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  1. There has been a paucity of literature revealing the discrepancy between self-recognition about hallux valgus (HV) and radiographically-evaluated foot configuration. Knowing this discrepancy will help to make ...

    Authors: Takumi Matsumoto, Junya Higuchi, Yuji Maenohara, Song Ho Chang, Toshiko Iidaka, Chiaki Horii, Hiroyuki Oka, Shigeyuki Muraki, Hiroshi Hashizume, Hiroshi Yamada, Munehito Yoshida, Kozo Nakamura, Sakae Tanaka and Noriko Yoshimura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:31

    Content type: Research

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  2. Acute musculoskeletal (MSK) pain is very common and associated with impaired productivity and high economic burden. Access to timely and personalized, evidence-based care is key to improve outcomes while reduc...

    Authors: Fabíola Costa, Dora Janela, Maria Molinos, Jorge Lains, Gerard E. Francisco, Virgílio Bento and Fernando Dias Correia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:29

    Content type: Research

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  3. The Brostrom-Gould procedure is currently the gold standard surgical choice for the treatment of chronic ankle instability; it can significantly improve ankle function and stability in patients. However, recen...

    Authors: Guanghui Zeng, Qi Liu, Dongming Cui, Chao Liang, Chunsheng Tao and Jinzhu Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:28

    Content type: Research

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  4. We aimed to assess the utility of a clinician-reported outcome (the Japanese Orthopedic Association [JOA] hip score) as evaluated by clinicians and physiotherapists. This assessment was made by comparing these...

    Authors: Hisaki Aiba, Nobuyuki Watanabe, Toshiaki Inagaki, Muneyoshi Fukuoka and Hideki Murakami

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:27

    Content type: Research

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  5. Neck pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders, having an age-standardised prevalence rate of 27.0 per 1000 population in 2019. This literature review describes the global epidemiology and trend...

    Authors: Somaye Kazeminasab, Seyed Aria Nejadghaderi, Parastoo Amiri, Hojjat Pourfathi, Mostafa Araj-Khodaei, Mark J. M. Sullman, Ali-Asghar Kolahi and Saeid Safiri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:26

    Content type: Review

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  6. Multiplanar external fixation systems that employ software-assisted deformity correction consist of rings connected by angled struts, defined as hexapod ring fixators (HRF). Costs and outcomes associated with ...

    Authors: J. Spence Reid, Mollie Vanderkarr, Bidusee Ray, Abhishek Chitnis, Chantal E. Holy and Charisse Sparks

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:25

    Content type: Research

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  7. To measure volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) with quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in the proximal femur of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with hip involvement and analyze their correlations w...

    Authors: Xinfeng Wu, Liang Zhang, Tao Bian, Siliang Man, Hongchao Li, Wei Liu and Yixin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:24

    Content type: Research

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  8. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating condition affecting human body biomechanics and quality of life. Current standard care for knee OA leads to trivial improvement and entails multiple adverse effects o...

    Authors: Abed El-Hakim El-Kadiry, Carlos Lumbao, Natasha Salame, Moutih Rafei and Riam Shammaa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:23

    Content type: Research

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  9. Whole body standing alignment (WBSA) in terms of biomechanics can be evaluated accurately only by referring the gravity line (GL) which lies on the gravity center (GC). Here, we introduce a method for estimati...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Celia Amabile, Matthieu Nesme and Jean Dubousset

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:22

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Chronic pain and the accompanying level of disability is a healthcare crisis that reaches epidemic proportions and is now considered a world level crisis. Chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP) contributes...

    Authors: Antonio J. Varela and Kathryn W. Van Asselt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:21

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In case of spinal cord compression behind the vertebral body, anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) proves to be a more feasible approach than cervical discectomy. The next step was the placement of a...

    Authors: Mohamed H. Tohamy, Georg Osterhoff, Ahmed Shawky Abdelgawaad, Ali Ezzati and Christoph-E. Heyde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:20

    Content type: Research

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  12. The cartilage segmentation algorithms make it possible to accurately evaluate the morphology and degeneration of cartilage. There are some factors (location of cartilage subregions, hydrarthrosis and cartilage...

    Authors: Ping Zhang, Ran Xu Zhang, Xiao Shuai Chen, Xiao Yue Zhou, Esther Raithel, Jian Ling Cui and Jian Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:19

    Content type: Technical advance

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  13. The volar locking plate has been widely used for unstable distal radius fractures to provide early recovery of wrist function. Volar plate prominence to the watershed line has been reported to be related to fl...

