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  1. Data on the utilisation of outpatient physiotherapy (PT) in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are scarce, and available studies have not been systematically synthesised. This study aims to summa...

    Authors: Hannes Jacobs, Gesine H. Seeber, Katharina Allers and Falk Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:711

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. This study aimed to test the reliability and validity of the Hip Inflammation MRI Scoring System (HIMRISS) in assessing hip involvement of AS patients with AS at different stages of the bath ankylosing spondyl...

    Authors: Siliang Man, Liang Zhang, Tao Bian, Hongchao Li, Zhuyi Ma and Yixin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:705

    Content type: Research

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  3. We reviewed the recent literature related to primary musculoskeletal tumors and metastatic bone tumors. With regard to primary bone tumors, computer navigation systems and three-dimensional-printed prostheses ...

    Authors: Costantino Errani, Andreas F. Mavrogenis and Shinji Tsukamoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:704

    Content type: Review

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  4. The administration of an intra-articular injection (IAI) of tranexamic acid (TXA) has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing both blood loss and transfusion rate during total knee arthroplasty (TKA); ho...

    Authors: Yu-Kuan Lin, Shang-Wen Tsai, Po-Kuei Wu, Chao-Ming Chen, Jesse Chieh-Szu Yang, Cheng-Fong Chen and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:703

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Tibial plateau fractures involve the knee joint, one of the most weight-bearing joints in the body. Studies have shown that gait asymmetries exist several years after injury. Instrumental gait analysis, genera...

    Authors: Anna Fändriks, Roy Tranberg, Jón Karlsson, Michael Möller and Roland Zügner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:702

    Content type: Research

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  6. It is imperative to preoperatively distinguish dural ossification (DO) and thus anticipate the risks and outcome of the surgery for patients with ossification of ligamentum flavum (OLF). However, studies have ...

    Authors: Jiliang Zhai, Shigong Guo, Yu Zhao, Chunxu Li and Tong Niu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:701

    Content type: Research

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  7. Patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) tend to be younger and tend to receive TKA at an earlier stage compared to 20 years ago. The Oxford Knee Score – Activity and Participation (OKS-APQ) questionn...

    Authors: Malou E. M. te Molder, Johanna E. Vriezekolk, Menno R. Bénard and Petra J. C. Heesterbeek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:700

    Content type: Research

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  8. Instrumented posterior lumbar fusion (IPLF) with and without transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF) is a common treatment for low back pain when conservative interventions have failed. Certain patient comorbid...

    Authors: Hossein Elgafy, Bradley Wetzell, Marshall Gillette, Hassan Semaan, Andrea Rowland, Christopher A. Balboa, Thomas A. Mierzwa, Julie B. McLean, Kimberly Dorsch and Mark A. Moore

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:699

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Management of talar fractures remains to be one of the most challenging aspects in trauma surgery. Unfortunately, the evidence regarding the correct treatment of these fractures is mainly based on retrospectiv...

    Authors: Patrick Pflüger, Michael Zyskowski, Anne Weber, Katharina Gleisenberg, Chlodwig Kirchhoff, Peter Biberthaler and Moritz Crönlein

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:698

    Content type: Research

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  10. Arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI) is known to lead to self-reported symptom improvement. In the context of surgical interventions with known contextual effects and no true sh...

    Authors: David J. Hunter, Jillian Eyles, Nicholas J. Murphy, Libby Spiers, Alexander Burns, Emily Davidson, Edward Dickenson, Camdon Fary, Nadine E. Foster, Jurgen Fripp, Damian R. Griffin, Michelle Hall, Young Jo Kim, James M. Linklater, Robert Molnar, Ales Neubert…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:697

    Content type: Research

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  11. Gas forming infection of the spine is a consequence of vertebral osteomyelitis, necrotizing fasciitis, or a gas-forming epidural abscess, which is very rare and fatal conditions. This is the rare case of necro...

