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  1. Annually in the UK, 40,000–90,000 people are involved in a traumatic incident. Severity of injury and how well people recover from their injuries varies, with physiotherapy playing a key role in the rehabilita...

    Authors: N. Middlebrook, N. R. Heneghan, D. Falla, L. Silvester, A. B. Rushton and A. A. Soundy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:163

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Many young girls with generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) choose to participate in dance because their bodies are suited for this activity. Scoliosis tends to occur often in thin girls, who also are more lik...

    Authors: Nili Steinberg, Shay Tenenbaum, Aviva Zeev, Michal Pantanowitz, Gordon Waddington, Gali Dar and Itzhak Siev-Ner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:161

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is satisfactory for hospitalized patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Currently, only a few studies have reported about the day surgery patients undergoi...

    Authors: Zhaojun Song, Maobo Ran, Juan Luo, Kai Zhang, Yongjie Ye, Jiazhuang Zheng and Zhi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:160

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In the modern western world appraisal of economical points such as treatment and disability after trauma present a financial burden. In this context open reduction internal fixation techniques allowing for ear...

    Authors: Michael Zyskowski, Markus Wurm, Frederik Greve, Sebastian Pesch, Francesca von Matthey, Patrick Pflüger, Moritz Crönlein, Peter Biberthaler and Chlodwig Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:159

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and common mental disorders (CMDs) are the most frequent reasons for long-term sick leave and work disability. Occupational rehabilitation programs are used to help employees r...

    Authors: Monica Eftedal, Torill H. Tveito, Ulrik Gensby, M. Kamrul Islam, Stein Atle Lie, Gro Aasland, Svein Kostveit and Chris Jensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:158

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. The neurovascular bundle containing the deep peroneal nerve has a potential risk of injury during open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), particularly due to drilling for bicortical fixation at distal screw ...

    Authors: Junya Itou, Umito Kuwashima, Masafumi Itoh, Koichi Kuroda, Yasuharu Yokoyama and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:157

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Bilateral decompression via unilateral approach (BDUA) is an effective surgical approach for treating lumbar degenerative diseases. However, no studies of prognosis, especially the recovery of the soft tissue,...

    Authors: Yifan Huang, Jian Chen, Peng Gao, Changjiang Gu, Jin Fan, Zhiyi Hu, Xiaojian Cao, Guoyong Yin and Wei Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:156

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Lower-limb osteoarthritis (OA) causes high levels of pain and disability. Physiotherapists are the primary healthcare provider of non-pharmacological treatments, and incorporate strategies to optimise physical...

    Authors: Matthew Willett, Carolyn Greig, Sally Fenton, David Rogers, Joan Duda and Alison Rushton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:155

    Content type: Research article

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  9. To investigate the role of gravity in the sedimentation of lumbar spine nerve roots using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of various body positions.

    Authors: Jun Yang, Zhiyun Feng, Nian Chen, Zhenhua Hong, Yongyu Zheng, Jiang Yang, Tingjie Zhou, Xin Yao, Taifeng Xu and Linting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:154

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Patient compliance is essential to the effectiveness of brace treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. Subjective measurements like questionnaires and inquiries proved to be arguably inacc...

    Authors: Ce Zhu, Qiang Wu, Bing Xiao, Juehan Wang, Chao Luo, Quan Yu, Limin Liu and Yueming Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:152

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH) is a rare benign overgrowth generally affecting the epiphyses and short bones of the lower limbs. DEH in the elbow joint is extremely rare, and to date, only three cases...

    Authors: Hiva Mohamadian, Mansour Bahardoust, Borzouyeh Molazem Sanandaji and Saba Saberi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:151

    Content type: Case report

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  12. In dermatomyostis (DM) patients, inflammation, reduced activity, and medication have a negative impact on the musculoskeletal system. Several endocrine factors are involved in muscle growth and bone turnover.

    Authors: Katharina Kerschan-Schindl, Wolfgang Gruther, Ursula Föger-Samwald, Christine Bangert, Stefan Kudlacek and Peter Pietschmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:150

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The aim of this study was to determine long-term survival and clinical outcomes of the surface replacement trapeziometacarpal joint prosthesis (SR™TMC) and to evaluate implant migration using radiostereometric...

    Authors: Bart ten Brinke, Nina M. C. Mathijssen, Ian F. Blom, Lennard A. Koster and Gerald A. Kraan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:148

    Content type: Research article

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  14. There are disputes about which reduction technique should be adopted in treatment of distal radius-ulna fractures in older children who failed to achieve manual reduction. This study compared clinical effects ...

    Authors: Qiang Huang, Fei Su, Zhi Meng Wang, Han Zhong Xue, Liang Sun, Teng Ma, Qian Wang, Yao Lu, Ming Li, Cheng Ren, Cong Ming Zhang, Kun Zhang and Zhong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:147

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Metacarpal shaft fracture is a common fracture in hand trauma injuries. Surgical intervention is indicated when fractures are unstable or involve considerable displacement. Current fixation options include Kir...

