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  1. The impact of sagittal spinopelvic alignment on spondylolysis is well established in Caucasian populations. However, prior studies suggest that people from different ethnological backgrounds showed divergence,...

    Authors: Hao-Chun Chuang, Yu-Hsiang Tseng, Yueh Chen, Po-Hsin Chou, Wei-Lun Chang, Pei-Fang Su and Cheng-Li Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:553

    Content type: Research

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  2. The infra-acetabular screw which is placed from the pubis to the ischium can be used as a special positional screw of the posterior column of the acetabulum. This study was performed to simulate the surgical p...

    Authors: Bei Zhao, Wei Zhang, Hao Li, Liren Han, Shizhang Han, Xiaofei Yang, Jun Yan and Weidong Mu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:551

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Intra-articular (IA) corticosteroid (CS) injections are the mainstay of treatment for symptomatic management in knee osteoarthritis (OA), particularly in the UK. IA platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections are a ...

    Authors: Michael McLarnon and Neil Heron

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:550

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Treatment of benign osteolytic lesions in the femoral head and neck can be extremely challenging, particularly in children with open physis or for aggressive tumors with pathological fracture. There remains th...

    Authors: Jingtian Shi, Zhiqing Zhao, Taiqiang Yan, Wei Guo, Rongli Yang, Xiaodong Tang, Huayi Qu and Sen Dong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:549

    Content type: Research

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  5. Antegrade intramedullary nailing (AIMN) with Kirschner wire (K-wire) is a minimally invasive osteosynthesis technique. This procedure has been widely performed to treat the fifth metacarpal neck fracture (FMNF...

    Authors: Xiao-Lei Fan, Jian Wang, De-Hua Zhang, Feng Mao, Yi Liao and Rui Xiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:546

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although the incidence, types, and radiological outcomes of simultaneous ipsilateral pelvic ring and acetabular fractures have been reported, there have been no reports on factors that may affect the quality o...

    Authors: Yi-Hsun Yu, Chang-Heng Liu, Yung-Heng Hsu, Ying-Chao Chou, I-Jung Chen and Chi-Chuan Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:544

    Content type: Research

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  7. The effects of postoperative intervertebral height (IH) changes on the clinical and radiological outcomes after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) surgery using a zero-profile device remain uncl...

    Authors: Haimiti Abudouaini, Chengyi Huang, Hao Liu, Ying Hong, Beiyu Wang, Chen Ding, Yang Meng and Tingkui Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:543

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The aims of this meta-analysis were to: (1) validate the outcome of modern dual mobility (DM) designs in patients who had undergone primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedures and (2) to ident...

    Authors: Fu-Yuan Pai, Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Tsan-Wen Huang, Kuo-Chin Huang, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:541

    Content type: Research

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  9. Short-segment transpedicular screw fixation is a common method for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures (TBFs),but this technique has many problems. Therefore,the purpose of this article is to observ...

    Authors: Menghan Cai, Zhijun Xin, Weijun Kong, Qian Du, Wenjun Ji, Fujun Wu, Jin Li, Jialin He and Wenbo Liao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:540

    Content type: Research

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  10. Open lower limb fractures are serious injuries requiring combined ortho-plastic surgery and have significantly worse outcomes than similar closed fractures. There is little objective published data to determin...

    Authors: Ian Pallister, Gregory Jack Handley, Sharon Maggs, Ann-Marie Davies, Amanda Kyle, Owen Bodger and Hywel Dafydd

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:539

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Currently, there is little evidence about the outcome of two-stage exchange arthroplasty for the treatment of knee periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in patients with chronic viral hepatitis. To evaluate it,...

    Authors: Jui-ping Chen, Chih-hsiang Chang, Yu-chih Lin, Sheng-hsun Lee, Hsin-nung Shih and Yuhan Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:538

    Content type: Research

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  12. Before the role of shear wave elastography (SWE) and B mode ultrasound (US) in the diagnosis of different forms of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) can be investigated, normative data is required. This...