    Authors: Yin-Ming Huang, Chun-Yu Chen, Kai-Cheng Lin, Yih-Wen Tarng, Ching-Yi Liao and Wei-Ning Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:18

    Content type: Research

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  14. Parathyroid hormone, with its anabolic effect on bone formation, has shown excellent outcomes of curing postmenopausal osteoporosis as well as enhancing osseointegration around orthopaedic and stomatologic imp...

    Authors: Xinlin Gao, Yang Meng, Dingjun Hao and Hao Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:17

    Content type: Research

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  15. Teriparatide (TPTD) is a drug for osteoporosis that promotes bone formation and improves bone quality. However, the effects of TPTD on cortical bone are not well understood. Sweep imaging with Fourier transfor...

    Authors: Yasutaka Sotozono, Kazuya Ikoma, Masamitsu Kido, Okihiro Onishi, Masataka Minami, Hiroaki Wada, Shunji Yamada, Ken-Ichi Matsuda, Masaki Tanaka and Kenji Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:16

    Content type: Research

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  16. Double-endobutton technique, as a widely accepted strategy for the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation, is undergoing constant improvement. This study aims to assess the clinical effect of a modif...

    Authors: Fangning Hu, Shumei Han, Fanxiao Liu, Zhuang Wang, Honglei Jia, Fu Wang, Lingfei Hu, Jing Chen, Bomin Wang and Yongliang Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:15

    Content type: Research

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  17. Knee replacement is a very effective and indispensable treatment option for end-stage knee arthritis, and the number of cases has been increasing worldwide. A replaced knee joint without patient joint awarenes...

    Authors: Masafumi Itoh, Junya Itou, Umito Kuwashima and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:14

    Content type: Research

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  18. Pigmented epithelioid melanocytoma (PEM) is a sporadic type of pigmented melanocytic tumor with uncertain malignant potential. PEM arises as a solitary neoplasm that predominantly occurs spontaneously in other...

    Authors: Sarthak Nepal, Borriwat Santipas, Wasan Yotchai, Manasmon Chairatchaneeboon, Sirichai Wilartratsami and Panya Luksanapruksa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:13

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Seizure predisposes patients to shoulder dislocation. However, there is no consensus regarding the best management approach for recurrent shoulder dislocation in patients who have a history of seizures. In thi...

    Authors: Mohammad Reza Guity and Amir Sobhani Eraghi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:12

    Content type: Research

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  20. The plantar plate is an important static stabilizer of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints, and disruptions of the plantar plate can lead to significant instability and lesser toe deformities. In recent year...

    Authors: Shun-Min Chang, Peng-Ju Huang, Chui Jia Farn, Shin-Yiing Lin, Chen-Chie Wang, Chung-Li Wang and Pei-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:11

    Content type: Research

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  21. Semi-rigid lumbar fusion offers a compromise between pedicle screw-based rigid fixation and non-instrumented lumbar fusion. However, the use of semi-rigid interspinous stabilization (SIS) with interspinous spa...

    Authors: Chia-En Wong, Hsuan-Teh Hu, Li-Hsing Kao, Che-Jung Liu, Ke-Chuan Chen and Kuo-Yuan Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:10

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There is a great deal of controversy on whether routine MRI examination is needed for fresh fractures while the vast majority of patients with tibial plateau fractures (TPFs) receive preoperative X-ray and CT ...

    Authors: Ying Pu, Zhu Lei, Ding Wenge, Xu Yue, Jiang Xiaowei, Wang Kejie, Zhao Yiwen, Huang Zhihui and Dai Xiaoyu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:9

    Content type: Research

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  23. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether histone deacetylase 4 S246/467/632A mutant (m-HDAC4) has enhanced function at histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) to attenuate cartilage degeneration in a rat model of o...

    Authors: Xiaodong Gu, Fei Li, Yangyang Gao, Xianda Che and Pengcui Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:8

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Hip fracture is highly associated with disability and consequently, mortality in the elderly population. Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is not unusual and is associated with considerable morbidity and...

    Authors: Sizheng Zhan, Wenyong Xie, Ming Yang, Dianying Zhang and Baoguo Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:7

    Content type: Research

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  25. Pedicle screw invasion of the proximal articular process will cause local articular process degeneration and acceleration, which is an important factor affecting adjacent segment degeneration. Although lumbar ...