    Authors: Yung-Cheng Chiu, Tsung-Yu Ho, Yen-Nien Ting, Ming-Tzu Tsai, Heng-Li Huang, Cheng-En Hsu and Jui-Ting Hsu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:146

    Content type: Research article

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  16. We previously reported anterior release, posterior internal distraction, and subsequent spinal fusion (ARPIDF) for the correction of severe scoliosis with a satisfactory correction rate. However, surgical proc...

    Authors: Ganjun Feng, Yong Huang, Leizhen Huang, Yongliang Wang, Juehan Wang, Chunguang Zhou, Lei Wang, Zhongjie Zhou, Xi Yang, Limin Liu and Yueming Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:144

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Neck and shoulder complaints are common in primary care physiotherapy. These patients experience pain and disability, resulting in high societal costs due to, for example, healthcare use and work absence. Cont...

    Authors: Mark L. van Tilburg, Corelien J. J. Kloek, Martijn F. Pisters, J. Bart Staal, Johanna M. van Dongen, Marjolein de Weerd, Raymond W. J. G. Ostelo, Nadine E. Foster and Cindy Veenhof

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:143

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Real-time ultrasound imaging (RUSI) has been increasingly used as a form of biofeedback when instructing and re-training muscle contraction. However, the effectiveness of the RUSI on a single sustained contrac...

    Authors: Shanshan Lin, Bo Zhu, Yiyi Zheng, Guozhi Huang, Qi Zeng and Chuhuai Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:142

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The current evidence base for the management of central slip avulsions is limited from obtaining a best approach. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effect and feasibility of repairing the ...

    Authors: Bin Wang, Yiming Lu, Tianliang Wang, Jiaxiang Gu and Naichen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:141

    Content type: Technical advance

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  20. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of high disease activity as measured using the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients who noneth...

    Authors: Bora Nam, Bon San Koo, Tae-Han Lee, Ji-Hui Shin, Jin-Ju Kim, Seunghun Lee, Kyung Bin Joo and Tae-Hwan Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:140

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Impingement syndrome is currently estimated to represent 60% of all shoulder pain disorders. Capacitive-Resistive electric transfer therapy is aimed to provoke temperature and current flow changes in superfici...

    Authors: Jacobo Rodríguez-Sanz, Carlos López-de-Celis, César Hidalgo-García, Max Canet-Vintró, Pablo Fanlo-Mazas and Albert Pérez-Bellmunt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:139

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although telehealth is becoming more popular for delivery of care for individuals with musculoskeletal pain, to our knowledge telehealth has not been used to manage Achilles tendinopathy. This research aimed t...

    Authors: F. Hasani, P. Malliaras, T. Haines, S. E. Munteanu, J. White, J. Ridgway, P. Nicklen, A. Moran and P. Jansons

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:138

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) is an effective treatment for ulnar impaction syndrome. However, there have been reports of osteoarthritis (OA) at the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) when USO was performed on ...

    Authors: Hui-Kuang Huang, Steve K. Lee, Yi-Chao Huang, Cheng-Yu Yin, Ming-Chau Chang and Jung-Pan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:136

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Retrograde drilling in osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) is a widely used surgical intervention. A radiation-free electromagnetic navigation system (ENS)-based method was compared with the standard freehand fluo...

    Authors: Oliver D Jungesblut, Josephine Berger-Groch, Michael Hoffmann, Malte Schroeder, Kara L. Krajewski, Ralf Stuecker and Martin Rupprecht

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:135

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Our study compare the short and long-term efficacy of the intra articular injections (IAIs) of hyaluronic acid (HA), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF), and ozone in patients with...

    Authors: Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Parsa Ghazi Hosseini, Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Reza Salman Roghani, Mohammad Fathi, Azadeh Gharooee Ahangar and Mahtab Darvish

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:134

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression are risk factors for poor functional outcomes and worse post-treatment pain that can be treated alongside physical care given to orthopedic patients. While these f...

    Authors: Paul Gudmundsson, Paul A. Nakonezny, Jason Lin, Rebisi Owhonda, Heather Richard and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:133

    Content type: Research article

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  27. With the developments in the arthroscopic technique, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remnant-preserving reconstruction is gradually gaining attention with respect to improving proprioception and enhancing ear...

    Authors: Dong Jin Ryu, Kyeu Back Kwon, Da Hee Hong, Sang Jun Park, Jae Sung Park and Joon Ho Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:132

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Posterior percutaneous endoscopy cervical discectomy (p-PECD) is an effective strategy for the treatment of cervical diseases, with a working cannula ranging from 3.7 mm to 6.9 mm in diameter. However, to date...

    Authors: Tong Yu, Jiu-Ping Wu, Jun Zhang, Hai-Chi Yu and Qin-Yi Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:131

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Yong-Qing Xu, Xin-Yu Fan, Xiao-Qing He and Hong-Jie Wen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:130

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:34

  30. To reduce periprosthetic joint infection after total hip arthroplasty (THA), several nasal screening and decolonization strategies for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive

    Authors: Hisahiro Tonotsuka, Hajime Sugiyama, Ayano Amagami, Keigo Yonemoto, Ryuichi Sato and Mitsuru Saito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:129

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Uncemented allograft prosthesis composite (APC) has been applied for tumorous bone defect reconstruction in the proximal femur. However, the long-term results are rarely reported. This study aimed to evaluate ...

