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  1. The relationship between spinopelvic alignment and functional disability after total hip arthroplasty (THA) has not been fully elucidated despite the growing recognition of its importance on patient-reported o...

    Authors: Yoshinori Okamoto, Hitoshi Wakama, Tomohiro Okayoshi, Shuhei Otsuki and Masashi Neo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:523

    Content type: Research

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  2. Typical gait is often considered to be highly symmetrical, with gait asymmetries typically associated with pathological gait. Whilst gait symmetry is often expressed in symmetry ratios, measures of symmetry do...

    Authors: Alexis Brierty, Christopher P. Carty, Claudia Giacomozzi, Teresa Phillips, Henry P. J. Walsh, David Bade and Sean Horan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:521

    Content type: Research

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  3. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), an adrenal steroid, has a protective role against diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo protective effects of DHEA against high glucose-induced oxida...

    Authors: Shintaro Mukohara, Yutaka Mifune, Atsuyuki Inui, Hanako Nishimoto, Takashi Kurosawa, Kohei Yamaura, Tomoya Yoshikawa and Ryosuke Kuroda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:519

    Content type: Research

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  4. Limb salvage surgery (LSS) is the preferred method for treatment of patients with sarcomas and to a greater extent also to patients with metastatic bone disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate th...

    Authors: Christina Enciso Holm, Peter Horstmann, Michala Skovlund Sørensen, Karen Dyreborg and Michael Mørk Petersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:518

    Content type: Research

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  5. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip rarely develops in the early second decade. As the incidence of this disease is low, no treatment method has been established. We report two patients with unilateral OA in their ...

    Authors: Takahiro Nishimura, Hideaki Watanabe, Naoya Taki, Saki Onuma and Ichiro Kikkawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:517

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA), chronic widespread pain (CWP) and overweight/obesity are public health problems that often coincide, and there is a multifactorial and unclear relationship between them. The study ai...

    Authors: Charlotte Sylwander, Ingrid Larsson, Emma Haglund, Stefan Bergman and Maria L.E. Andersson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:516

    Content type: Research

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  7. Enhancing self-efficacy to manage symptoms and functions is an important aspect of self-management for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Many reports have investigated the effects of self-management educ...

    Authors: Daisuke Uritani, Hitoshi Koda and Sho Sugita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:515

    Content type: Research

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  8. The 2013 Malaysian Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Management of Osteoarthritis (OA) recommend a linear step-up approach to manage knee OA. However, patients with knee OA often require a multimodal approac...

    Authors: Swan Sim Yeap, Syamsul Rizal Abu Amin, Hazlyna Baharuddin, Kar Chai Koh, Joon Kiong Lee, Verna Kar Mun Lee, Nor Hamdan Mohamad Yahaya, Cheh Chin Tai and Maw Pin Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:514

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Although the incidence of symptomatic pulmonary thromboembolism after elective surgery for degenerative musculoskeletal disorders is comparatively low, it is extremely detrimental to both patients and health-c...

    Authors: Keigo Sato, Hideki Date, Takehiro Michikawa, Mitsuhiro Morita, Kazue Hayakawa, Shinjiro Kaneko and Nobuyuki Fujita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:513

    Content type: Research

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  10. Nonunion following treatment of supracondylar femur fractures with lateral locked plates (LLP) has been reported to be as high as 21 %. Implant related and surgeon-controlled variables have been postulated to ...

    Authors: Michael J. Weaver, George W. Chaus, Aidin Masoudi, Kaveh Momenzadeh, Amin Mohamadi, Edward K Rodriguez, Mark S. Vrahas and Ara Nazarian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:512

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) caused by Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab) has become a growing concern due to its overwhelming ability to express resistance to antibiotics and produce biofilm.

    Authors: Raquel Bandeira da Silva, Rodrigo Otavio Araujo and Mauro José Salles

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:511

    Content type: Research

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  12. Using a cage filled with local bone in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) can eliminate morbidities associated with autograft harvest from the iliac crest while achieving high fusion rates. However...

