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Table 3 Prevalence of WMSDs and Prevalence of WRULDs by Body Region

From: Prevalence of and prevention for work-related upper limb disorders among physical therapists: a systematic review

Author 1 -Year Prevalence of WMSDs (%) 1-Year Prevalence of WRULDs
By Body Region (%)
Adegoke et al. [13] 91.3% Shoulder: 22.2%
Elbow/Forearm: 5.6%
Wrist & Hand: 20.6%
Thumb: 11.1%
Alnaser and Aljadi [14] 48% Shoulder: 7%
Elbow/Forearm: a
Wrist & Hand: 20%
Thumb: ab
Buddhadev and Kotecha [16] 69% Shoulder: 15%
Elbow/Forearm: 5%
Wrist & Hand: 5%
Thumb: ab
Campo et al. [17] 74.8%
(1-Year Prevalence of wrist, hand, and thumb WMSDs)
Shoulder: a
Elbow/Forearm: a
Wrist & Hand: 66.2%
Thumb: 52.5%
Campo et al. [18] 28% Shoulder: 3.2%
Elbow/Forearm: 1.4%
Wrist & Hand: 5.3%
Thumb: ab
Chung et al. [19] 92.4% Shoulder: 45.2%
Elbow/Forearm: 7.0%
Wrist & Hand: 33.8%
Thumb: 7.6%
Cromie et al. [5] 82.8%
Career Prevalence of 91%
Shoulder: 22.9%
Elbow/Forearm: 13.2%
Wrist & Hand: 21.8%
Thumb: 33.6%
Glover et al. [20] 68%
Career Prevalence 68%
Shoulder: 14.8%
Elbow/Forearm: 5.5%
Wrist & Hand: 12.5%
Thumb: 17.8%
McMahon et al. [21] 41%
(1-Year Prevalence of Thumb WMSDs)
Career Prevalence of 65%
Shoulder: a
Elbow/Forearm: a
Wrist & Hand: a
Thumb: 41%
Rossettini et al. [22] 49.3%
(1-Year Prevalence of Thumb WMSDs)
Career Prevalence of 70.8%
Shoulder: a
Elbow/Forearm: a
Wrist & Hand: a
Thumb: 49.3%
Rozenfeld et al. [23] 83%
Career Prevalence of 80%
Shoulder: 42.2%
Elbow/Forearm: 16%
Wrist: 35.7%
Thumb: 33.9%
West and Gardner [24] 55%
Career Prevalence of 40%
Shoulder: 10%
Elbow/Forearm: a
Wrist & Hand: 14%
Thumb: ab
  1. aNo data reported
  2. bThumb data included under hand data