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  1. Altered lower back muscle activity is proposed as a contributing factor to the reoccurrence and chronicity of low back pain (LBP). This study compared lumbar muscle activity during trunk extension in patients ...

    Authors: Balasch-Bernat Mercè, Willems Tine, Danneels Lieven, Meeus Mira and Goubert Dorien

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:756

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Migraine and cervicogenic headache (CGH) are common headache disorders, although the large overlap of symptoms between them makes differential diagnosis challenging. To strengthen differential diagnosis, physi...

    Authors: E. Anarte-Lazo, G. F. Carvalho, A. Schwarz, K. Luedtke and D. Falla

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:755

    Content type: Research

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  3. Patients’ perceptions and beliefs of disease could be influenced by their lifestyle and culture. Although it is important to understand their perceptions and beliefs toward disease to prevent and manage osteoa...

    Authors: Daisuke Uritani, Akane Ikeda, Toru Shironoki, Kentaro Matsubata, Yuto Mutsura, Tadashi Fujii and Koji Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:754

    Content type: Research

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  4. In anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the clinical outcome and level of post-operative pain are important factors. To date there have been no studies evaluating differences in post-operative pain...

    Authors: Chaiwat Chuaychoosakoon, Wachiraphan Parinyakhup, Arnan Wiwatboworn, Peeranut Purngpiputtrakul, Pawin Wanasitchaiwat and Tanarat Boonriong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:753

    Content type: Research

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  5. Over the course of the twenty-first century, work-related musculoskeletal disorders are still persisting among blue collar workers. At present, no epidemiological overview exists. Therefore, a systematic revie...

    Authors: Renée Govaerts, Bruno Tassignon, Jo Ghillebert, Ben Serrien, Sander De Bock, Toon Ampe, Ilias El Makrini, Bram Vanderborght, Romain Meeusen and Kevin De Pauw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:751

    Content type: Research

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  6. Reconstruction of the skeletal defects resulting from the resection of bone tumors remains a considerable challenge and one of the possibilities is the orthotopic replantation of the irradiated bone autograft....

    Authors: Alexander Klein, Yasmin Bakhshai, Falk Roeder, Christof Birkenmaier, Andrea Baur-Melnyk and Hans Roland Dürr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:750

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Rotator cuff retear (RCR) is one of the main postoperative drawbacks. RCR can be considered a multifactorial issue, which causes are related either to biological than biomechanical factors. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Arianna Carnevale, Ilaria Piergentili, Alessandra Berton, Vincenzo Candela, Emiliano Schena and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:749

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The fabella is a sesamoid bone in the posterolateral capsule of the human knee joint. In quadrupedal mammals, the fabella is believed to have a role similar to the patella in redirecting extension forces of th...

    Authors: Shuo-Po Weng, Tsung-Mu Wu, Chi-Sheng Chien and Sheng-Hui Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:748

    Content type: Case report

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  9. There are several studies comparing techniques and different materials, yet the results are not unanimous. We compared three methods of skin closure in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), including suture with sing...

    Authors: Rodrigo Barreiros Vieira, Gustavo Waldolato, João Sequeira Fernandes, Thiago Gontijo de Carvalho, Pedro Augusto Maciel Moreira, Guilherme Barbosa Moreira and Jorge Suman Vieira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:747

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Shifts in treatment strategies for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have made ambulatory care more labour-intensive. These developments have prompted innovative care models, including mobile health (mHealth) applicat...

    Authors: Michaël Doumen, René Westhovens, Sofia Pazmino, Delphine Bertrand, Veerle Stouten, Claudia Neys, Nelly Creten, Els Van Laeken, Patrick Verschueren and Diederik De Cock

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:746

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To introduce a novel transoral instrumentation in the treatment of unstable fractures of the atlas.

