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  1. Few studies compared the length change of ligaments of normal knees during dynamic activities of daily living. The aim of this study was to investigate in vivo length change of ligaments of the normal knees du...

    Authors: Kenichi Kono, Shoji Konda, Takaharu Yamazaki, Sakae Tanaka, Kazuomi Sugamoto and Tetsuya Tomita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:552

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Due to its abnormal morphology and ultrastructure, discoid lateral meniscus (DLM) is prone to tear and degeneration, leading to clinical symptoms. Arthroscopy is the main treatment for symptomatic DLM; however...

    Authors: Shun-Jie Yang, Zhong-Jun Ding, Jian Li, Yang Xue and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:551

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To compare intra-articular (IA) knee injections of a cross-linked high-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (HMW-HA) with a linear low-molecular weight HA (LMW-HA) in terms of pain and functional improvement among...

    Authors: Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Mohsen Cheraghi, Shahram Rahimi-Dehgolan and Adel Ebrahimpour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:550

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a complicated disease associated with trauma, hormone abuse and excessive alcohol consumption. Polymorphisms of long non-coding RNAs have been also linked with the d...

    Authors: Yongchang Guo, Yuju Cao, Shunguo Gong, Sumei Zhang, Fengzhi Hou, Xinjie Zhang, Jiangeng Hu, Zhimin Yang, Juanjuan Yi, Dan Luo, Xifeng Chen and Jingbo Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:547

    Content type: Research article

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  5. One advantage of an endoscopic approach to treating lumbar spinal stenosis is preservation of spine stability and the adjacent anatomy, and there is a decrease in adjacent segment disc degeneration. The purpos...

    Authors: Peigen Xie, Feng Feng, Zihao Chen, Lei He, Bu Yang, Ruiqiang Chen, Wenbin Wu, Bin Liu, Jianwen Dong, Tao Shu, Liangming Zhang, Chien-Min Chen and Limin Rong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:546

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Osteoarthritis (OA) disproportionately impacts African Americans compared to Caucasians, including greater pain severity. The Pain Coping Skills Training for African Americans with Osteoarthritis (STAART) study e...

    Authors: Chamara J. Dharmasri, Ida Griesemer, Liubov Arbeeva, Lisa C. Campbell, Crystal W. Cené, Francis J. Keefe, Eugene Z. Oddone, Tamara J. Somers and Kelli D. Allen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:545

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Physiotherapy is a proven effective treatment strategy after total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA), however there is considerable practice variation regarding its timing, content and duration. This study a...

    Authors: Lichelle Groot, Maaike G.J. Gademan, Wilfred F. Peter, Wilbert B. van den Hout, Hennie Verburg, Thea P.M. Vliet Vlieland and Max Reijman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:544

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare and temporary clinical condition characterised by bone marrow edema (BME), severe pain, and functional limitation. It commonly occurs in middle-aged men or in ...

    Authors: Marco Paoletta, Antimo Moretti, Sara Liguori, Matteo Bertone, Giuseppe Toro and Giovanni Iolascon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:543

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Kashin–Beck disease (KBD) is a disabling osteoarticular disease involving growth and joint cartilage. Early diagnosis can effectively prevent the progress of the disease. However, the early diagnosis of it is ...

    Authors: Yong Li, Pengde Kang, Zongke Zhou, Fuxing Pei, Qing He and Dike Ruan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:540

    Content type: Research article

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  10. C1-ring osteosynthesis is a valid alternative to posterior C1–C2 or C0–C2 fusion to preserve important C1–C2 motion in the treatment of unstable atlas fractures. Nevertheless, the fixation instruments used in ...

    Authors: Xiaobao Zou, Beiping Ouyang, Binbin Wang, Haozhi Yang, Su Ge, Yuyue Chen, Ling Ni, Shuang Zhang, Hong Xia, Zenghui Wu and Xiangyang Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:538

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Denis and Ferguson et al.’s three-column spinal theory has been widely accepted and applied. However, this three-column theory was proposed based solely on observation and experience without thorough documente...

