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  1. In previous studies, we demonstrated that the T1 slope (T1s) is associated with clinical outcomes, but the results were not specific for individuals. A recent study suggested that an increased pelvic tilt (PT)...

    Authors: Zhibin Lan, Zhiqiang Wu, Yuming Huang and Weihong Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:785

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Total knee replacement (TKR) is one of the most commonly performed routine procedures in the world. Prognostic studies indicate that the number of TKR will further increase constituting growing burden on healt...

    Authors: Toni Lange, Stefanie Deckert, Franziska Beyer, Waldemar Hahn, Natascha Einhart, Martin Roessler, Martin Sedlmayr, Jochen Schmitt and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:783

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Osteoarthritis(OA) is a major source of pain, disability, and socioeconomic cost in worldwide. However, there is no effective means for the early diagnosis of OA, nor can it accurately predict the progress of ...

    Authors: Yingwei Sun, Chunbo Deng, Zhan Zhang, Xun Ma, Fenghua Zhou and Xueyong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:782

    Content type: Research

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  4. The metal-on-metal large-diameter-head (MoM-LDH) hip replacements increased in popularity during the start of the twenty-first century. Subsequently reports raised concerns regarding adverse reactions due to e...

    Authors: Peter Nyby Hersnaes, Kirill Gromov, Kristian Stahl Otte, Peter Henrik Gebuhr and Anders Troelsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:781

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Periprosthetic joint infection is a serious complication after total joint arthroplasty and polymicrobial PJI which compose a subtype of PJI often indicate worse outcomes compared to monomicrobial periprosthet...

    Authors: Hao Li, Jun Fu, Erlong Niu, Wei Chai, Chi Xu, Li Bo Hao and Jiying Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:780

    Content type: Research

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  6. Contradictory opinions about whether early correction and fusion surgeries should be performed for congenital scoliosis (CS) patients at a young age exist. The objectives of this study were to analyze the asso...

    Authors: Xiran Chai, Guanfeng Lin, Shengru Wang, Yang Yang, Zhe Su, You Du, Xiaolin Xu, Xiaohan Ye, Jianxiong Shen and Jianguo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:779

    Content type: Research

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  7. Postoperative delirium (PD), as an acute brain failure, is widely reported as a very common postoperative complication, and it is closely associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Recently, malnutriti...

    Authors: Jie Chen, Chaojun Zheng, Jinxiu Zhong, Guanglei Zhao, Jingsheng Shi, Gangyong Huang, Yibin Wei, Siqun Wang, Jie Yu and Jun Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:778

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a catastrophic complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Our meta-analysis aimed to identify the individual-related risk factors that predispose patients to PJI f...

    Authors: Xiaolei Ren, Lin Ling, Lin Qi, Zhongyue Liu, Wenchao Zhang, Zhimin Yang, Wanchun Wang, Chao Tu and Zhihong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:776

    Content type: Research

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  9. A first-year interim analysis of this two-year study suggested that intra-articular injections of highly purified, natural-origin polynucleotides and hyaluronic acid (HA) as a fixed combination (PNHA) might im...

    Authors: Cesare Stagni, Martina Rocchi, Alessandro Mazzotta, Nicolandrea Del Piccolo, Nicola Rani, Marco Govoni, Leonardo Vivarelli, Francesca Veronesi, Milena Fini and Dante Dallari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:773

    Content type: Research

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  10. No studies have directly evaluated kinematic changes during squatting before and after bicruciate-stabilized total knee arthroplasty (BCS-TKA) with the dual cam-post mechanism and asymmetric surfaces. This stu...

    Authors: Masato Kiyohara, Satoshi Hamai, Hirotaka Gondo, Hidehiko Higaki, Satoru Ikebe, Ken Okazaki and Yasuharu Nakashima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:772

    Content type: Research

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  11. Musculoskeletal pain is a risk factor for leaving the labour market temporarily and permanently. While the presence of multi-site pain increases the risk of disability pension, we lack detailed knowledge about...

    Authors: Rúni Bláfoss, Jonas Vinstrup, Sebastian Venge Skovlund, Rubén López-Bueno, Joaquin Calatayud, Thomas Clausen and Lars Louis Andersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:771

    Content type: Research

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  12. The physical examination is one of the cornerstones of the diagnostic process in patients with acute shoulder injuries. The discriminative properties of a given examination test depend both on its validity and...