    Authors: Shereen Paramalingam, Merrilee Needham, Warren Raymond, Frank Mastaglia, Daniel Lightowler, Narelle Morin, Peter Counsel and Helen Isobel Keen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:537

    Content type: Research

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  13. Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) is a common degenerative condition in older adults. Muscle atrophy (MA) is a leading cause of muscle weakness and disability commonly reported in individuals with spi...

    Authors: Gen Xia, Xueru Li, Yanbing Shang, Bin Fu, Feng Jiang, Huan Liu and Yongdong Qiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:536

    Content type: Research

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  14. To determine whether multiple drilling is effective in postponing the need for total hip arthroplasty (THA) in early-stage nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).

    Authors: Zunhan Liu, Xuetao Yang, Yuhan Li, Wei-Nan Zeng, Enze Zhao and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:535

    Content type: Research

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  15. To explore the prevalence of bone loss among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy controls (HC) and further explored the risk factors for osteopenia and osteoporosis of RA patients.

    Authors: Zhuoran Hu, Lei Zhang, Zhiming Lin, Changlin Zhao, Shuiming Xu, He Lin, Jiejing Zhang, Wenjie Li and Yongliang Chu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:534

    Content type: Research

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  16. With a rapidly aging population in Japan, locomotive syndrome is becoming an increasingly serious social problem. Exercise therapy using the lumbar type HAL, which is a wearable robot suit that can assist volu...

    Authors: Kousei Miura, Masao Koda, Kazuhiro Tamaki, Masatoshi Ishida, Aiki Marushima, Toru Funayama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Hiroshi Noguchi, Kentaro Mataki, Yoshihiro Yasunaga, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Akira Matsumura and Masashi Yamazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:533

    Content type: Research

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  17. Non-union occurs in approximately 5 to 10% of fracture patients, with certain bones at greater risk of failing to heal. Non-unions have a significant impact on socioeconomic costs and the patients short and lo...

    Authors: Ross Leighton, Mark Phillips, Mohit Bhandari and Robert Zura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:532

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Surgical site infection (SSI) occurs in 3–10 % of patients with surgically treated tibial plateau fractures. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of SSI on patients’ outcome after fixation of tibial plateau...

    Authors: Ralf Henkelmann, Richard Glaab, Meinhard Mende, Christopher Ull, Philipp-Johannes Braun, Christoph Katthagen, Tobias J Gensior, Karl-Heinz Frosch and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:531

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The prognosis of lung metastasis (LM) in patients with chondrosarcoma was poor. The aim of this study was to construct a prognostic nomogram to predict the risk of LM, which was imperative and helpful for clin...

    Authors: Wenle Li, Shengtao Dong, Haosheng Wang, Rilige Wu, Huitao Wu, Zhi-Ri Tang, Junyan Zhang, Zhaohui Hu and Chengliang Yin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:529

    Content type: Research

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  20. The purpose of this study was to present a navigated image-free augmentation technique for the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) and coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments and to report the clinical and radiological outc...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Ralf Henkelmann, Claus Zhang, Tobias Schöbel, Georg Osterhoff and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:528

    Content type: Research

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  21. Musculoskeletal pains are among evident health problems in children and adolescents. Backpack carrying behaviors and the sitting postures are among behavioral factors associated with musculoskeletal pain in sc...

    Authors: Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Elham Gheysvandi, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Leili Tapak, Rashid Heidarimoghadam and Iman Dianat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:527

    Content type: Research

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:652

  22. Exercise-based approaches have been a cornerstone of physiotherapy management of knee osteoarthritis for many years. However, clinical effects are considered small to modest and the need for continued adherenc...

    Authors: Stephen J. Preece, Nathan Brookes, Anita E. Williams, Richard K. Jones, Chelsea Starbuck, Anthony Jones and Nicola E. Walsh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:526

    Content type: Research

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  23. Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous connective tissue disorder characterized by increased bone fragility and a series of extraskeletal manifestations. Approximately 90 % of OI cases are caused by t...

