anteroposterior view of the lumbar plain radiograph (AP-LPR) was chosen as the original and first radiographic tool to determine and classify lumbosacral transitional vertebra with morphological abnormalit...

    Authors: Lisheng Hou, Xuedong Bai, Haifeng Li, Tianjun Gao, Wei Li, Tianyong Wen, Qing He, Dike Ruan, Lijing Shi and Wei Bing

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:333

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoarthritis is generally a slowly progressive disorder. However, at least 1 in 7 people with incident knee osteoarthritis develop an abrupt progression to advanced-stage radiographic disease, many within 12...

    Authors: Jeffrey B. Driban, Matthew S. Harkey, Mary F. Barbe, Robert J. Ward, James W. MacKay, Julie E. Davis, Bing Lu, Lori Lyn Price, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo and Timothy E. McAlindon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:332

    Content type: Review

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  18. Allografts and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages are the two most commonly used materials in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). However, their effectiveness in two-level ACDF remains controversial...

    Authors: Ing How Moo, Carmen Jia Wen Kam, Maksim Wen Sheng Lai, William Yeo and Reuben Chee Cheong Soh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:331

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Several studies have been performed to investigate association between IL-6 174G/C (rs1800795) and 572C/G (rs1800796) gene polymorphisms and osteoporosis predisposition. However, the results were conflicting. ...

    Authors: Bin Chen and Hong-zhuo Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:330

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The treatment of fracture-related infections (FRI) is still a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. The prevalence of FRI is particularly high in open fractures with extensive soft-tissue damage. This study aimed...

    Authors: Lars Helbig, Thorsten Guehring, Nadine Titze, Dennis Nurjadi, Robert Sonntag, Jonas Armbruster, Britt Wildemann, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Alfred Paul Gruetzner and Holger Freischmidt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:329

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (QuickDASH) and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) are commonly used outcome instruments for measuring self-reported disability in p...

    Authors: Tarjei Rysstad, Margreth Grotle, Lars Petter Klokk and Anne Therese Tveter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:328

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The most frequently used surgical procedures for treating a proximal humeral fracture (PHF) are plate osteosynthesis, nail osteosynthesis and arthroplasty. Evidence-based recommendations for an appropriate sur...

    Authors: N. Alispahic, S. Brorson, C. Bahrs, A. Joeris, A. Steinitz and L. Audigé

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:327

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Musculoskeletal disorders are the leading cause of sickness absence and disability pension in Norway. There is strong evidence that long-term sickness absence due to musculoskeletal disorders are associated wi...

    Authors: Anne Therese Tveter, Britt Elin Øiestad, Tarjei Langseth Rysstad, Fiona Aanesen, Alexander Tingulstad, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen and Margreth Grotle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:326

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. The aims of this study were to adapt the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI) questionnaire into a simplified Chinese version and to assess its reliability, validity, and responsiveness in Ch...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Jun Sheng, Yinchao Tang, Qingyun Xie, Meng Wei, Zhiqiang Li and Wei Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:325

    Content type: Research article

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  25. With increasing number of patients undergoing spine surgery, the spinal epidural hemorrhage (SEH) has become a growing concern. However, current studies on SEH rely on case reports or observations from a singl...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Park, Sunny Park and Soo An Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:324

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Consensus on tibial rotation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the closest anatomical reference to surgical epicondylar axis (SEA) among 10 tibial m...

    Authors: Yufeng Lu, Xiaoyu Ren, Benyin Liu, Peng Xu and Yangquan Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:323

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The popliteus tendon (PT) or lateral collateral ligament (LCL) stabilizes the postero-lateral aspects of the knees. When surgeons perform total knee arthroplasty (TKA), PT and LCL iatrogenic injuries are a ris...

    Authors: Akihito Takubo, Keinosuke Ryu, Takanori Iriuchishima, Masahiro Nagaoka, Yasuaki Tokuhashi and Shin Aizawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:322

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Although osteoblastoma is an uncommon benign bone tumor, it sometimes behaves in a locally aggressive fashion. We herein report a case of recurrent lumbar spine osteoblastoma that was treated by repeated surge...

    Authors: Akira Honda, Yoichi Iizuka, Reiko Imai, Masahiro Nishinome, Junko Hirato, Hiromi Koshi, Tokue Mieda, Hiroyuki Sonoda, Sho Ishiwata, Yohei Kakuta, Tsuyoshi Tajika and Hirotaka Chikuda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:321

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Altered motor unit (MU) activity has been identified after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, but its effect on muscle tissue properties is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare thigh muscula...

    Authors: April L. McPherson, Nathaniel A. Bates, Clifton R. Haider, Takashi Nagai, Timothy E. Hewett and Nathan D. Schilaty

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:320

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Musculoskeletal and sleep disorders have been reported to be very common among health care and hospital workers and particularly nurses. They are assumed or found to be a result of psychological stress and/or ...

    Authors: Oliver Hämmig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:319

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Severe kyphotic deformities carry high risk for neurological injuries as osteotomies are often required for correction. Surgeons often utilize a staged approach for dealing with these conditions starting with ...

    Authors: Austin Samuel Laifun Lim, Azizul Akram Bin Sali and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:318

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The incidence of periprosthetic fractures after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is rising due to an increasing number of TJAs performed annually and the growing elderly population. In many elderly patients with...

    Authors: Koji Nozaka, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Hidetomo Saito, Hiroaki Kijima, Hiroyuki Tsuchie, Motoki Mita and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:317

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To examine the associations between hip muscle cross-sectional area and hip pain and function in community-based individuals with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis.

