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  1. The current investigation examined the inter- and intra-tester reliability of knee joint angle measurements using a flexible Penny and Giles Biometric® electrogoniometer. The clinical utility of electrogoniometry...

    Authors: Pagamas Piriyaprasarth, Meg E Morris, Adele Winter and Andrea E Bialocerkowski
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:6
  2. Recently, the MRI finding of "Modic changes" has been identified as pathologic spinal condition that probably reflects a vertebral inflammatory process (VIP), which coincides with spinal pain in most. We hypot...

    Authors: Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Per Kjær, Tom Bendix and Claus Manniche
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:5
  3. The clinical effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) is widely debated because of a lack of clinical trials. The internet may provide an effective and economical approach for undertakin...

    Authors: Sinead Brophy, Claire L Burrows, Caroline Brooks, Michael B Gravenor, Stefan Siebert and Stephen J Allen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:4
  4. Chronic widespread pain (CWP) affects 10% of adults and often causes significant disability in everyday life. Research on time in chronic conditions has focused on biographical disruption and perceptions of pa...

    Authors: Jane C Richardson, Bie Nio Ong and Julius Sim
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:3
  5. Most fibromyalgia patients are seen in primary care (PC). However, the effectiveness of the treatments prescribed by general practitioners is usually minimal. The main objective of the present research is to a...

    Authors: Rita Fernández, Maria T Peñarubia, Juan V Luciano, Maria E Blanco, Mónica Jiménez, Adrián Montesano, Camino Verduras, José M Ruiz and Antoni Serrano-Blanco
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:2
  6. Skeletal muscles are composed of heterogeneous collections of muscle fiber types, the arrangement of which contributes to a variety of functional capabilities in many muscle types. Furthermore, skeletal muscle...

    Authors: Katsutoshi Yuasa, Akinori Nakamura, Takao Hijikata and Shinichi Takeda
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:1
  7. Impaired proprioception in the lumbar spine has often been reported in people with low back pain. However, no prospective studies exist to assert the cause and effect of this association. We hypothesized that ...

    Authors: Sheri P Silfies, Jacek Cholewicki, N Peter Reeves and Hunter S Greene
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:129
  8. Differences in duration of bone healing in various parts of the human skeleton are common experience for orthopaedic surgeons. The reason for these differences is not obvious and not clear.

    Authors: Iwona Kochanowska, Slawomir Chaberek, Andrzej Wojtowicz, Bartosz Marczyński, Krzysztof Włodarski, Maria Dytko and Kazimierz Ostrowski
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:128
  9. Despite high incidence of ankle fractures in the elderly, studies evaluating outcome and impact of quality of life in this age group specifically are sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome and q...

    Authors: Gertrud Nilsson, Kjell Jonsson, Charlotte Ekdahl and Magnus Eneroth
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:127
  10. The treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures has historically been limited to several weeks of bed rest, anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications, calcitonin injections, or external...

    Authors: Leigh A Gray, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Patrick J Heagerty, William Hollingworth, Lydia Stout, Bryan A Comstock, Judith A Turner and David F Kallmes
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:126
  11. Cryotherapy (the application of ice for therapeutic purposes) is one of the most common treatment modalities employed in the immediate management of acute soft tissue injury. Despite its widespread clinical us...

    Authors: Chris M Bleakley, Seán O'Connor, Mark A Tully, Laurence G Rocke, Domnhall C MacAuley and Suzanne M McDonough
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:125
  12. Oxidative stress (OxS) has recently been linked with osteoporosis; however, we do not know the influence of OxS as an independent risk factor for this disease.

    Authors: Martha A Sánchez-Rodríguez, Mirna Ruiz-Ramos, Elsa Correa-Muñoz and Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:124
  13. With advances in arthroscopic surgery, many techniques have been developed to increase the tendon-bone contact area, reconstituting a more anatomic configuration of the rotator cuff footprint and providing a b...

    Authors: Francesco Franceschi, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Laura Ruzzini, Giacomo Rizzello, Nicola Maffulli and Vincenzo Denaro
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:123
  14. A laboratory study was conducted, on cadaveric sheep spines to develop an effective procedure for removing as much nucleus as possible from an intervertebral disc with minimal disruption to the annulus. The re...

    Authors: Lei Dang, Douglas Wardlaw and David WL Hukins
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:122
  15. Lower limb strengthening exercises are an important component of the treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Strengthening the hip abductor and adductor muscles may influence joint loading and/or OA-related sy...

    Authors: Kim L Bennell, Michael A Hunt, Tim V Wrigley, David J Hunter and Rana S Hinman
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:121
  16. Articular cartilage has little capacity for repair in vivo, however, a small number of studies have shown that, in vitro, a damage/repair response can be induced. Recent work by our group has shown that cartilage...