    Authors: Shiwei Wang, Xiaoli Wang, Xiaochun Teng, Songbai Li, Hanyi Zhang, Zhongyan Shan and Yushu Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:525

    Content type: Case report

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  24. The effect of postoperative shoulder sling compliance on surgical outcomes is unknown. The goal was to determine an accurate method to measure sling compliance. We compared volunteer recorded sling wear time w...

    Authors: Anshum Sood, Ashley Klein, Samir Kaveeshwar, Derek L. Jones, Grant Duvall, James Paul Hovis, Tristan B. Weir, Blessing Enobun, S. Ashfaq Hasan, R. Frank Henn 3rd, Jonathan D. Packer and Mohit N. Gilotra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:524

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The relationship between spinopelvic alignment and functional disability after total hip arthroplasty (THA) has not been fully elucidated despite the growing recognition of its importance on patient-reported o...

    Authors: Yoshinori Okamoto, Hitoshi Wakama, Tomohiro Okayoshi, Shuhei Otsuki and Masashi Neo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:523

    Content type: Research

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  26. Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is recognized worldwide as a major cause of increased years lived with disability. In addition to known generic prognostic factors, illness perceptions (IPs) may have predictive valu...

    Authors: E. J. de Raaij, H. Wittink, J. F. Maissan, P. Westers and R. W. J. G. Ostelo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:522

    Content type: Research

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  27. Typical gait is often considered to be highly symmetrical, with gait asymmetries typically associated with pathological gait. Whilst gait symmetry is often expressed in symmetry ratios, measures of symmetry do...

    Authors: Alexis Brierty, Christopher P. Carty, Claudia Giacomozzi, Teresa Phillips, Henry P. J. Walsh, David Bade and Sean Horan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:521

    Content type: Research

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  28. There is no universally accepted treatment standard for idiopathic toe walking patients (ITW) in the current literature. None of the established methods provide homogenous satisfying results. In our department...

    Authors: N. Berger, M. Bauer, A. Hapfelmeier, M. Salzmann and P. M. Prodinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:520

    Content type: Research

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  29. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), an adrenal steroid, has a protective role against diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo protective effects of DHEA against high glucose-induced oxida...

    Authors: Shintaro Mukohara, Yutaka Mifune, Atsuyuki Inui, Hanako Nishimoto, Takashi Kurosawa, Kohei Yamaura, Tomoya Yoshikawa and Ryosuke Kuroda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:519

    Content type: Research

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  30. Limb salvage surgery (LSS) is the preferred method for treatment of patients with sarcomas and to a greater extent also to patients with metastatic bone disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate th...

    Authors: Christina Enciso Holm, Peter Horstmann, Michala Skovlund Sørensen, Karen Dyreborg and Michael Mørk Petersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:518

    Content type: Research

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  31. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip rarely develops in the early second decade. As the incidence of this disease is low, no treatment method has been established. We report two patients with unilateral OA in their ...

    Authors: Takahiro Nishimura, Hideaki Watanabe, Naoya Taki, Saki Onuma and Ichiro Kikkawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:517

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA), chronic widespread pain (CWP) and overweight/obesity are public health problems that often coincide, and there is a multifactorial and unclear relationship between them. The study ai...

    Authors: Charlotte Sylwander, Ingrid Larsson, Emma Haglund, Stefan Bergman and Maria L.E. Andersson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:516

    Content type: Research

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  33. Enhancing self-efficacy to manage symptoms and functions is an important aspect of self-management for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Many reports have investigated the effects of self-management educ...

    Authors: Daisuke Uritani, Hitoshi Koda and Sho Sugita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:515

    Content type: Research

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  34. The 2013 Malaysian Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Management of Osteoarthritis (OA) recommend a linear step-up approach to manage knee OA. However, patients with knee OA often require a multimodal approac...

    Authors: Swan Sim Yeap, Syamsul Rizal Abu Amin, Hazlyna Baharuddin, Kar Chai Koh, Joon Kiong Lee, Verna Kar Mun Lee, Nor Hamdan Mohamad Yahaya, Cheh Chin Tai and Maw Pin Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:514

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Although the incidence of symptomatic pulmonary thromboembolism after elective surgery for degenerative musculoskeletal disorders is comparatively low, it is extremely detrimental to both patients and health-c...

