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  1. Content type: Case report

    We evaluated our results of lengthening of free vascularized fibular grafts using a unilateral external fixator in patients with residual leg length discrepancy after free vascularized fibular graft for lower ...

    Authors: Xianghong Zhang, Tingting Zhang, Tang Liu, Zhihong Li and Xiangsheng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:66

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    The achievement and improvement of skills in musical techniques to reach the highest levels of performance may expose music students to a wide range of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs).

    Authors: Cinzia Cruder, Pelagia Koufaki, Marco Barbero and Nigel Gleeson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:64

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Comparative studies of total hip arthroplasty using the direct anterior approach (DAA) compared with the anterolateral approach (ALA) by gait analysis compared the results of the two groups, the damage to the ...

    Authors: Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Han Cha, Kap-Jung Kim, Ha-Yong Kim, Won-Sik Choy and Sun-Chul Hwang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:63

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Hip pain is prevalent in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Hip displacement is a known risk factor for hip pain. However, many children do not have displaced hips but still have hip pain and the aetiologies a...

    Authors: Alexander Marcström, Gunnar Hägglund and Ann I. Alriksson-Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:62

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Although intraoperative periarticular multi-drug injection has been used for postoperative pain control after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the injection has the inherent shortcoming of limited acting time. T...

    Authors: Takuya Iseki, Sachiyuki Tsukada, Motohiro Wakui, Kenji Kurosaka and Shinichi Yoshiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:61

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical behaviour of two bioabsorbable interference screws with different geometries.

    Authors: Gerardo L. Garcés, Oscar Martel, Alejandro Yánez and Alberto Cuadrado

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:60

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Patients with non-operated traumatic primary anterior shoulder dislocation (PASD) are assumed to have less shoulder impairment than patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations (RASD). This may impac...

    Authors: Henrik Eshoj, Sten Rasmussen, Lars Henrik Frich, Steen Lund Jensen, Karen Søgaard and Birgit Juul-Kristensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:59

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Despite very good prosthesis retention times, the growing numbers of primary implantations of hip endoprostheses are leading to increasing numbers of revision operations. Periprosthetic infection, particularly...

    Authors: Ralf Dieckmann, Tom Schmidt-Braekling, Georg Gosheger, Christoph Theil, Jendrik Hardes and Burkhard Moellenbeck

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:58

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  9. Content type: Research article

    It is generally accepted that all arthroplasty patients should receive venous thromboembolism (VTE) and bleeding risk assessments, and that postoperative thromboprophylaxis be routinely prescribed where approp...

    Authors: Corinne Mirkazemi, Luke R. Bereznicki and Gregory M. Peterson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:57

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The purpose was to measure the prevalence and related risk factors of low back pain (LBP) among health care workers (HCWs) at different levels of health care in southwestern Saudi Arabia.

    Authors: Ibrahim Alnaami, Nabil J. Awadalla, Mona Alkhairy, Suleiman Alburidy, Abdulaziz Alqarni, Almohannad Algarni, Rawan Alshehri, Bodoor Amrah, Mishal Alasmari and Ahmed A. Mahfouz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:56

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Wearables consist of numerous technologies that are worn on the body and measure parameters such as step count, distance travelled, heart rate and sleep quantity. Recently, various wearable systems have been d...

    Authors: Lauren Simpson, Monish M. Maharaj and Ralph J Mobbs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:55

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The majority of individuals with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) experience progressive skeletal deformities which may affect the quality of life and mobility. To date, no studies have evaluated the reliability ...

    Authors: Agnieszka Stępień, Maria Jędrzejowska, Katarzyna Guzek, Witold Rekowski and Jolanta Stępowska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:54

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In anatomic medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction, malpositioning of the MPFL femoral tunnel is common. A palpable sulcus reportedly exists at the anatomic femoral attachment of the MPFL. The pr...

    Authors: Xuancheng Zhang, Guoming Xie, Chengyuan Zhang, Zhaoyi Fang, Jinzhong Zhao and Xiaoqiao Huangfu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:53

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Patient reported outcome measurement (PROMs) will not capture in detail the functional joint motion before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Therefore, methods more specifically aimed to analyse joint mo...