    Authors: Fei Ma, Shicai Xu, Yehui Liao, Qiang Tang, Chao Tang, Qing Wang and Dejun Zhong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:510

    Content type: Research

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  13. To evaluate the changes of Hounsfield units (HU) value in different types of Modic changes (MCs) and to analyze the correlation between the change of HU value and area ratio of MCs region, bone mineral density...

    Authors: Jiandong Zhu, Hao Wu, Yilei Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Shunwu Fan and Fengdong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:509

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders negatively affect ability to perform activities of daily living, self-care and work. Therefore, outcome measurements that address muscle strength, fatigue resistance, ...

    Authors: Thaís Marques Fifolato, Heloísa Correa Bueno Nardim, Ester Rodrigues do Carmo Lopes, Karen A. Kawano Suzuki, Natalia Claro da Silva, Felipe de Souza Serenza and Marisa C. Registro Fonseca

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:508

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Many clinical practice guidelines have been developed for the management of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). However, there is a gap between evidence-based knowledge and clinical practice, and reasons are poo...

    Authors: Delphine Sorondo, Cyrille Delpierre, Pierre Côté, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Christine Cedraschi, Anne Taylor-Vaisey and Nadège Lemeunier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:507

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To evaluate the effect of treatment on serum bone biomarkers and explore whether serum bone biomarkers are associated with therapeutic response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with abatacept.

    Authors: Shin-ya Kawashiri, Yushiro Endo, Ayako Nishino, Momoko Okamoto, Sosuke Tsuji, Ayuko Takatani, Toshimasa Shimizu, Remi Sumiyoshi, Tomohiro Koga, Naoki Iwamoto, Kunihiro Ichinose, Mami Tamai, Hideki Nakamura, Tomoki Origuchi, Toshiyuki Aramaki, Yukitaka Ueki…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:506

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Although Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is used in patients of wide age ranges, there is no clear information regarding the age differences in terms of intraoperative femorotibial rotational k...

    Authors: Kohei Kawaguchi, Hiroshi Inui, Shuji Taketomi, Ryota Yamagami, Kenichi Kono, Shin Sameshima, Tomofumi Kage and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:505

    Content type: Research

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  18. Intraoperative hypothermia is associated with various risk factors, morbidity, and mortality in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA), increasing the emotional and financial burden on patients. Thi...

    Authors: Ronika Devi Ukrani, Aiman Arif, Anum Sadruddin, Obada Hasan and Shahryar Noordin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:504

    Content type: Research

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  19. Hallux valgus deformity has been reported to be associated with increased postural sway. However, the direction and magnitude of postural sway associated with hallux valgus remain inconclusive. We assessed the...

    Authors: Hiroaki Omae, Takashi Ohsawa, Naohiro Hio, Kazuhiko Tsunoda, Takuya Omodaka, Shogo Hashimoto, Akira Ueno, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Yoichi Iizuka and Hirotaka Chikuda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:503

    Content type: Research

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  20. Open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is an effective treatment option for young and middle-aged active patients with medial unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis (OA). In addition, particulated cartilage im...

    Authors: Yasushi Oshima, Norishige Iizawa, Shinro Takai and Tokifumi Majima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:502

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability and pain especially among older adults, but it is also known to affect working age individuals, often leading to reduced productivity and increased healthca...

    Authors: Milla Summanen, Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti, Samu Kurki, Samuli Tuominen and Rami Madanat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:501

    Content type: Research

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  22. The long-term effects of behavioural medical rehabilitation (BMR), as a type of multidisciplinary rehabilitation, in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain (CLBP) have been shown. However, the spe...

    Authors: Jana Semrau, Christian Hentschke, Stefan Peters and Klaus Pfeifer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:500

    Content type: Research

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  23. Surgical treatment of full-thickness rotator cuff (RC) tears is associated with generally good results. There is no consensus regarding treatment of partial thickness tears that fail conservative treatment. Th...

    Authors: Chadwick C Prodromos, Susan Finkle, Alexandra Prodromos, Jasmine Li Chen, Aron Schwartz and Lucas Wathen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:499

    Content type: Research

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  24. The interference screw is the most popular device that fixes the graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, reducing the incidence of windshield effect and bungee effect. For the screw, either metall...

