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  1. Content type: Research article

    This study describes how patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA), scheduled for arthroplasty, characterize their pain qualitatively and quantitatively and investigates whether differences exist in pain e...

    Authors: Josefina Skogö Nyvang, Josefine E. Naili, Maura D. Iversen, Eva W. Broström and Margareta Hedström

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:365

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Fibrous hamartoma of infancy(FHI) is a rare benign lesion most frequently occurring within the first year of life. So far, just over 200 cases have been reported in the English literature, in which the radiolo...

    Authors: Yang Ji, Peizhen Hu, Chuanshan Zhang, Qingguo Yan, Hong Cheng, Ming Han, Zhe Huang, Xia Wang, Heng Li and Yuedong Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:356

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Good outcomes have been reported in revision total hip replacement with massive segmental defects using impaction bone grafting with circumferential metal meshes. However, the morphology of defects that requir...

    Authors: Tohru Irie, Daisuke Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Asano, Tomohiro Shimizu, Ryuta Arai, Alaa Muhammad Terkawi, Yoichi M. Ito and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:355

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  4. Content type: Case report

    There are only a few published case reports of irreducible Galeazzi fracture-dislocation, and patients in these studies had undergone reduction by open surgical methods. Arthroscopy for the distal radioulnar j...

    Authors: Masayoshi Iwamae, Koichi Yano, Yasunori Kaneshiro and Hideki Sakanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:354

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  5. Content type: Research article

    We assessed the morphological differences in the knee joint related to knee rotation angle in patients with hip dysplasia. These results may explain the anatomy of the knee in patients with hip dysplasia and a...

    Authors: Norio Imai, Dai Miyasaka, Yuki Hirano, Hayato Suzuki, Kazuki Tsuchiya and Naoto Endo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:353

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between spinal alignment and skeletal muscle mass (SMM) has attracted attention in recent years. Sagittal alignment is known to deteriorate with age, but it is not known whether this is relate...

    Authors: Akihiko Hiyama, Hiroyuki Katoh, Daisuke Sakai, Masahiro Tanaka, Masato Sato and Masahiko Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:352

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    In the treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis (LE) no single intervention concerning injection therapies has been proven to be the most effective with regard to pain reduction. In this trial 3 injection therapies ...

    Authors: Renée Keijsers, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer, Koen L. M. Koenraadt, Michel P. J. van den Bekerom, Carina L. E. Gerritsma-Bleeker, Annechien Beumer, Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen and Denise Eygendaal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:351

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Isolated rectus femoris (RF) contracture is encountered very rarely in orthopaedic practices. There are few reports on its imaging manifestations and no cases reported to be treated with arthroscopy.

    Authors: Yunfeng Zhou, Zhengzheng Zhang, Jingyi Hou and Rui Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:350

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Female patients are more likely to have tendon injuries than males, especially those who has a higher concentration of relaxin. Previous studies have demonstrated that relaxin attenuates extracellular matrix (...

    Authors: Tianpeng Xu, Jiaxiang Bai, Menglei Xu, Binqing Yu, Jiayi Lin, Xiaobin Guo, Yu Liu, Di Zhang, Kai Yan, Dan Hu, Yuefeng Hao and Dechun Geng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:349

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a relatively common complication following hip surgery treated with open reduction and internal fixation, total arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty. Development of HO after hip su...

    Authors: Daichi Hayashi, Elaine S. Gould, Corey Ho, Dennis L. Caruana, David E. Komatsu, Jie Yang, Chencan Zhu, Musa Mufti and James Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:348

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Impaired lumbar artery flow has been reported in clinical and epidemiological studies to be associated with low back pain and lumbar disc degeneration. However, it has not been experimentally demonstrated that...

    Authors: Takao Imanishi, Koji Akeda, Koichiro Murata and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:347

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The aims of this study were to discuss the principle, therapeutic effect and influencing factors of multiple wrapped cancellous bone graft methods for treatment of segmental bone defects.

