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  1. Providing a stable osteosynthesis in fragility fractures of the pelvis can be challenging. Cement augmentation increases screw fixation in osteoporotic bone. Generating interfragmentary compression by using a ...

    Authors: Juliana Hack, Maiwand Safi, Martin Bäumlein, Julia Lenz, Christopher Bliemel, Steffen Ruchholtz and Ludwig Oberkircher

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1034

    Content type: Research

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  2. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of intralesional pulsed radiofrequency (RF) in the treatment of calcaneal spur and the results of patients who underwent single and double sessions of RF treatment.

    Authors: Ibrahim Eke, Mehmet Akif Akcal, Ali Vefa Sayrac and Yusuf Iyetin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1033

    Content type: Research

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  3. The enthesis possesses morphological adaptations across the soft-hard tissue junction which are not fully restored during surgical avulsion repairs. This loss of anatomical structure, highly related to functio...

    Authors: Jeremy W. Mortimer, Hamad Alsaykhan, Subashan Vadibeler, Philippa A. Rust and Jennifer Z. Paxton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1032

    Content type: Research

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  4. Suction drainage is commonly applied after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) to reduce hematoma, swelling and to favor surgical wound healing. However, its efficacy rem...

    Authors: Nicola Manta, Laura Mangiavini, Cristiana Balbino, Andrea Colombo, Elisa Giacomina Pandini, Pierluigi Pironti, Marco Viganò and Roberto D’Anchise

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1031

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Interspinous devices have been introduced as alternatives to decompression or fusion in surgery for degenerative lumbar diseases. This study aimed to investigate 15-year survivorship and risk factors for reope...

    Authors: Yoon Joo Cho, Jong-Beom Park, Dong-Gune Chang and Hong Jin Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1030

    Content type: Research

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  6. The Flexion First Balancer (FFB) technique for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was developed to maintain the isometry of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) by restoring the medial anatomy of the knee. Inabilit...

    Authors: W. A. M. van Lieshout, I. van Oost, K. L. M. Koenraadt, L. H. G. J. Elmans and R. C. I. van Geenen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1029

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Numerous systematic reviews investigating the benefit of the usage of drainage after primary total hip or knee arthroplasty have been published with divergent conclusions. We aim to determine the best availabl...

    Authors: Huibin Long, Zhichang Li, Dan Xing, Yan Ke and Jianhao Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1028

    Content type: Research

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  8. Although nutritional status is crucial in gait recovery after femoral neck fracture surgery, the relationship between preoperative nutritional status and postoperative outcomes remains unknown. This study exam...

    Authors: Katsuya Yokoyama, Taku Ukai and Masahiko Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1027

    Content type: Research

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  9. Although Degenerative Spondylolisthesis (DS) is a common osseous dysfunction, very few studies have examined the bony morphology of lumbar the neural arch in the population afflicted with DS. Therefore, this s...

    Authors: Saher Abu-Leil, Asaf Weisman, Yizhar Floman, Fabio Galbusera and Youssef Masharawi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1026

    Content type: Research

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  10. To investigate whether hypocalcemia influenced total blood loss and transfusion rate in elderly patients with hip fracture.

    Authors: Zhicong Wang, Xi Chen, Yan Chen, Ling Yang, Hong Wang, Wei Jiang, Shuping Liu and Yuehong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1025

    Content type: Research

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  11. Despite recent improvements in survival due to advances in treatment, the quality of life of patients with lymphoma may be compromised by the long-term complications of chemotherapy and steroid therapy. Among ...

    Authors: S. Mancuso, Dalila Scaturro, M. Santoro, G. Di Gaetano, F. Vitagliani, V. Falco, S. Siragusa, S. Gonnelli and G. Letizia Mauro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1024

    Content type: Research

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  12. There is no standard treatment for giant cell tumors of the sacrum. We compared the outcomes and complications in patients with sacral giant cell tumors who underwent intralesional nerve-sparing surgery with o...

    Authors: Shinji Tsukamoto, Nikolin Ali, Andreas F. Mavrogenis, Kanya Honoki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Paolo Spinnato, Davide Maria Donati and Costantino Errani

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1023

    Content type: Research

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  13. After displaced supracondylar humerus fractures (SCHF) in children, residual deformities are common with cubitus varus (CV) being the clinically most visible. Distal fragment malrotation may lead to instabilit...

