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  1. Content type: Research article

    Reductions in lower extremity muscle strength, size and quality and increased fat content have been reported in advanced hip osteoarthritis (OA). Whether these differences are also evident at earlier stages of...

    Authors: Aderson Loureiro, Maria Constantinou, Belinda Beck, Rod S. Barrett and Laura E. Diamond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:283

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Musculoskeletal injuries (MSKIs) are common in military trainees and present a considerable threat to occupational fitness, deployability, and overall military readiness. Despite the negative effects of MSKIs ...

    Authors: Julie M. Hughes, Stephen A. Foulis, Kathryn M. Taylor, Katelyn I. Guerriere, Leila A. Walker, Amy F. Hand, Kristin L. Popp, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kristin J. Heaton, Marilyn A. Sharp, Tyson L. Grier, Keith G. Hauret, Bruce H. Jones, Mary L. Bouxsein, James P. McClung, Ronald W. Matheny Jr…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:282

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Functional shoulder instability (FSI) is defined as glenohumeral instability that is not caused by structural defects but rather by abnormal muscle activation patterns. Patients with FSI are able to dislocate ...

    Authors: Victor Danzinger, Eva Schulz and Philipp Moroder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:281

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  4. Content type: Technical advance

    Compared to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), cervical motion segment and disc was retained through anterior transcorporeal herniotomy (ATH). But surgical field and manipulation in traditional AT...

    Authors: Qian Du, Lan-Qiong Lei, Guan-Ru Cao, Wei-Jun Kong, Jun Ao, Xin Wang, An-Su Wang and Wen-Bo Liao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:280

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal complaints of arm, neck, and shoulder (CANS) can lead to loss of work productivity. To assess the functional consequences of impairments in work, patient-reported outcomes can be important. The...

    Authors: Annemiek Muskee, Redmar J. Berduszek, Rienk Dekker, Michiel F. Reneman and Corry K. van der Sluis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:279

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) often develop scoliosis that progresses rapidly after loss of ambulation. Management of scoliosis is crucial because it affects both life expectancy and quality ...

    Authors: Young-Ah Choi, Hyung-Ik Shin and Hyun Iee Shin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:277

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Understanding interactions between bone and muscle based on endocrine factors may help elucidate the relationship between osteoporosis and sarcopenia. However, whether the abundance or activity of these endocr...

    Authors: Kenta Moriwaki, Hiromi Matsumoto, Shinji Tanishima, Chika Tanimura, Mari Osaki, Hideki Nagashima and Hiroshi Hagino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:276

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  8. Content type: Research article

    A considerable number of patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) report variable and indefinite symptoms involving the whole body, despite there being no evidence of direct injuries to organs other t...

    Authors: Takayoshi Matsui, Makoto Iwata, Yuzo Endo, Nobuyuki Shitara, Shuntaro Hojo, Hideoki Fukuoka, Kazuhiro Hara and Hiroshi Kawaguchi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:251

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Higher tourniquet pressures may be associated with an increased risk of complications. We aimed to determine (1) whether a lower tourniquet pressure [systolic blood pressure (SBP) + 120 mmHg] is as effective a...

    Authors: Tae Kyun Kim, Ankur B. Bamne, Jae Ang Sim, Ji Hyeon Park and Young Gon Na

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:275

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Bone tunnel enlargement following primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with soft tissue graft might be a severe disadvantage for revision surgery. The postoperative rehabilitation protocol i...

    Authors: Takuya Tajima, Nami Yamaguchi, Makoto Nagasawa, Yudai Morita, Yoshihiro Nakamura and Etsuo Chosa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:274

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have indicated that trunk muscle strength decreases with chronic low back pain, and is associated with poor balance, poor functional performance, and falls in older adults. Strengthening exerc...

    Authors: Satoshi Kato, Hideki Murakami, Satoru Demura, Katsuhito Yoshioka, Kazuya Shinmura, Noriaki Yokogawa, Takashi Igarashi, Noritaka Yonezawa, Takaki Shimizu and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:273

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The treatment strategy for evolutive septic arthritis (SA) with coexistent degenerative joint disease is not well established. The purposes of this study were to 1) investigate treatment outcome and potential ...