    Authors: Frances MD Henson and Thea Vincent
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:120
  17. There is evidence of functional growth hormone (GH) deficiency, expressed by means of low insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) serum levels, in a subset of fibromyalgia patients. The efficacy of GH versus plac...

    Authors: Guillem Cuatrecasas, Cristina Riudavets, Maria Antònia Güell and Albert Nadal
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:119
  18. Traction is commonly used for the treatment of low back pain (LBP), predominately with nerve root involvement; however its benefits remain to be established. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility o...

    Authors: Annette A Harte, George D Baxter and Jacqueline H Gracey
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:118
  19. Complaints of arm, neck and shoulder are common in Western societies. Of those consulting a general practitioner (GP) with non-traumatic arm, neck or shoulder complaints, about 50% do not recover within 6 months.

    Authors: Anita Feleus, Tineke van Dalen, Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra, Roos MD Bernsen, Jan AN Verhaar, Bart W Koes and Harald S Miedema
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:117
  20. There are presently few methods described for in vivo monitoring of the mechanics of healing human tendon ruptures, and no methods for prediction of clinical outcome. We tested if Roentgen stereophotogrammetri...

    Authors: Thorsten Schepull, Joanna Kvist, Christer Andersson and Per Aspenberg
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:116
  21. There is a marked variation in clinical phenotypes that have been associated with mutations in FKRP, ranging from severe congenital muscular dystrophies to limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2I (LGMD2I).

    Authors: Peter B Kang, Chris A Feener, Elicia Estrella, Marielle Thorne, Alexander J White, Basil T Darras, Anthony A Amato and Louis M Kunkel
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:115
  22. Objective assessment of motor function is frequently used to evaluate outcome after surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However a range of outcome measures are used and there appears to be no c...

    Authors: Jo Geere, Rachel Chester, Swati Kale and Christina Jerosch-Herold
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:114
  23. Skeletal ratios and bone lengths are widely used in anthropology and forensic pathology and hip axis length is a useful predictor of fracture. The aim of this study was to show that skeletal ratios, such as le...

    Authors: Usha Chinappen-Horsley, Glen M Blake, Ignac Fogelman and Tim D Spector
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:113
  24. The education and activation programme (EAP) aims at coping with psychosocial determinants to prevent the development of chronic shoulder complaints (SCs). The effect of the EAP on functional limitations and p...

    Authors: Camiel De Bruijn, Rob de Bie, Jacques Geraets, Marielle Goossens, Wim van den Heuvel, Geert van der Heijden, Math Candel and Geert-Jan Dinant
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:112
  25. laminectomy is a valuable surgical treatment for some patients with a cervical radiculomyelopathy due to cervical spinal stenosis. More recently attention has been given to motion of the spinal cord over spond...

    Authors: Ronald HMA Bartels, André LM Verbeek and J André Grotenhuis
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:111
  26. To assess the prevalence of and relation between rupture or tenosynovitis of the Flexor Hallucis Longus (FHL) tendon and range of motion, deformities and joint damage of the forefoot in RA patients with foot c...

    Authors: Henriette Baan, Wiepke K Drossaers-Bakkers, Rosemary Dubbeldam, Jaap J Buurke, Anand Nene and Martin AFJ van de Laar
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:110
  27. Whilst evidence exists to support the use of single treatments such as orthoses and footwear, the effectiveness of podiatry-led care as a complex intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) relate...

    Authors: Deborah E Turner, Philip S Helliwell and James Woodburn
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:109
  28. We present the design of an open randomized multi-centre study on surgical versus conservative treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. The study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative t...

    Authors: Roderik Metz, Gino MMJ Kerkhoffs, Egbert-Jan MM Verleisdonk and Geert J van der Heijden
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:108
  29. Shoulder disorders are a common health problem in western societies. Several treatment protocols have been developed for the clinical management of persons with shoulder pain. However available evidence does n...

    Authors: Carel Bron, Michel Wensing, Jo LM Franssen and Rob AB Oostendorp
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:107
  30. Clinical guidelines for the management of back pain frequently recommend 'manual therapy' as a first line intervention, with psychosocial screening and 'active rehabilitation' for those not improving at 6 week...

    Authors: Elaine Hough, Richard Stephenson and Louise Swift
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:106
  31. Low back pain (LBP) is the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition and one the most common causes of disability in the developed nations. Anecdotally, there is a general assumption that LBP prevalence in Afri...

    Authors: Quinette A Louw, Linzette D Morris and Karen Grimmer-Somers
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:105
  32. Specialist 'therapeutic' footwear is recommended for patients with diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a beneficial intervention for reducing foot pain, improving foot health, and increasing general ...

