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  1. Decreased computed tomography (CT) attenuation of muscle is independently associated with muscle weakness. The CT attenuation of the abdominal wall muscles may correlate with that of the psoas in patients with...

    Authors: Xuechao Du, Pengtao Sun, Yuchang Yan, Xiang Gong, Yufei Lian and Zhenyu Pan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:646

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The aim of this study was to evaluate the completeness of reporting of exercise adherence and exercise interventions delivered as part of clinical trials of post-operative total knee replacement (TKA) rehabili...

    Authors: Nora Bakaa, Lu Hsi Chen, Lisa Carlesso, Julie Richardson and Luciana Macedo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:602

    Content type: Research

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  3. A triple-tapered polished femoral stem was implanted with line-to-line cementing technique. The purpose of this study was to determine the survivorship, loosening rate, stem subsidence, radiologic changes and ...

    Authors: Hirotsugu Ohashi, Satoshi Iida and Izumi Minato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:601

    Content type: Research

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  4. Dysregulation of the OPG/RANK/RANKL signalling pathway is a key step in the occurrence of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). This study aims to understand the degree of methylation of the O...

    Authors: Menghu Sun, Yuju Cao, Xiaolong Yang, Feimeng An, Huiqiang Wu and Jianzhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:599

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Bony fusion rate was significantly lower in patients with type 3 Modic change than patients with normal endplates. It is not known whether there are relevant differences in fusion efficiency among patients wit...

    Authors: Hao Li, Shou Chen, He-Yu Wei, Chuang-Ye Han, Fan-Yue Zeng, Shuang-Shuang Yuan, Hong-Yu Qin and Jin-Song Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:598

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The Margin of Stability (MoS) is a widely used objective measure of dynamic stability during gait. Increasingly, researchers are using the MoS to assess the stability of pathological populations to gauge their...

    Authors: Fraje Watson, Peter C. Fino, Matthew Thornton, Constantinos Heracleous, Rui Loureiro and Julian J. H. Leong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:597

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To compare the validation of four tools for identifying painful new osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (PNOVCFs) in older Chinese men: bone mineral density (BMD), Asian osteoporosis self-assessment t...

    Authors: Ning An, Ji Sheng Lin and Qi Fei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:596

    Content type: Research

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  8. German social legislation gives patients the right to obtain a second opinion before elective surgery and defines quality criteria for reimbursement by statutory health insurances. However, the effects of seco...

    Authors: Martin Weigl, Jens Pietzner, Rebecca Kisch, Alexander Paulus, Volkmar Jansson and Eva Grill

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:595

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Determining the infection rate and mortality probability in healthy patients who have undergone orthopedic and trauma surgeries (OTS) during a period of uncontrolled COVID-19 transmission may help to inform pr...

    Authors: Fernando Corella, Roberto S. Rosales, David Guzman Domenech, Miguel Cañones Martín and Ricardo Larrainzar-Garijo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:594

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Unintentional injury is one of the top three causes of death for infants. However, the epidemiological studies of skeletal trauma and skull fractures in infants younger than 1 year were poorly understood in Ch...

    Authors: Hansheng Deng, Xin Qiu, Qiru Su, Shuaidan Zeng, Shuai Han, Shicheng Li, Zhiwen Cui, Tianfeng Zhu, Zhu Xiong, Gen Tang and Shengping Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:593

    Content type: Research

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  11. Knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score questionnaire is a widely used tool for measuring short and long-term patient-relevant outcomes following knee injury. KOOS is neither translated nor examined for p...

    Authors: Sahar Fatima, Syed Asadullah Arslan, Faiza Sharif, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani and Anna Zaheer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:592

    Content type: Research

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  12. Infection after vertebral augmentation (VA) often limits the daily activities of patients and even threatens their life. The operation may be one of the effective treatments if the patient suffers from intoler...

    Authors: Shuai Zhang, Song Wang, Qing Wang, Jin Yang and Shuang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:591

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The treatment of tibial fractures with an intramedullary nail is an established procedure. However, torsional control remains challenging using intraoperatively diagnostic tools.

