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  1. Modic changes are bone marrow lesions visible in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and they are assumed to be associated with symptomatic intervertebral disc disease, especially changes located at L5-S1. Only ...

    Authors: Mari Kuisma, Jaro Karppinen, Marianne Haapea, Jaakko Niinimäki, Risto Ojala, Markku Heliövaara, Raija Korpelainen, Kaisu Kaikkonen, Simo Taimela, Antero Natri and Osmo Tervonen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:51
  2. Despite emphasis on patient centred healthcare, healthcare professionals have been slow to use validated measurements of patient satisfaction in physiotherapy practice. The aim of this cross sectional survey w...

    Authors: Sarah N Casserley-Feeney, Martin Phelan, Fionnuala Duffy, Susan Roush, Melinda C Cairns and Deirdre A Hurley
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:50
  3. Measurements of range of motion play a key role in shoulder research. The purpose of this study is to investigate intra-observer reproducibility of measurements of active and passive range of motion in patient...

    Authors: Einar Kristian Tveitå, Ole Marius Ekeberg, Niels Gunnar Juel and Erik Bautz-Holter
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:49
  4. Spontaneous reporting systems for adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are handicapped by under-reporting and limited detail on individual cases. We report an investigation from a local surveillance for serious adver...

    Authors: Paresh Jobanputra, Roshan Amarasena, Fiona Maggs, Dawn Homer, Simon Bowman, Elizabeth Rankin, Andrew Filer, Karim Raza and Ronald Jubb
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:48
  5. Occupational computer use has been associated with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (UEMSDs), but the etiology and pathophysiology of some of these disorders are poorly understood. Various theories at...

    Authors: Ronald A Burgess, R Terry Thompson and Gary B Rollman
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:47
  6. Intra-articular shift (migration) of bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) is a very rare disease. Only a few cases have been reported thus far. The condition may cause the clinician to suspect an aggressive disease.

    Authors: Nicolas Aigner, Roland Meizer, Gerd Petje, Elisabeth Meizer, Ashraf Abdelkafy and Franz Landsiedl
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:45
  7. Measurement of spasticity is a difficult and unresolved problem, partly due to its complexity and the fact that there are many factors involved. In the assessment of spasticity in the pediatric disabled popula...

    Authors: Akmer Mutlu, Ayse Livanelioglu and Mintaze Kerem Gunel
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:44
  8. The minimal detectable change (MDC) and the minimal clinically important changes (MCIC) have been explored for nonspecific low back pain patients and are similar across different cultural settings. No data on ...

    Authors: Francisco M Kovacs, Víctor Abraira, Ana Royuela, Josep Corcoll, Luis Alegre, Miquel Tomás, María Antonia Mir, Alejandra Cano, Alfonso Muriel, Javier Zamora, María Teresa Gil del Real, Mario Gestoso and Nicole Mufraggi
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:43
  9. The NDI, COM and NPQ are evaluation instruments for disability due to NP. There was no Spanish version of NDI or COM for which psychometric characteristics were known. The objectives of this study were to tran...

    Authors: Francisco M Kovacs, Joan Bagó, Ana Royuela, Jesús Seco, Sergio Giménez, Alfonso Muriel, Víctor Abraira, José Luis Martín, José Luis Peña, Mario Gestoso, Nicole Mufraggi, Montserrat Núñez, Josep Corcoll, Ignacio Gómez-Ochoa, Ma José Ramírez, Eva Calvo…
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:42
  10. Reduction of blood flow is important in the induction of neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC) in lumbar spinal canal stenosis. PGE1 improves the mean walking distance in patients with NIC type cauda equina ...

    Authors: Masayoshi Shirasaka, Bunji Takayama, Miho Sekiguchi, Shin-ichi Konno and Shin-ichi Kikuchi
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:41
  11. Acute chest pain is a major health problem all over the western world. Active approaches are directed towards diagnosis and treatment of potentially life threatening conditions, especially acute coronary syndr...