    Authors: Qihang Su, Cong Li, Yongchao Li, Zifei Zhou, Shuiqiang Zhang, Song Guo, Xiaofei Feng, Meijun Yan, Yan Zhang, Jinbiao Zhang, Jie Pan, Biao Cheng and Jun Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:537

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Previous studies have confirmed the feasibility of the cortical bone trajectory (CBT) technique. However, there are few reports on spinous process violation and screw penetration during the screw insertion. Th...

    Authors: Lilian Zhang, Naifeng Tian, Jian Yang, Wenfei Ni and Liya Jin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:536

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Headache is a common and costly health problem. Although the pathogenesis of headache is heterogeneous, reported contributing factors are dysfunctions of the upper cervical spine. The flexion rotation test (FR...

    Authors: Kerstin Luedtke, Thomas Schoettker-Königer, Toby Hall, Christine Reimer, Maike Grassold, Petra Hasselhoff-Styhler, Christian Neulinger, Max Obrocki, Philipp Przyhoda and Axel Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:535

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:624

  14. Multiple definitions are used to investigate injuries in musicians, resulting in a wide range of prevalence rates. The aim of this study is to establish the impact of different injury definitions on the preval...

    Authors: Suze Steemers, Marienke van Middelkoop, Gideon G. de Boks, Rogier M. van Rijn, Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra and Janine H. Stubbe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:534

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Hip effusion-synovitis may be relevant to osteoarthritis (OA) but is of uncertain etiology. The aim of this study was to describe the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of hip effusion-synovitis wit...

    Authors: Harbeer Ahedi, Dawn Aitken, Leigh Blizzard, Flavia Cicuttini and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:533

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Low back-related leg pain (LBLP) is a challenge for healthcare providers to manage. Neuropathic pain (NP) is highly prevalent in presentations of LBLP and an accurate diagnosis of NP in LBLP is essential to en...

    Authors: Jai Mistry, Nicola R. Heneghan, Tim Noblet, Deborah Falla and Alison Rushton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:532

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is known to be a progressive degenerative disorder; however, recent evidence suggests that inflammatory mediators contribute to cartilage degradation. Studies have reported that N-acet...

    Authors: Ying-Ting Yeh, Chung-Chao Liang, Chia-Ling Chang, Chung-Y. Hsu and Pei-Chen Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:531

    Content type: Database

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  18. Although the regression of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation (SLDH) has been widely reported, little data exist regarding the generalized incidence of regression (IR). We aimed to review the varying IRs and t...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Guogang Dai, Ling Jiang and Shichuan Liao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:530

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The thoracic spine (TS) has been neglected in the study of the spine despite its essential role in the stability and posture of the entire spinal complex. Therefore, there is an inevitable need to investigate ...

    Authors: Jani Takatalo, Jari Ylinen, Tuomo Pienimäki and Arja Häkkinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:529

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Numerous comparative studies of surgical procedures have focused on clinical and radiographical outcomes, as well as the effect of bone fragility on the outcome of spinal surgery; however, insights concerning ...

    Authors: Tetsuro Ohba, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Kensuke Koyama, Nobuki Tanaka, Kotaro Oda and Hirotaka Haro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:528

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder characterized by deterioration in the quantity and quality of bone tissue, with a consequent increase susceptibility to fracture.

    Authors: Chin-Chean Wong, Jeng-Hao Liao, Shi-Yuan Sheu, Po-Yu Lin, Chih-Hwa Chen and Tzong-Fu Kuo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:527

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The nature of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries and the scarcity of data on this issue have made reports on clinical and epidemiological features of PCL injuries valuable. We aimed to report our exper...

    Authors: Mohammad Razi, Saman Ghaffari, Alireza Askari, Peyman Arasteh, Elaheh Ziaei Ziabari and Haleh Dadgostar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:526

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The differentiation of human stromal (mesenchymal) stem cells (hMSCs) is a critical procedure for the development of osteoblast. SNHG14 is a newly discovered lncRNA that has been barely studied. Our preliminar...