    Authors: Malte Schmidt, Martine Enger, Are Hugo Pripp, Lars Nordsletten, Stefan Moosmayer, Knut Melhuus and Jens Ivar Brox

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:770

    Content type: Research

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  13. Obesity is common in persons with a lower limb amputation, an amputation can also lead to further weight gain. Data regarding the prevalence of obesity in the Dutch population with a lower limb amputation are ...

    Authors: Terezka S. Mollee, Pieter U. Dijkstra, Rienk Dekker and Jan H.B. Geertzen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:769

    Content type: Research

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  14. Locked posterior glenohumeral dislocations with a reverse Hill-Sachs impaction fracture involving less than 30% of the humeral head are most frequently treated with lesser tuberosity transfer into the defect, ...

    Authors: Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Vito Gaetano Rinaldi, Giada Lullini, Alice Ritali, Massimiliano Mosca, Matteo Romagnoli, Enrico Guerra and Stefano Zaffagnini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:768

    Content type: Research article

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  15. When a hip screw needs to be changed, choosing between the conventional (C-type) and helical blade (H-type) types is difficult. In this biomechanical study, we compared these two screw types relative to the ty...

    Authors: Hong Man Cho, Kwang Min Park, Tae Gon Jung, Ji Yeon Park and Young Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:767

    Content type: Research

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  16. It is controversial whether or not the carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) should be included in total wrist arthrodesis (TWA). Complications commonly occur at this site and studies examining its inclusion and exclus...

    Authors: David H. Owen, Diana M. Perriman, Igor Policinski, Maurizio Damiani, Paul N. Smith and Chris J. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:766

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. In treating patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (COPLL), a novel surgery technique - anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) suggested promising clinical...

    Authors: Yu Chen, Jingchuan Sun, Dan Han, Xiaoqiu Yuan, Yuan Wang, Yongfei Guo, Xihua Zhong and Jiangang Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:765

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  18. Finite element analysis (FEA) has been previously applied for the biomechanical analysis of acetabular dysplasia and osteotomy. However, until now, there have been little reports on the use of FEA to evaluate ...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Tamon Kabata, Yoshitomo Kajino, Daisuke Inoue, Jiro Sakamoto and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:764

    Content type: Research

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  19. Musculoskeletal disorders are common worldwide. Several factors are suggested in their aetiology, one of which is ergonomics alongside other individual factors. This study aims at investigating the prevalence ...

    Authors: Reem S. AlOmar, Nouf A. AlShamlan, Saad Alawashiz, Yaser Badawood, Badr A. Ghwoidi and Hassan Abugad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:763

    Content type: Research

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  20. Healthy lifestyle behaviours are associated with protection against health disorders and pain. Exercise participation is one such behaviour, associated with improved outcomes in those experiencing pain. Muscul...

    Authors: Paul Shawcross, Melinda Lyons and Victoria Filingeri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:762

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Up to now in the surgical treatment of Kümmell’s disease combined with thoracolumbar kyphosis, little research has focused on the evaluation of the imaging and clinical outcomes of restoring the normal alignme...

    Authors: Hao Cheng, Guo-dong Wang, Tao Li, Xiao-yang Liu and Jian-min Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:761

    Content type: Research

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  22. Acromial anatomy has been found to be correlated with degenerative full-thickness rotator cuff tears in current studies. However, research on the relationship between acromial anatomy and articular-sided parti...

    Authors: Cen Tao Liu, Jia Qing Miao, Hua Wang, Heng an Ge, Xian Hui Wang and Biao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:760

    Content type: Research

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  23. Osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are 2 major public health problems. Osteoporosis and CVDs may be linked but the association between lipid profile and osteoporosis is still controversial. The pu...

    Authors: Bo Kan, Qianqian Zhao, Lijuan Wang, Shanshan Xue, Hanqing Cai and Shuman Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:759

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The prevention of self-harm is an international public health priority. It is vital to identify at-risk populations, particularly as self-harm is a risk factor for suicide. This study aims to examine the risk ...

