Radhakrishnan K, Litchy WJ, O’Fallon WM, Kurland LT: Epidemiology of cervical radiculopathy. A population-based study from Rochester, Minnesota, 1976 through 1990. Brain. 1994, 117 (Pt 2): 325-335.
Abbed KM, Coumans JV: Cervical radiculopathy: pathophysiology, presentation, and clinical evaluation. Neurosurgery. 2007, 60: S28-S34.
Mochida K, Komori H, Okawa A, Muneta T, Haro H, Shinomiya K: Regression of cervical disc herniation observed on magnetic resonance images. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1998, 23: 990-995. discussion 996– 997
Carette S, Fehlings MG: Clinical practice. Cervical radiculopathy. N Engl J Med. 2005, 353: 392-399.
Carragee EJ, Hurwitz EL, Cheng I, Carroll LJ, Nordin M, Guzman J, Peloso P, Holm LW, Cote P, Hogg-Johnson S, van der Velde G, Cassidy JD, Haldeman S: Treatment of neck pain: injections and surgical interventions: results of the bone and joint decade 2000– 2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. Spine. 2008, 33: S153-S169.
Hurwitz EL, Carragee EJ, van der Velde G, Carroll LJ, Nordin M, Guzman J, Peloso PM, Holm LW, Cote P, Hogg-Johnson S, Cassidy JD, Haldeman S: Treatment of neck pain: noninvasive interventions: results of the bone and joint decade 2000– 2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. Spine. 2008, 33: S123-S152.
Nikolaidis I, Fouyas IP, Sandercock PA, Statham PF: Surgery for cervical radiculopathy or myelopathy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010, 1: CD001466-doi:10.1002/14651858
van Middelkoop M, Rubinstein SM, Ostelo R, van Tulder MW, Peul W, Koes BW, Verhagen AP: Surgery versus conservative care for neck pain: a systematic review. Eur Spine J. 2013, 22: 87-95.
Carroll LJ, Hurwitz EL, Cote P, Hogg-Johnson S, Carragee EJ, Nordin M, Holm LW, van der Velde G, Cassidy JD, Guzman J, Peloso PM, Haldeman S: Research priorities and methodological implications: the bone and joint decade 2000– 2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. Spine. 2008, 33: S214-S220.
Persson LC, Carlsson CA, Carlsson JY: Long-lasting cervical radicular pain managed with surgery, physiotherapy, or a cervical collar. A prospective, randomized study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997, 22: 751-758.
Bednarik J, Kadanka Z, Vohanka S, Stejskal L, Vlach O, Schroder R: The value of somatosensory- and motor-evoked potentials in predicting and monitoring the effect of therapy in spondylotic cervical myelopathy. Prospective randomized study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999, 24: 1593-1598.
Peolsson A, Soderlund A, Engquist M, Lind B, Lofgren H, Vavruch L, Holtz A, Winstrom-Christersson A, Isaksson I, Oberg B: Physical function outcome in cervical radiculopathy patients after physiotherapy alone compared with anterior surgery followed by physiotherapy: a prospective randomized study with a 2-year follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013, 38: 300-307.
Engquist M, Lofgren H, Oberg B, Holtz A, Peolsson A, Soderlund A, Vavruch L, Lind B: Surgery versus nonsurgical treatment of cervical radiculopathy: a prospective, randomized study comparing surgery plus physiotherapy with physiotherapy alone with a 2-year follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013, 38: 1715-1722.
Cleland JA, Whitman JM, Fritz JM, Palmer JA: Manual physical therapy, cervical traction, and strengthening exercises in patients with cervical radiculopathy: a case series. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2005, 35: 802-811.
Ellenberg MR, Honet JC, Treanor WJ: Cervical radiculopathy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994, 75: 342-352.
Goldie I, Landquist A: Evaluation of the effects of different forms of physiotherapy in cervical pain. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1970, 2: 117-121.
Joghataei MT, Arab AM, Khaksar H: The effect of cervical traction combined with conventional therapy on grip strength on patients with cervical radiculopathy. Clin Rehabil. 2004, 18: 879-887.
Murphy DR, Hurwitz EL, Gregory A, Clary R: A nonsurgical approach to the management of patients with cervical radiculopathy: a prospective observational cohort study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006, 29: 279-287.
Young IA, Michener LA, Cleland JA, Aguilera AJ, Snyder AR: Manual therapy, exercise, and traction for patients with cervical radiculopathy: a randomized clinical trial. Phys Ther. 2009, 89: 632-642.
Saal JS, Saal JA, Yurth EF: Nonoperative management of herniated cervical intervertebral disc with radiculopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996, 21: 1877-1883.
Kuijper B, Tans JT, Beelen A, Nollet F, de Visser M: Cervical collar or physiotherapy versus wait and see policy for recent onset cervical radiculopathy: randomised trial. BMJ. 2009, 339: b3883-
Thoomes EJ, Scholten-Peeters W, Koes B, Falla D, Verhagen AP: The effectiveness of conservative treatment for patients with cervical radiculopathy: a systematic review. Clin J Pain. 2013, 29: 1073-1086.
Thoomes EJ, Scholten-Peeters GG, de Boer AJ, Olsthoorn RA, Verkerk K, Lin C, Verhagen AP: Lack of uniform diagnostic criteria for cervical radiculopathy in conservative intervention studies: a systematic review. Eur Spine J. 2012, 21: 1459-1470.
Salt E, Wright C, Kelly S, Dean A: A systematic literature review on the effectiveness of non-invasive therapy for cervicobrachial pain. Man Ther. 2011, 16: 53-65.
