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  1. Patient compliance is essential to the effectiveness of brace treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. Subjective measurements like questionnaires and inquiries proved to be arguably inacc...

    Authors: Ce Zhu, Qiang Wu, Bing Xiao, Juehan Wang, Chao Luo, Quan Yu, Limin Liu and Yueming Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:152

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In dermatomyostis (DM) patients, inflammation, reduced activity, and medication have a negative impact on the musculoskeletal system. Several endocrine factors are involved in muscle growth and bone turnover.

    Authors: Katharina Kerschan-Schindl, Wolfgang Gruther, Ursula Föger-Samwald, Christine Bangert, Stefan Kudlacek and Peter Pietschmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:150

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Neck and shoulder complaints are common in primary care physiotherapy. These patients experience pain and disability, resulting in high societal costs due to, for example, healthcare use and work absence. Cont...

    Authors: Mark L. van Tilburg, Corelien J. J. Kloek, Martijn F. Pisters, J. Bart Staal, Johanna M. van Dongen, Marjolein de Weerd, Raymond W. J. G. Ostelo, Nadine E. Foster and Cindy Veenhof

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:143

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. The current evidence base for the management of central slip avulsions is limited from obtaining a best approach. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effect and feasibility of repairing the ...

    Authors: Bin Wang, Yiming Lu, Tianliang Wang, Jiaxiang Gu and Naichen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:141

    Content type: Technical advance

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  5. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of high disease activity as measured using the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients who noneth...

    Authors: Bora Nam, Bon San Koo, Tae-Han Lee, Ji-Hui Shin, Jin-Ju Kim, Seunghun Lee, Kyung Bin Joo and Tae-Hwan Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:140

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Impingement syndrome is currently estimated to represent 60% of all shoulder pain disorders. Capacitive-Resistive electric transfer therapy is aimed to provoke temperature and current flow changes in superfici...

    Authors: Jacobo Rodríguez-Sanz, Carlos López-de-Celis, César Hidalgo-García, Max Canet-Vintró, Pablo Fanlo-Mazas and Albert Pérez-Bellmunt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:139

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Although telehealth is becoming more popular for delivery of care for individuals with musculoskeletal pain, to our knowledge telehealth has not been used to manage Achilles tendinopathy. This research aimed t...

    Authors: F. Hasani, P. Malliaras, T. Haines, S. E. Munteanu, J. White, J. Ridgway, P. Nicklen, A. Moran and P. Jansons

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:138

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) is an effective treatment for ulnar impaction syndrome. However, there have been reports of osteoarthritis (OA) at the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) when USO was performed on ...

    Authors: Hui-Kuang Huang, Steve K. Lee, Yi-Chao Huang, Cheng-Yu Yin, Ming-Chau Chang and Jung-Pan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:136

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Retrograde drilling in osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) is a widely used surgical intervention. A radiation-free electromagnetic navigation system (ENS)-based method was compared with the standard freehand fluo...

    Authors: Oliver D Jungesblut, Josephine Berger-Groch, Michael Hoffmann, Malte Schroeder, Kara L. Krajewski, Ralf Stuecker and Martin Rupprecht

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:135

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Our study compare the short and long-term efficacy of the intra articular injections (IAIs) of hyaluronic acid (HA), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF), and ozone in patients with...

    Authors: Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Parsa Ghazi Hosseini, Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Reza Salman Roghani, Mohammad Fathi, Azadeh Gharooee Ahangar and Mahtab Darvish

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:134

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression are risk factors for poor functional outcomes and worse post-treatment pain that can be treated alongside physical care given to orthopedic patients. While these f...

    Authors: Paul Gudmundsson, Paul A. Nakonezny, Jason Lin, Rebisi Owhonda, Heather Richard and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:133

    Content type: Research article

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  12. With the developments in the arthroscopic technique, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remnant-preserving reconstruction is gradually gaining attention with respect to improving proprioception and enhancing ear...

    Authors: Dong Jin Ryu, Kyeu Back Kwon, Da Hee Hong, Sang Jun Park, Jae Sung Park and Joon Ho Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:132

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Posterior percutaneous endoscopy cervical discectomy (p-PECD) is an effective strategy for the treatment of cervical diseases, with a working cannula ranging from 3.7 mm to 6.9 mm in diameter. However, to date...

    Authors: Tong Yu, Jiu-Ping Wu, Jun Zhang, Hai-Chi Yu and Qin-Yi Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:131

    Content type: Research article

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  14. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Yong-Qing Xu, Xin-Yu Fan, Xiao-Qing He and Hong-Jie Wen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:130

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:34

  15. To reduce periprosthetic joint infection after total hip arthroplasty (THA), several nasal screening and decolonization strategies for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive

    Authors: Hisahiro Tonotsuka, Hajime Sugiyama, Ayano Amagami, Keigo Yonemoto, Ryuichi Sato and Mitsuru Saito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:129

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Uncemented allograft prosthesis composite (APC) has been applied for tumorous bone defect reconstruction in the proximal femur. However, the long-term results are rarely reported. This study aimed to evaluate ...