    Authors: Hong Jin Kim, Ji-Hyun Ryu, Hyung-Youl Park, Sang-Il Kim and Dong-Gune Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:696

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a common overuse injury in running-related sports where patients experience pain and impaired function which can persist. A graded rehabilitation program has been successful in re...

    Authors: Colin Griffin, Katherine Daniels, Caroline Hill, Andrew Franklyn-Miller and Jean-Benoît Morin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:695

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. Varus deformity of the knee is a common pathological characteristic in knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and not enough attention has been given to the relationship between knee varus deformity and the state of syste...

    Authors: Cheng Zhang, Zhikun Zhuang, Xiaojun Chen, Keda Li, Tianye Lin, Fengxiang Pang, Ying Zhang, Wei He and Qiushi Wei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:694

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) has become popular for the treatment of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation (LDH). The very highly up-migrated lumbar disc herniation (VHUM-LDH) is difficult to ...

    Authors: Yong Yu, Ye Jiang, Fuling Xu, Yuhang Mao, Lutao Yuan and Chen Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:693

    Content type: Technical advance

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  15. Traditional tension band wiring and plate fixation represent the commonest methods for treating olecranon fractures. However, there is no agreement on which method provides the best outcome. The aim of this re...

    Authors: Longhai Qiu, Yi Li, Hongbo Wu, Ruixiong Chen, Zhiwen Zhang, Xiaofeng Wang and Yuliang Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:692

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) causes acute blood loss. It may lead to a deficiency in coagulation factors, which, in turn, may lead to increased bleeding during the postoperative period.

    Authors: Marta Burbul, Dariusz Tomaszewski, Anna Rogalska, Krzysztof Gawroński, Sławomir Literacki and Marcin Waśko

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:691

    Content type: Research

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  17. The aim of the present study was to describe specific characteristics of patients suffering from pelvic fragility fractures and evaluate factors that might influence treatment decisions which may optimize trea...

    Authors: Ludwig Oberkircher, Julia Lenz, Benjamin Bücking, Daphne Eschbach, René Aigner, Christopher Bliemel, Carsten Schoeneberg, Steffen Ruchholtz and Juliana Hack

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:690

    Content type: Research

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  18. Coagulation-related biomarkers are drawing new attention in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). The thromboelastography (TEG) assay provides a comprehensive assessment of blood coagulation; ...

    Authors: Tao Yuan, Yi Wang and Shui Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:689

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The use of drains reportedly does not improve surgical outcomes after hip replacement. There is still a lack of strict recommendations for drain placement after primary hip replacement. This study aimed to ass...

    Authors: Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Marcin Para, Maciej Kogut and Jerzy Białecki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:688

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The Knee valgus brace is one of the accepted conservative interventions for patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis to correct the knee varus and increase functional activity level. Nevertheless, ...

    Authors: Huda Alfatafta, David Onchonga, Mahmoud Alfatafta, lu Zhang, Imre Boncz, Szimonetta Lohner and Bálint Molics

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:687

    Content type: Research

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  21. Total two-stage exchange is commonly used in clinical practice as a treatment for infected total hip arthroplasty (THA); however, this approach involves considerable limitations, including significant bone los...

    Authors: Mumingjiang Yishake, Lan Tang, Xi Chen, Yuejian Wang and Rongxin He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:686

    Content type: Technical advance

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  22. High biomechanical loading is believed to be a risk factor to pain in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA), but controversial findings have been reported on the relationship between external knee adduction mom...

    Authors: Chen. Huang, Ping-Keung. Chan, Kwong-Yuen. Chiu, Chun-Hoi. Yan, Shun-Shing. Yeung and Siu N. Fu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:685

    Content type: Research

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  23. Gait deviation and associated torsional problems are common in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Although femoral anteversion in CP has been extensively reviewed in previous studies, only a few studies have f...

    Authors: Jae Jung Min, Soon-Sun Kwon, Kyu Tae Kim, Young Choi, Ki Hyuk Sung, Kyoung Min Lee and Moon Seok Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:684

    Content type: Research

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  24. To prevent recurrent ankle sprain, it is important to clarify the pathology of chronic ankle instability (CAI). An association has been reported between CAI and abnormalities of foot posture and ankle alignmen...