    Authors: Roland Zügner, Roy Tranberg, John Timperley, Diana Hodgins, Maziar Mohaddes and Johan Kärrholm

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:52

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    There is insufficient knowledge of pathophysiological parameters to understand the mechanism behind prolonged whiplash associated disorders (WAD), and it is not known whether or not changes can be restored by ...

    Authors: Anneli Peolsson, Anette Karlsson, Bijar Ghafouri, Tino Ebbers, Maria Engström, Margaretha Jönsson, Karin Wåhlén, Thobias Romu, Magnus Borga, Eythor Kristjansson, Hilla Sarig Bahat, Dmitry German, Peter Zsigmond and Gunnel Peterson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:51

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    At any one time, one in every five Canadians has low back pain (LBP), and LBP is one of the most common health problems in primary care. Guidelines recommend that imaging not be routinely performed in patients...

    Authors: Simon D. French, Michael E. Green, R. Sacha Bhatia, Yingwei Peng, Jill A. Hayden, Jan Hartvigsen, Noah M. Ivers, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Christopher M. Booth, Lucia Rühland and Kathleen E. Norman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:50

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Moderately increased motion at the intermediate segment (IS) after skip-level fusion may accelerate disc degeneration. However, limited biomechanical data are available that examine the effects on the IS follo...

    Authors: Ting-kui Wu, Yang Meng, Bei-yu Wang, Xin Rong, Ying Hong, Chen Ding, Hua Chen and Hao Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:49

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Knee movements performed in open (OKC) and closed (CKC) kinetic chains generate various patterns of muscle activities and especially distinct contact stresses in the patellofemoral joint (PFJ). In contrast to ...

    Authors: Dawid Bączkowicz, Krzysztof Kręcisz and Zbigniew Borysiuk

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:48

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Substantial bone loss following failed total knee arthroplasty (TKA) represents a major challenge in revision arthroplasty, that can require distal femoral reconstruction (DFR). In this study, we aimed to asse...

    Authors: Klemens Vertesich, Stephan E. Puchner, Kevin Staats, Markus Schreiner, Christian Hipfl, Bernd Kubista, Johannes Holinka and Reinhard Windhager

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:47

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  20. Content type: Research article

    As the total hip arthroplasty (THA) mainly aims to improve the quality of life of the patients, study of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after THA has attracted much attention. Yet, the results consider...

    Authors: Mansour Bahardoust, Mikaiel Hajializade, Reza Amiri, Fatemeh Mousazadeh and Karim Pisoudeh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:46

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) measurements provide means for the objective assessment of cardiovascular autonomic function. As previous studies have associated chronic pain with...

    Authors: Petteri Oura, Arto Hautala, Antti Kiviniemi, Juha Auvinen, Katri Puukka, Mikko Tulppo, Heikki Huikuri, Tapio Seppänen and Jaro Karppinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:45

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Flight-related neck, shoulder and low back pain are the most common musculoskeletal disorders among helicopter pilots and their crewmembers, thus becoming a growing concern. Information on the combined prevale...

    Authors: Markus Posch, Alois Schranz, Manfred Lener, Werner Senn, Björn O. Äng, Martin Burtscher and Gerhard Ruedl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:44

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  23. Content type: Research article

    We hypothesized that calcaneal reconstruction can relieve chronic pain due to calcaneal malunion. We report the mid-term follow-up results of calcaneal reconstruction for calcaneal malunion.

    Authors: Hong Seop Lee, Woo Jong Kim, Eun Seok Park, Jun Young Kim, Young Hwan Kim and Young Koo Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:43

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Total knee replacement (TKR) patients participate in early supervised exercise therapy programs, despite a lack of evidence for such programs or the optimal type, duration or frequency to provide the best clin...

    Authors: Larissa Nicole Sattler, Wayne Anthony Hing and Christopher John Vertullo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:42

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Limitations in upper limb functioning are common in Musculoskeletal disorders and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand scale (DASH) has gained widespread use in this context. However, various concern...

