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  1. Most fibromyalgia patients are seen in primary care (PC). However, the effectiveness of the treatments prescribed by general practitioners is usually minimal. The main objective of the present research is to a...

    Authors: Rita Fernández, Maria T Peñarubia, Juan V Luciano, Maria E Blanco, Mónica Jiménez, Adrián Montesano, Camino Verduras, José M Ruiz and Antoni Serrano-Blanco

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Skeletal muscles are composed of heterogeneous collections of muscle fiber types, the arrangement of which contributes to a variety of functional capabilities in many muscle types. Furthermore, skeletal muscle...

    Authors: Katsutoshi Yuasa, Akinori Nakamura, Takao Hijikata and Shinichi Takeda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Impaired proprioception in the lumbar spine has often been reported in people with low back pain. However, no prospective studies exist to assert the cause and effect of this association. We hypothesized that ...

    Authors: Sheri P Silfies, Jacek Cholewicki, N Peter Reeves and Hunter S Greene

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:129

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Differences in duration of bone healing in various parts of the human skeleton are common experience for orthopaedic surgeons. The reason for these differences is not obvious and not clear.

    Authors: Iwona Kochanowska, Slawomir Chaberek, Andrzej Wojtowicz, Bartosz Marczyński, Krzysztof Włodarski, Maria Dytko and Kazimierz Ostrowski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:128

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite high incidence of ankle fractures in the elderly, studies evaluating outcome and impact of quality of life in this age group specifically are sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome and q...

    Authors: Gertrud Nilsson, Kjell Jonsson, Charlotte Ekdahl and Magnus Eneroth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:127

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures has historically been limited to several weeks of bed rest, anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications, calcitonin injections, or external...

    Authors: Leigh A Gray, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Patrick J Heagerty, William Hollingworth, Lydia Stout, Bryan A Comstock, Judith A Turner and David F Kallmes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:126

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Cryotherapy (the application of ice for therapeutic purposes) is one of the most common treatment modalities employed in the immediate management of acute soft tissue injury. Despite its widespread clinical us...

    Authors: Chris M Bleakley, Seán O'Connor, Mark A Tully, Laurence G Rocke, Domnhall C MacAuley and Suzanne M McDonough

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:125

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Oxidative stress (OxS) has recently been linked with osteoporosis; however, we do not know the influence of OxS as an independent risk factor for this disease.

    Authors: Martha A Sánchez-Rodríguez, Mirna Ruiz-Ramos, Elsa Correa-Muñoz and Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:124

    Content type: Research article

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  9. With advances in arthroscopic surgery, many techniques have been developed to increase the tendon-bone contact area, reconstituting a more anatomic configuration of the rotator cuff footprint and providing a b...

    Authors: Francesco Franceschi, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Laura Ruzzini, Giacomo Rizzello, Nicola Maffulli and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:123

    Content type: Technical advance

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  10. A laboratory study was conducted, on cadaveric sheep spines to develop an effective procedure for removing as much nucleus as possible from an intervertebral disc with minimal disruption to the annulus. The re...

    Authors: Lei Dang, Douglas Wardlaw and David WL Hukins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:122

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Lower limb strengthening exercises are an important component of the treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Strengthening the hip abductor and adductor muscles may influence joint loading and/or OA-related sy...

    Authors: Kim L Bennell, Michael A Hunt, Tim V Wrigley, David J Hunter and Rana S Hinman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:121

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Articular cartilage has little capacity for repair in vivo, however, a small number of studies have shown that, in vitro, a damage/repair response can be induced. Recent work by our group has shown that cartilage...

    Authors: Frances MD Henson and Thea Vincent

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:120

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is evidence of functional growth hormone (GH) deficiency, expressed by means of low insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) serum levels, in a subset of fibromyalgia patients. The efficacy of GH versus plac...

    Authors: Guillem Cuatrecasas, Cristina Riudavets, Maria Antònia Güell and Albert Nadal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:119

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Traction is commonly used for the treatment of low back pain (LBP), predominately with nerve root involvement; however its benefits remain to be established. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility o...

    Authors: Annette A Harte, George D Baxter and Jacqueline H Gracey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:118

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Complaints of arm, neck and shoulder are common in Western societies. Of those consulting a general practitioner (GP) with non-traumatic arm, neck or shoulder complaints, about 50% do not recover within 6 months.

    Authors: Anita Feleus, Tineke van Dalen, Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra, Roos MD Bernsen, Jan AN Verhaar, Bart W Koes and Harald S Miedema

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:117

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There are presently few methods described for in vivo monitoring of the mechanics of healing human tendon ruptures, and no methods for prediction of clinical outcome. We tested if Roentgen stereophotogrammetri...

