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  1. Dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has an incidence of 2–3%. Approximately 77% of dislocations occur within the first year after surgery. The SuperPATH technique is a minimally invasive app...

    Authors: Andrew Kay, Derek Klavas, Varan Haghshenas, Mimi Phan and Daniel Le

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:478

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Reduced gliding ability of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel has been observed in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gliding abilities of the median n...

    Authors: Chien-Ting Liu, Dung-Huan Liu, Chii-Jen Chen, You-Wei Wang, Pao-Sheng Wu and Yi-Shiung Horng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:477

    Content type: Research

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  3. Fibrinogen (FIB) has been found to be a promising marker in diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), however, the value of FIB in predicting reinfection of PJI is unknown. The purpose of this study was...

    Authors: Dacheng Zhao, Jinwen He, Xingwen Wang, Xiaobing Zhao, Yayi Xia and Bin Geng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:474

    Content type: Research

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  4. Low back pain is often long-lasting, and implementation of low-cost interventions to improve care and minimise its burden is needed. GLA:D® Back is an evidence-based programme consisting of patient education a...

    Authors: Inge Ris, Daniel Broholm, Jan Hartvigsen, Tonny Elmose Andersen and Alice Kongsted

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:473

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Exercise is a common approach for the management of patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). However, there is no clear mechanistic evidence or consensus on what type of exercise is more effecti...

    Authors: Maryse Fortin, Meaghan Rye, Alexa Roussac, Neda Naghdi, Luciana Gazzi Macedo, Geoffrey Dover, James M. Elliott, Richard DeMont, Michael H. Weber and Véronique Pepin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:472

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Opioids continue to be the analgesic of choice for postoperative pain control following arthroscopic knee and shoulder surgery. Despite their widespread use, there are limited evidence-based clinical practice ...

    Authors: Aaron Gazendam, Seper Ekhtiari, Nolan S. Horner, Nicole Simunovic, Andrew Duong, Darren de Sa, Devin Peterson, Matthew Denkers, Vickas Khanna, Anthony Adili, Jaydeep Moro, Moin Khan and Olufemi R. Ayeni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:471

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Neuromuscular and quadriceps exercises have been shown to be effective approaches to relieve pain and to improve function for patients with knee osteoarthritis. In this study, we aim to provide an informative ...

    Authors: Lin Wang, Suhang Xie, Tianjie Bao, Siyi Zhu, Qiu Liang, Xiaoyi Wang, Ruishi Zhang, Xiaona Xiang, Chunping Du and Chengqi He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:470

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Osteomyelitis (OM) in the jaw is an inflammatory disease of osseous tissue that begins in the medullary space and progressively expands to the cortical portion of the bone, the Haversian system, the periosteum...

    Authors: Buyanbileg Sodnom-Ish, Mi Young Eo, Mi Hyun Seo, Jong Ho Lee and Soung Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:469

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Failure of surgical fixation in orthopaedic fractures occurs at a significantly higher rate in osteoporotic patients due to weakened osteoporotic bone. A therapy to acutely improve the mechanical properties of...

    Authors: Michael R. Eby, Danielle M. Cristino, Matthew Counihan, Kendall M. Masada, Jaimo Ahn and Michael W. Hast

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:468

    Content type: Research

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  10. The Nice knots have been widely used in orthopedic surgeries to fix torn soft tissue and fracture in recent years. The study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of intraoperative and postop...

    Authors: Fangning Hu, Xi Liu, Fanxiao Liu, Honglei Jia, Xiaolong Lv, Fengrui Wang, Shihong Xu, Juanjuan Yang, Lingfei Hu, Bomin Wang and Yongliang Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:467

    Content type: Research

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  11. To compare the diseased verses the non-diseased intervertebral surgery used in the treatment of thoracolumbar and lumbar spinal tuberculosis and to explore the best choice of fusion of fixation range.

    Authors: Zongqiang Yang, Changhao Liu, Ningkui Niu, Jing Tang, Jiandang Shi, Zili Wang and Huiqiang Ding

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:466

    Content type: Research

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  12. Care continuum models (also known as care cascade models) are used by researchers and health system planners to identify potential gaps or disparities in healthcare, but these models have limited applications ...

    Authors: Martha L. Carvour, Allyssa Chiu and Kimberly Page

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:465

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Limitations in spinal mobility are a characteristic feature of Axial Spondyloarthritis. Current clinical measurements of spinal mobility have shown low criterion-concurrent validity. This study sought to evalu...

    Authors: John Charles Snow, Kyle Simpson, Proton Rahman, Samuel Howarth and Diana De Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:464

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a common health problem among dentists. Dental treatment is mainly performed in a sitting position. The aim of the study was to quantify the effect of different ergonomic ch...

    Authors: F. Huppert, W. Betz, C. Maurer-Grubinger, F. Holzgreve, L. Fraeulin, N. Filmann, D. A. Groneberg and D. Ohlendorf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:462

    Content type: Research

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  15. The calcar femorale was identified long ago. However, our current understanding of the calcar is insufficient, and its related concepts are sometimes confused. The calcar femoral is an important anatomical str...