    Authors: Keigo Sato, Hideki Date, Takehiro Michikawa, Mitsuhiro Morita, Kazue Hayakawa, Shinjiro Kaneko and Nobuyuki Fujita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:513

    Content type: Research

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  36. Nonunion following treatment of supracondylar femur fractures with lateral locked plates (LLP) has been reported to be as high as 21 %. Implant related and surgeon-controlled variables have been postulated to ...

    Authors: Michael J. Weaver, George W. Chaus, Aidin Masoudi, Kaveh Momenzadeh, Amin Mohamadi, Edward K Rodriguez, Mark S. Vrahas and Ara Nazarian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:512

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) caused by Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab) has become a growing concern due to its overwhelming ability to express resistance to antibiotics and produce biofilm.

    Authors: Raquel Bandeira da Silva, Rodrigo Otavio Araujo and Mauro José Salles

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:511

    Content type: Research

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  38. Using a cage filled with local bone in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) can eliminate morbidities associated with autograft harvest from the iliac crest while achieving high fusion rates. However...

    Authors: Fei Ma, Shicai Xu, Yehui Liao, Qiang Tang, Chao Tang, Qing Wang and Dejun Zhong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:510

    Content type: Research

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  39. To evaluate the changes of Hounsfield units (HU) value in different types of Modic changes (MCs) and to analyze the correlation between the change of HU value and area ratio of MCs region, bone mineral density...

    Authors: Jiandong Zhu, Hao Wu, Yilei Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Shunwu Fan and Fengdong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:509

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders negatively affect ability to perform activities of daily living, self-care and work. Therefore, outcome measurements that address muscle strength, fatigue resistance, ...

    Authors: Thaís Marques Fifolato, Heloísa Correa Bueno Nardim, Ester Rodrigues do Carmo Lopes, Karen A. Kawano Suzuki, Natalia Claro da Silva, Felipe de Souza Serenza and Marisa C. Registro Fonseca

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:508

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Many clinical practice guidelines have been developed for the management of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). However, there is a gap between evidence-based knowledge and clinical practice, and reasons are poo...

    Authors: Delphine Sorondo, Cyrille Delpierre, Pierre Côté, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Christine Cedraschi, Anne Taylor-Vaisey and Nadège Lemeunier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:507

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To evaluate the effect of treatment on serum bone biomarkers and explore whether serum bone biomarkers are associated with therapeutic response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with abatacept.

    Authors: Shin-ya Kawashiri, Yushiro Endo, Ayako Nishino, Momoko Okamoto, Sosuke Tsuji, Ayuko Takatani, Toshimasa Shimizu, Remi Sumiyoshi, Tomohiro Koga, Naoki Iwamoto, Kunihiro Ichinose, Mami Tamai, Hideki Nakamura, Tomoki Origuchi, Toshiyuki Aramaki, Yukitaka Ueki…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:506

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Although Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is used in patients of wide age ranges, there is no clear information regarding the age differences in terms of intraoperative femorotibial rotational k...

    Authors: Kohei Kawaguchi, Hiroshi Inui, Shuji Taketomi, Ryota Yamagami, Kenichi Kono, Shin Sameshima, Tomofumi Kage and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:505

    Content type: Research

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  44. Hallux valgus deformity has been reported to be associated with increased postural sway. However, the direction and magnitude of postural sway associated with hallux valgus remain inconclusive. We assessed the...

    Authors: Hiroaki Omae, Takashi Ohsawa, Naohiro Hio, Kazuhiko Tsunoda, Takuya Omodaka, Shogo Hashimoto, Akira Ueno, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Yoichi Iizuka and Hirotaka Chikuda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:503

    Content type: Research

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  45. Open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is an effective treatment option for young and middle-aged active patients with medial unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis (OA). In addition, particulated cartilage im...

    Authors: Yasushi Oshima, Norishige Iizawa, Shinro Takai and Tokifumi Majima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:502

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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