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  1. The treatment of fracture-related infections (FRI) is still a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. The prevalence of FRI is particularly high in open fractures with extensive soft-tissue damage. This study aimed...

    Authors: Lars Helbig, Thorsten Guehring, Nadine Titze, Dennis Nurjadi, Robert Sonntag, Jonas Armbruster, Britt Wildemann, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Alfred Paul Gruetzner and Holger Freischmidt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:329

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The most frequently used surgical procedures for treating a proximal humeral fracture (PHF) are plate osteosynthesis, nail osteosynthesis and arthroplasty. Evidence-based recommendations for an appropriate sur...

    Authors: N. Alispahic, S. Brorson, C. Bahrs, A. Joeris, A. Steinitz and L. Audigé

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:327

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Musculoskeletal disorders are the leading cause of sickness absence and disability pension in Norway. There is strong evidence that long-term sickness absence due to musculoskeletal disorders are associated wi...

    Authors: Anne Therese Tveter, Britt Elin Øiestad, Tarjei Langseth Rysstad, Fiona Aanesen, Alexander Tingulstad, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen and Margreth Grotle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:326

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. The aims of this study were to adapt the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI) questionnaire into a simplified Chinese version and to assess its reliability, validity, and responsiveness in Ch...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Jun Sheng, Yinchao Tang, Qingyun Xie, Meng Wei, Zhiqiang Li and Wei Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:325

    Content type: Research article

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  5. With increasing number of patients undergoing spine surgery, the spinal epidural hemorrhage (SEH) has become a growing concern. However, current studies on SEH rely on case reports or observations from a singl...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Park, Sunny Park and Soo An Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:324

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Consensus on tibial rotation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the closest anatomical reference to surgical epicondylar axis (SEA) among 10 tibial m...

    Authors: Yufeng Lu, Xiaoyu Ren, Benyin Liu, Peng Xu and Yangquan Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:323

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The popliteus tendon (PT) or lateral collateral ligament (LCL) stabilizes the postero-lateral aspects of the knees. When surgeons perform total knee arthroplasty (TKA), PT and LCL iatrogenic injuries are a ris...

    Authors: Akihito Takubo, Keinosuke Ryu, Takanori Iriuchishima, Masahiro Nagaoka, Yasuaki Tokuhashi and Shin Aizawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:322

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Although osteoblastoma is an uncommon benign bone tumor, it sometimes behaves in a locally aggressive fashion. We herein report a case of recurrent lumbar spine osteoblastoma that was treated by repeated surge...

    Authors: Akira Honda, Yoichi Iizuka, Reiko Imai, Masahiro Nishinome, Junko Hirato, Hiromi Koshi, Tokue Mieda, Hiroyuki Sonoda, Sho Ishiwata, Yohei Kakuta, Tsuyoshi Tajika and Hirotaka Chikuda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:321

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Altered motor unit (MU) activity has been identified after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, but its effect on muscle tissue properties is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare thigh muscula...

    Authors: April L. McPherson, Nathaniel A. Bates, Clifton R. Haider, Takashi Nagai, Timothy E. Hewett and Nathan D. Schilaty

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:320

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Musculoskeletal and sleep disorders have been reported to be very common among health care and hospital workers and particularly nurses. They are assumed or found to be a result of psychological stress and/or ...

    Authors: Oliver Hämmig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:319

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Severe kyphotic deformities carry high risk for neurological injuries as osteotomies are often required for correction. Surgeons often utilize a staged approach for dealing with these conditions starting with ...

    Authors: Austin Samuel Laifun Lim, Azizul Akram Bin Sali and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:318

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The incidence of periprosthetic fractures after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is rising due to an increasing number of TJAs performed annually and the growing elderly population. In many elderly patients with...

    Authors: Koji Nozaka, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Hidetomo Saito, Hiroaki Kijima, Hiroyuki Tsuchie, Motoki Mita and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:317

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To examine the associations between hip muscle cross-sectional area and hip pain and function in community-based individuals with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis.

    Authors: Waruna L. Peiris, Flavia M. Cicuttini, Maria Constantinou, Abbas Yaqobi, Sultana Monira Hussain, Anita E. Wluka, Donna Urquhart, Rod Barrett, Ben Kennedy and Yuanyuan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:316

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The need for a transfusion is one of the adverse events following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and accurately predicting this need remains challenging for arthroplasty surgeons. The purpose of the present re...