    Authors: Peng Tao Wang, Jia Nan Zhang, Tuan Jiang Liu, Jun Song Yang and Ding Jun Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:6

    Content type: Research

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  26. Early detection of idiopathic scoliosis is one factor in determining treatment effectiveness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the importance of the size of the trunk inclination angle (ATI) for ...

    Authors: Marek Kluszczyński, Anna Pilis and Dariusz Czaprowski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:5

    Content type: Research

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  27. Finite element analyses and biomechanical tests have shown that PEEK rods promote fusion and prevent adjacent segment degeneration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects and complications of hy...

    Authors: Yao Zhao, Beiyu Xu, Longtao Qi, Chunde Li, Lei Yue, Zhengrong Yu, Shijun Wang and Haolin Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:4

    Content type: Research

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  28. The etiology of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD), an endemic osteochondropathy, is largely unknown. Matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) plays a central role in the initiation and progression of cartilage destruction, ...

    Authors: Bohui Shi, Xiong Guo, Aili Iv, Zengtie Zhang and Xiaowei Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:3

    Content type: Research

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  29. Accurate posterior column reduction remains a challenging and controversial topic in the management of complex pilon fractures (AO/OTA C3). We aim to report the outcomes of surgical treatment for 22 AO/OTA C3 ...

    Authors: Moran Huang, Qiuke Wang, Junjie Guan, Kexin Liu, Yunfeng Chen and Lei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2022 23:2

    Content type: Research

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  30. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the use of the suprapectineal quadrilateral surface (QLS) plates associated with the anterior intrapelvic approach (AIP) to the acetabulum in the surgical treatment of a...

    Authors: Gianluca Ciolli, Domenico De Mauro, Giuseppe Rovere, Amarildo Smakaj, Silvia Marino, Lorenzo Are, Omar El Ezzo and Francesco Liuzza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22(Suppl 2):1060

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 2

  31. Deep periprosthetic infection after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a serious and challenging complication for the orthopedic surgeon. Muscular flaps may represent a valid management option for the treatment o...

    Authors: Giuseppe Rovere, Domenico De Mauro, Marco D’Orio, Camillo Fulchignoni, Maria Rosaria Matrangolo, Carlo Perisano, Antonio Ziranu and Elisabetta Pataia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22(Suppl 2):1059

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 2

  32. Musculoskeletal impairment (MSI) in children is an under-recognised public health challenge. Although preventable, road injuries and other traumas continue to cause significant impairments to children worldwid...

    Authors: Cortland L. Linder, Oluwarantimi Atijosan-Ayodele, Linda Chokotho, Wakisa Mulwafu, Myroslava Tataryn, Sarah Polack, Hannah Kuper, Hemant Pandit and Chris Lavy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1058

    Content type: Research

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  33. Few studies focus on the treatment of femoral head fracture combined with posterior hip dislocation, and the safe interval time between injury and hip reduction remains controversial. The purpose of this study...

    Authors: Shanxi Wang, Bohua Li, Zhengdong Zhang, Xiaojun Yu, Qin Li and Lei Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1057

    Content type: Research

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  34. Recent studies on biportal endoscopic spine surgery in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis have reported good clinical results. However, these studies have been limited by the small sample sizes and use of a ...

    Authors: Hyun-Jin Park, Sang-Min Park, Kwang-Sup Song, Ho-Joong Kim, Si-Young Park, Taewook Kang, Min-Seok Kang, Dong-Hwa Heo, Choon-Keun Park, Dong-Geun Lee, Jin-Sub Hwang, Jae-Won Jang, Jun-Young Kim, Jin-Sung Kim, Hong-Jae Lee, Joon-Hyeok Yoon…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1056

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Osteoarthritis and subsequent total hip arthroplasty (THA) lead to damages to hip joint mechanoceptors, which in turns lead to impairments in proprioception. One of the abilities mainly affected by an altered ...

    Authors: Luciana Labanca, Francesca Ciardulli, Fabio Bonsanto, Nadia Sommella, Alberto Di Martino and Maria Grazia Benedetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1055

    Content type: Research article

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  36. One in five patients report chronic pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and are considered non-improvers. Psychological interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), combined with exercise...