    Authors: Chi Xu, Feng-Chih Kuo, Matthew Kheir, Xin Li, Wei Chai and Ji-Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:272

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal (MSK) pain represents a considerable worldwide healthcare burden. This study aimed to gain consensus from practitioners who work with MSK pain patients, on the most appropriate primary care tre...

    Authors: Joanne Protheroe, Benjamin Saunders, Bernadette Bartlam, Kate M. Dunn, Vince Cooper, Paul Campbell, Jonathan C. Hill, Stephanie Tooth, Christian D. Mallen, Elaine M. Hay and Nadine E. Foster

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:271

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  14. Content type: Research article

    It is difficult to diagnose the pathology of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) clinically. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of standard non-enhancing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...

    Authors: Jung Youn Kim, Sung-Min Rhee and Yong Girl Rhee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:270

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Periarticular injection (PAI) is a regional analgesia method performed in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for postoperative pain relief. However, its efficacy and safety is still inconclusive. Therefore, we condu...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:269

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  16. Content type: Research article

    About one fourth of patients with hip fracture have cognitive impairment. These patients are at higher risk of surgical and medical complications and are often excluded from participating in clinical research....

    Authors: Målfrid Holen Kristoffersen, Eva Dybvik, Ole Martin Steihaug, Christoffer Andreas Bartz-Johannesen, Mette Irene Martinsen, Anette Hylen Ranhoff, Lars Birger Engesæter and Jan-Erik Gjertsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:268

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  17. Content type: Research article

    It is unclear whether postoperative outcomes are associated with the cartilage regeneration after open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) combined with microfracture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate...

    Authors: O-Sung Lee, Seung Hoon Lee, Su Jung Mok and Yong Seuk Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:267

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  18. Content type: Research article

    One of the reported goals of hip preservation surgery is to prevent or delay the onset of osteoarthritis. This includes arthroscopic surgery to manage Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) Syndrome. The purpose o...

    Authors: Daniel I. Rhon, Tina A. Greenlee, Charles Dennis Sissel and Michael P. Reiman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:266

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    A research gap exists for optimal management of cervical radiculopathy in the first 12 weeks and short term natural history of the condition is somewhat unclear, although thought to be favourable. The primary ...

    Authors: Louise Keating, Caroline Treanor, Julie Sugrue, Dara Meldrum, Ciaran Bolger and Catherine Doody

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:265

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Foot orthoses are widely used to manage plantar heel pain (PHP). However, the evidence concerning the effect of foot orthoses on PHP is not conclusive. The study aims to identify the characteristics of patient...

    Authors: Fu-Lien Wu, Yi-Fen Shih, Si-Huei Lee, Hong-Ji Luo and Wendy Tzyy-Jiuan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:264

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Using data from the Korean Hip Registry, we aimed to investigate mid-term clinical and radiographic outcomes, including the prevalence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), osteolysis, and component looseni...

    Authors: Seung-Chan Kim, Young-Wook Lim, Woo-Lam Jo, Hyun-Woo Park, Sung-Bin Han, Soon-Yong Kwon and Yong-Sik Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:263

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Due to the high anatomical variability and limited visualization of the scapula, optimal screw placement for baseplate anchorage in reversed total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) is challenging. Image quality pla...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Philipp Pieroh, Ralf Henkelmann, Georg Osterhoff and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:262

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Thigh pain and cortical hypertrophies (CH) have been reported in the short term for specific short hip stem designs. The purpose of the study was to investigate 1) the differences in clinical outcome, thigh pa...

    Authors: Moritz M. Innmann, Johannes Weishorn, Thomas Bruckner, Marcus R. Streit, Tilman Walker, Tobias Gotterbarm, Christian Merle and Michael W. Maier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:261

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The risk of posterior cage migration (PCM) exists when a fusion cage is used for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). This complication is influenced by contact pressure between the endplate and the ...

