The aim of this study was to evaluate satisfaction and factors associated with satisfaction in elderly undergoing lumbar disc herniation surgery.
In the national Swedish register for spinal surgery (SweSpine) we identified 2095 patients aged > 65 years (WHO definition of elderly) whom during 2000–2016 had undergone LDH surgery and had pre- and one-year postoperative data (age, gender, preoperative duration and degree of back- and leg pain, quality of life (SF-36) and one-year satisfaction (dissatisfied, uncertain, satisfied). We utilized a logistic regression model to examine preoperative factors that were independently associated with low and high satisfaction and after LDH surgery.
One year after surgery, 71% of the patients were satisfied, 18% uncertain and 11% dissatisfied. Patients who were satisfied were in comparison to others, younger, had shorter preoperative duration of leg pain, higher SF-36 mental component summary and more leg than back pain (all p < 0.01). Patients who were dissatisfied were compared to others older, had longer preoperative duration of leg pain and lower SF-36 scores (all p < 0.01). 81% of patients with leg pain up to 3 months were satisfied in comparison with 57% of patients with leg pain > 2 years (p < 0.001).
Only one out of ten elderly, is dissatisfied with the outcome of LDH surgery. Age, preoperative duration of leg pain, preoperative SF 36 score, and for satisfaction also dominance of back over leg pain, are in elderly factors associated to good and poor subjective outcome after LDH surgery.