    Authors: Qiang Tu, Hu Chen, Zhan Li, Yuyue Chen, Aihong Xu, Changrong Zhu, Xianhua Huang, Xiangyang Ma, Jianhua Wang, Kai Zhang, Qingshui Yin, Jianzhong Xu and Hong Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:745

    Content type: Research article

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  12. For the treatment of unstable thoraco-lumbar burst fractures, a combined posterior and anterior stabilization instead of a posterior-only instrumentation is recommend in the current literature due to the insta...

    Authors: Siegmund Lang, Carsten Neumann, Christina Schwaiger, Andreas Voss, Volker Alt, Markus Loibl and Maximilian Kerschbaum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:744

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The best treatment for degenerative medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) remains controversial. This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic meniscectomy and conser...

    Authors: Nam-Hun Lee, Hyoung-Yeon Seo, Myung-Jin Sung, Bo-Ram Na, Eun-Kyoo Song and Jong-Keun Seon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:742

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Vertebroplasty (VP) is considered an alternative therapy in an osteoporotic compression fracture that failed conservative treatment. However, cement leakage into the intradural space can cause catastrophic com...

    Authors: In-Hwa Baek, Hyung-Youl Park, Ki-Won Kim, Tae-Yang Jang and Jun-Seok Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:741

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Biomechanical studies indicate that during outward rotation of the tibia and the valgus knee joint position, the patella is shifted in the lateral direction. After first-time patellar dislocation, the dynamic ...

    Authors: Krzysztof Małecki, Jarosław Fabiś, Paweł Flont, Anna Fabiś-Strobin and Kryspin Niedzielski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:740

    Content type: Research

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  16. Several hip and knee pathologies are associated with aberrant femoral torsion. Diagnostic workup includes computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). For three-dimensional (3D) analysis of c...

    Authors: Thomas Vincent Häller, Pascal Schenk, Lukas Jud, Armando Hoch, Tobias Götschi and Patrick Oliver Zingg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:739

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Despite well-established benefits of physical activity for knee osteoarthritis (OA), nine of ten people with knee OA are inactive. People with knee OA who are inactive often believe that physical activity is d...

    Authors: Tasha R. Stanton, Felicity A. Braithwaite, David Butler, G. Lorimer Moseley, Catherine Hill, Rachel Milte, Julie Ratcliffe, Carol Maher, Christy Tomkins-Lane, Brian W. Pulling, Erin MacIntyre, Adrian Esterman, Ty Stanford, Hopin Lee, Francois Fraysse, Ben Metcalf…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:738

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Varus ankle osteoarthritis is classified using only weightbearing anteroposterior ankle radiographs; however, sagittal ankle alignment may also affect the position and extent of joint space obliteration. We hy...

    Authors: Kiyonori Tomiwa, Yasuhito Tanaka, Hiroaki Kurokawa, Kunihiko Kadono, Akira Taniguchi and Korakot Maliwankul

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:737

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. An incidental dural tear is a well-known complication during spine surgery. A rare consequence is a postoperative nerve root herniation. The purpose of this report is to describe a case of such a herniation wi...

    Authors: Branko Popadic, Florian Scheichel, Melanie Themesl, Ingo Decristoforo, Camillo Sherif and Franz Marhold

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:736

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The aim of this study was to evaluate the postoperative analgesia effect of ultrasound-guided single popliteal sciatic nerve block for calcaneal fracture.

    Authors: Yanan Li, Qi Zhang, Ying Wang, Chunping Yin, Junfei Guo, Shiji Qin, Yahui Zhang, Lian Zhu, Zhiyong Hou and Qiujun Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:735

    Content type: Research

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  21. The repair of large bone defects is a great challenge for orthopedics. Although the development of three-dimensional (3D) printed titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) implants with optimized the pore structure have effect...

    Authors: Heng Zhao, Shi Shen, Lu Zhao, Yulin Xu, Yang Li and Naiqiang Zhuo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:734

    Content type: Research

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  22. The position of the head relative to the spine can be used to evaluate the true global balance in patients with degenerative spinal kyphosis (DSK). However, it is still not clear how the position of the head i...