    Authors: Yunhong Ma, Sanjun Gu, Qudong Yin, Haifeng Li, Yongwei Wu, Zihong Zhou, Dehong Feng and Yongjun Rui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:346

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Superior shoulder dislocation is a rare type of shoulder dislocation. Its occurrence is thought to be associated with rupture of the deltoid; however, few reports are available on the mechanism of onset and th...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Yasuhiro Kiyota, Taiki Ikeda, Masaaki Takahashi, Hideo Morioka and Hiroshi Arino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:345

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Subchondral bone (SCB) thickening is one of the earliest detectable changes in osteoarthritic joints and is considered a potential trigger for subsequent articular cartilage degeneration. In this manuscript, w...

    Authors: Katherine A. Staines, Ekele Ikpegbu, Anna E. Törnqvist, Scott Dillon, Behzad Javaheri, Anish K. Amin, Dylan N. Clements, David J. Buttle, Andrew A. Pitsillides and Colin Farquharson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:344

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Surgical treatment of radial head fractures is increasingly performed arthroscopically. These fractures often feature concomitant injuries to the elbow joint, which may be under-diagnosed in the radiological e...

    Authors: Florian Haasters, Tobias Helfen, Wolfgang Böcker, Hermann O. Mayr, Wolf Christian Prall and Andreas Lenich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:343

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent and chronic condition with no known cure. Exercise is advocated in all clinical guidelines due to its positive effects on symptoms. Despite this, exercise participation ...

    Authors: Rachel K. Nelligan, Rana S. Hinman, Jessica Kasza and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:342

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Tranexamic acid (TXA) is effective in reduction of hemorrhage after major surgical procedures. In total joint replacement it is commonly administered intravenously. Despite various studies regarding the safety...

    Authors: Eric Tille, Jonas Mysliwietz, Franziska Beyer, Anne Postler and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:341

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To compare the efficacy and safety of simultaneous vs staged unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) for bilateral unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee.

    Authors: Shuo Feng, Zhi Yang, Jian-Ning Sun, Liang Zhu, Song Wang, Kai-Jin Guo, Xiang-Yang Chen and Guo-Chun Zha

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:340

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Local antibiotic application has been widely used in orthopedic surgery. The dose-related toxicity of antibiotics towards periosteal tissues and resulting effects on osteogenic expression are yet to be studied.

    Authors: Chih-Hao Chiu, Kin Fong Lei, Yi-Sheng Chan, Steve W. N. Ueng and Alvin Chao-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:339

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The mechanism of pain after meniscus injury remains unknown. After injury, some individuals suffered from acute pain, while others suffer from delayed pain. A precise nociceptor distribution pattern may provid...

    Authors: Yipeng Lin, Kaibo Zhang, Qi Li, Jian Li and Bin Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:338

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study were to estimate the population prevalence and distribution of plantar heel pain in mid-to-older age groups, examine associations with selected health status and lifestyle factors,...

    Authors: Martin J. Thomas, Rebecca Whittle, Hylton B. Menz, Trishna Rathod-Mistry, Michelle Marshall and Edward Roddy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:337

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The endplate-intervertebral disc (IVD) complex is closely interrelated with the vertebral body (VB) in the structural integrity of the anterior spinal column, including biomechanical and biological functions. ...

    Authors: Tatsuhiko Fujiwara, Koji Akeda, Junichi Yamada, Tetsushi Kondo and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:336

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Previous basic research and clinical studies examined the effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on regeneration and maintenance of articular cartilage. However, our pilot study suggested that MSCs are more ...

    Authors: Takumi Sakamoto, Tsuyoshi Miyazaki, Shuji Watanabe, Ai Takahashi, Kazuya Honjoh, Hideaki Nakajima, Hisashi Oki, Yasuo Kokubo and Akihiko Matsumine

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:335

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Biodegradable implants reduce the likelihood of further surgery for hardware removal and reduce the risks of associated infection and allergy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy and...

    Authors: Henry Dushan Atkinson, Shahnawaz Khan, Yasha Lashgari and Andreas Ziegler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:334

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Intraosseous suture-button devices have been used for acromioclavicular joint reconstruction due to its relative simplicity compared with other procedures. However, the complications of acromioclavicular joint...

