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Table 1 Demonstrates the baseline characteristic of primary studies

From: The global burden of pressure ulcers among patients with spinal cord injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis

First Author Pub. year study country, continent study design sample size Prevalence%
(95%CI)
Data
Collection year
data collection methods Quality score
Ash, D etal [44] 2002 United Kingdom, Europe Cross-sectional 144 56(47.9,64.1) 1998 to 2000 document review 7
Brienza,D., et al. [38] 2017 United States, North America cohort 104 37.5(28.2,46.8) 2008–2012 observation and examination 7
Chopra,T.,et al. [53] 2016 United States, North America Cross-sectional 201 38(31.3,44.7) January 2004 and December 2008 document review 7
DeJong, G., et al. [39] 2014 United states, north America Cohort 159 13.1(7.8,18.3) NA Document review 7
Eslami V et al. [20] 2012 Iran, Asia Cross-sectional 7489 34.6(33.5,35.7) June 2007 to June 2009 physical examination 9
Fazel FS, etal [28] 2018 Iran,Asia cohort 580 28.1(24.4,31.7) June 2013 to December 2015 Observation and examination 8
Garber, S.L., et al. [40] 2000 United states, North America Cohort 118 31(22.2,39.3) NA Interview and exam 8
Haisma, J.A., et al. [45] 2007 Netherlands,Europe cohort 212 36(29.5,42.5) May 2000 and September 2003 Self-report 8
Idowu, O., et al. [22] 2011 Nigeria,Africa cohort 105 45.9(36.4,55.4) 1 October 2004 and 30November 2006 Skin examination 8
Iyun A.O. etal [7] 2012 Nigeria, Africa cohort 67 47.7(35.7,59.7) January 2003 to June 2004 Self-report and documentation 7
Joseph, C. and L.N. Wikmar [24] 2015 south Africa,Africa cohort 141 29.8(22.2,37.4) 15 September 2013 to 14 September 2014 observation and examination 8
Kovindha, A. et al. [49] 2015 Thailand, Asia Cross-sectional 129 26.4(18.8,34) 1 January 2013 to 31December 2013 Self-report 7
Krishnan,S., et al. [41] 2017 United States, North America Cross-sectional 3098 20.3(18.9,21.7) 1993 to 2006 document review 8
Li,C., et al. [6] 2016 United States,North America Cross-sectional 350 11(7.6,14.4) August 2011 to February 2014 Self-report 8
Löfvenmark I et al. [52] 2016 Botswana,Africa cohort 38 48(32.1,63.9) 1February 2011 to 31January 2013 Skin examination 8
Raghavan, P., et al., [46] 2003 United kingdom, Europe Cross-sectional 472 23(19.2,26.8) NA Observation and exam 7
Richard-Denis, A., et al. [42] 2016 Canada,North America Cohort 123 33.3(24.9,41.6) January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2011 Document review 7
Saunders et al. [43] 2013 United States, North America Cross-sectional 2549 19.9(18,21.7) NA mail-in survey 9
Scheel-Sailer, A., et al. [47] 2013 Switzerland,Europe cohort 185 25.4(19.1,31.7) 1 September 2009 to 28February 2010 observation and examination 7
Sheerin, F. etal [48] 2005 Ireland, Europe Cross-sectional 82 37(26.5,47.4) December 2000 to December 2002 document review 7
Taghipoor, K.D., et al. [51] 2009 Iran, Asia Cross-sectional 3791 39.1(37.5,40.6) NA Document review 7
Tchvaloon,E., et al. [50] 2007 Israel, Asia cohort 143 26.6(19.4,33.8) 1962 and 2004 document review 7
van der Wielen H et al. [18] 2016 Switzerland,Europe cohort 185 50(42.8,57.2) September 2009 to February 2010 observation 7
Verschueren J et al. [23] 2011 Netherlands, Europe cohort 193 36.5(29.7,43.3) NA observation and examination 8
  1. N/A not applicable