Kay TM, Gross A, Goldsmith C, Santaguida PL, Hoving J, Bronfort G: Exercises for mechanical neck disorders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005, 8: CD004250-doi:10.1002/14651858
Eccleston C, Morley SJ, Williams AC: Psychological approaches to chronic pain management: evidence and challenges. Br J Anaesth. 2013, 111: 59-63.
Boutron I, Moher D, Altman DG, Schulz KF, Ravaud P, Group C: Extending the CONSORT statement to randomized trials of nonpharmacologic treatment: explanation and elaboration. Ann Intern Med. 2008, 148: 295-309.
Tong HC, Haig AJ, Yamakawa K: The Spurling test and cervical radiculopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002, 27: 156-159.
Capuano-Pucci D, Rheault W, Aukai J, Bracke M, Day R, Pastrick M: Intratester and intertester reliability of the cervical range of motion device. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1991, 72: 338-340.
Peolsson A, Almkvist C, Dahlberg C, Lindqvist S, Pettersson S: Age- and sex-specific reference values of a test of neck muscle endurance. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2007, 30: 171-177.
Mathiowetz V: Comparison of Rolyan and Jamar dynamometers for measuring grip strength. Occup Ther Int. 2002, 9: 201-209.
Juul-Kristensen B, Clausen B, Ris I, Jensen RV, Steffensen RF, Chreiteh SS, Jorgensen MB, Sogaard K: Increased neck muscle activity and impaired balance among females with whiplash-related chronic neck pain: a cross-sectional study. J Rehabil Med. 2013, 45: 376-384.
Kammerlind AS, Ledin TE, Odkvist LM, Skargren EI: Influence of asymmetry of vestibular caloric response and age on balance and perceived symptoms after acute unilateral vestibular loss. Clin Rehabil. 2006, 20: 142-148.
Carlsson AM: Assessment of chronic pain. I. Aspects of the reliability and validity of the visual analogue scale. Pain. 1983, 16: 87-101.
Abbott A, Ghasemi-Kafash E, Dedering A: The validity of using an electrocutaneous device for pain assessment in patients with cervical radiculopathy. Physiother Theory Pract. 2014, PMID: 24666409-
Vernon H, Mior S: The neck disability index: a study of reliability and validity. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1991, 14: 409-415.
Ackelman BH, Lindgren U: Validity and reliability of a modified version of the neck disability index. J Rehabil Med. 2002, 34: 284-287.
Jacobson GP, Newman CW: The development of the Dizziness handicap inventory. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1990, 116: 424-427.
Cherkin DC, Deyo RA, Street JH, Barlow W: Predicting poor outcomes for back pain seen in primary care using patients’ own criteria. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1996, 21: 2900-2907.
Estlander AM, Vanharanta H, Moneta GB, Kaivanto K: Anthropometric variables, self-efficacy beliefs, and pain and disability ratings on the isokinetic performance of low back pain patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994, 19: 941-947.
Waddell G, Newton M, Henderson I, Somerville D, Main CJ, Slade PD, Troup JD, Lethem J, Bentley G: A fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire (FABQ) and the role of fear-avoidance beliefs in chronic low back pain and disability. Pain. 1993, 52: 157-168.
Dedering A, Borjesson T: Assessing fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with cervical radiculopathy. Physiother Res Int. 2013, 18: 193-202.
Castro MM, Quarantini L, Batista-Neves S, Kraychete DC, Daltro C, Miranda-Scippa A: Validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale in patients with chronic pain. Rev Bras Anestesiol. 2006, 56: 470-477.
Zigmond AS, Snaith RP: The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1983, 67: 361-370.
Swartzman LC, Gwadry FG, Shapiro AP, Teasell RW: The factor structure of the coping strategies questionnaire. Pain. 1994, 57: 311-316.
Sullivan M, Bishop S, Pivik J: The pain catastrophizing scale: development and validation. Psychol Assess. 1995, 7: 524-532.
TheEuroQolGroup: EuroQol-a new facility for the measurement of health-related quality of life. Health Pol. 1990, 16: 199-208.
Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, Pratt M, Ekelund U, Yngve A, Sallis JF, Oja P: International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003, 35: 1381-1395.
Grimby G: Physical activity and muscle training in the elderly. Acta Med Scand Suppl. 1986, 711: 233-237.
Cleland JA, Fritz JM, Whitman JM, Palmer JA: The reliability and construct validity of the neck disability index and patient specific functional scale in patients with cervical radiculopathy. Spine. 2006, 31: 598-602.
Asenlof P, Siljeback K: The patient goal priority questionnaire is moderately reproducible in people with persistent musculoskeletal pain. Phys Ther. 2009, 89: 1226-1234.
de Zwart BC, Frings-Dresen MH, van Duivenbooden JC: Test-retest reliability of the work ability index questionnaire. Occup Med (Lond). 2002, 52: 177-181.
Kallings LV, Leijon ME, Kowalski J, Hellenius ML, Stahle A: Self-reported adherence: a method for evaluating prescribed physical activity in primary health care patients. J Phys Act Health. 2009, 6: 483-492.
Leijon ME, Bendtsen P, Nilsen P, Festin K, Stahle A: Does a physical activity referral scheme improve the physical activity among routine primary health care patients?. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2009, 19: 627-636.
Johansson AC, Linton SJ, Bergkvist L, Nilsson O, Cornefjord M: Clinic-based training in comparison to home-based training after first-time lumbar disc surgery: a randomised controlled trial. Eur Spine J. 2009, 18: 398-409.
Hollis S, Campbell F: What is meant by intention to treat analysis? Survey of published randomised controlled trials. BMJ. 1999, 319: 670-674.
Baraldi AN, Enders CK: An introduction to modern missing data analyses. J Sch Psychol. 2010, 48: 5-37.