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Table 4 Comparison of the complications according Paley criteria

From: Matched comparative study of trifocal bone transport versus induced membrane followed by trifocal bone transport in the treatment of segmental tibial defects caused by posttraumatic osteomyelitis

Parameter Treatment Problems Obstacles True Complications Total P-value
Muscle contraction TBT 7 2 3 12 0.315
IM + TBT 5 0 3 8
Soft tissue incarceration TBT 0 6 1 7 0.008
IM + TBT 0 0 0 0
Axial deviation TBT 4 1 2 7 0.730
IM + TBT 1 3 4 8
Pin problems TBT 9 4 0 13 0.691
IM + TBT 12 3 0 15
Delayed consolidation TBT 3 0 0 3 0.443
IM + TBT 5 1 0 6
Delayed union or nonunion TBT 2 7 0 9 0.027
IM + TBT 0 2 0 2
Joint stiffness TBT 1 1 3 5 0.489
IM + TBT 3 0 5 8
Other TBT 0 0 1 1 1.000
IM + TBT 0 0 0 0
Total   52 30 22   
  1. TBT trifocal bone transport, IM + TBT induced membrane followed by trifocal bone transport