    Authors: Anna K. Hell, Claudia Gadomski and Lena Braunschweig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1022

    Content type: Research

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  14. Leg length discrepancy is one of the most common problems after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of image-free navigation in intraoperative leg length change ...

    Authors: Shine Tone, Masahiro Hasegawa, Yohei Naito, Hiroki Wakabayashi and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1021

    Content type: Research

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  15. Autosomal recessive limb–girdle muscular dystrophy-1 (LGMDR1), also known as calpainopathy, is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterised by progression of muscle weakness. Homozygous or compound heter...

    Authors: Evelina Siavrienė, Gunda Petraitytė, Birutė Burnytė, Aušra Morkūnienė, Violeta Mikštienė, Tautvydas Rančelis, Algirdas Utkus, Vaidutis Kučinskas and Eglė Preikšaitienė

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1020

    Content type: Case report

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  16. One of the most important complications in inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are musculoskeletal manifestations that are reported in more than 50% of patients.

    Authors: Samane Tavassoli, Iman Shahabinasab, Alireza Norouzi, Taghi Amiriani, Nafiseh Abdolahi, Somayeh Livani, Seyed Farzam Mirkamali, Honey Sadat Mirkarimi, Fazel Isapanah Amlashi and Sima Besharat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1019

    Content type: Research

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  17. International consensus is needed on case definitions of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and diseases (MSDs) for use in epidemiological research. We aim to: 1) study what information is needed for the c...

    Authors: Sietske J. Tamminga, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer, Kathryn Badarin, Jose Hernán Alfonso, Joana Amaro, Stefania Curti, Irina Guseva Canu, Stefano Mattioli, Ingrid S. Mehlum, David Rempel, Yves Roquelaure, Steven Visser and Henk F. van der Molen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1018

    Content type: Research

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  18. The assessment of cervical spine kinematic axial rotation performance is of great importance in the context of the study of neck sensorimotor control. However, studies addressing the influence of the level of ...

    Authors: Renaud Hage, Christine Detrembleur, Frédéric Dierick, Jean-Michel Brismée, Nathalie Roussel and Laurent Pitance

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1017

    Content type: Research

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  19. Intraoperative navigation systems have been shown to improve the accuracy of acetabular component insertion in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of cup ori...

    Authors: Yohei Naito, Masahiro Hasegawa, Shine Tone, Hiroki Wakabayashi and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1016

    Content type: Research

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  20. It is not clear whether modified facet fusion (MFF) is biomechanically different from traditional fusion techniques such as posterior lateral lumbar fusion (PLF) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF).

    Authors: Xiao Han, Xin Chen, Kuan Li, Zheng Li and Shugang Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1015

    Content type: Research

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  21. Three-dimensional (3-D) printed guidance templates are being increasingly used in spine surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine if 3D printed navigation templates can improve the accuracy of pedicl...

    Authors: Jun Cao, Xuejun Zhang, Haonan Liu, Ziming Yao, Yunsong Bai, Dong Guo and Lei Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1014

    Content type: Research

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  22. There is a paucity of data concerning the morphological differences of resected distal femurs and proximal tibias in osteoarthritic (OA) and normal knees. The objective of this study was to determine whether m...

    Authors: Xiang-hui Dong, Xiang-hui Huang, Ming Chen, Yan-Hai Chang, Ming Ling and Bo Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1013

    Content type: Research

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  23. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries and disabilities among health care workers. This study investigates the relationship between musculoskeletal complain...

    Authors: Ehsan Rafeemanesh, Alireza Khooei, Shabnam Niroumand and Tina Shirzadeh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1012

    Content type: Research

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  24. There are concerns regarding initial stability and cutout effect in proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) treating intertrochanteric fractures. No study have used finite element analysis (FEA) to investiga...

    Authors: Liqin Zheng, Xinmin Chen, Yongze Zheng, Xingpeng He, Jingxiong Wu and Ziling Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1010

    Content type: Research

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  25. Periprosthetic femoral fracture (PFF) is a serious complication after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the risk factors of PFF in the early postoperative setting are not well documented. This study dete...

    Authors: Chaturong Pornrattanamaneewong, Akraporn Sitthitheerarut, Pakpoom Ruangsomboon, Keerati Chareancholvanich and Rapeepat Narkbunnam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1009

    Content type: Research

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  26. As osteoarthritis (OA) disease-modifying therapies are not available, novel therapeutic targets need to be discovered and prioritized. Here, we aim to identify miRNA signatures in patients to fully elucidate r...