    Authors: Yung-Hsueh Hu, Chi-Chien Niu, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Wen-Jer Chen and Po-Liang Lai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:260

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  25. Content type: Research article

    There have been only a few reports of subsequent postoperative vertebral fracture following posterior spinal instrumentation fusion, especially in elderly female patients. This study attempted to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Masahiro Nakahashi, Hiroshi Uei, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Masafumi Maseda, Hirokatsu Sawada, Hirotoki Soma and Hiroyuki Miyakata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:259

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Periprosthetic fractures (PPF) present a common cause for revision surgery after arthroplasty. The choice of performing either an osteosynthesis or revision arthroplasty depends on the orthopedic implant ancho...

    Authors: Markus Rupp, Stefanie Kern, Abdullah Ismat, Thaqif El Khassawna, Gero Knapp, Gabor Szalay, Christian Heiss and Christoph Biehl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:258

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Different substances are combined to compensate for each other’s drawbacks and create an appropriate biomaterial. A novel Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/chitosan (CS) porous hydrogel was designed and applied to the t...

    Authors: Liangquan Peng, Yong Zhou, Wei Lu, Weimin Zhu, Yusheng Li, Kang Chen, Greg Zhang, Jian Xu, Zhenhan Deng and Daping Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:257

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Grip strength (GS) test is an essential aspect of clinical practice with patients with upper extremity injuries. The random error of GS test was hypothesized to be proportional to the level of GS. The purpose ...

    Authors: Zhongfei Bai, Tian Shu and Wenxin Niu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:256

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical therapy (PT) and other exercise-based interventions are core components of care for knee osteoarthritis (OA), but both are underutilized, and some patients have limited access to PT services. This cli...

    Authors: Kelli D. Allen, Dennis Bongiorni, Kevin Caves, Cynthia J. Coffman, Theresa A. Floegel, Heather M. Greysen, Katherine S. Hall, Bryan Heiderscheit, Helen M. Hoenig, Kim M. Huffman, Miriam C. Morey, Shalini Ramasunder, Herbert Severson, Battista Smith, Courtney Van Houtven and Sandra Woolson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:254

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The epidemiology and cause of ossification of the spinal ligaments (OSL) remains obscure. To date, there is no study that comprehensively evaluates the prevalence, distribution, and concomitance of each type o...

    Authors: Haifeng Liang, Guobing Liu, Shunyi Lu, Shuguang Chen, Dongjie Jiang, Hongcheng Shi and Qinming Fei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:253

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Safe placement of pedicle screws without jeopardizing neurovascular structures medially and anteriorly is important during spine surgery. Inferior breach of pedicle is also dangerous due to low margin of error...

    Authors: Hsi-Hsien Lin, Jung-Pan Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Yu-Cheng Yao, Shih-Tien Wang, Ming-Chau Chang and Po-Hsin Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:252

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic low back pain is potentially disabling for older adults, and exercise is considered the best treatment. The Pilates method and aerobic exercises have been proven to be effective in pain and function im...

    Authors: Naiane Teixeira Bastos de Oliveira, Natalia Aquaroni Ricci, Yuri Rafael dos Santos Franco, Evany Maira Espirito Santo Salvador, Isabella Cristina Barboza Almeida and Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:250

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Low back pain (LBP) is a ubiquitous, heterogeneous disorder that affects most people at some point in their lives. The efficient management of LBP remains elusive, with direct and indirect costs attributed to ...

    Authors: Mehul J. Desai, Holly Jonely, Meagan Blackburn, Sangeeth Wanasinghage, Sidrah Sheikh and Rod S. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:249

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture patients are frail and have a high mortality. We investigated whether the introduction of fast track care reduced the 30-day mortality after hip fractures.

    Authors: Christian Thomas Pollmann, Jan Harald Røtterud, Jan-Erik Gjertsen, Fredrik Andreas Dahl, Olav Lenvik and Asbjørn Årøen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:248

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Although the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) remains unclear, there are little evidences of the pathogenesis in patients with thoracolumbar/lumbar AIS. The purpose of this study was to id...