    Authors: B. Prodinger, A. Hammond, A. Tennant, Y. Prior and S. Tyson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:41

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The devastating impact of musculoskeletal injury (MSI) on human lives, the economy, and health services cannot be overemphasised. This has ignited discussion at international fora, as countries have been exhor...

    Authors: Eric Lawer Torgbenu, Evans Yayra Kwaku Ashigbi, Maxwell Peprah Opoku, Sandra Banini and Emmanuel Barima Agyemang Prempeh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:40

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Geriatric acetabular fractures require fixation with sufficient primary stability to allow for immediate full-weight bearing. Minimally-invasive procedures would be desirable in order to keep perioperative mor...

    Authors: Tatjana Busuttil, Michel Teuben, Roman Pfeifer, Paolo Cinelli, Hans-Christoph Pape and Georg Osterhoff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:39

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Recent research has suggested that wide international variation in the prevalence of disabling regional pain among working populations is driven largely by factors predisposing to musculoskeletal pain in gener...

    Authors: Emanuele Rizzello, Georgia Ntani and David Coggon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:38

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The association between the weight of school bag and Low Back Pain (LBP) amongst students remains under intense debate worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of LBP amongst public high school s...

    Authors: Fatemah Akbar, Muneera AlBesharah, Jumana Al-Baghli, Farah Bulbul, Dana Mohammad, Bann Qadoura and Abdullah Al-Taiar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:37

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Spinal stenosis is a clinical diagnosis in which the main symptom is pain radiating to the lower extremities, or neurogenic claudication. Radiological spinal stenosis is commonly observed in the population and...

    Authors: Erland Hermansen, Tor Åge Myklebust, Ivar Magne Austevoll, Frode Rekeland, Tore Solberg, Kjersti Storheim, Oliver Grundnes, Jørn Aaen, Jens Ivar Brox, Christian Hellum and Kari Indrekvam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:36

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  31. Content type: Research article

    During total knee arthroplasty(TKA), tourniquet is widely used by most surgeons whereas the optimal application is still controversial. With this prospective randomized controlled study, we intend to investiga...

    Authors: Meng Zhang, Gang Liu, Zexue Zhao, Pengfei Wu and Weidong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:35

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Patellar dislocation is common in young and active patients. The purpose of this study was to determine sporting activity following the medial reefing of patellar dislocation.

    Authors: C. Ihle, J. Maurer, P. Ziegler, U. Stöckle, A. Ateschrang, M.-D. Ahrend and S. Schröter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:34

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee, a correlation between meniscal posterior segment injuries and medial meniscal extrusion has been reported, but there have been few reports on the relation...

    Authors: Tsuneo Kawahara, Takahisa Sasho, Takashi Ohnishi and Hideaki Haneishi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:33

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity in adolescence is promoted for its multi-dimensional health benefits. However, too intensive sports participation is associated with an increased injury risk. Our aim was to compare the occur...

    Authors: L. Ristolainen, K. Toivo, J. Parkkari, S. Kokko, L. Alanko, O. J. Heinonen, R. Korpelainen, K. Savonen, H. Selänne, T. Vasankari, L. Kannas, J. Villberg and U. M. Kujala

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:32

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Assessment of outcomes for spinal surgeries is challenging, and an ideal measurement that reflects all aspects of importance for the patients does not exist. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), EuroQol (EQ-5D) an...

    Authors: Ivar Magne Austevoll, Rolf Gjestad, Margreth Grotle, Tore Solberg, Jens Ivar Brox, Erland Hermansen, Frode Rekeland, Kari Indrekvam, Kjersti Storheim and Christian Hellum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:31

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies suggest that RA activity is sensitive to seasonal changes. This study explored the influence of season on RA activity, particularly the distribution of affected joints, using a nationwide data...

    Authors: Hiroaki Mori, Tetsuji Sawada, Susumu Nishiyama, Kota Shimada, Koichiro Tahara, Haeru Hayashi, Eri Kato, Mayu Tago, Toshihiro Matsui and Shigeto Tohma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:30

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) includes biomechanical parameters that vary between clinicians, but for which the influence on the therapy clinical effects is unknown. This parallel-randomized controlled tri...