    Authors: Alexander M. Keppler, Konstantin Küßner, Anna-Lena Schulze, Eduardo M. Suero, Carl Neuerburg, Maximilian Weigert, Christian Braun, Wolfgang Böcker, Christian Kammerlander and Christian Zeckey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:590

    Content type: Research

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  14. We examined the visibility of fractures of hand and forearm in whole-body CT and its influence on delayed diagnosis. This study is based on a prior study on delayed diagnosis of fractures of hand and forearm i...

    Authors: S. Kim, L. Goelz, F. Münn, D. Kim, M. Millrose, A. Eisenschenk, S. Thelen and M. Lautenbach

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:589

    Content type: Research

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  15. Here we compared the clinical efficacy of bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) and percutaneous curved kyphoplasty (PCKP) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).

    Authors: Chen Wang, Yu Zhang, Wang Chen, Shi-Lei Yan, Kai-Jin Guo and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:588

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Distal radial fractures (DRF) are one of the most common fractures with a small peak in incidence among young males and an increasing incidence with age among women. The reliable classification of fractures is...

    Authors: Malena Bergvall, Carl Bergdahl, Carl Ekholm and David Wennergren

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:587

    Content type: Research

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  17. The purpose of this study was to compare the degree of accuracy of coronal alignment correction with use of the “alignment adjustment under valgus stress technique” between expert and novice surgeons during me...

    Authors: Man Soo Kim, In Jun Koh, Yong Gyu Sung, Dong Chul Park, Sung Bin Han and Yong In

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:585

    Content type: Research

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  18. The hip abductor muscles, primarily the gluteus medius, play an important role in stabilizing the pelvis during gait. Gluteus medius weakness is associated with biomechanical changes and musculoskeletal disord...

    Authors: Rafael Ratti Fenato, Allan Cezar Faria Araujo and Ana Tereza Bittencourt Guimarães

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:584

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Although periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication of total joint arthroplasty (TJA), the diagnosis of PJI remains challenging. Albumin (ALB), globulin (GLB), the albumin-to-globulin ratio ...

    Authors: Huhu Wang, Haikang Zhou, Rendong Jiang, Zhenhao Qian, Fei Wang and Li Cao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:583

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Despite having higher bone mineral density (BMD) values, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients are at increased risk of fracture. Trabecular bone score (TBS) obtained by evaluating bone microarchitecture mi...

    Authors: Negar Delbari, Alireza Rajaei, Mahbobeh Oroei, Arman Ahmadzadeh and Faraneh Farsad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:582

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of the present study was to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent different sequences of ipsilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

    Authors: Zunhan Liu, Wei-Nan Zeng, Zhenyu Luo, Enze Zhao, Hao Li and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:581

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Revisions are mainly caused by wear debris-induced aseptic loosening. How to effectively suppress debris-induced periprosthetic osteolysis has become an urgent problem. Both zoledronic acid and teriparatide ca...

    Authors: Peng Wang, Guang-qian Shang, Shuai Xiang, Hai-ning Zhang, Ying-zhen Wang and Hao Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:580

    Content type: Research

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  23. The economic burden of vertebral compression fractures (VCF) caused by osteoporosis was estimated at 37 billion euros in the European Union in 2010. In addition, the incidence is expected to increase by 25% in...

    Authors: Sonja Häckel, Angela A. Renggli, Christoph E. Albers, Lorin M. Benneker, Moritz C. Deml, Sebastian F. Bigdon, Sufian S. Ahmad and Sven Hoppe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:579

    Content type: Research

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  24. Ischial tuberosity apophyseal fractures are avulsion fractures of the anatomic footprint of the proximal hamstring tendons. Generally, these injuries are rare and frequently occur in skeletally immature, activ...

    Authors: Patricia M. Lutz, Michel Knörr, Stephanie Geyer, Andreas B. Imhoff and Matthias J. Feucht

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:578

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Current findings suggest that percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) is a suitable therapeutic approach for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). The present retrospective study aimed to investigate ...