    Authors: Takumi Kobayashi, Yuta Koshino and Takahiro Miki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:683

    Content type: Research

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  25. Little information was obtained from the published papers about the kinematic coupling effect between tarsal bones during Ponseti manipulation. The aim was to explore the kinematic coupling effect of the joint...

    Authors: Song-Jian Li, Ben-Chao Shi, Cheng-Long Liu and Yu-Bin Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:682

    Content type: Research

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  26. Despite multiple published reviews, the optimum method of correction and stabilisation of Blount’s disease remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes...

    Authors: Abo Bakr Zein, Ahmed S. Elhalawany, Mohammed Ali and Gerard R. Cousins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:681

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Skeletal muscle atrophy and fibrosis are pathological conditions that contribute to morbidity in numerous conditions including aging, cachexia, and denervation. Muscle atrophy is characterized as reduction of ...

    Authors: Mengjie Chen, Haibing Chen, Yonggui Gu, Peng Sun, Jianxiong Sun, Haojun Yu, Hongliang Zheng and Donghui Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:680

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Previous articles have focused on the diagnosis and treatment of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis. Here, we present a case of chronic hematogenous osteomyelitis in a 2-month-old girl. The diagnostic procedure ...

    Authors: Cheng-he Qin, Rui Tao, Ji-wei Luo, Liang Hong, Lei Xu, Jia Fang and Chun-hao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:679

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Current classifications emphasize the morphology of the coalition, however, subtalar joint facets involved should also be emphasized.

    Authors: Anhong Wang, Weili Shi, Lixiang Gao, Linxin Chen, Xing Xie, Feng Zhao, Yanbin Pi, Chen Jiao, Yuelin Hu, Dong Jiang and Qinwei Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:678

    Content type: Research

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  30. A phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor (PMT) is classified into four histological subtypes: mixed connective tissue, osteoblast-like, non-ossifying fibroma-like, and ossifying fibroma-like. The ossifying fibroma-lik...

    Authors: Hongyu Qin, Hao Zeng, Hao Li, Shuangshuang Yuan and Jinsong Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:677

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. To date, there is a paucity of reports clarifying the change of spinopelvic parameters in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) who underwent long segment spinal fusion using iliac screw (IS) and S2-alar-...

    Authors: Qiang Luo, Yong-Chan Kim, Ki-Tack Kim, Kee-Yong Ha, Joonghyun Ahn, Sung-Min Kim and Min-Gyu Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:676

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) mixed in a periarticular multimodal cocktail (PAMC) as a topical administration and to determine whether combined use of intravenous and topical...

    Authors: Kang-Il Kim, Jung-Kwon Bae, Jun-Ho Kim, Hyun-Gon Gwak and Sang Hak Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:675

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. To summarize and analyze the epidemiological characteristics, treatment and corresponding curative effect of triradiate cartilage injury(TCI) in children after trauma, to provide a theoretical basis for early ...

    Authors: Yao Dong, Jinkui Wang, Jiaqiang Qin, Guoxin Nan, Yuxi Su, Bo He, Wenquan Cai, Kai Chen, Kai Gu, Xun Liang, Ge Yan and Zhongliang Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:674

    Content type: Research

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  34. β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) is a popular synthetic bone graft substitute with excellent osteoconductive properties and bioabsorbability. However, its osteoinductive properties are inferior to those of autol...

    Authors: Hironori Sugimoto, Yusuke Inagaki, Akira Furukawa, Tsutomu Kira, Sachiko Kawasaki, Yoshinobu Uchihara, Manabu Akahane and Yasuhito Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:673

    Content type: Research

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  35. Unstable ankle fractures represent a substantial burden of disease, accounting for a mean hospital stay of nine days, a mean cost of £4,491 per patient and 20,000 operations per year. There is variation in UK ...