    Authors: Mingchang Du, Bo Wu, Shiwen Fan, Ye Liu, Xu Ma and Xun Fu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:525

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Elderly patients with hip fractures often have multiple medical comorbidities, and vitamin D deficiency is common in this population. Accumulating evidence links low vitamin D levels to various comorbidities. ...

    Authors: Ing How Moo, Carmen Jia Wen Kam, Eric Wei Liang Cher, Bryan Ce Jie Peh, Chung Ean Lo, David Thai Chong Chua, Ngai Nung Lo, Tet Sen Howe and Joyce Suang Bee Koh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:524

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Sustaining injury is a common consequence of playing sport. At least one in every three recreational athletes with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction do not return to their preinjury sport followi...

    Authors: Clare L. Ardern and Joanna Kvist

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:523

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a global problem that causes significant pain and physical dysfunction, substantially impacting on quality of life and imposing enormous cost to the healthcare system. Exercise is p...

    Authors: Rana S. Hinman, Alexander J. Kimp, Penny K. Campbell, Trevor Russell, Nadine E. Foster, Jessica Kasza, Anthony Harris and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:522

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. A locked thumb metacarpophalangeal joint is a rare condition that presents as restricted joint motions with mild hyperextension deformity, usually after a relatively minor hyperextension injury. Owing to the l...

    Authors: Kyung-Sik Ahn, In Cheul Choi, Chang Ho Kang and Jong Woong Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:509

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Ti-Ni shape-memory patella concentrator (TNSMPC) has been designed as an alternative approach for fixation of patella fracture, which has some advantages like higher hardness, higher tenacity, better wearing r...

    Authors: Chen Yao, Jie Sun, Jiancheng Wu, Zhenyu Zhou, Fan Liu, Ran Tao and Yafeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:506

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The decision regarding which trans syndesmotic ankle fractures to treat surgically and which to treat non-surgically is a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of ankle fract...

    Authors: Emilia Möller Rydberg, Tina Zorko, Mikael Sundfeldt, Michael Möller and David Wennergren

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:521

    Content type: Research article

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  30. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: S. A. Dingemans, M. F. N. Birnie, F. R. K. Sanders, M. P. J. van den Bekerom, M. Backes, E. van Beeck, F. W. Bloemers, B. van Dijkman, E. Flikweert, D. Haverkamp, H. R. Holtslag, J. M. Hoogendoorn, P. Joosse, M. Parkkinen, G. Roukema, N. Sosef…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:520

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:35

  31. To assess the relationship between mechanical wear and the failure of the internal lengthening mechanism in retrieved MAGnetic Expansion Control (MAGEC) growing rods.

    Authors: Jack Z. Wei, Harry S. Hothi, Holly Morganti, Sean Bergiers, Elisabetta Dal Gal, Doris Likcani, Johann Henckel and Alister J. Hart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:519

    Content type: Research article

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  32. A method that can accurately predict the outcome of surgery can give patients timely feedback. In addition, to some extent, an objective evaluation method can help the surgeon quickly summarize the patient’s s...

    Authors: Ziming Chen, Zhantao Deng, Qingtian Li, Junfeng Chen, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:518

    Content type: Research article

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  33. One of the most significant complications after a femoral neck fracture is osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The concomitant use of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with computed tomo...

    Authors: Jae Youn Yoon, Soong Joon Lee, Kang Sup Yoon and Pil Whan Yoon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:517

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The impact of handedness on clinical outcomes was easily overlooked in hip replacement. This study aimed to find whether the component positioning and hip function were affected by the handedness in total hip ...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Renwen Guo, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Wei Chai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:516

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The epidemiology, risk factors, and prevention of locomotive syndrome (LS) have been reported. However, the number of clinical studies about the efficacy of LS treatment, including surgery, has been limited. T...

    Authors: Satoshi Kato, Yuki Kurokawa, Tamon Kabata, Satoru Demura, Hidenori Matsubara, Yoshitomo Kajino, Yoshiyuki Okamoto, Hiroaki Kimura, Kazuya Shinmura, Kentaro Igarashi, Takaki Shimizu, Noritaka Yonezawa, Noriaki Yokogawa and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:515

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The assessment of generalized joint hypermobility is difficult due to differences in classification methods and in the performance of joint mobility assessment. The primary aim was to evaluate the validity of ...