    Authors: Qiujiang Li, Xingxia Long, Yinbin Wang, Tao Guan, Xiaomin Fang, Donggeng Guo, Jinhan Lv, Xuehua Hu, Xiaocheng Jiang and Lijun Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:577

    Content type: Research

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  26. The infra-acetabular corridor is quite narrow, which makes a challenge for the orthopedists to insert the screw. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the infra-acetabular corridor diameter (IAC...

    Authors: Quanyi Lu, Runtao Zhou, Shichang Gao, Anlin Liang, Mingming Yang and Haitao Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:576

    Content type: Research

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  27. Our objective was to obtain normal patellofemoral measurements to analyse sex and individual differences. In addition, the absolute values and indices of tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distances ar...

    Authors: Zhe Li, Guanzhi Liu, Run Tian, Ning Kong, Yue Li, Yiyang Li, Kunzheng Wang and Pei Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:575

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) is effective and increasingly utilized for the management of proximal humerus fracture (PHF). However, the optimal patient-reported outcome metrics (PROMs) for the ev...

    Authors: James Barger, Dafang Zhang, Derek S. Stenquist, Peter Ostergaard, Matthew Hall, George S. M. Dyer, Brandon E. Earp and Arvind von Keudell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:574

    Content type: Research

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  29. Post-traumatic tibial osteomyelitis is considered as complex clinical problem due to its unique characteristics such as prolonged course, multi-staged treatment and high recurrence rate. The purpose of this st...

    Authors: Ainizier Yalikun, Maimaiaili Yushan, Wenqiang Li, Alimujiang Abulaiti and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:573

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The hyaluronic acid (HA) injections are widely used in knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. We conducted the study comparing the efficacy and safety of single injection of Crosslinked Hyaluronic Acid Platform Hy...

    Authors: Teng-Le Huang and Chun-Hao Tsai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:572

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Interference screw is commonly used for graft fixation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, previous studies had reported that the insertion of interference screws significantly caused ...

    Authors: Yuanjun Teng, Xiaohui Zhang, Lijun Da, Jie Hu, Hong Wang, Hua Han, Meng Wu, Shifeng Zhang and Yayi Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:571

    Content type: Research

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  32. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (epiphysiolysis of the femoral head, SCFE) is the most common pediatric hip disease in 10–14 years old children. The most used procedure to correct a stable form of SCFE is in...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Rocco Papalia, Sergio De Salvatore, Laura Ruzzini, Vincenzo Candela, Ilaria Piergentili, Leonardo Oggiano, Pier Francesco Costici and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:570

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Excessive intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) accumulation is a primary cause of skeletal muscle insulin resistance, especially in older adults, and interventions that reduce IMCL contents are important to improve i...

    Authors: Maya Hioki, Nana Kanehira, Teruhiko Koike, Akira Saito, Hideyuki Takahashi, Kiyoshi Shimaoka, Hisataka Sakakibara, Yoshiharu Oshida and Hiroshi Akima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:569

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The Italian Spine Youth Quality of Life (ISYQOL) questionnaire is used to evaluate health-related quality of life in adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis. The study aimed to undertake the process of cultural ...

    Authors: Shanshan Liu, Junyang Liang, Nanfang Xu, Shuo Mai, Qi Wang, Lin Zeng, Chaojun Du, Yaoxu Du, Yan Zeng, Miao Yu and Zhongjun Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:568

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Skin necrosis and implant exposure most often appear at the corner of Extensile Lateral Approach for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for displaced intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus. Flap tr...

    Authors: Yingjie Liu, Peihua Cai, Liang Cheng and Yanfeng Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:567

    Content type: Research

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  36. Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are widely used in Europe and North America in a variety of areas including research, clinical governance, clinical registries and insurance ascertainment. The aim of ...

    Authors: James Reeves Mbori Ngwayi, Jie Tan, Ning Liang, Kenedy Uzoma Obie and Daniel Edward Porter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:566

    Content type: Research

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  37. This study investigated whether achieving a higher degree of knee flexion after TKA promoted the ability to perform high-flexion activities, as well as patient satisfaction and quality of life.