    Authors: Doji Inoue, Ryogo Furuhata, Kazuya Kaneda, Yoshihiro Ritsuno, Aki Kono, Yasuhiro Kiyota, Hideo Morioka and Hiroshi Arino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:333

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Head breakage is a serious complication following total hip arthroplasty when using Ceramic on Ceramic bearings surfaces. There is still in controversy about the selection of bearing surfaces when conducting r...

    Authors: Dan Xing, Chaolei Yang, Rujun Li, Yunfei Hou, Bolong Kou, Hu Li and Jianhao Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:332

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although surgery prevents the progression of deformity and maintains the overall balance of the spine in congenital scoliosis (CS) patients, it is associated with a high risk of perioperative complications. Pu...

    Authors: Lei Wu, Xi-nuo Zhang, Yun-sheng Wang, Yu-zeng Liu and Yong Hai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:331

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The aetiology of bone marrow oedema-like abnormalities (BMOA) seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is as yet not fully understood. The current study aimed to investigate the potential of projection radiogr...

    Authors: Christine J. Heales, Ian R. Summers, Jonathan Fulford, Karen M. Knapp and C. Peter Winlove

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:330

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In Swedish primary care, the healthcare process for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) can be initiated by a physician or physiotherapist assessment. However, it is unclear how the different assessments a...

    Authors: Chan-Mei Ho, Carina A. Thorstensson and Lena Nordeman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:329

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is common among healthcare workers, whose work is physically strenuous and thus demands certain levels of physical fitness and spinal control. Exercise is the most frequently recommended tr...

    Authors: Annika Taulaniemi, Markku Kankaanpää, Kari Tokola, Jari Parkkari and Jaana H. Suni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:328

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  31. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to determine gender differences in the relationship between extracurricular sports activities (ECSA) and low back pain (LBP) in children and adolescents.

    Authors: Ren Kikuchi, Toru Hirano, Kei Watanabe, Atsuki Sano, Tsuyoshi Sato, Takui Ito, Naoto Endo and Naohito Tanabe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:327

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Oestrogen-deficiency induced by menopause is associated with reduced bone density and primary osteoporosis, resulting in an increased risk of fracture. While the exact etiology of menopause-induced primary ost...

    Authors: Fraser L. Collins, Michael D. Stone, Jane Turton, Laura R. McCabe, Eddie C. Y. Wang and Anwen S. Williams

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:326

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether tranexamic acid (TXA) administration could reduce blood loss and transfusion risk after simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SBTKA).

    Authors: Guorui Cao, Guo Chen, Qiang Huang, Zeyu Huang, Peter G. Alexander, Hang Lin, Hong Xu, Zongke Zhou and Fuxing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:325

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, principally affecting the older population. Highly prevalent, disabling diseases such as osteoarthritis strain the capacity of health systems, and can resul...

    Authors: J. Haxby Abbott, Aimee L. Ward, Chris Crane, Catherine M. Chapple, Kirsten Stout, Liam Hutton, Virginia Martin, Helen Harcombe, Daniel Cury Ribeiro and David Gwynne Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:324

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  35. Content type: Technical advance

    Recurrent severe Dupuytren contracture of the small finger’s proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is a difficult problem. Further surgery carries high risk of complications and poor outcome. Patients are often...

    Authors: Asa Eiriksdottir and Isam Atroshi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:323

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  36. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to evaluate the association of body composition components and obesity with bone density.

    Authors: Isabel Oliveira Bierhals, Juliana dos Santos Vaz, Renata Moraes Bielemann, Christian Loret de Mola, Fernando Celso Barros, Helen Gonçalves, Fernando César Wehrmeister and Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:322

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Pretension of the viscoelastic graft by cyclic knee motion has been confirmed to decrease the graft creep and improve the outcome of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The purpose of the present ...

    Authors: Dong Jiang, Ying-fang Ao, Chen Jiao, Qin-wei Guo, Xing Xie, Feng Zhao, Nan Li, Xiao-xiao Wang and Yue-lin Hu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:321

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Muscle strength measurements using hand-held dynamometry (HHD) can be affected by the inadequate strength of the tester and lack of stabilization of the participants and the device. A portable HHD anchoring sy...

    Authors: Kwan-Sik Sung, You Gyoung Yi and Hyung-Ik Shin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:320

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The Cobb angle is proposed as the “disease process” outcome for scoliosis research because therapies aim to correct or stop curve progression. While the Scoliosis Research Society recommends the Cobb angle as ...

