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  1. Content type: Research article

    There is consistent evidence from observational studies of an association between occupational lifting and carrying of heavy loads and the diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis. However, due to the heterogeneity of ...

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Laura Lüben, Janice Hegewald, Ulrich Bolm-Audorff, Annekatrin Bergmann, Falk Liebers, Christina Ramdohr, Karla Romero Starke, Alice Freiberg and Susanne Unverzagt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:182

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Many people with musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders wait several months or years for Consultant Doctor appointments, despite often not requiring medical or surgical interventions. To allow earlier patient access ...

    Authors: Orna Fennelly, Catherine Blake, Oliver FitzGerald, Roisin Breen, Jennifer Ashton, Aisling Brennan, Aoife Caffrey, François Desmeules and Caitriona Cunningham

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:181

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Knee arthroscopy is one of the most common surgical procedures worldwide and the number of arthroscopies has substantially increased in the last 30 years. Thus, our aim was to provide updated estimates on the ...

    Authors: Katarina Friberger Pajalic, Aleksandra Turkiewicz and Martin Englund

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:179

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Chronic lower back pain is still regarded as a poorly understood multifactorial condition. Recently, the thoracolumbar fascia complex has been found to be a contributing factor. Ultrasound imaging has shown th...

    Authors: Kyra De Coninck, Karen Hambly, John W. Dickinson and Louis Passfield

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:180

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Computed tomography (CT) analyses have reported that the prevalence of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in Japan is 8.7–27.1%. However, these data were obtained using chest-abdominal CT, and no ...

    Authors: Akihiko Hiyama, Hiroyuki Katoh, Daisuke Sakai, Masato Sato, Masahiro Tanaka and Masahiko Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:178

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The social impact of degenerative diseases is steadily increasing, because of the continued rise in the mean age of the active population. Articular cartilage lesions are generally associated with disability a...

    Authors: G. Cattaneo, A. De Caro, F. Napoli, D. Chiapale, P. Trada and A. Camera

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:176

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Aseptic loosening and osteolysis are the most common indications after TKA for revision surgery. This meta-analysis which included high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to analyze the effect o...

    Authors: Mingmin Shi, Lei Chen, Haobo Wu, Yangxin Wang, Wei Wang, Yujie Zhang and Shigui Yan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:177

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Volumetric muscle loss (VML) injuries occur due to orthopaedic trauma or the surgical removal of skeletal muscle and result in debilitating long-term functional deficits. Current treatment strategies do not pr...

    Authors: Sarah M. Greising, Gordon L. Warren, W. Michael Southern, Anna S. Nichenko, Anita E. Qualls, Benjamin T. Corona and Jarrod A. Call

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:173

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is responsible for braking forward movement of the tibia relative to the femur and for tibial rotation. After ACL injury, this braking performance deteriorates, inducing ab...

    Authors: Yuichi Nishikawa, Takanori Kokubun, Naohiko Kanemura, Tetsuya Takahashi, Masayasu Matsumoto, Hirofumi Maruyama and Kiyomi Takayanagi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:175

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This prospective study evaluates outcomes and reoperation rates for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) from a single non-designer surgeon using relatively extended criteria of degenerative changes of gra...

    Authors: Jonathan R. B. Hutt, Avtar Sur, Hartej Sur, Aine Ringrose and Mark S. Rickman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:172

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The relationships between radiographic hallux valgus (HV) and various physical functions independent of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were examined among residents of a mountain village in Japan.

    Authors: Akinobu Nishimura, Naoya Ito, Shigeto Nakazora, Ko Kato, Toru Ogura and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:174

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  12. Content type: Technical advance

    It has been suggested that the quantification of paravertebral muscle composition and morphology (e.g. size/shape/structure) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic po...

    Authors: James M. Elliott, Jon Cornwall, Ewan Kennedy, Rebecca Abbott and Rebecca J. Crawford

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:171

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The progression of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration leads to rupture within IVD tissues. The location and appearance of areas of gaseous radiolucency in the IVD, known as vacuum phenomena (VPs), are cons...

