Studies have shown a significant association between the radiographically measured lateral femoral condyle ratio (LFCR) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, it is unclear whether LFCR measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is associated with a higher risk of noncontact ACL injury.
To investigate the effect of LFCR on the risk of noncontact ACL injury by MRI. 2 to investigate the association of LFCR measured by MRI with multiple bone morphological risk factors and evaluate the most sensitive risk predictors of noncontact ACL injury.
A total of 116 patients, including 58 subjects with noncontact ACL injury and 58 age-matched and sex-matched controls with only meniscus injury, were included in this retrospective case-control study. LFCR, lateral tibial slope (LTS), lateral tibial height (LTH), medial tibial slope (MTS), and medial tibial depth (MTD) were measured on MRI. The differences in each index between the two groups were compared, and risk factors were screened by single-factor logistic regression analysis. Indicators with P values < 0.1 were included in the logistic regression equation. The critical values and areas under the curve (AUCs) of independent risk factors were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Finally, the diagnostic performance of each risk factor was evaluated by the Z-test.
A total of 116 patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in the final analysis (58 cases in the noncontact ACL injury group and 58 cases in the control group). Patients with noncontact ACL injury had a higher femoral LFCR (0.64 ± 0.03) than patients with isolated meniscus tears. Among all the risk factors for ACL injury, the AUC for LFCR was the largest, at 0.81 (95% CI, 0.73-0.88), and when the critical value was 0.61, the sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of ACL injury were 0.79 and 0.67, respectively. When combined with LTH (> 2.35 mm), the diagnostic performance was improved. The AUC was 0.85 (95% CI, 0.78-0.92), the sensitivity was 0.83, and the specificity was 0.76.
This study shows that an increased LFCR is related to an increased risk of noncontact ACL injury as determined by MRI. LFCR and LTH are sensitive risk factors for noncontact ACL injury and may help clinicians identify individuals prone to ACL injury, allowing prevention and intervention measures to be applied.