    Authors: Jin Mei, Lili Pang and Zhongchao Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:460

    Content type: Review

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  16. Low-back pain, including facet joint pain, accounts for up to 20 % of all sick leaves in DenmarkA proposed treatment option is cryoneurolysis. This study aims to investigate the effect of cryoneurolysis in lum...

    Authors: K. Truong, K. Meier, L. Nikolajsen, M. W. van Tulder, J. C.H Sørensen and M. M Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:458

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Demographic changes led to an increasingly ageing population in Germany and thus to possible changes in the frequency of fractures. The primary aim of this study was to report changes in fracture rates of the ...

    Authors: Philipp Hemmann, Maximilian Friederich, Daniel Körner, Tim Klopfer and Christian Bahrs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:456

    Content type: Research

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  18. There are large variations in symptoms and prognostic factors among patients sharing the same musculoskeletal (MSK) diagnosis, making traditional diagnostic labelling not very helpful in informing treatment or...

    Authors: Lene Aasdahl, Fredrik Granviken, Ingebrigt Meisingset, Astrid Woodhouse, Kari Anne I. Evensen and Ottar Vasseljen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:455

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Low back pain (LBP) is a top musculoskeletal problem and a substantial cause of socioeconomic burden internationally. The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBST) is a useful screening tool to manage patients with LBP...

    Authors: Taweewat Wiangkham, Nattawan Phungwattanakul, Natthathida Thongbai, Nisa Situy, Titipa Polchaika, Isara Kongmee, Duangporn Thongnoi, Rujirat Chaisang and Wanisara Suwanmongkhon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:454

    Content type: Research

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  20. Damage to sensory input is an underlying pathology of chronic ankle instability (CAI). Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the sensory function of patients with CAI. The present study quantitatively evaluat...

    Authors: Ran Zhang, Xi Zhang, Yaping Chen and Weiqun Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:453

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Strength recovery of injured knee is an important parameter for patients who want to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Comparison of muscle strength between anatomical and...

    Authors: Hai Jiang, Lei Zhang, Rui-Ying Zhang, Qiu-Jian Zheng and Meng-Yuan Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:452

    Content type: Research

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  22. Augmented Reality (AR) is a rapidly emerging technology finding growing acceptance and application in different fields of surgery. Various studies have been performed evaluating the precision and accuracy of A...

    Authors: Cyrill Dennler, David E. Bauer, Anne-Gita Scheibler, José Spirig, Tobias Götschi, Philipp Fürnstahl and Mazda Farshad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:451

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A majority of individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) are insufficiently physically active. Self-monitoring with wearable activity trackers (WAT) could promote physical activity (PA), and increased knowledge of P...

    Authors: Elin Östlind, Anita Sant’Anna, Frida Eek, Kjerstin Stigmar and Eva Ekvall Hansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:450

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Recurrent hemarthrosis that begin in childhood lead to progressive joint deterioration. Patients with haemophilia have chronic pain, functional disability and a reduced perception of health-related quality of ...

    Authors: Roberto Ucero-Lozano, José Antonio López-Pina, Alba Ortiz-Pérez and Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:448

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The induced membrane technique (IMT) is an effective strategy to repair bone defects and involves a two-stage set of surgical procedures. Although the IM has osteogenic activity, bone grafting is necessary in ...

    Authors: Ye Lu, Jian Wang, Ying Yang and Qudong Yin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:447

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Increasing evidence has shown benefits of spinal manipulations in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). There is scarcity regarding medium term effects of spinal manual therapy on outcome measures...

    Authors: Aldo Scafoglieri, Jona Van den Broeck, Stijn Willems, Rob Tamminga, Henk van der Hoeven, Yde Engelsma and Stijn Haverkamp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:446

    Content type: Research

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  27. Chronic low back pain (CLBP) prevalence has steadily increased over the last two decades. Manual therapy (MT) is recommended within a multimodal management approach to improve pain and disability although evid...

    Authors: A. Plank, A. Rushton, Y. Ping, R. Mei, D. Falla and N. R. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:444

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Osteitis fibrosa cystica is the classic manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), occurs after prolonged exposure of bone to high serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) level. It has become increasingly ra...

    Authors: Ekasame Vanitcharoenkul, Nontouch Singsampun, Aasis Unnanuntana and Sirinart Sirinvaravong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:443

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Modular prosthesis fracture, especially distal femoral fracture, is a rare complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, it is catastrophic, and may have a serious impact on the patients. A distal fem...

    Authors: Yuan-Pei Cheng, Xiao-Kang Cheng, Yong-Bo Li, Qian-Ru Zhang, Hao Feng, Yi-Han Zhong, Yan-Bo Zhang and Han Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:442

    Content type: Case report

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  30. The posterior plating technique could be used as a clinical alternative to parallel plating for treating comminuted distal humerus fractures (DHFs) successfully with good clinical results. However, the biomech...