    Authors: Sanja Schreiber, Eric C. Parent, Doug L. Hill, Douglas M. Hedden, Marc J. Moreau and Sarah C. Southon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:319

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Surgical treatment of young patients with recurrent lateral patella dislocation (RLDP) is often recommended because of loss of knee function that compromises their level of activity or even their daily life fu...

    Authors: Truls Martin Straume-Næsheim, Per-Henrik Randsborg, Jan Rune Mikaelsen, Einar Andreas Sivertsen, Brian Devitt, Lars-Petter Granan and Asbjørn Årøen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:318

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Radiological assessments are considered an important part of the management of patellar instability (PI). However, PI measurements are influenced by the knee position, which cannot be guaranteed to be the same...

    Authors: Qin Ye, Taihen Yu, Yinbo Wu, Xiaonan Ding and Xiangyang Gong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:317

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Synovial mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an attractive cell source for cartilage and meniscus regeneration. The optimum cryopreservation medium has not been determined, but dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) should be...

    Authors: Ryota Fujisawa, Mitsuru Mizuno, Hisako Katano, Koji Otabe, Nobutake Ozeki, Kunikazu Tsuji, Hideyuki Koga and Ichiro Sekiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:316

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of proximal humeral fractures (PHF) increased by more than 30% over the last decade, which is accompanied by an increased number of operations. However, the evidence on operative vs. non-operativ...

    Authors: Corinna Nerz, Lars Schwickert, Sabine Schölch, Katharina Gordt, Philip-Christian Nolte, Inga Kröger, Peter Augat and Clemens Becker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:315

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are prone to have musculoskeletal system involvement, which could lead to joint damage. However, few studies have assessed the incidence of arthroplasty ...

    Authors: Chien-Han Chen, Chia-Wen Hsu and Ming-Chi Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:314

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Sciatica is a painful condition managed by a stepped care approach for most patients. Currently, there are no decision-making tools to guide matching care pathways for patients with sciatica without evidence o...

    Authors: Kika Konstantinou, Kate M. Dunn, Danielle van der Windt, Reuben Ogollah, Vinay Jasani and Nadine E. Foster

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:313

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  46. Content type: Research article

    People who have had anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are at a high risk of developing tibiofemoral joint (TFJ) osteoarthritis (OA), with concomitant meniscal injury elevating this risk. This st...

    Authors: Xinyang Wang, Kim L. Bennell, Yuanyuan Wang, Tim V. Wrigley, Ans Van Ginckel, Karine Fortin, David J. Saxby, Flavia M. Cicuttini, David G. Lloyd, Christopher J. Vertullo, Julian A. Feller, Tim Whitehead, Price Gallie and Adam L. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:312

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The treatment of open tibial shaft fractures is challenging. External fixation (EF) is comparatively safe in treating these open injuries, meanwhile it has the advantages of easy application, minimal additiona...

    Authors: Zi-Chen Hao, Yan Xia, De-Meng Xia, Yun-Tong Zhang and Shuo-Gui Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:311

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Morphological variations of the EHL concern mainly the accessory tendons and the site of their insertion. The aim of our study is to present a new classification of the EHL.

    Authors: Łukasz Olewnik, Michał Podgórski, Michał Polguj, Kacper Ruzik and Mirosław Topol

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:310

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  49. Content type: Research article

    To determine if adults with incident accelerated knee osteoarthritis (KOA) are more likely to have degenerative knee ligaments or tendons compared to individuals with typical or no KOA.

    Authors: Julie E. Davis, Matthew S. Harkey, Robert J. Ward, James W. MacKay, Bing Lu, Lori Lyn Price, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo, Mary F. Barbe, Timothy E. McAlindon and Jeffrey B. Driban

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:308

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Mental health has been shown to improve after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Little is known about the role of pain and function in this context. We assessed whether change in mental health was associated with ...

    Authors: Uyen-Sa D. T. Nguyen, Thomas Perneger, Patricia D. Franklin, Christophe Barea, Pierre Hoffmeyer and Anne Lübbeke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:307

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