    Authors: Angela Schlager, Kerstin Ahlqvist, Ronnie Pingel, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Christina B. Olsson and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:514

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects mostly older adults and its primary risk factor is obesity. This study sought to understand weight-control strategies, facilitators of and barriers toward weight control in old...

    Authors: Wen-Ling Yeh, Yun-Fang Tsai, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Dave Weichih Chen, Jong-Shyan Wang and Ching-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:504

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Vertebroplasty with posterior spinal fusion (VP + PSF) is one of the most widely accepted surgical techniques for treating osteoporotic vertebral collapse (OVC). Nevertheless, the effect of the extent of fusio...

    Authors: Yuya Ishikawa, Kei Watanabe, Keiichi Katsumi, Masayuki Ohashi, Yohei Shibuya, Tomohiro Izumi, Toru Hirano, Naoto Endo, Takashi Kaito, Tomoya Yamashita, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Yuji Matsuoka, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hirosuke Nishimura, Hidetomi Terai…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:513

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. To demonstrate the correlation between guide pin-shaft angle (PSA) at the anteroposterior film and anteversion angle of guide pin at the lateral film and investigate whether excellent tip–apex distance (TAD) c...

    Authors: Zhe Wang, Yadong Liu, Shenglong Li, Xiuhui Wang, Changjian Liu and Xin Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:512

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Our preliminary RNA-Seq data revealed altered expression of small nucleolar RNA host gene 9 (SNHG9) in osteoarthritis (OA) and its reverse correlation with miR-34a, which can regulate chondrocyte apoptosis in ...

    Authors: Hongfei Zhang, Jinglian Li, Weiguang Shao and Naipeng Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:511

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Increased physical activity level is related to lower risk of depressive symptoms, and there is an inverse association between muscle strength and risk of depressive symptoms among the elderly. Although there ...

    Authors: Zhongyu Ren, Jianhua Cao, Yingke Li, Peng Cheng, Bing Cao, Zongji Hao, Hui Yao, Dongzhe Shi, Bin Liu, Chang Chen, Guang Yang, Li Peng and Liya Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:510

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Sarcopenia, cachexia and frailty have overlapping features and clinical consequences, but often go unrecognized. The objective was to detect patients described by clinicians as having sarcopenia, cachexia or f...

    Authors: Ranjani N. Moorthi, Ziyue Liu, Sarah A. El-Azab, Lauren R. Lembcke, Matthew R. Miller, Andrea A. Broyles and Erik A. Imel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:508

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Bone tumors are often treated with intralesional curettage. High-speed burring, an adjuvant therapy, was performed to maximize the tumor cell killing; however, tumor recurrence might still occur, which may be ...

    Authors: Pai-Han Wang, Chia-Lun Wu, Chao-Ming Chen, Jir-You Wang, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:507

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an ultra-rare genetic disorder characterized by extraskeletal heterotopic ossification. It is well recognized that FOP can lead to a devastating condition of disa...

    Authors: Dunmin She, Ran Li, Ping Fang, Guannan Zong, Ying Xue and Keqin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The Valued Life Activities Scale (VLAs) measures difficulty in daily activities and social participation. With various versions involving a different number of items, we have linguistically and culturally adop...

    Authors: Y. Prior, A. Tennant, S. Tyson and A. Hammond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:505

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Articular surface damage commonly associated with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Large osteochondral defect, which consists of a severe depression fracture and a large cartilage defect, need ...

    Authors: Takuma Kaibara, Eiji Kondo, Masatake Matsuoka, Koji Iwasaki, Tomohiro Onodera, Daisuke Momma, Naoki Seito, Susumu Mikami and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:494

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  47. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Diana Cabrera, Marlena Kruger, Frances M. Wolber, Nicole C. Roy and Karl Fraser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:501

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:349

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