    Authors: Weiwei Xia, Weiyan Wang, Zhenqi Zhu, Chenjun Liu, Shuai Xu, Fanqi Meng, Haiying Liu and Kaifeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:733

    Content type: Research

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  23. Persistent shoulder pain causes considerable disruption of the individual’s life and imposes high costs on healthcare and society. Well-informed treatment and referral pathways are crucial as unsuccessful inte...

    Authors: Mathias Moselund Rønnow, Thor André Brøndberg Stæhr and David Høyrup Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:732

    Content type: Research

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  24. Patient-specific Instrumentation (PSI) is an innovative technique aiding the precise implementation of the preoperative plan during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by using patient-specific guides and cutting bl...

    Authors: László Török, Péter Jávor, Petra Hartmann, László Bánki and Endre Varga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:730

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:321

    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:561

  25. Patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) are at risk of decreased bone mineral density (BMD). The bone health status of Chinese patients with SMA has been poorly studied. We aimed to evaluate the BMD of chi...

    Authors: Xiaoyin Peng, Yujin Qu, Xiaohui Li, Junting Liu, Xinying Shan, Jia Wang and Fang Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:729

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Fragility fracture is associated with bone mineral density (BMD), and most databases used in related researches are instrument-matched. Little is known about the relationship between BMD and fragility fracture...

    Authors: Hong-Li Li, Yi Shen, Li-Hua Tan, Song-bo Fu, Ru-Chun Dai, Ling-Qing Yuan, Zhi-Feng Sheng, Zhong-Jian Xie, Xian-Ping Wu, Er-Yuan Liao, Xu-Lei Tang and Xi-Yu Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:728

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Despite similar outcomes for surgery and conservative care, the number of surgeries to treat rotator cuff related shoulder pain has increased. Interventions designed to enhance treatment expectations for conse...

    Authors: Heather Myers, Francis Keefe, Steven Z. George, June Kennedy, Ashley Davis Lake, Corina Martinez and Chad Cook

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:727

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. Intramedullary screw fixation is considered the standard treatment for proximal fifth metatarsal stress fractures. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a well-known bone-healing enhancement device. Howev...

    Authors: Ryo Murakami, Takaki Sanada, Miyu Inagawa, Hiroki Yoshitomi, Eisaburo Honda, Atsushi Fukai and Hiroshi Iwaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:725

    Content type: Research

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  29. Studies exploring risk factors for ankle fractures in adults are scarce, and with diverging conclusions. This study aims to investigate whether overweight, obesity and osteoporosis may be identified as risk fa...

    Authors: Anja M. Hjelle, Ellen M. Apalset, Jan-Erik Gjertsen, Roy M. Nilsen, Anja Lober, Grethe S. Tell and Pawel F. Mielnik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:723

    Content type: Research

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  30. This study was designed to explore venous deformation of the lower extremities and the changes in venous hemodynamics in supine position before and after wearing graduated elastic stockings in patients awaitin...

    Authors: Zaikai Zhuang, Yexian Wang, Yao Yao, Ying Shen, Dongyang Chen and Qing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:722

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The aim of this study was to compare the relative performance of total knee replacement constructs and discern if there is variability in performance in currently commonly used prostheses in the New Zealand Jo...

    Authors: MC Wyatt, CF Frampton, MR Whitehouse, KC Deere, A Sayers and D Kieser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:721

    Content type: Research

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  32. The aim of this study was to compare the relative performance of total hip replacement constructs and discern if there is substantial variability in performance in currently commonly used prostheses in the New...

    Authors: Michael Wyatt, Chris Frampton, Michael Whitehouse, Kevin Deere, Adrian Sayers and David Kieser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:719

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This study aims to elucidate and compare the relationship between the knee flexion angle and patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) in both non-weight-bearing (NWB) and weight-bearing (WB) conditions.

    Authors: Tomofumi Kage, Hiroshi Inui, Tetsuya Tomita, Takaharu Yamazaki, Shuji Taketomi, Ryota Yamagami, Kenichi Kono, Kohei Kawaguchi, Shin Sameshima and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:718

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy and reliability of and time taken by a novel method using the built-in photo-edit function of smartphones compared with PACS in measuring hallux valgus pa...