    Authors: Isabelle Pagé and Martin Descarreaux

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:29

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Interventions for low back pain (LBP) commonly target ‘dysfunctional’ or atypical lumbo-pelvic kinematics in the belief that correcting aberrant movement improves patients’ pain and activity outcomes. If atypi...

    Authors: Robert A. Laird, Jennifer L. Keating, Kasper Ussing, Paoline Li and Peter Kent

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:28

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Suture anchor-based fixations of humeral greater tuberosity (GT) fractures have yielded good outcomes in both clinical and biomechanical studies. Be that as it may, the interface contact properties of these fi...

    Authors: Cheng-Li Lin, Ming-Long Yeh, Fong-Chin Su, Yu-Chih Wang, Chen-Hao Chiang, Chih-Kai Hong and Wei-Ren Su

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:26

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Very little is known about the burden of chronic low back pain in Africa. This study aimed at assessing disability and associated factors in chronic low back patients in Cameroon.

    Authors: Marie Doualla, Jeannine Aminde, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Fernando Kemta Lekpa, Felix Mangan Kwedi, Emmanuel Vubo Yenshu and Alain Mefire Chichom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:25

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Rare variants of HSPG2 have recently been reported to function as a potential contributor to the susceptibility of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in the Caucasians. A replication study in the different pop...

    Authors: Chao Xia, Leilei Xu, Bingchuan Xue, Fei Sheng, Yong Qiu and Zezhang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:24

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Multifocal osteonecrosis (ON) is defined as ON involving three or more distinct anatomical sites. We investigated the clinical characteristics and utility of whole-body bone scans (WBBS) in patients with multi...

    Authors: Young-Sil An, Sunghoon Park, Ju-Yang Jung, Chang-Hee Suh and Hyoun-Ah Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:23

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  43. Content type: Research article

    As one of the classical total hip arthroplasty (THA) approaches, the posterior approach is widely used. However, there is a lack of in-depth quantitative researches on the surgical-related injury to the hip ex...

    Authors: Ting Wang, Long Shao, Wei Xu, Feilong Li and Wei Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:22

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Accurate assessment of isometric hand grip strength (HGS) and isometric lower limb strength (LS) are often limited to specialized clinics due to high costs and need for specialized equipment and personnel. A m...

    Authors: F. Eika, A. W. Blomkvist, M. T. Rahbek, K. D. Eikhof, M. D. Hansen, M. Søndergaard, J. Ryg, S. Andersen and M. G. Jorgensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:21

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Proximal humeral fractures (PHFs) are the third most common fracture in older patients. The purpose of the study was to prospectively evaluate the outcomes of PHF fixation with a locking blade nail (LBN) or lo...

    Authors: Johannes E. Plath, Christian Kerschbaum, Tobias Seebauer, Rainer Holz, Daniel J. H. Henderson, Stefan Förch and Edgar Mayr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:20

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) has been used over the last two decades to treat focal cartilage lesions aiming to delay or prevent the onset of osteoarthritis; however, some patients do not respond ...

    Authors: Ashraful Islam, Vegard Fossum, Ann Kristin Hansen, Ilona Urbarova, Gunnar Knutsen and Inigo Martinez-Zubiaurre

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:19

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Shoulder and neck pain are reported as the most common occupational-related health problem and cause of morbidity, absenteeism from work among school teachers worldwide. School teachers represent an occupation...

    Authors: Melaku Hailu Temesgen, Gashaw Jember Belay, Asmare Yitayeh Gelaw, Balamurugan Janakiraman and Yaregal Animut

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:18

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  48. Content type: Case report

    Osteoid osteoma is a painful benign skeletal tumour of unknown aetiology. Most often it occurs in the long bones of extremities and responds well to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. However, unusual...

    Authors: Josip Vlaic, Lovro Lamot, Sven Simunic, Miroslav Harjacek and Davor Bojic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:17

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