    Authors: James A. Prior, Fay Crawford-Manning, Rebecca Whittle, Alyshah Abdul-Sultan, Carolyn A. Chew-Graham, Sara Muller, Tom A. Shepherd, Athula Sumathipala, Christian D. Mallen and Zoe Paskins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:757

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Altered lower back muscle activity is proposed as a contributing factor to the reoccurrence and chronicity of low back pain (LBP). This study compared lumbar muscle activity during trunk extension in patients ...

    Authors: Balasch-Bernat Mercè, Willems Tine, Danneels Lieven, Meeus Mira and Goubert Dorien

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:756

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Migraine and cervicogenic headache (CGH) are common headache disorders, although the large overlap of symptoms between them makes differential diagnosis challenging. To strengthen differential diagnosis, physi...

    Authors: E. Anarte-Lazo, G. F. Carvalho, A. Schwarz, K. Luedtke and D. Falla

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:755

    Content type: Research

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  27. Patients’ perceptions and beliefs of disease could be influenced by their lifestyle and culture. Although it is important to understand their perceptions and beliefs toward disease to prevent and manage osteoa...

    Authors: Daisuke Uritani, Akane Ikeda, Toru Shironoki, Kentaro Matsubata, Yuto Mutsura, Tadashi Fujii and Koji Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:754

    Content type: Research

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  28. In anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the clinical outcome and level of post-operative pain are important factors. To date there have been no studies evaluating differences in post-operative pain...

    Authors: Chaiwat Chuaychoosakoon, Wachiraphan Parinyakhup, Arnan Wiwatboworn, Peeranut Purngpiputtrakul, Pawin Wanasitchaiwat and Tanarat Boonriong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:753

    Content type: Research

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  29. Over the course of the twenty-first century, work-related musculoskeletal disorders are still persisting among blue collar workers. At present, no epidemiological overview exists. Therefore, a systematic revie...

    Authors: Renée Govaerts, Bruno Tassignon, Jo Ghillebert, Ben Serrien, Sander De Bock, Toon Ampe, Ilias El Makrini, Bram Vanderborght, Romain Meeusen and Kevin De Pauw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:751

    Content type: Research

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  30. Reconstruction of the skeletal defects resulting from the resection of bone tumors remains a considerable challenge and one of the possibilities is the orthotopic replantation of the irradiated bone autograft....

    Authors: Alexander Klein, Yasmin Bakhshai, Falk Roeder, Christof Birkenmaier, Andrea Baur-Melnyk and Hans Roland Dürr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:750

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Rotator cuff retear (RCR) is one of the main postoperative drawbacks. RCR can be considered a multifactorial issue, which causes are related either to biological than biomechanical factors. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Arianna Carnevale, Ilaria Piergentili, Alessandra Berton, Vincenzo Candela, Emiliano Schena and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:749

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The fabella is a sesamoid bone in the posterolateral capsule of the human knee joint. In quadrupedal mammals, the fabella is believed to have a role similar to the patella in redirecting extension forces of th...

    Authors: Shuo-Po Weng, Tsung-Mu Wu, Chi-Sheng Chien and Sheng-Hui Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:748

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. There are several studies comparing techniques and different materials, yet the results are not unanimous. We compared three methods of skin closure in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), including suture with sing...

    Authors: Rodrigo Barreiros Vieira, Gustavo Waldolato, João Sequeira Fernandes, Thiago Gontijo de Carvalho, Pedro Augusto Maciel Moreira, Guilherme Barbosa Moreira and Jorge Suman Vieira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:747

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Shifts in treatment strategies for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have made ambulatory care more labour-intensive. These developments have prompted innovative care models, including mobile health (mHealth) applicat...

    Authors: Michaël Doumen, René Westhovens, Sofia Pazmino, Delphine Bertrand, Veerle Stouten, Claudia Neys, Nelly Creten, Els Van Laeken, Patrick Verschueren and Diederik De Cock

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:746

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To introduce a novel transoral instrumentation in the treatment of unstable fractures of the atlas.

    Authors: Qiang Tu, Hu Chen, Zhan Li, Yuyue Chen, Aihong Xu, Changrong Zhu, Xianhua Huang, Xiangyang Ma, Jianhua Wang, Kai Zhang, Qingshui Yin, Jianzhong Xu and Hong Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:745

    Content type: Research article

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  36. For the treatment of unstable thoraco-lumbar burst fractures, a combined posterior and anterior stabilization instead of a posterior-only instrumentation is recommend in the current literature due to the insta...