    Authors: Ying Jiang, Yi Shen, Liyan Ding, Shengli Xia and Liying Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1008

    Content type: Research

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  27. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) trends are critical for monitoring patients’ treatment response following a two-stage exchange arthroplasty for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) of the hip. However, CRP tren...

    Authors: Zhong-Yan Li, Yu-Chih Lin, Chih-Hsiang Chang, Szu-Yuan Chen, Tung-Wu Lu and Sheng-Hsun Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1007

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:53

  28. The septic arthritis of the hip is a complex condition characterized by a variety of clinical presentations, a challenging diagnosis and different surgical treatment options, including arthroscopy, resection a...

    Authors: Giovanni Balato, Vincenzo de Matteo, Tiziana Ascione, Roberto de Giovanni, Ernesto Marano, Maria Rizzo and Massimo Mariconda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22(Suppl 2):1006

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 2

  29. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) is a rare Heritable Disorder of Connective tissue characterised by generalised joint laxity and chronic widespread pain. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome has a large impact on pa...

    Authors: Alexander Vernon Bates, Alison H. McGregor and Caroline M. Alexander

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1005

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) is the most common form of shoulder pain. Conservative and surgical treatments for SIS are often not effective. One such surgical intervention is subacromial decompression, ...

    Authors: Donald J. Hunter, Darren A. Rivett, Sharmaine McKiernan and Suzanne J. Snodgrass

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1004

    Content type: Research

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  31. With the Persona® knee system a new polyethylene formulation incorporating vitamin-E which aims to reduce oxidation and maintain wear resistance was introduced. Although in-vitro studies have demonstrated posi...

    Authors: Dominic T. Mathis, Joshua Schmidli, Michael T. Hirschmann, Felix Amsler, Johann Henckel, Harry Hothi and Alister Hart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1003

    Content type: Research

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  32. Proximal humerus fracture (PHF) complications, whether following surgery or nonoperative management, require standardization of definitions and documentation for consistent reporting. We aimed to define an int...

    Authors: Laurent Audigé, Stig Brorson, Holger Durchholz, Simon Lambert, Fabrizio Moro and Alexander Joeris

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1002

    Content type: Research

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  33. This study aims to analyze postoperative changes of cervical sagittal curvature and to identify independent risk factors for cervical kyphosis in Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients.

    Authors: Junyu Li, Kaige Deng, Yanchao Tang, Zexi Yang, Xiaoguang Liu, Zhongjun Liu, Feng Wei, Fengliang Wu, Hua Zhou, Yan Li, Yongqiang Wang, Weishi Li and Miao Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1001

    Content type: Research

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  34. Heterotopic ossification (HO) can limit joint activity, causes ankylosis and impairs the function and rehabilitation of patients. Endothelial to mesenchymal transition (EndMT) plays an important role in the pa...

    Authors: Zhenyuan Wei, Yang Zhao, Peichun Hsu, Shang Guo, Chi Zhang and Biao Zhong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1000

    Content type: Research

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  35. Adult spinal deformities (ASD) represent a growing clinical condition related to chronic pain, disability and reduction in quality of life (QoL). A strong correlation among spinal alignment, spinopelvic parame...

    Authors: Andrea Perna, Luca Proietti, Amarildo Smakaj, Calogero Velluto, Maria Concetta Meluzio, Giuseppe Rovere, Daniela Florio, Gianfranco Zirio and Francesco Ciro Tamburrelli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22(Suppl 2):999

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 2

  36. Therapeutic exercises are used in clinical practice for patients with low back pain (LBP). Core stabilization exercises can retrain the important function of local trunk muscles and increase the accuracy of th...

    Authors: Su Su Hlaing, Rungthip Puntumetakul, Ei Ei Khine and Rose Boucaut

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:998

    Content type: Research

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  37. Intra-articular hip injections for osteoarthritis represent a useful instrument to reduce pain and disability in the common clinical practice. Several medications can be injected locally with different level o...

    Authors: Paola Emilia Ferrara, Sefora Codazza, Daniele Coraci, Giuseppe Malerba, Giorgio Ferriero and Gianpaolo Ronconi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22(Suppl 2):997

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 2

  38. Understanding the profiles of different upper extremity fractures, particularly those presenting as a 1st incident can inform prevention and management strategies. The purpose of this population-level study wa...