    Authors: Mette J Stochkendahl, Henrik W Christensen, Werner Vach, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Torben Haghfelt and Jan Hartvigsen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:40
  12. Ballet Dancers have been shown to have a relatively high incidence of stress fractures of the foot and ankle. It was our objective to examine MR imaging patterns of bone marrow edema (BME) in the ankles of hig...

    Authors: Ilan Elias, Adam C Zoga, Steven M Raikin, Judith R Peterson, Marcus P Besser, William B Morrison and Mark E Schweitzer
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:39
  13. Maxillary expansion (ME) is a common practice in orthodontics that aims to increase the constricted maxillary arch width. Relapse often occurs, however, and better treatment strategies are needed. In order to ...

    Authors: Junqing Ma, Yunxia Wu, Weibing Zhang, Roger J Smales, You Huang, Yongchu Pan and Lin Wang
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:37
  14. Since knee complaints are common among athletes and are frequently presented in general practice, it is of interest to investigate the type of knee complaints represented in general practice of athletes in com...

    Authors: Marienke van Middelkoop, Robbart van Linschoten, Marjolein Y Berger, Bart W Koes and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:36
  15. Double bundle ACL reconstruction has been demonstrated to decrease rotational knee laxity. However, there is no simple, commercially-available device to measure knee rotation. The investigators developed a sim...

    Authors: Andrew G Tsai, Volker Musahl, Hanno Steckel, Kevin M Bell, Thore Zantop, James J Irrgang and Freddie H Fu
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:35
  16. In epidemiological studies on neck-shoulder disorders, physical examination by health professionals, although more expensive, is usually considered a better method of data collection than self-administered que...

    Authors: Nathalie Perreault, Chantal Brisson, Clermont E Dionne, Sylvie Montreuil and Laura Punnett
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:34
  17. A high incidence of decreased bone mineral density (BMD) has been associated with HIV infection. Normal skeletal homeostasis is controlled, at least in part, by the maturation and activity of mature osteoblast...

    Authors: Eoin J Cotter, Herbert Shi Ming Ip, William G Powderly and Peter P Doran
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:33
  18. The efficacy, safety and tolerability of lumiracoxib, a novel selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, has been demonstrated in previous studies of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). As it is important to...

    Authors: Roy Fleischmann, Hyman Tannenbaum, Neha P Patel, Marianne Notter, Peter Sallstig and Jean-Yves Reginster
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:32
  19. Evidence supports the use of exercise for chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, adherence is often poor due to ongoing pain. Auricular acupuncture is a form of pain relief involving the stimulation of points ...

    Authors: SM McDonough, SD Liddle, R Hunter, DM Walsh, P Glasgow, G Gormley, D Hurley, A Delitto, J Park, I Bradbury and GD Baxter
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:31
  20. Hamstring injury is one of the most common injuries affecting gaelic footballers, similar to other field sports. Research in other sports on whether residual hamstring weakness is present after hamstring injur...

    Authors: Kieran O'Sullivan, Brian O'Ceallaigh, Kevin O'Connell and Amir Shafat
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:30
  21. Herein, we evaluated, retrospectively, the effect of posterior capsular repair upon postoperative hip dislocation subsequent to total hip arthroplasty (THA) incorporating a posterolateral approach.

    Authors: Shang-Ju Tsai, Chen-Ti Wang and Ching-Chuan Jiang
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:29
  22. Osteoporosis is an important public health problem in older adults. It is more common in postmenopausal women and not only gives rise to morbidity but also markedly diminishes the quality of life in this popul...

    Authors: Afsaneh Keramat, Bhushan Patwardhan, Bagher Larijani, Arvind Chopra, Ambrish Mithal, Devlina Chakravarty, Hossein Adibi and Ahmad Khosravi
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:28
  23. Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a highly prevalent musculoskeletal overuse condition that has a significant impact on participation in daily and physical activities. A recent systematic review highlighted the ...

