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  1. Varus malalignment of the tibia could alter ankle biomechanics, and might lead to degenerative changes of the ankle joint. However, previous studies failed to report the detailed changes of ankle biomechanics ...

    Authors: Yuan Zhu, Xingchen Li and Xiangyang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Pelvic fractures are rare in toddlers but are often associated with other injuries that make treatment difficult. Conservative treatment has been used with moderate success, but it is unclear if surgical corre...

    Authors: Yuancheng Liu, Xiaorui Zhan, Fuming Huang, Xiangyuan Wen, Yuhui Chen, Cheng Yang and Shicai Fan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:147

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Plate fixation is an established method for treating unstable distal clavicle fractures. However, the appropriate timing of surgery for acute distal clavicle fractures remains unclear. The present study aimed ...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Masaaki Takahashi, Teppei Hayashi, Miyu Inagawa, Aki Kono, Noboru Matsumura, Yusaku Kamata, Hiroshi Arino and Hideo Morioka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:146

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The incidence of periprosthetic fractures after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is rising due to the increasing number of TKAs performed annually and the growing elderly population. A periprosthetic fracture of ...

    Authors: Koji Nozaka, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Takeshi Sato and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:145

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a rare syndrome with multiple joint contractures. Within the medical community, there is controversy surrounding AMC in terms of the ideal surgical approach and age ...

    Authors: Mingyuan Miao, Haiqing Cai, Zhigang Wang, Liwei Hu, Jingxia Bian and Haoqi Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:144

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Anterior cervical spine surgery is often associated with postoperative dysphagia, but chronic dysphagia caused by laryngo-vertebral synostosis is extremely rare. We report a case of chronic dysphagia caused by...

    Authors: Ichiro Okano, Joe Omata, Yushi Hoshino, Yuki Usui, Tomoaki Toyone and Katsunori Inagaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:143

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the greatest contributors to disability in the world and there is growing interest on the role of biomarkers in LBP. To purpose of this review was to analyze available evidence on...

    Authors: Patrick Morris, Kareem Ali, Mackenzie Merritt, Joey Pelletier and Luciana G Macedo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The Personalised Knee Improvement Programme (P-KIP) was developed based on previously published work, with the hypothesis that surgeons would refer patients to a well-structured conservative management interve...

    Authors: Timothy Barlow, Timothy Rhodes-Jones, Sue Ballinger, Andrew Metcalfe, David Wright and Peter Thompson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:140

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Dynamic Locking Blade Plate (DLBP) was recently introduced for fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures (FNF) and has been well received. Although the results of this implant in young patients are prom...

    Authors: J. H. Kalsbeek, W. H. Roerdink, P. Krijnen, M. E. van den Akker-van Marle and I. B. Schipper

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:139

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Falls are a major cause of injury and death among older people. Evidence suggests that people with osteoarthritis (OA) are at a higher risk of falls and fall-related injuries including fractures. While studies...

    Authors: Sze-Ee Soh, Anna L. Barker, Renata T. Morello and Ilana N. Ackerman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:138

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In adults, Baker’s cyst development is attributable principally to secondary alterations after degenerative changes. The latter changes often accompany osteoarthritis, and we frequently encounter patients with...

    Authors: Byung-Ill Lee, Jong-Hyeon Seo, Yong-Beom Kim and Gi-Won Seo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:137

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Coracohumeral ligament (CHL) thickening, contracture, and fibroplasia have been identified in glenohumeral idiopathic adhesive capsulitis (GHIAC). The CHL is the main structure responsible for the range of mot...

    Authors: John L. Pape, Mathieu Boudier-Revéret, Jean-Michel Brismée, Kerry K. Gilbert, Detlev Grabs and Stéphane Sobczak

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:136

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There are an overwhelming number of patients suffering from low back pain (LBP) resulting from disc pathology. Although several strategies are being developed pre-clinically, simple strategies to treat the lar...

    Authors: Michael Wolff, Jon Mark Shillington, Christopher Rathbone, Shawn K. Piasecki and Brian Barnes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome and acetabular dysplasia (AD) are common pathologies that lead to pain in the young adult hip. Nocturnal pain in these patients is often reported, yet little is know...

    Authors: Nisha Reddy, J. Riley Martinez, Edward Mulligan, Paul Nakonezny and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:134

    Content type: Research article

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  15. One in three women and one in five men are expected to experience a minimal-trauma-fracture after the age of 50-years, which increases the risk of subsequent fracture. Importantly, timely diagnosis and optimal...

    Authors: Steven A. Frost, Ayano Kelly, Julia Gaudin, Lynette Mc Evoy, Carol Wilson, Lynda Marov, Carlos El Haddad, Jacqueline Center, John A. Eisman, Tuan V. Nguyen and Geraldine Hassett

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:133

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Dysphagia is one of the most serious complications in patients treated with a halo-vest brace. However, the cause of dysphagia development by halo-vest fixation is not yet clear. We therefore investigated the ...