    Authors: Cai Liu, Li Min, Yong Zhou, Yi Luo, Fan Tang, Minxun Lu, Hong Duan, Wenli Zhang, Xinzhu Yu and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:128

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation is a relatively common shoulder injury. For the treatment of cases of severe ACJ dislocation (Rockwood type III–V), hook plate fixation is an easy-to-master and minima...

    Authors: Yu-Ta Chen, Kuan-Ting Wu, Shun-Wun Jhan, Shan-Ling Hsu, Hao-Chen Liu, Ching-Jen Wang, Jih-Yang Ko and Wen-Yi Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:127

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The role of a tourniquet is still controversial for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our current study was performed to determine whether the nonuse of the tourniquet combine with tranexamic ...

    Authors: Zeng Yi, Li Yan, Si Haibo, Wu Yuangang, Li Mingyang, Liu Yuan and Shen Bin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:126

    Content type: Research article

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  19. MRI is the most accurate imaging modality for diagnosing knee pathologies. However, there is uncertainty concerning factors predicting false negative MRI, such as meniscal tear patterns as well as patient fact...

    Authors: Jonathan E. J. Koch, Ron Ben-Elyahu, Basel Khateeb, Michael Ringart, Meir Nyska, Nissim Ohana, Gideon Mann and Iftach Hetsroni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:124

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) is a Heritable Disorder of Connective tissue characterised by joint laxity and chronic widespread arthralgia. People with JHS exhibit a range of other symptoms including bala...

    Authors: Alexander Vernon Bates, Alison McGregor and Caroline M. Alexander

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:123

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Acetabular fractures with medial displacement of the quadrilateral plate (QLP) are common in the elderly. The presence of QLP fractures greatly increase the surgical difficulty of acetabular fractures. This st...

    Authors: Haiyang Wu, Qipeng Shao, Ranran Shang, Chengjing Song, Ximing Liu and Xianhua Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:122

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Treatment of atlantoaxial dislocation is aimed at reduction and stabilization of the atlantoaxial joint. 3D printing refers to a process where additive manufacturing is achieved under precise computer control....

    Authors: Shenglin Wang, Huijie Leng, Yinglun Tian, Nanfang Xu and Zhongjun Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:121

    Content type: Technical advance

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  23. Spondylodiscitis is an unusual infectious disease, which usually originates as a pathogenic infection of intervertebral discs and then spreads to neighboring vertebral bodies. The objective of this study is to...

    Authors: Jianbiao Xu, Leiming Zhang, Rongqiang Bu, Yankang Liu, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski and Xifeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:120

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Torsional malalignment has been considered as a risk factor for patellar dislocation. But the influence of patellar dislocation for torsional alignment development remains unknown. The present study aims to in...

    Authors: Jinghui Niu, Qi Qi, Kang Piao, Kuo Hao, Iftekhar Sharif and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:119

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Total knee replacement arthroplasty (TKA) is frequently performed in South Korea. Simple swelling-associated blistering around the periphery of the operative wound is a well-known adverse effect. However, in r...

    Authors: Yong-Beom Kim, Hyung-Suk Choi, Hyung-Ki Cho and Gi-Won Seo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:118

    Content type: Case report

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  26. In clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis, the hallmark cutaneous manifestations are the key to diagnosis. We report a case of clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis which presented with facial edema as the sole...

    Authors: Doo-Ho Lim, Min Wook So, Yeon Mee Kim, Ji Hwa Ryu, Jae Ha Lee, Chan Sun Park, Seong-Ho Kim and Sunggun Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:117

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Tactical populations, such as military, firefighter and law enforcement populations, are known to suffer a relatively high number of musculoskeletal injuries, with the lower extremity of notable concern. The a...

    Authors: Kate Lyons, Mick Stierli, Ben Hinton, Rodney Pope and Robin Orr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:115

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Hemarthrosis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can create many adverse joint effects. Tranexamic acid (TXA) can be used to minimize hemarthrosis and associated pain after ACL reconstruction...

    Authors: Rui Ma, Mengjun Wu, Yongwei Li, Jialin Wang, Wei Wang, Pei Yang and Kunzheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:114

    Content type: Research article

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  29. One of the most common complications of hip arthroplasty is excessive blood loss that could necessitate allogenic blood transfusion, which is further associated with other complications, such as infections, tr...

    Authors: Benjamin Lucas, Christian Riebau, Juliane Mohr, Gerald Pliske, Felix Walcher and Stefan Piatek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:113

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment symptom in the peripheral nerves. High-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) is widely used in the diagnosis of CTS. Virtual Touch Tissue Imaging and Quantifica...

    Authors: Zhen-han Lai, Shu-ping Yang, Hao-lin Shen, Yi Luo, Xiao-han Cai, Wen-ting Jiang, Li-ping Liao, Kun-bin Wu and Guo-rong Lv

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:112

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a valid and reliable instrument that evaluates pain self-efficacy beliefs in people with pain conditions. However, it has not been validated and used in Ethiopia....

    Authors: Mulugeta Bayisa Chala, Catherine Donnelly, Yemataw Wondie, Setareh Ghahari and Jordan Miller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:111

    Content type: Research article

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  32. It is difficult to judge the stability of lateral compression type-1 (LC-1) pelvic fracture, as it is often based on static images of the pelvis. Compared with the traditional experience strategy, ultrasonogra...