    Authors: Chuan Hu, Yuan-he Wang, Rui Shen, Chuan Liu, Kang Sun, Lin Ye, Jian-jun Ye, Xu Yang, Shao-qi Tian and Teng-bo Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:315

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common, chronic, progressive and degenerative disease which affects patients’ quality of life and may cause disability and social isolation. OA is a huge economic burden for the p...

    Authors: Paweł Bąkowski, Jakub Kaszyński, Joanna Wałecka, Kinga Ciemniewska-Gorzela, Kamilla Bąkowska-Żywicka and Tomasz Piontek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:314

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Hand rehabilitation needs valid evaluation tools; the 400-point Hand Assessment (HA) is an exhaustive but not standardised tool. The aim of this study was to validate a standardised version of this test.

    Authors: Michel Konzelmann, Cyrille Burrus, Colette Gable, François Luthi and Jean Paysant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Lumbar multifidus (LM) is regarded as the major stabilizing muscle of the spine. The effects of exercise therapy in low back pain (LBP) are attributed to this muscle. A current literature review is warranted, ...

    Authors: Anke Hofste, Remko Soer, Hermie J. Hermens, Heiko Wagner, Frits G. J. Oosterveld, André P. Wolff and Gerbrand J. Groen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:312

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The lifetime implants is a key parameter that the surgeon should take into account at the time of the primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was a clinical and radiographical evaluation of...

    Authors: Petr Fulin, David Pokorny, Jan Hert and Antonin Sosna

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:311

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Nurses in Africa are arguably the most important frontline healthcare workers available in most healthcare facilities, performing a broad range of tasks. Such tasks are considerably presumed in the causation o...

    Authors: Ayele Semachew Kasa, Yinager Workineh, Emiru Ayalew and Worku Animaw Temesgen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:310

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) seems to be high in patients undergoing pelvic and sacrum tumor resection assisted by abdominal aortic balloon occlusion. We hypothesized that the accumulative occl...

    Authors: Junjun Xu, Huiying Zhao, Xiaodan Zhang and Yi Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:309

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To obtain information on feasibility and acceptability, as well as preliminary data on efficacy, of an Osteoarthritis Physical activity Care Pathway (OA-PCP).

    Authors: Kelli Allen, Maihan B. Vu, Leigh F. Callahan, Rebecca J. Cleveland, Abigail L. Gilbert, Yvonne M. Golightly, Ida Griesemer, Kimberlea Grimm, Derek P. Hales, David G. Hu, Katie Huffman, Amanda E. Nelson, Ami Pathak, Jennifer Rees, Zachary D. Rethorn and Anne E. Wandishin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:308

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Posterior occipitocervical fixation and fusion are often required to address occipitocervical instability. Safe, stable internal fixation with screws is vital for the success of such surgery. Thus, poor select...

    Authors: Guanyi Liu, Qing Li, Feng Sheng, Nanjian Xu, Ming Li, Yang Wang and Weihu Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:307

    Content type: Case report

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  23. This is a retrospective study of the use of parallel endplate osteotomy (PEO) for correction of severe rigid thoracolumbar spine deformity.

    Authors: Hang Liao, Houguang Miao, Peng Xie, Yueyue Wang, Ningdao Li, Guizhou Zheng, Xuedong Li and Shixin Du

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:306

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Animal studies have reported an increase in pelvic floor muscle stiffness during pregnancy, which might be a protective process against perineal trauma at delivery. Our main objective is to describe the change...

    Authors: Bertrand Gachon, Xavier Fritel, Fabrice Pierre and Antoine Nordez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:305

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Even though surgical techniques and implants have evolved, periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a serious complication leading to poor postoperative outcome and a high mortality. The literature is lack...

    Authors: Emre Yilmaz, Alexandra Poell, Hinnerk Baecker, Sven Frieler, Christian Waydhas, Thomas A. Schildhauer and Uwe Hamsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:304

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The high numbers of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among soldiers in the Swedish Armed Forces has led to the implementation of an effective prevention program, the musculoskeletal screening protocol (MSP), in...

