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Table 2 Comparison of demographic data, serum Gal-1 levels, and bone mineral density at the femoral neck, total hip, and lumbar spine among men within various age groups

From: Age-related trabecular bone loss is associated with a decline in serum Galectin-1 level

  Group 1 (Age 30–39) Group 2 (Age 45–54) Group 3 (Age 65–74) Group 4 (Age > 80)
Age (yrs) 35.4 ± 2.9 50.5 ± 2.3 68.7 ± 3.7 82.9 ± 2.0
BMI 24.36 ± 4.65 25.00 ± 4.10 24.13 ± 2.48 24.38 ± 2.00
FN BMD (g/cm2) 1.02 ± 0.089 0.93 ± 0.14* 0.83 ± 0.12***/## 0.78 ± 0.066***/##
TH BMD (g/cm2) 1.11 ± 0.13 1.05 ± 0.12 1.00 ± 0.13* 0.79 ± 0.15***/###/$$$
L1–4 BMD (g/cm2) 1.07 ± 0.096 0.97 ± 0.13* 0.92 ± 0.14*** 0.85 ± 0.088***/#
Serum Gal-1 (ng/ml) 26.43 ± 4.25 19.18 ± 5.15*** 14.80 ± 3.79***/## 9.00 ± 2.36***/###/$$
  1. All data are conveyed as mean ± standard deviation. *p < 0.05, ***p < 0.001, vs. Group 1; ##p < 0.01, ###p < 0.001, vs. Group 2; $$p < 0.01, $$$p < 0.001, vs. Group 3
  2. BMI body mass index, BMD bone mineral density, FN femoral neck, TH total hip, L1-4 L1-L4 lumbar spine