    Authors: Bill Vicenzino, Natalie Collins, Kay Crossley, Elaine Beller, Ross Darnell and Thomas McPoil
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:27
  24. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the frequent and functionally impairing disorders of the musculoskeletal system. In the literature, a number of occupational risk factors are discussed as being related to th...

    Authors: André Klußmann, Hansjuergen Gebhardt, Falk Liebers, Lars Victor von Engelhardt, Andreas Dávid, Bertil Bouillon and Monika A Rieger
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:26
  25. This paper reports an in-vitro study for evaluating the influence of the femoral tunnel orientation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) double-bundle reconstructions.

    Authors: Stefano Zaffagnini, Danilo Bruni, Sandra Martelli, Naoaki Imakiire, Maurilio Marcacci and Alessandro Russo
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:25
  26. Many new treatments for degeneration of the intervertebral disc are being developed which can be delivered through a needle. These require testing in model systems before being used in human patients. Unfortun...

    Authors: Sally Roberts, Janis Menage, Sarit Sivan and Jill PG Urban
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:24
  27. The importance of staying active instead of bed rest has been acknowledged in the management of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This emphasizes the potential benefits of adjusting work to fit the employee's ...

    Authors: Kari-Pekka Martimo, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Johanna Kausto, Esa-Pekka Takala, Ritva Ketola, Hilkka Riihimäki, Ritva Luukkonen, Jaro Karppinen, Helena Miranda and Eira Viikari-Juntura
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:23
  28. Little is known about the role of prior occupational low back injury in future episodes of low back pain and disability in the general population. We conducted a study to determine if a lifetime history of wor...

    Authors: Cesar A Hincapié, J David Cassidy and Pierre Côté
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:22
  29. A precise modular topographic-morphological (MTM) classification for proximal humeral fractures may address current classification problems. The classification was developed to evaluate whether a very detailed...

    Authors: Christian Bahrs, Hagen Schmal, Erich Lingenfelter, Bernd Rolauffs, Kuno Weise, Klaus Dietz and Peter Helwig
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:21
  30. This study evaluates changes in peri-articular bone in two canine models for osteoarthritis: the groove model and the anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model.

    Authors: Yvonne H Sniekers, Femke Intema, Floris PJG Lafeber, Gerjo JVM van Osch, Johannes PTM van Leeuwen, Harrie Weinans and Simon C Mastbergen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:20
  31. The mechanisms thorough which spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) exerts clinical effects are not established. A prior study has suggested a dorsal horn modulated effect; however, the role of subject expectation...

    Authors: Joel E Bialosky, Mark D Bishop, Michael E Robinson, Josh A Barabas and Steven Z George
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:19
  32. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the main causes of musculoskeletal disability in the western world. Current available management options provide symptomatic relief (exercise and self-management, medi...

    Authors: Robyn E Fary, Graeme J Carroll, Tom G Briffa, Ritu Gupta and N Kathryn Briffa
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:18
  33. Stress shielding of the proximal femur has been observed in a number of conventional cementless implants used in total hip arthroplasty. Short femoral-neck implants are claiming less interference with the biom...

    Authors: Ralf Decking, Christoph Rokahr, Matthias Zurstegge, Ulrich Simon and Jens Decking
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:17
  34. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of extra corporeal shock waves (ESW) therapy on the metabolism of healthy and osteoarthritic human chondrocytes, and particularly on the expression of I...

    Authors: Biagio Moretti, Florenzo Iannone, Angela Notarnicola, Giovanni Lapadula, Lorenzo Moretti, Vittorio Patella and Raffaele Garofalo
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:16
  35. External medication that is absorbed percutaneously may be used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain from acute injuries such as ankle sprains and bruises. The plaster method of percutaneous absorption for ...