    Authors: Waruna L. Peiris, Flavia M. Cicuttini, Maria Constantinou, Abbas Yaqobi, Sultana Monira Hussain, Anita E. Wluka, Donna Urquhart, Rod Barrett, Ben Kennedy and Yuanyuan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:316

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The need for a transfusion is one of the adverse events following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and accurately predicting this need remains challenging for arthroplasty surgeons. The purpose of the present re...

    Authors: Chuan Hu, Yuan-he Wang, Rui Shen, Chuan Liu, Kang Sun, Lin Ye, Jian-jun Ye, Xu Yang, Shao-qi Tian and Teng-bo Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:315

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common, chronic, progressive and degenerative disease which affects patients’ quality of life and may cause disability and social isolation. OA is a huge economic burden for the p...

    Authors: Paweł Bąkowski, Jakub Kaszyński, Joanna Wałecka, Kinga Ciemniewska-Gorzela, Kamilla Bąkowska-Żywicka and Tomasz Piontek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:314

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Hand rehabilitation needs valid evaluation tools; the 400-point Hand Assessment (HA) is an exhaustive but not standardised tool. The aim of this study was to validate a standardised version of this test.

    Authors: Michel Konzelmann, Cyrille Burrus, Colette Gable, François Luthi and Jean Paysant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Lumbar multifidus (LM) is regarded as the major stabilizing muscle of the spine. The effects of exercise therapy in low back pain (LBP) are attributed to this muscle. A current literature review is warranted, ...

    Authors: Anke Hofste, Remko Soer, Hermie J. Hermens, Heiko Wagner, Frits G. J. Oosterveld, André P. Wolff and Gerbrand J. Groen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:312

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The lifetime implants is a key parameter that the surgeon should take into account at the time of the primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was a clinical and radiographical evaluation of...

    Authors: Petr Fulin, David Pokorny, Jan Hert and Antonin Sosna

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:311

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Nurses in Africa are arguably the most important frontline healthcare workers available in most healthcare facilities, performing a broad range of tasks. Such tasks are considerably presumed in the causation o...

    Authors: Ayele Semachew Kasa, Yinager Workineh, Emiru Ayalew and Worku Animaw Temesgen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:310

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) seems to be high in patients undergoing pelvic and sacrum tumor resection assisted by abdominal aortic balloon occlusion. We hypothesized that the accumulative occl...

    Authors: Junjun Xu, Huiying Zhao, Xiaodan Zhang and Yi Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:309

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To obtain information on feasibility and acceptability, as well as preliminary data on efficacy, of an Osteoarthritis Physical activity Care Pathway (OA-PCP).

    Authors: Kelli Allen, Maihan B. Vu, Leigh F. Callahan, Rebecca J. Cleveland, Abigail L. Gilbert, Yvonne M. Golightly, Ida Griesemer, Kimberlea Grimm, Derek P. Hales, David G. Hu, Katie Huffman, Amanda E. Nelson, Ami Pathak, Jennifer Rees, Zachary D. Rethorn and Anne E. Wandishin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:308

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Posterior occipitocervical fixation and fusion are often required to address occipitocervical instability. Safe, stable internal fixation with screws is vital for the success of such surgery. Thus, poor select...

    Authors: Guanyi Liu, Qing Li, Feng Sheng, Nanjian Xu, Ming Li, Yang Wang and Weihu Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:307

    Content type: Case report

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  43. This is a retrospective study of the use of parallel endplate osteotomy (PEO) for correction of severe rigid thoracolumbar spine deformity.

    Authors: Hang Liao, Houguang Miao, Peng Xie, Yueyue Wang, Ningdao Li, Guizhou Zheng, Xuedong Li and Shixin Du

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:306

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Animal studies have reported an increase in pelvic floor muscle stiffness during pregnancy, which might be a protective process against perineal trauma at delivery. Our main objective is to describe the change...

    Authors: Bertrand Gachon, Xavier Fritel, Fabrice Pierre and Antoine Nordez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:305

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. Even though surgical techniques and implants have evolved, periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a serious complication leading to poor postoperative outcome and a high mortality. The literature is lack...

    Authors: Emre Yilmaz, Alexandra Poell, Hinnerk Baecker, Sven Frieler, Christian Waydhas, Thomas A. Schildhauer and Uwe Hamsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:304

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The high numbers of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among soldiers in the Swedish Armed Forces has led to the implementation of an effective prevention program, the musculoskeletal screening protocol (MSP), in...

    Authors: Matthias Tegern, Ulrika Aasa, Björn O. Äng and Helena Larsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:303

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Neurogenic origin intermittent claudication is typically caused by lumbar spinal canal stenosis. However, there are few reports of intermittent claudication caused by cervical spinal cord compression.

    Authors: Takuhei Kozaki, Akihito Minamide, Hiroshi Iwasaki, Yasutsugu Yuakawa, Muneharu Ando and Hiroshi Yamada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:302

    Content type: Case report

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  48. An arthroscopic narrow posteromedial gap of the knee may cause failure of a meniscus operation. The posteromedial complex (PMC) of the knee, including the posterior part of the medial collateral ligament (MCL)...

    Authors: Xu Han, Peizhao Wang, Jinyang Yu, Xiao Wang and Honglue Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:301

    Content type: Research article

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  49. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators in osteogenesis and cartilage formation. This study was designed to investigate whether miR-532-5p plays a role in the regulation of osteoporosis.

    Authors: Xinyu Guo, Shijun Wei, Feng Xu, Xianhua Cai, Huasong Wang and Ran Ding

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:296

    Content type: Research article

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