    Authors: Matthias Tegern, Ulrika Aasa, Björn O. Äng and Helena Larsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:303

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Neurogenic origin intermittent claudication is typically caused by lumbar spinal canal stenosis. However, there are few reports of intermittent claudication caused by cervical spinal cord compression.

    Authors: Takuhei Kozaki, Akihito Minamide, Hiroshi Iwasaki, Yasutsugu Yuakawa, Muneharu Ando and Hiroshi Yamada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:302

    Content type: Case report

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  28. An arthroscopic narrow posteromedial gap of the knee may cause failure of a meniscus operation. The posteromedial complex (PMC) of the knee, including the posterior part of the medial collateral ligament (MCL)...

    Authors: Xu Han, Peizhao Wang, Jinyang Yu, Xiao Wang and Honglue Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:301

    Content type: Research article

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  29. We aimed to determine if composite structural measures of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) progression on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can predict the radiographic onset of accelerated knee osteoarthritis.

    Authors: Matthew S. Harkey, Julie E. Davis, Lori Lyn Price, Robert J. Ward, James W. MacKay, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo, Mary F. Barbe, Ming Zhang, Jincheng Pang, Alina C. Stout, Bing Lu, Timothy E. McAlindon and Jeffrey B. Driban

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:299

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Chronic spinal pain is prevalent, expensive and long-lasting. Several provider-based nonpharmacologic therapies have now been recommended for chronic low-back pain (CLBP) and chronic neck pain (CNP). However, ...

    Authors: Patricia M. Herman, Sarah E. Edgington, Eric L. Hurwitz and Ian D. Coulter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:298

    Content type: Research article

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  31. While multiple in vitro studies examined mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow or hyaline cartilage, there is little to no data about the presence of MSCs in the joint capsule or the ligame...

    Authors: Mike Wagenbrenner, Tizian Heinz, Konstantin Horas, Axel Jakuscheit, Joerg Arnholdt, Marietta Herrmann, Maximilian Rudert, Boris M. Holzapfel, Andre F. Steinert and Manuel Weißenberger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:297

    Content type: Research article

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  32. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators in osteogenesis and cartilage formation. This study was designed to investigate whether miR-532-5p plays a role in the regulation of osteoporosis.

    Authors: Xinyu Guo, Shijun Wei, Feng Xu, Xianhua Cai, Huasong Wang and Ran Ding

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:296

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Stemless total shoulder arthroplasty is a well-established and reliable surgical treatment option for glenohumeral osteoarthritis resulting in loss of pain and improvement of shoulder function. Currently the t...

    Authors: Arad Alikhah, Jan-Phillipp Imiolczyk, Anna Krukenberg and Markus Scheibel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:295

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:355

  34. This study aimed to adapt the Exercise Adherence Rating Scale (EARS) into Brazilian Portuguese and evaluate its measurement properties, given as reliability, validity, and responsiveness in patients with non-s...

    Authors: Mariana Romano de Lira, Anamaria Siriani de Oliveira, Roberta Aniceto França, Ana Claudia Pereira, Emma L. Godfrey and Thais Cristina Chaves

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:294

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Low back pain is a prevalent condition that causes a substantial health burden. Despite intensive and expensive clinical efforts, its prevalence is growing. Nonpharmacologic treatments are effective at improvi...

    Authors: Richard L. Skolasky, Stephen T. Wegener, Rachel V. Aaron, Patti Ephraim, Gerard Brennan, Tom Greene, Elizabeth Lane, Kate Minick, Adam W. Hanley, Eric L. Garland and Julie M. Fritz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:293

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. One of the most common bacteria responsible for most Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is Propionibacterium acnes. Even though the rate of infections in patients undergoing total shoulder arthroplasty is incre...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Vincenzo Candela, Gabriella Facchinetti, Anna Marchetti, Silvia Dsoke, Claudia Mazzella, Laura Risi Ambrogioni, Maria Grazia De Marinis and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Acute hip pain caused by femoral proximal fractures or acute hip arthritis requires imaging for accurate diagnosis. Although pocket-sized ultrasound (PsUS) offers several advantages over other imaging modaliti...