    Authors: Thorsten Schepull, Joanna Kvist, Christer Andersson and Per Aspenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:116

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is a marked variation in clinical phenotypes that have been associated with mutations in FKRP, ranging from severe congenital muscular dystrophies to limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2I (LGMD2I).

    Authors: Peter B Kang, Chris A Feener, Elicia Estrella, Marielle Thorne, Alexander J White, Basil T Darras, Anthony A Amato and Louis M Kunkel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:115

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Objective assessment of motor function is frequently used to evaluate outcome after surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However a range of outcome measures are used and there appears to be no c...

    Authors: Jo Geere, Rachel Chester, Swati Kale and Christina Jerosch-Herold

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:114

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Skeletal ratios and bone lengths are widely used in anthropology and forensic pathology and hip axis length is a useful predictor of fracture. The aim of this study was to show that skeletal ratios, such as le...

    Authors: Usha Chinappen-Horsley, Glen M Blake, Ignac Fogelman and Tim D Spector

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:113

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The education and activation programme (EAP) aims at coping with psychosocial determinants to prevent the development of chronic shoulder complaints (SCs). The effect of the EAP on functional limitations and p...

    Authors: Camiel De Bruijn, Rob de Bie, Jacques Geraets, Marielle Goossens, Wim van den Heuvel, Geert van der Heijden, Math Candel and Geert-Jan Dinant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:112

    Content type: Research article

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  21. laminectomy is a valuable surgical treatment for some patients with a cervical radiculomyelopathy due to cervical spinal stenosis. More recently attention has been given to motion of the spinal cord over spond...

    Authors: Ronald HMA Bartels, André LM Verbeek and J André Grotenhuis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:111

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. To assess the prevalence of and relation between rupture or tenosynovitis of the Flexor Hallucis Longus (FHL) tendon and range of motion, deformities and joint damage of the forefoot in RA patients with foot c...

    Authors: Henriette Baan, Wiepke K Drossaers-Bakkers, Rosemary Dubbeldam, Jaap J Buurke, Anand Nene and Martin AFJ van de Laar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:110

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Whilst evidence exists to support the use of single treatments such as orthoses and footwear, the effectiveness of podiatry-led care as a complex intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) relate...

    Authors: Deborah E Turner, Philip S Helliwell and James Woodburn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:109

    Content type: Research article

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  24. We present the design of an open randomized multi-centre study on surgical versus conservative treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. The study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative t...

    Authors: Roderik Metz, Gino MMJ Kerkhoffs, Egbert-Jan MM Verleisdonk and Geert J van der Heijden

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:108

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Shoulder disorders are a common health problem in western societies. Several treatment protocols have been developed for the clinical management of persons with shoulder pain. However available evidence does n...

    Authors: Carel Bron, Michel Wensing, Jo LM Franssen and Rob AB Oostendorp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:107

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Clinical guidelines for the management of back pain frequently recommend 'manual therapy' as a first line intervention, with psychosocial screening and 'active rehabilitation' for those not improving at 6 week...

    Authors: Elaine Hough, Richard Stephenson and Louise Swift

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:106

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Low back pain (LBP) is the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition and one the most common causes of disability in the developed nations. Anecdotally, there is a general assumption that LBP prevalence in Afri...

    Authors: Quinette A Louw, Linzette D Morris and Karen Grimmer-Somers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:105

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Specialist 'therapeutic' footwear is recommended for patients with diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a beneficial intervention for reducing foot pain, improving foot health, and increasing general ...

    Authors: Anita E Williams, Christopher J Nester and Michael I Ravey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:104

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There is no validated gold-standard diagnostic support tool for LSS, and therefore an accurate diagnosis depends on clinical assessment. Assessment of the diagnostic value of the history of the patient require...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Konno, Shin-ichi Kikuchi, Yasuhisa Tanaka, Ken Yamazaki, You-ichi Shimada, Hiroshi Takei, Toru Yokoyama, Masahiro Okada and Shou-ichi Kokubun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:102

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hip dislocation in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is a common and severe problem. The dislocation can be avoided, by screening and preventive treatment of children with hips at risk. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Gunnar Hägglund, Henrik Lauge-Pedersen and Philippe Wagner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:101

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The optimal management of chronic ruptures of the Achilles tendon is surgical reconstruction. Reconstruction of the Achilles tendon using peroneus brevis has been widely reported. Classically, these procedures...