    Authors: Hiroto Makino, Shoji Seki, Isao Kitajima, Hiraku Motomura, Makiko Nogami, Yasuhito Yahara, Naoko Ejiri and Tomoatsu Kimura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:247

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Managing with diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is challenging. Even after infective bone resection and thorough debridement, DFO is still difficult to cure and has a high recurrence rate. This retrospective s...

    Authors: Cheng-He Qin, Chun-Hao Zhou, Hui-Juan Song, Guo-Yun Cheng, Hong-An Zhang, Jia Fang and Rui Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:246

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Hand injuries occur at all ages. With an aging population globally an increasing number of hand injuries among the elderly is to be expected. The aim of the present study is to describe the health characterist...

    Authors: Olof Kringstad, Lars B. Dahlin and Hans-Eric Rosberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:245

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  38. Content type: Correction

    An incorrect attribution of the first study regarding the effect of exercise in DM1 mouse models needs to be revised.

    Authors: Marie-Pier Roussel, Marika Morin, Cynthia Gagnon and Elise Duchesne

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:244

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:101

  39. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is a common and costly problem throughout the United States. To achieve a greater understanding of the occupational risk factors, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (...

    Authors: Sue A. Ferguson, Andrew Merryweather, Matthew S. Thiese, Kurt T. Hegmann, Ming-Lun Lu, Jay M. Kapellusch and William S. Marras

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:243

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common nerve compression disorder which affects hand sensation and function. Carpal tunnel release surgery (CTR) is frequently performed to alleviate these symptoms. For many CTR pa...

    Authors: Lisa Newington, Charlotte Brooks, David Warwick, Jo Adams and Karen Walker-Bone

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:242

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Accelerated knee osteoarthritis (AKOA) is characterized by more pain, impaired physical function, and greater likelihood to receive a joint replacement compared to individuals who develop the typical gradual o...

    Authors: Matthew S. Harkey, Julie E. Davis, Bing Lu, Lori Lyn Price, Robert J. Ward, James W. MacKay, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo, Mary F. Barbe, Ming Zhang, Jincheng Pang, Alina C. Stout, Timothy E. McAlindon and Jeffrey B. Driban

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:241

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The Pedi International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) child are validated questionnaires for children with knee disorders. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Charlotte A. van der Velden, M. C. van der Steen, Jens Leenders, Florens Q. M. P. van Douveren, Rob P. A. Janssen and Max Reijman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:240

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Tendinopathies of the lower extremity (e.g. Achilles, patellar, and plantar heel pain) are common in both general and sporting populations. However, the prevalence and incidence in Danish general practice is u...

    Authors: Henrik Riel, Cassandra Frydendal Lindstrøm, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Martin Bach Jensen and Jens Lykkegaard Olesen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:239

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Bone defects may occur because of severe trauma, nonunion, infection, or tumor resection. However, treatments for bone defects are often difficult and have not been fully established yet. We previously designe...

    Authors: Yu Kuroiwa, Tomoaki Fukui, Shunsuke Takahara, Sang Yang Lee, Keisuke Oe, Michio Arakura, Yohei Kumabe, Takahiro Oda, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Takehiko Matsushita, Toshihiro Akisue, Yoshitada Sakai, Ryosuke Kuroda and Takahiro Niikura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:237

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Various surgical modalities are available for correction of deformity in late-diagnosed distal radius fractures. This study compared surgical outcomes between intramedullary nailing and plating osteosynthesis ...

    Authors: Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Chun-Ying Cheng, Chun-Jui Weng and Ying-Chao Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:236

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Although overuse wrist injuries can have serious consequences, young athletes often do not immediately report their injury to a physician. This qualitative study aimed to identify symptoms and limitations rela...

    Authors: Laura S. Kox, Jip Opperman, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer, Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs, Mario Maas and Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:235

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  47. Content type: Research article

    A detailed evaluation focusing on the fibrocartilage layers in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insertion is necessary to consider regeneration of the insertion. This study examined the development of the ...

    Authors: Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Hiromi Nakajima, Maika Someji and Masataka Sakane

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:233

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