    Authors: Joy C. MacDermid, J. Andrew McClure, Lucie Richard, Kenneth J. Faber and Susan Jaglal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:996

    Content type: Research

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  39. Ectopic gas in the graft is occasionally encountered upon follow-up computed tomography (CT) after anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF). However, most cases lack inflammatory responses and manifestat...

    Authors: Satoshi Nozawa, Hiroki Kato, Masaya Kawaguchi, Asae Nozawa, Kazunari Yamada, Chizuo Iwai, Kazunari Fushimi, Kei Miyamoto, Hideo Hosoe, Katsuji Shimizu, Masayuki Matsuo and Haruhiko Akiyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:995

    Content type: Research

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  40. To compare the clinical efficacy of a femoral neck system (FNS) and cannulated screws (CS) in the treatment of femoral neck fracture in young adults.

    Authors: Changjun He, Yao Lu, Qian Wang, Cheng Ren, Ming Li, Mingyi Yang, Yibo Xu, Zhong Li, Kun Zhang and Teng Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:994

    Content type: Research

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  41. To compare the clinical efficacy of vancomycin calcium sulfate implantation and fenestration decompression in the treatment of sclerosing osteomyelitis.

    Authors: Haotian Hua, Xinwei Wang, Jiangang Guo, Lei Zhang, Zairan Guo and Jiangfei Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:993

    Content type: Research

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  42. Osteoporotic fractures of the pelvis (OFP) are an increasing issue in orthopedics. Current classification systems (CS) are mostly CT-based and complex and offer only moderate to substantial inter-rater reliabi...

    Authors: Bernhard W. Ullrich, Klaus J. Schnake, Ulrich J. A. Spiegl, Philipp Schenk, Thomas Mendel, Lars Behr, Philipp Bula, Laura B. Flücht, Alexander Franck, Erol Gercek, Sebastian Grüninger, Philipp Hartung, Cornelius Jacobs, Sebastian Katscher, Friederike Klauke, Katja Liepold…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:992

    Content type: Research

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  43. The purpose is based on anatomical basis, combined with three-dimensional measurement, to guide the clinical repositioning of proximal humeral fractures, select the appropriate pin entry point and angle, and s...

    Authors: Baorui Xing, Yadi Zhang, Xiuxiu Hou, Yunmei Li, Guoliang Li and Guangpu Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:991

    Content type: Research

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  44. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes after medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction combined with supracondylar biplanar femoral derotation osteotomy (FD...

    Authors: Xiangtian Deng, Lingzhi Li, Peng Zhou, Fuyuan Deng, Yuan Li, Yanwei He, Ge Chen, Zhong Li and Juncai Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:990

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Despite the wide use of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) in spinal surgeries, the efficacy of IONM during percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (PE-TLIF) surgery in ...

    Authors: Yu Chen, Chunmei Luo, Juan Wang, Libangxi Liu, Bo Huang, Chang-Qing Li, Yue Zhou and Chencheng Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:989

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Studies explaining the relationship between hip and spine reported that spinal corrective surgery affected acetabular orientation and changes in pelvic tilt were capable of influencing radiographic measures of...

    Authors: Qiang Luo, Yong-Chan Kim, Ki-Tack Kim, Kee-Yong Ha, Young-Soo Chun, Joonghyun Ahn, Sung-Min Kim and Kyeonguk Min

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:988

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. This study was performed to investigate the mid-term results of Ti-Nb-Sn (TNS) alloy stem with a low Young’s modulus.

    Authors: Daisuke Chiba, Norikazu Yamada, Yu Mori, Masamizu Oyama, Susumu Ohtsu, Yoshiyuki Kuwahara, Kazuyoshi Baba, Hidetatsu Tanaka, Toshimi Aizawa, Shuji Hanada and Eiji Itoi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:987

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. While several studies report on accuracy rates of pedicle screws, risk factors associated with inaccurate pedicle screw positioning in patients with thoracolumbar fractures are reported rarely. CT scan as a ro...

    Authors: R. Aigner, C. Bichlmaier, L. Oberkircher, T. Knauf, A. König, P. Lechler, S. Ruchholtz and M. Frink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:986

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  49. The irregular anatomical shape and complex structures of irregular bones make it more difficult to repair and reconstruct bone defects in irregular bones than in the long bones of the extremities. Three-dimens...

    Authors: Guochen Luo, Yao Zhang, Xiahua Wang, Shuaishuai Chen, Dongyi Li and Mingyang Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:984

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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