    Authors: Midori Miyagi, Hiroshi Takahashi, Kazuaki Tsuchiya, Hideki Sekiya and Satoru Ebihara

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The design of an external fixator with the optimal biomechanical function and the lowest profile has been highly pursued, as fracture healing is dependent on the stability and durability of fixation, and a low...

    Authors: Di Shi, Kaiyuan Liu, Haomeng Zhang, Xinli Wang, Guochen Li and Lianhe Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:128

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Osteoarthritis (OA) represents a significant burden to societies, as it affects quality of life, performance and poses a large healthcare cost. We aimed to describe the use of a single intra-articular (IA) inj...

    Authors: J. C. Alves, A. Santos, P. Jorge, C. Lavrador and L. Miguel Carreira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:127

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Elderly patients with vertebral hemangiomas are rare and might require surgery. Thus, the choice of surgery for these lesions remains controversial because of the rarity of these lesions. This study aimed to a...

    Authors: Weihong Xu, Zhibin Lan and Yuming Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:125

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Trochanter valgus deformity (TVD) is a rare condition of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Femoral osteotomy could be required in correcting the deformity to implant femoral stem in severe TVD. In this study, we d...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Yonggang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:124

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Injuries and resulting stiffness around joints, especially the elbow, have huge psychological effects by reducing quality of life through interference with normal daily activities such as feeding, dressing, gr...

    Authors: Ayoola Ademola, Kevin A. Hildebrand, Prism S. Schneider, Nicholas G. H. Mohtadi, Neil J. White, Michael J. Bosse, Alexandra Garven, Richard E. A. Walker and Tolulope T. Sajobi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:123

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-I) are a serious problem in sports medicine. Modifiable and non-modifiable factors are associated with susceptibility to these injuries. Thus, the aim of this study was to describ...

    Authors: Rodrigo Araújo Goes, Lucas Rafael Lopes, Victor Rodrigues Amaral Cossich, Vitor Almeida Ribeiro de Miranda, Olívia Nogueira Coelho, Ricardo do Carmo Bastos, Letícia Aparecida Marincolo Domenis, João Antonio Matheus Guimarães, João Alves Grangeiro-Neto and Jamila Alessandra Perini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:122

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Continuous femoral nerve block (cFNB) has been developed to extend the analgesic effect since the efficacy of single-injection femoral nerve block (sFNB) is often limited to approximately 16–24 h. The aim of t...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This study aims to explore (i) physiotherapists’ current use in daily practice of patient-reported measurement instruments (screening tools and questionnaires) for patients with acute low back pain (LBP), (ii)...

    Authors: J. Knoop, W. van Lankveld, F. J. B. Geerdink, R. Soer and J. B. Staal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The osteotomy of the posterolateral overhanging part (PLOP) of the greater trochanter via posterior approach has been used for the hip arthroplasty for decades with good results. However, the osteotomy method ...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Zhou, Houlin Ji, Jinhua Guo, Yang Yang, Pan Cai and Xianlong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Dislocation, periprosthetic fracture and infection are serious complications of total hip replacement (THR) and which negatively impact on patients’ outcomes including satisfaction, quality of life, mental hea...

    Authors: Charlotte V. E. Carpenter, Vikki Wylde, Andrew J. Moore, Adrian Sayers, Ashley W. Blom and Michael R. Whitehouse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:118

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is a well-known complication after interbody fusion. Pedicle screw-rod revision possesses sufficient strength and rigidity. However, is a surgical segment with rigid fixation nec...

    Authors: Ziyang Liang, Jianchao Cui, Jiarui Zhang, Jiahui He, Jingjing Tang, Hui Ren, Linqiang Ye, De Liang and Xiaobing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Seven T ultra-high field MRI systems have recently been approved for clinical use by the U.S. and European regulatory agencies. These systems are now being used clinically and will likely be more widely availa...

    Authors: Christoph Treutlein, Tobias Bäuerle, Armin M. Nagel, Ali Guermazi, Arnd Kleyer, David Simon, Georg Schett, Tobias Hepp, Michael Uder and Frank W. Roemer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:116

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  29. Some patients complain of noise after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Controversy still exists on how the noise affects the clinical outcomes, including joint awareness, after TKA. The Forgotten Joint Score—12 ...

    Authors: Hiroto Taniguchi, Masafumi Itoh, Nobuyuki Yoshimoto, Junya Itou, Umito Kuwashima and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:115

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Several modern designs of metal-backed glenoids (MBG) have been devised to overcome flaws such as loosening and a high failure rate. This review aimed to compare rates of complications and revision surgeries b...

    Authors: Dong Min Kim, Mohammed Aldeghaither, Fahad Alabdullatif, Myung Jin Shin, Erica Kholinne, Hyojune Kim, In-Ho Jeon and Kyoung-Hwan Koh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  31. During total hip arthroplasty (THA), the accurate placement of the femoral components is an important determinant of the success of the procedure. This study assessed the accuracy of cemented stem placement us...