    Authors: Anita E Williams, Christopher J Nester and Michael I Ravey
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:104
  33. There is no validated gold-standard diagnostic support tool for LSS, and therefore an accurate diagnosis depends on clinical assessment. Assessment of the diagnostic value of the history of the patient require...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Konno, Shin-ichi Kikuchi, Yasuhisa Tanaka, Ken Yamazaki, You-ichi Shimada, Hiroshi Takei, Toru Yokoyama, Masahiro Okada and Shou-ichi Kokubun
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:102
  34. Hip dislocation in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is a common and severe problem. The dislocation can be avoided, by screening and preventive treatment of children with hips at risk. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Gunnar Hägglund, Henrik Lauge-Pedersen and Philippe Wagner
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:101
  35. The optimal management of chronic ruptures of the Achilles tendon is surgical reconstruction. Reconstruction of the Achilles tendon using peroneus brevis has been widely reported. Classically, these procedures...

    Authors: Michael R Carmont and Nicola Maffulli
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:100
  36. Emergency Departments (EDs) are confronted with progressive overcrowding. As a consequence, the workload for ED physicians increases and waiting times go up with the risk of unnecessary complications and patie...

    Authors: Robert J Derksen, Veerle MH Coupé, Maurits W van Tulder, Bart Veenings and Fred C Bakker
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:99
  37. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, statins, are widely prescribed to lower cholesterol. High doses of orally administered simvastatin has previously been shown to improve fracture healing in a mouse femur fracture ...

    Authors: Björn Skoglund and Per Aspenberg
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:98
  38. Whilst laterally wedged insoles, worn inside the shoes, are advocated as a simple, inexpensive, non-toxic self-administered intervention for knee osteoarthritis (OA), there is currently limited evidence to sup...

    Authors: Kim Bennell, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Craig Payne, Flavia Cicuttini, Richard Osborne, Anthony Harris and Rana Hinman
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:96
  39. Regional pain in the hip in adults is a common cause of a general practitioner visit. A considerable part of patients suffer from (greater) trochanteric pain syndrome or trochanteric bursitis. Local corticoste...

    Authors: Aaltien Brinks, Rogier M van Rijn, Arthur M Bohnen, Gabriël LJ Slee, Jan AN Verhaar, Bart W Koes and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:95
  40. Low back pain (LBP) and neck pain (NP) are common conditions in old age, leading to impaired functional ability and decreased independence. Manual and exercise therapies are common and effective therapies for ...

    Authors: Michele J Maiers, Jan Hartvigsen, Craig Schulz, Karen Schulz, Roni L Evans and Gert Bronfort
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:94
  41. There are few effective strategies reported for the primary prevention of low back pain (LBP). Core stabilization exercises targeting the deep abdominal and trunk musculature and psychosocial education program...

    Authors: Steven Z George, John D Childs, Deydre S Teyhen, Samuel S Wu, Alison C Wright, Jessica L Dugan and Michael E Robinson
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:92
  42. Conventional knee and hip implant systems have been in use for many years with good success. However, the custom design of implant components based on patient-specific anatomy has been attempted to overcome ex...

    Authors: Ola LA Harrysson, Yasser A Hosni and Jamal F Nayfeh
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:91
  43. Movement control dysfunction [MCD] reduces active control of movements. Patients with MCD might form an important subgroup among patients with non specific low back pain. The diagnosis is based on the observat...

    Authors: Hannu Luomajoki, Jan Kool, Eling D de Bruin and Olavi Airaksinen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:90
  44. Several studies have been carried out in order to investigate the effect of ankle bracing on ankle joint function and performance. However, no study so far has examined the role of skin-brace interface pressur...

    Authors: Emmanuel S Papadopoulos, Christos Nikolopoulos, Athanasios Badekas, George Vagenas, Stamatios A Papadakis and Spyros Athanasopoulos
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:89
  45. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major health problem in the world. Self-reported questionnaires are a known method for estimating the prevalence of MSDs among the population. One of the studies concerni...

    Authors: Akbar Alipour, Mostafa Ghaffari, Irene Jensen, Batoul Shariati and Eva Vingard
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:88
  46. Fifty thousand knee replacements are performed annually in the UK at an estimated cost of £150 million. Post-operative improvement depends on a number of factors including implant design and patient associated...

    Authors: Gayle Walley, Sandeep Datir, Murali Sayana, Aziz Rahmatalla, Ian Dos Remedios, Charles Wynn-Jones, Stephen Bridgman and Nicola Maffulli
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:87
  47. Chronic rotator cuff pathology (CRCP) is a common shoulder condition causing pain and disability. Physiotherapy is often the first line of management for CRCP yet there is little conclusive evidence to support...

    Authors: Kim Bennell, Sally Coburn, Elin Wee, Sally Green, Anthony Harris, Andrew Forbes and Rachelle Buchbinder
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:86

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