    Authors: Chao-Hua Fang, Ming Li, Yun-Feng Zhang and Hua Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:498

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Lag screw cut-out is the most common cause of fixation failure of trochanteric fractures. Intraoperative assessment of fracture reduction and fixation quality is vital to avoid fracture reduction and achieve g...

    Authors: Wei Hao, Long Fang, Shuangshuang Yin, Yongjie Lin and Bingchen Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:497

    Content type: Correspondence

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  26. We compared blood loss and transfusion frequency between the lateral decubitus and the supine position in patients undergoing hip replacement surgery due to femoral neck fractures.

    Authors: Thomas Haider, Jesse Seilern und Aspang, Claudia Gahleitner, Stefan Plesser and Stefan Hajdu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:496

    Content type: Research

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  27. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) candidates frequently present pelvic malrotation. The aim of this study is to analyze how pelvic malrotation influence transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) guided cup orientation a...

    Authors: Tingxian Ling, Zichuan Ding, Mingcheng Yuan, Kai Zhou and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:495

    Content type: Research

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  28. Macrophages and inflammatory cytokines play important roles in bone fracture healing. However, the expression patterns of macrophages and inflammatory cytokines during fracture healing under the condition of p...

    Authors: Lin Chen, Shao Cheng, Kanghui Sun, Jing Wang, Xinhua Liu, Yongjian Zhao, Junjie Yang, Dongfeng Zhao, Chunchun Xue, Yuren Tao, Shitian Zhao, Hao Zhang, Sheng Lu, Qi Shi, Yongjun Wang and Bing Shu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:494

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Re-injury rates following reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are significant; in more than 20% of patients a rupture of the graft occurs. One of the main reasons for graft failure is malpos...

    Authors: M. J. M. Zee, R. A. Sulaihem, R. L. Diercks and I. van den Akker-Scheek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:493

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Previous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of duloxetine in reducing postoperative pain and opioid consumption. However, the effect of duloxetine on total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains unclear. The objec...

    Authors: Hao Li, Wei-Nan Zeng, Zi-Chuan Ding, Ming-Cheng Yuan, Yong-Rui Cai and Zong-Ke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:492

    Content type: Research

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  31. Difficulty in obtaining union, recurrent fractures, and residual deformities remain the problems challenging the management of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT). We applied the “Eiffel Tower” double...

    Authors: Xiaoyu Wang, Li Shi, Rui Zhang, Wenbo Wang, Feng Wang, Mengwei Wang, Ze Xu, Rongtai Zuo, Jia Xu and Qinglin Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:490

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Survival analysis and effect of covariates on survival time is a central research interest. Cox proportional hazards regression remains as a gold standard in the survival analysis. The Cox model relies on the ...

    Authors: Ilari Kuitunen, Ville T. Ponkilainen, Mikko M. Uimonen, Antti Eskelinen and Aleksi Reito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:489

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Clubfeet are typically shorter than normal feet. This study aimed first to describe the development of foot length in a consecutive series of children with congenital clubfoot and second to relate foot length ...

    Authors: Evgenia Manousaki, Anna-Clara Esbjörnsson, Gunnar Hägglund and Hanneke Andriesse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:487

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) and posterior tibial slope (PTS) are important for postoperative range of motion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, normative data of PCO and PTS and the corr...

    Authors: Liangxiao Bao, Shengwei Rong, Zhanjun Shi, Jian Wang and Yang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:486

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of targeted eccentric calf muscle exercises compared to regular training on ankle dorsiflexion in healthy adolescent soccer players with a decreased ankle ...

    Authors: Iris Femmigje Lagas, Duncan E. Meuffels, Edwin Visser, Floor P. Groot, Max Reijman, Jan A.N. Verhaar and Robert-Jan de Vos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:485

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Conservative therapies are typically offered to individuals who experience mild or intermittent symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) or postoperatively to subjects who have undergone carpal tunnel release....