    Authors: Cai Liu, Li Min, Yong Zhou, Yi Luo, Fan Tang, Minxun Lu, Hong Duan, Wenli Zhang, Xinzhu Yu and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation is a relatively common shoulder injury. For the treatment of cases of severe ACJ dislocation (Rockwood type III–V), hook plate fixation is an easy-to-master and minima...

    Authors: Yu-Ta Chen, Kuan-Ting Wu, Shun-Wun Jhan, Shan-Ling Hsu, Hao-Chen Liu, Ching-Jen Wang, Jih-Yang Ko and Wen-Yi Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. The role of a tourniquet is still controversial for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our current study was performed to determine whether the nonuse of the tourniquet combine with tranexamic ...

    Authors: Zeng Yi, Li Yan, Si Haibo, Wu Yuangang, Li Mingyang, Liu Yuan and Shen Bin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:126

    Content type: Research article

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  34. MRI is the most accurate imaging modality for diagnosing knee pathologies. However, there is uncertainty concerning factors predicting false negative MRI, such as meniscal tear patterns as well as patient fact...

    Authors: Jonathan E. J. Koch, Ron Ben-Elyahu, Basel Khateeb, Michael Ringart, Meir Nyska, Nissim Ohana, Gideon Mann and Iftach Hetsroni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:124

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) is a Heritable Disorder of Connective tissue characterised by joint laxity and chronic widespread arthralgia. People with JHS exhibit a range of other symptoms including bala...

    Authors: Alexander Vernon Bates, Alison McGregor and Caroline M. Alexander

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:123

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Acetabular fractures with medial displacement of the quadrilateral plate (QLP) are common in the elderly. The presence of QLP fractures greatly increase the surgical difficulty of acetabular fractures. This st...

    Authors: Haiyang Wu, Qipeng Shao, Ranran Shang, Chengjing Song, Ximing Liu and Xianhua Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:122

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Treatment of atlantoaxial dislocation is aimed at reduction and stabilization of the atlantoaxial joint. 3D printing refers to a process where additive manufacturing is achieved under precise computer control....

    Authors: Shenglin Wang, Huijie Leng, Yinglun Tian, Nanfang Xu and Zhongjun Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:121

    Content type: Technical advance

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  38. Spondylodiscitis is an unusual infectious disease, which usually originates as a pathogenic infection of intervertebral discs and then spreads to neighboring vertebral bodies. The objective of this study is to...

    Authors: Jianbiao Xu, Leiming Zhang, Rongqiang Bu, Yankang Liu, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski and Xifeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:120

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Torsional malalignment has been considered as a risk factor for patellar dislocation. But the influence of patellar dislocation for torsional alignment development remains unknown. The present study aims to in...

    Authors: Jinghui Niu, Qi Qi, Kang Piao, Kuo Hao, Iftekhar Sharif and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:119

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Total knee replacement arthroplasty (TKA) is frequently performed in South Korea. Simple swelling-associated blistering around the periphery of the operative wound is a well-known adverse effect. However, in r...

    Authors: Yong-Beom Kim, Hyung-Suk Choi, Hyung-Ki Cho and Gi-Won Seo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:118

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. In clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis, the hallmark cutaneous manifestations are the key to diagnosis. We report a case of clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis which presented with facial edema as the sole...

    Authors: Doo-Ho Lim, Min Wook So, Yeon Mee Kim, Ji Hwa Ryu, Jae Ha Lee, Chan Sun Park, Seong-Ho Kim and Sunggun Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:117

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Tactical populations, such as military, firefighter and law enforcement populations, are known to suffer a relatively high number of musculoskeletal injuries, with the lower extremity of notable concern. The a...

    Authors: Kate Lyons, Mick Stierli, Ben Hinton, Rodney Pope and Robin Orr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:115

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Hemarthrosis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can create many adverse joint effects. Tranexamic acid (TXA) can be used to minimize hemarthrosis and associated pain after ACL reconstruction...

    Authors: Rui Ma, Mengjun Wu, Yongwei Li, Jialin Wang, Wei Wang, Pei Yang and Kunzheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:114

    Content type: Research article

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  44. One of the most common complications of hip arthroplasty is excessive blood loss that could necessitate allogenic blood transfusion, which is further associated with other complications, such as infections, tr...

    Authors: Benjamin Lucas, Christian Riebau, Juliane Mohr, Gerald Pliske, Felix Walcher and Stefan Piatek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:113

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment symptom in the peripheral nerves. High-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) is widely used in the diagnosis of CTS. Virtual Touch Tissue Imaging and Quantifica...

    Authors: Zhen-han Lai, Shu-ping Yang, Hao-lin Shen, Yi Luo, Xiao-han Cai, Wen-ting Jiang, Li-ping Liao, Kun-bin Wu and Guo-rong Lv

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:112

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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