    Authors: Tianji Huang, Lin Wang, Chao Lu, Weiyang Zhong, Zenghui Zhao and Xiaoji Luo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:716

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Knee pain is studied mostly in older age groups, although in young adults it may be an indicator of future impaired musculoskeletal health. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal asso...

    Authors: Ylva B Ericsson, Fiona E McGuigan and Kristina E Akesson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:715

    Content type: Research

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  36. Comorbidities and socioeconomic issues impact outcome of rotator cuff tear (RCT) repair. There are no data on RCT repair outcome from developing regions. We determined the impact of obesity and smoking followi...

    Authors: Christine M. M. Silva, Natália M. Mourão, Leila N. da Rocha, Joaquim I. V. D. Landim, Hermano A. L. Rocha, Marco A. A. Lacerda, Francisco A. C. Rocha and José A. D. Leite

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:714

    Content type: Research

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  37. The reduction of female sex hormones causes changes in the contractile properties of muscles as well as infiltration of fat in the muscle tissue. This results in a consequent decline in muscle strength. These ...

    Authors: Rafaela Andrade do Nascimento, Mariana Carmem Apolinário Vieira, Rafaella Silva dos Santos Aguiar Gonçalves, Mayle Andrade Moreira, Maria Socorro Medeiros de Morais, Saionara Maria Aires da Câmara and Álvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:713

    Content type: Research

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  38. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) presents with a range of symptoms including widespread joint hypermobility and chronic arthralgia. The study objective was to investigate whether impairments in JHS are due t...

    Authors: Alexander Vernon Bates, Alison H. McGregor and Caroline M. Alexander

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:712

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Data on the utilisation of outpatient physiotherapy (PT) in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are scarce, and available studies have not been systematically synthesised. This study aims to summa...

    Authors: Hannes Jacobs, Gesine H. Seeber, Katharina Allers and Falk Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:711

    Content type: Research

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  40. There is variability in individual response to platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy in tennis elbow treatment. Genetic variation, especially within genes encoding growth factors may influence the observed inter-...

    Authors: Paweł Niemiec, Karol Szyluk, Anna Balcerzyk, Marcin Kalita, Alicja Jarosz, Joanna Iwanicka, Tomasz Iwanicki, Tomasz Nowak, Marius Negru, Tomasz Francuz, Wojciech Garczorz, Władysław Grzeszczak, Sylwia Górczyńska-Kosiorz, Wojciech Kania and Iwona Żak

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:710

    Content type: Research

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  41. The prediction of the stability of bones is becoming increasingly important. Especially osteoporotic vertebral body fractures are a growing problem and an increasing burden on the health system. Therefore, the...

    Authors: Dominic Gehweiler, Marius Schultz, Martin Schulze, Oliver Riesenbeck, Dirk Wähnert and Michael J. Raschke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:709

    Content type: Research

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  42. The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a screening tool designed to detect symptoms related to Central Sensitization (CS) and Central Sensitivity Syndromes (CSS) by measuring the degree of related phenom...

    Authors: Michel Klute, Marjan Laekeman, Katrin Kuss, Frank Petzke, Angela Dieterich, Andreas Leha, Randy Neblett, Steffen Ehrhardt, Joachim Ulma and Axel Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:708

    Content type: Research

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  43. Computer-assisted navigation (CAS) was developed to improve the surgical accuracy and precision. Many studies demonstrated better alignment in the coronal plane in CAS TKA compared to conventional technique. T...

    Authors: Franziska Beyer, Alexander Pape, Cornelia Lützner, Stephan Kirschner and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:707

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The increasing incidence of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has led to an increase in both the incidence and the cost burden of revision TKA procedures. This study aimed to review the literature on the c...

    Authors: Charles Okafor, Brent Hodgkinson, Son Nghiem, Christopher Vertullo and Joshua Byrnes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:706

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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