    Authors: Miho Sekiguchi, Masayoshi Shirasaka, Shin-ichi Konno and Shin-ichi Kikuchi
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:15
  36. Evidence-based medicine posits that health care research is founded upon clinically important differences in patient centered outcomes. Statistically significant differences between two treatments may not nece...

    Authors: Jinsil Sung, Judith Siegel, Paul Tornetta and Mohit Bhandari
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:14
  37. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of low bone mineral density than normal age matched populations. There is limited evidence to support cost effectiveness of population screening in rheumat...

    Authors: Caroline Brand, Adrian Lowe and Stephen Hall
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:13
  38. A nonsurgical intervention, interventional microadhesiolysis, was developed to release adhesions in joints and soft tissues. This paper introduces the procedure and evaluates the efficacy of the intervention f...

    Authors: Kang Ahn, Young-Jin Lee, Eun-Ha Kim, Seung-Min Yang, Tae-Kyun Lim, Yong-Soo Kim and Hyung-Joon Jhun
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:12
  39. The flexion relaxation phenomenon (FRP) is an interesting model to study the modulation of lumbar stability. Previous investigations have explored the effect of load, angular velocity and posture on this parti...

    Authors: Martin Descarreaux, Danik Lafond, Renaud Jeffrey-Gauthier, Hugo Centomo and Vincent Cantin
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:10
  40. We have previously reported that a one-year school-based exercise intervention program influences the accrual of bone mineral in pre-pubertal girls. This report aims to evaluate if also hip structure is affect...

    Authors: Gayani Alwis, Christian Linden, Susanna Stenevi-Lundgren, Henrik G Ahlborg, Jack Besjakov, Per Gardsell and Magnus K Karlsson
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:9
  41. We studied musculoskeletal diseases (MSD) and injuries among fishermen and seamen with focus on low back disorders, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), rotator cuff syndrome and arthrosis.

    Authors: Linda Kaerlev, Anker Jensen, Per Sabro Nielsen, Jørn Olsen, Harald Hannerz and Finn Tüchsen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:8
  42. Although surgeons acknowledge the importance of irrigating open fracture wounds, the choice of irrigating fluid and delivery pressure remains controversial. Our objective was to clarify current opinion with re...

    Authors: Brad Petrisor, Kyle Jeray, Emil Schemitsch, Beate Hanson, Sheila Sprague, David Sanders and Mohit Bhandari
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:7
  43. The current investigation examined the inter- and intra-tester reliability of knee joint angle measurements using a flexible Penny and Giles Biometric® electrogoniometer. The clinical utility of electrogoniometry...

    Authors: Pagamas Piriyaprasarth, Meg E Morris, Adele Winter and Andrea E Bialocerkowski
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:6
  44. Recently, the MRI finding of "Modic changes" has been identified as pathologic spinal condition that probably reflects a vertebral inflammatory process (VIP), which coincides with spinal pain in most. We hypot...

    Authors: Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Per Kjær, Tom Bendix and Claus Manniche
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:5
  45. The clinical effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) is widely debated because of a lack of clinical trials. The internet may provide an effective and economical approach for undertakin...

    Authors: Sinead Brophy, Claire L Burrows, Caroline Brooks, Michael B Gravenor, Stefan Siebert and Stephen J Allen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:4
  46. Chronic widespread pain (CWP) affects 10% of adults and often causes significant disability in everyday life. Research on time in chronic conditions has focused on biographical disruption and perceptions of pa...

    Authors: Jane C Richardson, Bie Nio Ong and Julius Sim
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:3
  47. Most fibromyalgia patients are seen in primary care (PC). However, the effectiveness of the treatments prescribed by general practitioners is usually minimal. The main objective of the present research is to a...

    Authors: Rita Fernández, Maria T Peñarubia, Juan V Luciano, Maria E Blanco, Mónica Jiménez, Adrián Montesano, Camino Verduras, José M Ruiz and Antoni Serrano-Blanco
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:2

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