    Authors: Takashi Akimoto, Tadashi Kobayashi, Hiroki Maita, Hiroshi Osawa and Hiroyuki Kato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:291

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Percutaneous endoscopic cervical decompression (PECD) is an ideal minimally invasive decompression technique for the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR). However, the mainstream is the resect...

    Authors: Yuexin Tong, Zhangheng Huang, Chuan Hu, Zhiyi Fan, Fucheng Bian, Fengkai Yang and Chengliang Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:290

    Content type: Research article

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  39. There are few reports on the detailed biomechanics of the deltoid ligament, and no studies have measured the biomechanics of each ligamentous band because of the difficulty in inserting sensors into the narrow...

    Authors: Masato Takao, Satoru Ozeki, Xavier M. Oliva, Ryota Inokuchi, Takayuki Yamazaki, Yoshitaka Takeuchi, Maya Kubo, Danielle Lowe, Kentaro Matsui, Mai Katakura and Mark Glazebrook

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:289

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Risk factors for unfavorable surgical outcomes are dependent on the definitions of the unfavorable surgical outcomes. The aims of this study were to compare risk factors for each unfavorable surgical outcome a...

    Authors: Gang-Un Kim, Jiwon Park, Ho-Joong Kim, Feng Shen, Jaewoo Cho, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Heoung-Jae Chun and Jin S. Yeom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:288

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Focal cartilage defects (FCDs) in the knee joint has a high prevalence. A broad range of treatment options exists for symptomatic patients. Knowledge of patient compensation claims following surgical treatment...

    Authors: Tommy Frøseth Aae, Øystein Bjerkestrand Lian, Asbjørn Årøen, Lars Engebretsen and Per-Henrik Randsborg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:287

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) lesions commonly cause ulnar-sided wrist pain and instability of the distal radioulnar joint. Due to its triangular shape, discontinuity of the TFCC is oftentimes diffi...

    Authors: Jan-Peter Grunz, Carsten Herbert Gietzen, Karsten Luetkens, Matthias Wagner, Karlheinz Kalb, Thorsten Alexander Bley, Lukas Lehmkuhl, Jörg van Schoonhoven, Tobias Gassenmaier and Rainer Schmitt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Osteoarthritis knee (OA) for patients whom had varus malalignment had higher peak adductor moment. Hip abductor strength played an important role in the decreasement of knee adduction moment. This study aimed ...

    Authors: Varah Yuenyongviwat, Siwakorn Duangmanee, Khanin Iamthanaporn, Pakjai Tuntarattanapong and Theerawit Hongnaparak

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:284

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Synovial sarcoma (SS) is one of the reported sarcomas in the pediatric and adult populations. Delay in diagnosis and treatment is common in SS cases. SS may be excised before the correct diagnosis is made.

    Authors: Omar A. Al-Mohrej, Saeed A. Al-Jarallah, Hamad H. Al-Dakhil Allah, Rajeev Pant and Zayed S. Al-Zayed

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:283

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Monteggia equivalent lesion represents a series of combined elbow and forearm injuries that resemble typical Monteggia fracture either in presentation or mechanism. The term has gradually evolved since its int...

    Authors: Lujie Xu and Wensong Ye

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:282

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Long-term use of steroid may lead to osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Mechanical stress may help bone formation and remodeling. This study aimed to probe the role of mechanical stress in the femoral h...

    Authors: Dapeng Fu, Kairong Qin, Sheng Yang, Jianmin Lu, Haoyi Lian and Dewei Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:281

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Schmorls node (SN) are mostly asymptomatic and incidental findings on MRI. However, sometimes they present like acute onset low back pain or acute exacerbation of chronic back pain after minor trauma.

    Authors: Hyeun Sung Kim, Harshavardhan Dilip Raorane, Sagar Bhupendra Sharma, Pang Hung Wu and Il-Tae Jang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:280

    Content type: Case report

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  48. Delirium is a well-known complication following surgery, especially with the increasing age of patients undergoing surgery. The increasing demands resulting from a prolonged healthy life expectancy has resulte...

    Authors: Eiji Kijima, Tomohiro Kayama, Mitsuru Saito, Daisaburo Kurosaka, Ryo Ikeda, Hiroteru Hayashi, Daisuke Kubota, Takashi Hyakutake and Keishi Marumo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:279

    Content type: Research article

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