    Authors: Koichiro Murata, Koji Akeda, Norihiko Takegami, Kevin Cheng, Koichi Masuda and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:164

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a therapy for articular cartilage and osteochondral lesions that relies on notch- or trochlea-derived primary chondrocytes. An alternative cell source for ACI could...

    Authors: Matthias Aurich, Gunther O. Hofmann, Florian Gras and Bernd Rolauffs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:168

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Rockwood type IV acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation is a trauma usually needs surgical treatment. Paired EndoButton technique (PET) is used in treating such condition. However, the effect of using diffe...

    Authors: Jian Xu, Haifeng Liu, Wei Lu, Dingfu Li, Weimin Zhu, Kan Ouyang, Bing Wu, Liangquan Peng and Daping Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:170

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies that have described the prevalence of patellofemoral pain (PFP) have been limited to samples of military personnel or sporting populations, and convincing data in the general Chinese populatio...

    Authors: Xingquan Xu, Chen Yao, Rui Wu, Wenjin Yan, Yao Yao, Kai Song, Qing Jiang and Dongquan Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:165

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Nonspecific low back pain is characterized by a wide range of possible triggering and conserving factors, and initial screening needs to scope widely with multilevel addressment of possible factors contributin...

    Authors: Monica Unsgaard-Tøndel, Ingunn Gunnes Kregnes, Tom I. L. Nilsen, Gunn Hege Marchand and Torunn Askim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:166

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Displaced transverse fractures of the body of the patella are usually associated with disruption of extensor mechanism and should be fixed surgically. The most common method is a tension band wiring (TBW) tech...

    Authors: Tien-Yu Yang, Tsan-Wen Huang, Po-Yao Chuang and Kuo-Chin Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:167

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Cartilage calcification (CC) is associated with osteoarthritis (OA) in weight-bearing joints, such as the hip and the knee. However, little is known about the impact of CC and degeneration on other weight-bear...

    Authors: Jan Hubert, Lukas Weiser, Sandra Hischke, Annemarie Uhlig, Tim Rolvien, Tobias Schmidt, Sebastian Karl Butscheidt, Klaus Püschel, Wolfgang Lehmann, Frank Timo Beil and Thelonius Hawellek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:169

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Angioleiomyoma is a very rare benign solitary soft tissue neoplasm originating from smooth muscle layer of blood vessels. The tumor is usually located in the subcutis or the superficial fasciae, but less often...

    Authors: Chenxi Cao, Zhengming Cao, Guangyu Liu, Songyang Liu, Yanqi Ye and Tiezheng Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:163

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder worldwide and one of the leading causes of disability in the elderly. We have investigated the novel sodium hyaluronate derivative chemically linked with d...

    Authors: Keiji Yoshioka, Tomochika Kisukeda, Ryoji Zuinen, Yosuke Yasuda and Kenji Miyamoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:157

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) is a commonly used knee assessment and outcome tool in both clinical work and research. However, it has not been formally translated and validated in Fin...

    Authors: Juhani Multanen, Mikko Honkanen, Arja Häkkinen and Ilkka Kiviranta

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:155

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  23. Content type: Research article

    As findings regarding predictors for good outcome after total joint arthroplasty are highly inconsistent, aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the psychosocial variables sense of coherence and...

    Authors: Marion Lindner, Olaf Nosseir, Anett Keller-Pliessnig, Per Teigelack, Martin Teufel and Sefik Tagay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:159

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Based on the conservation of resource (COR) theory by Hobfoll, the aim of the present study was to test whether the relationships among relational demands, work meaning, and intention to leave vary as a functi...

    Authors: Daniela Converso, Sara Viotti, Ilaria Sottimano, Vincenza Cascio and Gloria Guidetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:156

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of our study was to evaluate safety, feasibility and clinical results of bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMC) implantation for early-stage osteonecrosis of the knee (OK) secondary to sickle cell dise...

    Authors: Gildasio Daltro, Bruno Adelmo Franco, Thiago Batista Faleiro, Davi Araujo Veiga Rosário, Paula Braga Daltro, Roberto Meyer and Vitor Fortuna

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:158

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Outcomes of total knee replacement in cases of hemophilic patients are worse than in patients who undergo operations due to osteoarthritis. Previous publications have reported varying rates of complications in...