    Authors: Siegmund Lang, Carsten Neumann, Christina Schwaiger, Andreas Voss, Volker Alt, Markus Loibl and Maximilian Kerschbaum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:744

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The best treatment for degenerative medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) remains controversial. This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic meniscectomy and conser...

    Authors: Nam-Hun Lee, Hyoung-Yeon Seo, Myung-Jin Sung, Bo-Ram Na, Eun-Kyoo Song and Jong-Keun Seon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:742

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Vertebroplasty (VP) is considered an alternative therapy in an osteoporotic compression fracture that failed conservative treatment. However, cement leakage into the intradural space can cause catastrophic com...

    Authors: In-Hwa Baek, Hyung-Youl Park, Ki-Won Kim, Tae-Yang Jang and Jun-Seok Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:741

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  39. Biomechanical studies indicate that during outward rotation of the tibia and the valgus knee joint position, the patella is shifted in the lateral direction. After first-time patellar dislocation, the dynamic ...

    Authors: Krzysztof Małecki, Jarosław Fabiś, Paweł Flont, Anna Fabiś-Strobin and Kryspin Niedzielski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:740

    Content type: Research

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  40. Several hip and knee pathologies are associated with aberrant femoral torsion. Diagnostic workup includes computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). For three-dimensional (3D) analysis of c...

    Authors: Thomas Vincent Häller, Pascal Schenk, Lukas Jud, Armando Hoch, Tobias Götschi and Patrick Oliver Zingg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:739

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Despite well-established benefits of physical activity for knee osteoarthritis (OA), nine of ten people with knee OA are inactive. People with knee OA who are inactive often believe that physical activity is d...

    Authors: Tasha R. Stanton, Felicity A. Braithwaite, David Butler, G. Lorimer Moseley, Catherine Hill, Rachel Milte, Julie Ratcliffe, Carol Maher, Christy Tomkins-Lane, Brian W. Pulling, Erin MacIntyre, Adrian Esterman, Ty Stanford, Hopin Lee, Francois Fraysse, Ben Metcalf…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:738

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Varus ankle osteoarthritis is classified using only weightbearing anteroposterior ankle radiographs; however, sagittal ankle alignment may also affect the position and extent of joint space obliteration. We hy...

    Authors: Kiyonori Tomiwa, Yasuhito Tanaka, Hiroaki Kurokawa, Kunihiko Kadono, Akira Taniguchi and Korakot Maliwankul

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:737

    Content type: Research

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  43. An incidental dural tear is a well-known complication during spine surgery. A rare consequence is a postoperative nerve root herniation. The purpose of this report is to describe a case of such a herniation wi...

    Authors: Branko Popadic, Florian Scheichel, Melanie Themesl, Ingo Decristoforo, Camillo Sherif and Franz Marhold

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:736

    Content type: Case report

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  44. The aim of this study was to evaluate the postoperative analgesia effect of ultrasound-guided single popliteal sciatic nerve block for calcaneal fracture.

    Authors: Yanan Li, Qi Zhang, Ying Wang, Chunping Yin, Junfei Guo, Shiji Qin, Yahui Zhang, Lian Zhu, Zhiyong Hou and Qiujun Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:735

    Content type: Research

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  45. The repair of large bone defects is a great challenge for orthopedics. Although the development of three-dimensional (3D) printed titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) implants with optimized the pore structure have effect...

    Authors: Heng Zhao, Shi Shen, Lu Zhao, Yulin Xu, Yang Li and Naiqiang Zhuo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:734

    Content type: Research

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  46. The position of the head relative to the spine can be used to evaluate the true global balance in patients with degenerative spinal kyphosis (DSK). However, it is still not clear how the position of the head i...

    Authors: Weiwei Xia, Weiyan Wang, Zhenqi Zhu, Chenjun Liu, Shuai Xu, Fanqi Meng, Haiying Liu and Kaifeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:733

    Content type: Research

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  47. Persistent shoulder pain causes considerable disruption of the individual’s life and imposes high costs on healthcare and society. Well-informed treatment and referral pathways are crucial as unsuccessful inte...

    Authors: Mathias Moselund Rønnow, Thor André Brøndberg Stæhr and David Høyrup Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:732

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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