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Table 1 Pairwise comparisons of absolute and normalized pressure pain thresholds (PPT) from the cervico-thoracic region.

From: Pressure pain sensitivity maps of the neck-shoulder and the low back regions in men and women

Subdivision Absolute PPT (kPa) Normalized PPT
Upper trapezius 295.2 ± 95.9 *,†,‡
[99 - 981]
0.88 ± 0.20 *,†,‡
[0.30 - 2.08]
Middle trapezius 347.5 ± 103.5 *, •
[138 - 745]
1.04 ± 0.18 *, •
[0.49-1.70]
Lower trapezius 373.0 ± 121.1 †, •
[127 - 920]
1.11 ± 0.21 †, •, Δ
[0.34-2.00]
Spinal processes 369.6 ± 116.5 ‡
[156 - 689]
1.04 ± 0.17 ‡,Δ
[0.55 - 1.58]
  1. The results of the pairwise comparisons of the PPT values (mean ± SD and [range]). Symbols mark significant difference (P < 0.05) between respective pair of absolute values (*: upper and middle trapezius, †: upper and lower trapezius, ‡: upper trapezius and spinal processes, •: middle and lower trapezius) and normalized values (*: upper and middle trapezius, †: upper and lower trapezius, ‡: upper trapezius and spinal processes, •: middle and lower trapezius, Δ: lower trapezius and spinal processes).