    Authors: Radovan Kubeš, Peter Salaj, Rastislav Hromádka, Josef Včelák, Aleš Antonín Kuběna, Monika Frydrychová, Štěpán Magerský, Michal Burian, Martin Ošťádal and Jan Vaculik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:162

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  27. Content type: Research article

    A stress fracture (SF) is a highly debilitating injury commonly experienced in United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT). Body fat (BF) may be associated with this injury but previous investigations (in a...

    Authors: Joseph J. Knapik, Marilyn A. Sharp and Scott J. Montain

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:161

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Dutasteride is a potent inhibitor of 5-alpha reductase enzymes that reduces concentrations of dihydrotestosterone to a greater extent than finasteride. Whether this has adverse implications for bone health is ...

    Authors: Tony Antoniou, Erin M. Macdonald, Zhan Yao, Tara Gomes, Mina Tadrous, Joanne M.-W. Ho, Muhammad M. Mamdani and David N. Juurlink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:160

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Since disc sequestration that mimics a tumor is rare and sometimes presents with an atypical appearance upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is often confused with other more common epidural and intradura...

    Authors: Jingyu Jia, Qiangqiang Wei, Tianlong Wu, Dingwen He and Xigao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:154

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The physical and biochemical factors responsible for cervical disc degeneration, and resulting in various spinal disorders, remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between cervical spinal ...

    Authors: Kanichiro Wada, Toshihiro Tanaka, Gentaro Kumagai, Hitoshi Kudo, Toru Asari, Daisuke Chiba, Seiya Ota, Keita Kamei, On Takeda, Shigeyuki Nakaji and Yasuyuki Ishibashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:153

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Atypical lipomatous tumours (ALT) are common adipocytic tumours. Due to their large size and deep-seated location, wide resection might result in severe functional deficits. The question which margins should b...

    Authors: Jessica Rauh, Alexander Klein, Andrea Baur-Melnyk, Thomas Knösel, Lars Lindner, Falk Roeder, Volkmar Jansson and Hans Roland Dürr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:152

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  32. Content type: Research article

    dGEMRIC (delayed Gadolinium Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Image of Cartilage) is a well-established technique for cartilage quality assessment in osteoarthritis at clinical field strengths. The method is robust,...

    Authors: Pernilla Peterson, Carl Johan Tiderius, Emma Olsson, Björn Lundin, Lars E. Olsson and Jonas Svensson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:149

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Clinical evidence shows knee arthroscopy has little benefit for degenerative conditions and considerable variation in the incidence of knee arthroscopy in Australia has been identified. This study aimed to eva...

    Authors: H. Y. Chen, I. A. Harris, K. Sutherland and J-F. Levesque

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:148

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Pain and disability associated with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) results in significant burden on both the patients’ quality of life and healthcare costs. Currently, there is controversy regardi...

    Authors: Qi Lai, Tian Gao, Xin Lv, Xuqiang Liu, Zongmiao Wan, Min Dai, Bin Zhang and Tao Nie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:151

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Most studies demonstrated, that training on a virtual reality based arthroscopy simulator leads to an improvement of technical skills in orthopaedic surgery. However, how long and what kind of training is opti...

    Authors: Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, David E. Bauer, Felix WA Waibel, Dominik C. Meyer, Christian Gerber and Sandro F. Fucentese

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:150

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Lower limb strengthening, especially the quadriceps training, is of much necessity for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Previous studies suggest that strengthening of the hip muscles, especially the hip a...

    Authors: Yujie Xie, Chi Zhang, Wei Jiang, Juan Huang, Lili Xu, Guoyin Pang, Haiyan Tang, Ruyan Chen, Jihua Yu, Shengmin Guo, Fangyuan Xu and Jianxiong Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:147

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Identification of poor prognostic factors for OVF is important but has not yet been clearly established. Despite paraspinal muscles could play an important role in the etiology of OVF, what influence time-depe...

    Authors: Marina Katsu, Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata and Hirotaka Haro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:143

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The PACE Plus trial was a multi-center, double-blinded, superiority randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in patients from Dutch general practice to investigate the efficacy of paracetamol and NSAIDs in ...