    Authors: C. P. Bretherton, H. A. Claireaux, J. Achten, A. Athwal, S. J. Dutton, N. Peckham, S. Petrou, R. S. Kearney, D. Appelbe and X. L. Griffin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:672

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. The active hip abduction test (AHAbd) is widely used to evaluate lumbopelvic stability, but the onset of trunk muscle activation during the test in individuals with recurrent low back pain (rLBP) has not been ...

    Authors: Tadanobu Suehiro, Hiroshi Ishida, Kenichi Kobara, Hiroshi Osaka and Chiharu Kurozumi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:671

    Content type: Research

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  37. Diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), especially chronic PJI, is very confusing and challenging. The value of C-reactive protein (CRP) in infectious diseases has been recognized, but the diagnosti...

    Authors: Hai Wang, Leilei Qin, Jiawei Wang, Ning Hu and Wei Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:670

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR) is a well-established procedure for addressing recurrent patellar dislocation (RPD) in young patients. However, despite being a promising procedure for RPD...

    Authors: Lizhong Jing, Xiaole Wang, Xiaoliang Qu, Kun Liu, Xiaotan Wang, Lu Jiang, Di Wu, Zhiwei Zhang, Zhuang Li, Le Yu, Shaoshan Wang and Jiushan Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:668

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Chronic back pain is known to be associated with altered tactile acuity. Tactile acuity is measured using the Two-Point Discrimination (TPD) test in both clinical and research settings. In subjects with chroni...

    Authors: Rita Morf, Fabian Pfeiffer, Sabina Hotz-Boendermaker, André Meichtry and Hannu Luomajoki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:666

    Content type: Research

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  40. During a seizure, there is a powerful and forceful contraction of muscles which may lead to fractures or joint dislocations. However, multiple periprosthetic hip fractures and joint dislocations secondary to s...

    Authors: Qingyu Zhang, Fuqiang Gao, Wei Sun and Zirong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:664

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. To indicate whether combined topical and intravenous (IV) administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) could further reduce the blood loss after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) compared with IV-TX...

    Authors: Yulei Dong, Jinqian Liang, Bingdu Tong, Jianxiong Shen, Hong Zhao and Qiyi Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:663

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. There is paucity of studies applying fat suppressed (FS) technique to T2 mapping to overcome chemical shift artifacts. The purpose of the study is to difference between FS T2 and conventional T2 mapping and re...

    Authors: Bo Ram Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Hee-Dong Chae, Sung Hwan Hong and Ja-Young Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:662

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Musculoskeletal disorders are a key cause of morbidity in elderly people. How musculoskeletal disorders relate to healthy life expectancy remain elusive. Hence, we aimed to estimate gains in healthy life expec...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Ritsuno, Miyuki Kawado, Mitsuhiro Morita, Harumoto Yamada, Arihiko Kanaji, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Shuji Hashimoto and Nobuyuki Fujita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:661

    Content type: Research

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  44. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of gelatin sponge impregnated with ropivacaine on postoperative pain after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in patients with lumbar degene...

    Authors: Shanxi Wang, Bo Wang, Xiaojun Yu, Tian Ma, Mubotu C. Ntambale, Jiyuan Yan, Qing Ding, Ruizhuo Zhang, Hua Wu and Chaoxu Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:660

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Clinical outcomes amongst Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients have shown satisfactory results being reported after lumbar surgery. The increased adoption of the interbody fusion technique has been due to a high...

    Authors: Kuan-Kai Tung, Yun-Che Wu, Kun-Hui Chen, Chien-Chou Pan, Wen-Xian Lu, Ning-Chien Chin, Cheng-Min Shih, Fang-Wei Hsu and Cheng-Hung Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:658

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Low back pain (LBP) is often a complex problem requiring interdisciplinary management to address patients’ multidimensional needs. Providing inpatient care for patients with LBP in primary care hospitals is a ...

    Authors: Emanuel Brunner, André Meichtry, Davy Vancampfort, Reinhard Imoberdorf, David Gisi, Wim Dankaerts, Anita Graf, Stefanie Wipf Rebsamen, Daniela Suter, Lukas Martin Wildi, Stefan Buechi and Cornel Sieber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:656

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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