    Authors: Maren Falch Lindberg, Arild Aamodt, Mona Badawy, Ingvild B. Bergvad, Petter Borchgrevink, Ove Furnes, Caryl Gay, Stig Heir, Inger Holm, Kari Indrekvam, Nina Kise, Bjørn Lau, Jon Magnussen, Tor Kjetil Nerhus, Turid Rognsvåg, Daniil E. Rudsengen…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1054

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Microendoscopic laminectomy (MEL), in which a 16-mm tubular retractor with an internal scope is used, has shown excellent surgical results for patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis. However, no reports ha...

    Authors: Nozomu Ohtomo, Hideki Nakamoto, Junya Miyahara, Yuichi Yoshida, Hiroyuki Nakarai, Keiichiro Tozawa, Masayoshi Fukushima, So Kato, Toru Doi, Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Akiro Higashikawa, Yujiro Takeshita, Naohiro Kawamura, Hirohiko Inanami, Sakae Tanaka…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1053

    Content type: Research

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  38. The rotator cuff surgery (RCS) incidence is rising rapidly in North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. Despite this, multiple factors limit patients’ access to surgery. In Latin America, barriers to orthope...

    Authors: Catalina Vidal, María Jesús Lira, Rodrigo de Marinis, Rodrigo Liendo and Julio J. Contreras

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1052

    Content type: Research

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  39. Kashin–Beck disease (KBD) is a chronic, deforming, endemic osteochondropathy that begins in patients as young as 2–3 years of age. The pathogenesis of KBD remains unclear, although selenium (Se) deficiency and...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Yudong Mu, Ying He, Zhengzheng Li, Ge Mi, Yinan Liu, Meng Zhang, Hui Wang, Yiping Feng, Qian Fang, Tianyou Ma, Xianghua Deng and Jinghong Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1051

    Content type: Research

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  40. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of unilateral K-rod dynamic internal fixation on paraspinal muscles for lumbar degenerative diseases.

    Authors: Geng-Xiong Lin, Yan-Ming Ma, Yong-Chun Xiao, Dian Xiang, Jian-Xian Luo, Guo-Wei Zhang, Zhi-Sheng Ji and Hong-Sheng Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1049

    Content type: Research

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  41. Bone and Site Hold Tendon Inside (BASHTI) technique is an organic implant-less technique for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with some clinical advantages, such as speeding up the healing proce...

    Authors: Amirhossein Borjali, Amir Nourani, Hadi Moeinnia, Mahdi Mohseni, Hossein Korani, Narges Ghias and Mahmoud Chizari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1047

    Content type: Research

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  42. Characterizing the impacts of postoperative opioid use on total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients may help optimize the pain management after TKA. The aim of the study is to examine the prevalence and risk fact...

    Authors: Guorui Cao, Shiqi Xiang, Minglu Yang, Songtao Quan, Junna Yao, Litao Cai, Wei Feng, Xiuli Yang, Hong Xu, Zeyu Huang, Shaoyun Zhang, Chen Yue, Honglue Tan and Fuxing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1046

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Stationary cycling is commonly used for postoperative rehabilitation of physical disabilities; however, few studies have focused on the three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of rehabilitation. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Haeun Yum, Hyang Kim, Taeyong Lee, Moon Seok Park and Seung Yeol Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1044

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Chronic pain syndrome (CPS) is a common complication after operative procedures, and only a few studies have focused on the evaluation of CPS in foot-forefoot surgery and specifically on HV percutaneous correc...

    Authors: Carlo Biz, Gianfranco de Iudicibus, Elisa Belluzzi, Miki Dalmau-Pastor, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Manuela Funes, Gian-Mario Parise and Pietro Ruggieri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1043

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Meniscal lesions are common and are associated with the development of knee osteoarthritis. Knee-straining activities at work such as kneeling or squatting cause high biomechanical stresses on the knee joints ...

    Authors: Carolin Bahns, Ulrich Bolm-Audorff, Andreas Seidler, Karla Romero Starke and Elke Ochsmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1042

    Content type: Research

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  46. With the advancements in surgical methods, optical designs, and surgical instruments, percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD) has become an effective and minimally invasive procedure to treat ...

    Authors: Ning Fan, Shuo Yuan, Peng Du, Qichao Wu, Tianyi Wang, Aobo Wang, Jian Li, Xiaochuan Kong, Wenyi Zhu and Lei Zang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1041

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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