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Table 1 Exercise components included in the SMT

From: Effects of a movement control and tactile acuity training in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain and control impairment – a randomised controlled pilot study

  Sensory part Sensorimotor part Laterality recognition training [54]
Sessions 1 + 2 Localisation training (left/right); detection of the number and localisation of points (starting distance: two-point discrimination threshold)
Progression: ↑ number of points; ↑ speed; ↓ distance between points
Pelvic tilt exercises; finding a middle position of the lower back in different postures (comparable to movement control tests) [26]
Progression: Starting position (easy to hard)
Recognition of the position of trunks pictured on a smartphone
Progression: ↑ speed of the image sequence; ↑ number of images
Sessions 3 + 4 Identification of numbers; simple arithmetic tasks (addition and subtraction of numbers from 0 to 9)
Progression: ↓ size of numbers; varying the orientation; ↑ speed
Movement control exercises comparable to movement control tests [26]; finding and maintaining a middle position of the lower back while performing simple movements of the trunk or extremities.
Progression: Starting position; performing additional movements
As above. Individual progression based on actual performance
Sessions 5 + 6 Identification of letters; recognition of three-letter words.
Progression: ↓ font size; varying the orientation; ↑ speed
As above, but with additional complex movements of the trunk or extremities; transfer to functional activities related to the patient’s symptoms.
Progression: Complexity of starting position; use of additional weights
As above. Individual progression based on actual performance; ↑ complexity of images