    Authors: Hai Huang, Bin-Fei Zhang, Ping Liu, Hong-Li Deng, Peng-Fei Wang, Hu Wang, Bao-Feng Li, Yu-Xuan Cong and Yan Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:110

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease depicted by synovial inflammation leading to local and systemic bone loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate by a HR-pQCT (High Resolution Peripher...

    Authors: Camille P. Figueiredo, Mariana O. Perez, Lucas Peixoto Sales, Ana Cristina Medeiros, Valeria F. Caparbo and Rosa M. R. Pereira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:109

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Osteoporotic fractures are a major cause of morbidity in the elderly. Menopausal women represent the population with the highest risk of early osteoporosis onset, often accompanied by vertebral fractures (VF)....

    Authors: Annamaria Zaia, Roberto Rossi, Roberta Galeazzi, Manuela Sallei, Pierluigi Maponi and Pietro Scendoni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:108

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The newest generation of cementless titanium-coated, isoelastic monoblock cup with vitamin E-blended highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) was introduced to the market in 2009. The aim of the present study ...

    Authors: Yama Afghanyar, Sebastian Joser, Jonas Tecle, Philipp Drees, Jens Dargel, Philipp Rehbein and Karl Philipp Kutzner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:107

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The severe rigid deformity patients with pulmonary dysfunction could not tolerate complicated corrective surgery. Preoperative traction are used to reduce the curve magnitude and improve the pulmonary function...

    Authors: Jian Chen, Wen-yuan Sui, Jing-fan Yang, Yao-long Deng, Jing Xu, Zi-fang Huang and Jun-lin Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:106

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Recent studies are lacking reports on mortality after non-hip fractures in adults aged > 65.

    Authors: Jacques P. Brown, Jonathan D. Adachi, Emil Schemitsch, Jean-Eric Tarride, Vivien Brown, Alan Bell, Maureen Reiner, Thiago Oliveira, Ponda Motsepe-Ditshego, Natasha Burke and Lubomira Slatkovska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:105

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The medical community is beginning to recognize the contribution of prescription opioids in the growing national opioid crisis. Many studies have compared the safety and efficacy of alternative analgesics to o...

    Authors: Elaine Z. Shing, Daniel Leas, Caleb Michalek, Meghan K. Wally and Nady Hamid

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:104

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. A common sequela of hip fracture is loss of ambulation capacity. Prediction of postoperative ambulation capacity is important for surgical and rehabilitation decision making. Handgrip strength is a quick and c...

    Authors: Chih-Mai Chang, Cheng-Hung Lee, Cheng-Min Shih, Shun-Ping Wang, Yung-Cheng Chiu and Cheng-En Hsu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:103

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) affects daily life function and is the most prevalent disorder in primary health care. The primary objective was to examine demographic factors and pain characteristics assoc...

    Authors: Kirsti Krohn Garnaes, Siv Mørkved, Øyvind Salvesen, Torgrim Tønne, Lars Furan, Gudmund Grønhaug, Ottar Vasseljen and Hege Hølmo Johannessen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:102

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To report a mini-open pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) technique, to summarize the 2-year follow-up results of 25 patients, and to describe a modified operating table which allows the osteotomy to be closed...

    Authors: Yu Wang, Chunde Li, Long Liu and Longtao Qi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:101

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Several studies on the relationship between morphological parameters and traumatic diseases of the knee have already been conducted. However, few studies focused on the association between knee morphology and ...

    Authors: Ning Fan, Yong-chen Zheng, Lei Zang, Cheng-gang Yang, Shuo Yuan, Peng Du, Yan-mei Liu, Qing Zhao and Jin-wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:100

    Content type: Research article

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  43. It is very rare for clear cell sarcomas (CCS) to arise in the bone. During diagnosis, it is important to distinguish primary CCS of bone from bone metastasis of melanoma because this difference fundamentally c...

    Authors: Yuta Kubota, Kazuhiro Tanaka, Masanori Hisaoka, Tsutomu Daa, Tatsuya Iwasaki, Masanori Kawano, Ichiro Itonaga and Hiroshi Tsumura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:99

    Content type: Case report

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  44. There is evidence that people with persistent shoulder pain exhibit findings consistent with the presence of sensorimotor dysfunction. Sensorimotor impairments can manifest in a variety of ways, and further de...

    Authors: Tomohiko Nishigami, Akihisa Watanabe, Toshiki Maitani, Hayato Shigetoh, Akira Mibu, Benedict Martin Wand, Mark J. Catley, Tasha R. Stanton and G. Lorimer Moseley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:98

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The intrinsic muscles of the foot are key contributors to foot function and are important to evaluate in lower limb disorders. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), provides a non-invasive option to measure muscle...

    Authors: Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, James M. Elliott, Aiman Al-Najjar, Kenneth A. Weber II, Mark A. Hoggarth, Bill Vicenzino, Paul W. Hodges and Natalie J. Collins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:97

    Content type: Technical advance

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