    Authors: Ryo Mitsutake, Hiromasa Tanino, Yasuhiro Nishida, Masaru Higa and Hiroshi Ito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Osteoporosis is a worldwide severe bone disease. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of polyphyllin VII on the genesis of osteoclasts from bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) and its potentiality as a therapeut...

    Authors: Long Zhou, Hanyi Song, Yiqi Zhang, Zhaozhou Ren, Minghe Li and Qin Fu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Sports participants are faced with the decision to continue or cease play when injured. The implications of playing sport while injured on joint health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been i...

    Authors: Garrett S. Bullock, Gary S. Collins, Nick Peirce, Nigel K. Arden and Stephanie R. Filbay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:111

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Fractures in older men are not uncommon and need to be healed as soon as possible to avoid related complications. Anti-osteoporotic drugs targeting Wnt/β-catenin and PTH (parathyroid hormone) to promote fractu...

    Authors: Daocheng Liu, Hao Qin, Jiazhi Yang, Lei Yang, Sihao He, Sixu Chen, Quanwei Bao, Yufeng Zhao and Zhaowen Zong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) based-treatments of cartilage injury are promising but impaired by high levels of hypertrophy after chondrogenic induction with several bone morphogenetic protein superfamily member...

    Authors: M. Weissenberger, M. H. Weissenberger, F. Gilbert, J. Groll, C. H. Evans and A. F. Steinert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Arthroscopic closure release includes arthroscopic lateral patella retinaculum releasing (LPRR) either outside synovial membrane (OSM) or through synovial membrane (TSM). At present, there is no research to co...

    Authors: Ji-Bin Chen, Dong Chen, Ya-Ping Xiao, Jian-Zhong Chang and Te Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The Flexible Nichidai Knee Posterior Stabilized (FNK-PS) system was designed to provide relatively high varus-valgus stabilities without the stem extensions to patients with severe knee joint disorders. This i...

    Authors: Takanobu Sumino, Tetsuya Tomita, Kazuomi Sugamoto, Takaharu Yamazaki and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The aim of this study was twofold: (i) to investigate the intrarater reliability of acromiohumeral distance measurement; (ii) to assess the level of association between acromiohumeral distance measured by ultr...

    Authors: Mingmin Xu, Zhenping Li, Youfa Zhou, Bin Ji, Suming Tian and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:106

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Giant cell tumour (GCT) of the bone is a rare, invasive benign bone tumour, which typically originates in the metaphyseal ends of long bones and rarely in the spine. Here, we report a rare case of recurrent GC...

    Authors: Ping-Guo Duan, Yong-Hong Sheng, Chang-Hao Deng, Ben-Yu Tang and Hao-Qun Yao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:105

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Previous studies have revealed positive effect of Topping-off technique on upper adjacent segment after fusion surgery, while for the cases with fusion surgery on L5-S1 segment, owning maximal range of motion,...

    Authors: Liangliang Cao, Yumei Liu, Wei Mei, Jianguang Xu and Shi Zhan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Computer-assisted solutions are changing surgical practice continuously. One of the most disruptive technologies among the computer-integrated surgical techniques is Augmented Reality (AR). While Augmented Rea...

    Authors: Lukas Jud, Javad Fotouhi, Octavian Andronic, Alexander Aichmair, Greg Osgood, Nassir Navab and Mazda Farshad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The incidence of insufficiency fracture (IF) at femoral neck is low, accounting for about 5% of all insufficiency fractures, and IF at bilateral femoral neck is less common with more occurrence in athlete or s...

    Authors: Xu-yi Tan, Ting Lei, Guan-bao Wu, Hai-en Luo, Gang Huang, Can-yu He, Min Lu and Peng-fei Lei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:102

    Content type: Case report

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  43. To evaluate the maximal sectional area (SA) of the rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPmi) muscle and its potential correlation with to be named ligament (TBNL) in the suboccipital area using 3D MR imaging.

    Authors: Mei-Yu Sun, Xu Han, Meng-Yao Wang, Dian-Xiu Ning, Bin Xu, Li-Zhi Xie, Sheng-Bo Yu and Hong-Jin Sui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:101

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Lumbar spinal fusion with rigid spinal fixators as one of the high risk factors related to adjacent-segment failure. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the material properties of spinal fixation r...

    Authors: Yueh-Ying Hsieh, Fon-Yih Tsuang, Yi-Jie Kuo, Chia-Hsien Chen, Chang-Jung Chiang and Chun-Li Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Inflammatory mediators in the synovial fluid (SF) play critical roles in the initiation and development of pain in knee osteoarthritis (KOA). However, data for inflammatory marker expression are conflicting, a...

    Authors: Li Li, Zhenxing Li, Yuyan Li, Xi Hu, Yu Zhang and Pei Fan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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