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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics and comparisons between men and women

From: The discrepancy between radiographically-assessed and self-recognized hallux valgus in a large population-based cohort

  Total
(n = 1996)
Men
(n = 654)
Women
(n = 1342)
P-value
Age (years) 64.2 ± 12.7 63.9 ± 13.7 64.4 ± 12.1 0.35
Age distribution (n [%])
 < 39 64 (3.2%) 29 (4.4%)a 35 (2.6%) <  0.0001
 40–49 191 (9.6%) 72 (11.0%) 119 (8.9%)
 50–59 348 (17.4%) 102 (15.6%) 246 (18.3%)
 60–69 593 (29.7%) 193 (29.5%) 400 (29.8%)
 70–79 555 (27.8%) 165 (25.2%) 390 (29.0%)
 80 245 (12.2%) 93 (14.2%) 152 (11.3%)
Height (cm) 158.0 ± 9.1 167.1 ± 6.7 153.5 ± 6.7 <  0.0001
Body weight (kg) 57.0 ± 11.6 66.0 ± 11.1 52.6 ± 9.0 <  0.0001
Residing in the coastal area 1169 (58.6%) 377 (57.7%) 792 (59.0%) 0.56
Body mass index (kg/m2) 22.7 ± 3.5 23.6 ± 3.3 22.3 ± 3.5 <  0.0001
Radiographic HV in at least one foot 766 (39.0%) 149 (22.8%) 617 (46.0%) <  0.0001
Radiographic HV in both feet 423 (21.2%) 67 (10.2%) 356 (26.5%) <  0.0001
  1. Abbreviations: HV hallux valgus
  2. aSignificantly higher proportion on comparison between men and women, as detected on the chi-square test and subsequent adjusted residual analysis