    Authors: Chien-An Shih, Fa-Chuan Kuan, Kai-Lan Hsu, Chih-Kai Hong, Cheng-Li Lin, Ming-Long Yeh and Wei-Ren Su

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:440

    Content type: Research

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  31. Spondyloarthritis (SpA) has a significant impact on patients’ quality of life due to functional impairments. Generic health instruments like the EuroQoL 5-dimension (EQ-5D) is important for cost-utility analys...

    Authors: Helen Hoi Lun Tsang, Carlos King Ho Wong, Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Chak Sing Lau, Ho Yin Chung and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:439

    Content type: Research

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  32. Aging and obesity are the two major global health concerns. Sarcopenia, an age-linked disease, wherein a progressive loss of muscle volume, muscle strength, and physical activity occurs. In this study we evalu...

    Authors: Nima Montazeri-Najababady, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Nasrin Nasimi, Zahra Sohrabi and Nazanin Chatrabnous

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:438

    Content type: Research

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  33. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may be associated with genu varum. There are a few indications in which the varus deformity can be corrected at the time of ACL reconstruction. However, as the genu varu...

    Authors: Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Abbas Noori, Farzad Vosoughi, Reza Rezaei Dogahe and Mohammad Javad Shariyate

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:437

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Spinal stiffness assessment has the potential to become an important clinical measure. Various spinal stiffness-testing devices are available to help researchers objectively evaluate the spine and patient comp...

    Authors: Maliheh Hadizadeh, Greg Kawchuk and Simon French

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:436

    Content type: Research

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  35. Opioid abuse is among the most ubiquitous issues world-wide, and when it happens in mothers, it puts them at risk of diseases that can be transferred to the next generation. Previous studies have indicated tha...

    Authors: Maryam Saeidinezhad, Vahid Razban, Hosein Safizadeh and Massood Ezzatabadipour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:435

    Content type: Research article

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  36. A functionally deficient anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is considered one of the contraindications in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). But there is still a lack of standardized and reproducible meth...

    Authors: Yuzhang Tao, Siying Tang, Pei Zhao, Wenlong Yan, Aiguo Zhou and Jian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:434

    Content type: Research

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  37. The outcomes for volar locking plate (VLP) and external fixation (EF) in distal radius fracture cases remain controversial. The current study of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to assess VLP and EF, ...

    Authors: Qi Gou, Xiong Xiong, Dan Cao, Yuanliang He and Xu Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:433

    Content type: Research

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  38. Altered regional activation of the lumbar extensors has been previously observed in individuals with low back pain (LBP) performing high-effort and fatiguing tasks. It is currently unknown whether similar alte...

    Authors: Francesca Serafino, Marco Trucco, Adele Occhionero, Giacinto Luigi Cerone, Alessandro Chiarotto, Taian Vieira and Alessio Gallina

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:432

    Content type: Research

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  39. Metacarpal shaft fractures are a common type of hand fracture. Despite providing strong fixation strength, plate fixation has numerous shortcomings. Concerning internal fixation with Kirschner wires (K-wires),...

    Authors: Yung-Cheng Chiu, Cheng-En Hsu, Tsung-Yu Ho, Yen-Nien Ting, Ming-Tzu Tsai and Jui-Ting Hsu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:431

    Content type: Research

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  40. Few studies have reported the clinical outcomes of the medial reefing procedure and lateral release with arthroscopic control of medial retinacular tension in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. The ...

    Authors: Kyung Wook Nha, Hyung Suh Kim, Sung Tan Cho, Ji Hoon Bae, Ki-Mo Jang and Sang-Gyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:430

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Biopsychosocial factors above and beyond pathoanatomical changes likely contribute to the severity of chronic low back pain. A pro-nociceptive endogenous pain modulatory balance (↓inhibition and ↑facilitation)...

    Authors: Demario S. Overstreet, Ava N. Michl, Terence M. Penn, Deanna D. Rumble, Edwin N. Aroke, Andrew M. Sims, Annabel L. King, Fariha N. Hasan, Tammie L. Quinn, D. Leann Long, Robert E. Sorge and Burel R. Goodin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:429

    Content type: Research

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  42. Single 6 ml Hylan G-F 20 injection, is indicated for knee osteoarthritis patients who have failed to respond to non-pharmacologic therapy and/or simple analgesics. To obtain more thorough understanding of the ...

    Authors: Yan Ke, Wenxue Jiang, Yongsheng Xu, Yajun Chen, Qingsong Zhang, Qingyun Xue, Jianhao Lin, Wilson Ngai, Gaowei Nian, Mir Sohail Fazeli, Yao Xie and Zhenan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:428

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Segmental cervical instability is a risk factor for the progression of osteophytic bone spurs and development of myelopathy, and is treated as a relative contraindication of cervical laminoplasty. The aim of t...

    Authors: Lin Du, Yanzheng Gao, Changqing Zhao, Tangjun Zhou, Haijun Tian, Kai Zhang and Jie Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:426

    Content type: Research

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  44. Fibrinogen (Fbg) and D-dimer have been used as biomarkers for the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). However, previous research has reported conflicting results on the diagnostic value of D-dim...

    Authors: Xi Chen, Wenwei Qian, Xisheng Weng, Jin Lin, Jin Jin, Yiou Wang and Shibai Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:422

    Content type: Research article

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