    Authors: Michael R Carmont and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:100

    Content type: Technical advance

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  32. Emergency Departments (EDs) are confronted with progressive overcrowding. As a consequence, the workload for ED physicians increases and waiting times go up with the risk of unnecessary complications and patie...

    Authors: Robert J Derksen, Veerle MH Coupé, Maurits W van Tulder, Bart Veenings and Fred C Bakker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:99

    Content type: Research article

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  33. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, statins, are widely prescribed to lower cholesterol. High doses of orally administered simvastatin has previously been shown to improve fracture healing in a mouse femur fracture ...

    Authors: Björn Skoglund and Per Aspenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:98

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Whilst laterally wedged insoles, worn inside the shoes, are advocated as a simple, inexpensive, non-toxic self-administered intervention for knee osteoarthritis (OA), there is currently limited evidence to sup...

    Authors: Kim Bennell, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Craig Payne, Flavia Cicuttini, Richard Osborne, Anthony Harris and Rana Hinman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:96

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Regional pain in the hip in adults is a common cause of a general practitioner visit. A considerable part of patients suffer from (greater) trochanteric pain syndrome or trochanteric bursitis. Local corticoste...

    Authors: Aaltien Brinks, Rogier M van Rijn, Arthur M Bohnen, Gabriël LJ Slee, Jan AN Verhaar, Bart W Koes and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:95

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Low back pain (LBP) and neck pain (NP) are common conditions in old age, leading to impaired functional ability and decreased independence. Manual and exercise therapies are common and effective therapies for ...

    Authors: Michele J Maiers, Jan Hartvigsen, Craig Schulz, Karen Schulz, Roni L Evans and Gert Bronfort

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:94

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. There are few effective strategies reported for the primary prevention of low back pain (LBP). Core stabilization exercises targeting the deep abdominal and trunk musculature and psychosocial education program...

    Authors: Steven Z George, John D Childs, Deydre S Teyhen, Samuel S Wu, Alison C Wright, Jessica L Dugan and Michael E Robinson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:92

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Conventional knee and hip implant systems have been in use for many years with good success. However, the custom design of implant components based on patient-specific anatomy has been attempted to overcome ex...

    Authors: Ola LA Harrysson, Yasser A Hosni and Jamal F Nayfeh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:91

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Movement control dysfunction [MCD] reduces active control of movements. Patients with MCD might form an important subgroup among patients with non specific low back pain. The diagnosis is based on the observat...

    Authors: Hannu Luomajoki, Jan Kool, Eling D de Bruin and Olavi Airaksinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:90

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Several studies have been carried out in order to investigate the effect of ankle bracing on ankle joint function and performance. However, no study so far has examined the role of skin-brace interface pressur...

    Authors: Emmanuel S Papadopoulos, Christos Nikolopoulos, Athanasios Badekas, George Vagenas, Stamatios A Papadakis and Spyros Athanasopoulos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:89

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major health problem in the world. Self-reported questionnaires are a known method for estimating the prevalence of MSDs among the population. One of the studies concerni...

    Authors: Akbar Alipour, Mostafa Ghaffari, Irene Jensen, Batoul Shariati and Eva Vingard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:88

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Fifty thousand knee replacements are performed annually in the UK at an estimated cost of £150 million. Post-operative improvement depends on a number of factors including implant design and patient associated...

    Authors: Gayle Walley, Sandeep Datir, Murali Sayana, Aziz Rahmatalla, Ian Dos Remedios, Charles Wynn-Jones, Stephen Bridgman and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:87

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Chronic rotator cuff pathology (CRCP) is a common shoulder condition causing pain and disability. Physiotherapy is often the first line of management for CRCP yet there is little conclusive evidence to support...

    Authors: Kim Bennell, Sally Coburn, Elin Wee, Sally Green, Anthony Harris, Andrew Forbes and Rachelle Buchbinder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:86

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Pain in the hand affects an estimated 12–21% of the population, and at older ages the hand is one of the most common sites of pain and osteoarthritis. The association between symptomatic hand osteoarthritis an...

    Authors: Helen Myers, Elaine Nicholls, June Handy, George Peat, Elaine Thomas, Rachel Duncan, Laurence Wood, Michelle Marshall, Catherine Tyson, Elaine Hay and Krysia Dziedzic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:85

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. The objective of the present study was to assess interobserver reproducibility (in terms of reliability and agreement) of active and passive measurements of knee RoM using a long arm goniometer, performed by t...

    Authors: Anton F Lenssen, Ellen M van Dam, Yvonne HF Crijns, Mark Verhey, Ruud JT Geesink, Piet A van den Brandt and Rob A de Bie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:83

    Content type: Research article

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