    Authors: Juhani Multanen, Mikko M. Uimonen, Jussi P. Repo, Arja Häkkinen and Jari Ylinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:484

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Adult non-degenerative scoliosis accounts for 90% of spinal deformities in young adults. However, perioperative complications and related risk factors of long posterior instrumentation and fusion for the treat...

    Authors: Nan Wu, Jiashen Shao, Zhen Zhang, Shengru Wang, Ziquan Li, Sen Zhao, Yang Yang, Lian Liu, Chenxi Yu, Sen Liu, Zhengye Zhao, You Du, Yuanqiang Zhang, Lianlei Wang, Yu Zhao, Keyi Yu…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:483

    Content type: Research

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  38. Hip arthroplasty using acrylic prosthesis was once conducted; however, it has now been abandoned because of early breakages and wear of material. Therefore, complications or revision surgeries due to the use o...

    Authors: Hisatoshi Ishikura, Masaki Nakamura, Kenta Matsuda, Takeyuki Tanaka, Hirotaka Kawano and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:482

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Indications and cutoff value of deformities to determine surgical procedures for flexed knee gait are not clear. The aim was to determine the influence of none or mild, and moderate preoperative knee flexion c...

    Authors: Evelina Pantzar-Castilla, Brian Po-Jung Chen, Freeman Miller and Jacques Riad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:481

    Content type: Research

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  40. Wnt-catenin signaling antagonists sclerostin and dickkopf-related protein-1 (Dkk-1) inhibit bone formation and are involved in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PO). However, the association bet...

    Authors: Jia Peng, Zhang Dong, Zhang Hui, Wang Aifei, Deng Lianfu and Xu Youjia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:480

    Content type: Research

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  41. We report a case of osteitis fibrosa cystica, a rare benign resorptive bone lesion caused by hyperparathyroidism, that presented on imaging as an aggressive bone tumor.

    Authors: Maya L. Nasser, Serge Medawar, Tonine Younan, Halim Abboud and Viviane Trak-Smayra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:479

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has an incidence of 2–3%. Approximately 77% of dislocations occur within the first year after surgery. The SuperPATH technique is a minimally invasive app...

    Authors: Andrew Kay, Derek Klavas, Varan Haghshenas, Mimi Phan and Daniel Le

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:478

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Reduced gliding ability of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel has been observed in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gliding abilities of the median n...

    Authors: Chien-Ting Liu, Dung-Huan Liu, Chii-Jen Chen, You-Wei Wang, Pao-Sheng Wu and Yi-Shiung Horng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:477

    Content type: Research

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  44. Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are the most common among all osteoporotic fractures. The body may compensate to the kyphosis from vertebral compression fractures with lordosis of the adjacent spinal se...

    Authors: Leo Tsz Ching Chau, Zongshan Hu, Koko Shaau Yiu Ko, Gene Chi Wai Man, Kwong Hang Yeung, Ying Yeung Law, Lawrence Chun Man Lau, Ronald Man Yeung Wong, Winnie Chiu Wing Chu, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng and Sheung Wai Law

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:476

    Content type: Research

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  45. In clinical trials, good quality athletic shoes offer short-term improvements (two-months) in foot pain and disability in people with gout, but these improvements are not sustained over time. This may be due t...

    Authors: Mike Frecklington, Nicola Dalbeth, Peter McNair, Alain Vandal, Peter Gow and Keith Rome

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:475

    Content type: Research

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  46. Fibrinogen (FIB) has been found to be a promising marker in diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), however, the value of FIB in predicting reinfection of PJI is unknown. The purpose of this study was...

    Authors: Dacheng Zhao, Jinwen He, Xingwen Wang, Xiaobing Zhao, Yayi Xia and Bin Geng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:474

    Content type: Research

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  47. The Nice knots have been widely used in orthopedic surgeries to fix torn soft tissue and fracture in recent years. The study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of intraoperative and postop...

    Authors: Fangning Hu, Xi Liu, Fanxiao Liu, Honglei Jia, Xiaolong Lv, Fengrui Wang, Shihong Xu, Juanjuan Yang, Lingfei Hu, Bomin Wang and Yongliang Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:467

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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