    Authors: M. Schreijenberg, P. A. J. Luijsterburg, Y. D. M. Van Trier, D. Rizopoulos, M. A. Koopmanschap, L. Voogt, C. G. Maher and B. W. Koes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:146

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge on prevalence of osteoporosis stratifying for socioeconomic background is insufficient in Germany. Little is known in Europe about other diseases that go along with it although these aspects are impo...

    Authors: Marie-Therese Puth, Manuela Klaschik, Matthias Schmid, Klaus Weckbecker and Eva Münster

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:144

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a syndrome characterized by abnormal proliferation of skin and periosteal tissues of the extremities. It can be a rare hereditary disease (pachydermoperiostosis) or can b...

    Authors: Francesco Bozzao, Stella Bernardi, Franca Dore, Lorenzo Zandonà and Fabio Fischetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:145

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Patients with distal radius fractures (DRF) often have limited range-of-motion (ROM) in multiple planes of movement. No studies have comprehensively examined the impact of various ROM limitations on physical f...

    Authors: Zixian Yang, Peggy Poh Hoon Lim, Sing Hwee Teo, Huiwen Chen, Huaying Qiu and Yong Hao Pua

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:142

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Several studies looking into the association between insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) gene polymorphisms and osteoporosis predisposition have been conducted among Chinese population with conflicting outcom...

    Authors: Shu-tao Gao, Zheng-tao Lv, Chuan-kun Zhou, Chao Mao and Wei-bin Sheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:141

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  43. Content type: Research article

    A structured approach to perioperative patient management based on an enhanced recovery pathway protocol facilitates early recovery and reduces morbidity in high income countries. However, in low- and middle-i...

    Authors: U. Plenge, M. B. Nortje, L. C. Marais, J. D. Jordaan, R. Parker, N. van der Westhuizen, J. F. van der Merwe, J. Marais, W. V. September, G. L. Davies, T. Pretorius, C. Solomon, P. Ryan, A. M. Torborg, Z. Farina, R. Smit…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:140

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The gene of pituitary homeobox 1 (PITX1) has been reported to be down-regulated in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), of which the cause has not been well addressed. The abnormal DNA methylation was recent...

    Authors: Benlong Shi, Liang Xu, Saihu Mao, Leilei Xu, Zhen Liu, Xu Sun, Zezhang Zhu and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:138

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  45. Content type: Research article

    It was reported that Fas (rs1800682, rs2234767) and FasL (rs5030772, rs763110) gene polymorphism might be related to the risk of musculoskeletal degenerative diseases (MSDD), such as osteoarthritis (OA), inter...

    Authors: Donghua Huang, Jinrong Xiao, Xiangyu Deng, Kaige Ma, Hang Liang, Deyao Shi, Fashuai Wu and Zengwu Shao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:137

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is commonly used to assess the health of the lumbar spine and supporting structures. Studies have suggested that fatty infiltration of the posterior lumbar muscles is important...

    Authors: David B. Berry, Jennifer Padwal, Seth Johnson, Callan L. Parra, Samuel R. Ward and Bahar Shahidi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:135

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  47. Content type: Research article

    In lateral epicondylitis, even in the absence of apparent instability, subtle instability can be found under anesthesia. We wanted to ascertain the following: (1) how many elbows surgically treated with latera...

    Authors: Sang Ho Kwak, Seung-Jun Lee, Hee Seok Jeong, Min Uk Do and Kuen Tak Suh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:136

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Painful shoulders pose a substantial socioeconomic burden accounting for 2.4% of all primary care consultations in the UK. There is a strong evidence to indicate that the majority of this shoulder pain can be ...

    Authors: Anthony W. Gilbert, Iva Hauptmannova and Anju Jaggi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:133

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Several patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are available for assessing the outcomes of ankle fracture but few have been compared for recommended measurement properties. This study compares the measureme...

    Authors: Andrew M. Garratt, Markus G. Naumann, Ulf Sigurdsen, Stein Erik Utvåg and Knut Stavem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:134

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