    Authors: Hyuk-Soo Han, Jong Seop Kim, Bora Lee, Sungho Won and Myung Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:565

    Content type: Research article

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  38. 40–50 % of all boys and 30–40 % of girls suffer from at least one fracture during childhood. A quarter of these fractures affects the wrist, making it the worst affected part of the body. Children often sustai...

    Authors: Hanna Südow and Cecilia Mellstrand Navarro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:564

    Content type: Research

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  39. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders worldwide. The National Disease Management Guideline (NVL) “Non-specific LBP” is a practical decision-making aid for both physicians and ...

    Authors: Carolin Bahns, Lisa Happe, Christian Thiel and Christian Kopkow

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:563

    Content type: Research

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  40. Obese patients are at risk of complications after spinal surgery. Full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy (FELD) has advantages over conventional open surgery in the treatment of obese adult patients with lumbar dis...

    Authors: Haijiang Yu, Bin Zhu, Qingpeng Song and Xiaoguang Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:562

    Content type: Research

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  41. Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a disease characterized by the limited function of the hip joint, knee pain, and abnormal gait. There is a lack of research on the effect of GMC on the hip joint structure t...

    Authors: Yi Zhang, Qihang Su, Yuanzhen Zhang, Heng’an Ge, Wang Wei and Biao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:561

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Psychological factors may impact recovery in patients undergoing treatment for shoulder complaints. The aim of this review is to systematically analyse the evidence for the effect of modifiable psychological f...

    Authors: Ali Sheikhzadeh, Maria M. Wertli, Shira Schecter Weiner, Eva Rasmussen-Barr and Sherri Weiser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:560

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Surgical reduction for high-grade spondylolisthesis is beneficial for restoring sagittal balance and improving the biomechanical environment for arthrodesis. Compared to posterior total laminectomy and long in...

    Authors: Kao-Chang Tu, Cheng-Min Shih, Kun-Hui Chen, Chien-Chou Pan, Fuu-Cheng Jiang, Cheng-En Hsu, Yun-Ming Wang and Cheng-Hung Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:559

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Inversion ankle sprains, or lateral ankle sprains, often result in symptomatic lateral ankle instability, and some patients need lateral ankle ligament reconstruction to reduce pain, improve function, and prev...

    Authors: Masato Takao, Danielle Lowe, Satoru Ozeki, Xavier M. Oliva, Ryota Inokuchi, Takayuki Yamazaki, Yoshitaka Takeuchi, Maya Kubo, Kentaro Matsui, Mai Katakura and Mark Glazebrook

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:558

    Content type: Research

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  45. Debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) is the recommended treatment for acute hematogenous periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, DAIR is associated ...

    Authors: Pruk Chaiyakit, Surapoj Meknavin, Natthapong Hongku and Ittiwat Onklin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:557

    Content type: Research

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  46. Superior biomechanical performance of tapered interference screws, compared with non-tapered screws, with reference to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction process, has been reported in the lite...

    Authors: Nazanin Daneshvarhashjin, Mahmoud Chizari, Javad Mortazavi and Gholamreza Rouhi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:556

    Content type: Research

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  47. Fractures in children under 2 years of age are rare, and little has been published on their mechanisms. We aimed at examining the incidence, mechanisms, pattern and fracture characteristics in a large, populat...

    Authors: Karen Rosendahl, Ramona Myklebust, Kjersti Foros Ulriksen, A. Nøttveit, Pernille Eide, Åsmund Djuve and Christina Brudvik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:555

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Exercise, especially weight-bearing exercise (e.g. walking), may affect plantar tissue viability due to prolonged repetitive high vertical and high shear pressure stimulus on the plantar tissue, and further in...

    Authors: Yijie Duan, Weiyan Ren, Liqiang Xu, Wenqiang Ye, Yih-Kuen Jan and Fang Pu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:554

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  49. Physical activity (PA) is important to general health and knee osteoarthritis (OA). Excessive workplace PA is an established risk factor for knee OA however, appropriate methods of measurement are unclear. The...

    Authors: Xia Wang, Thomas A Perry, Jimmy Caroupapoullé, Alexander Forrester, Nigel K Arden and David J Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:552

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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