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Table 3 Association between pain intensity in low-back, neck/shoulders, and knees, and risk of disability pension for eldercare workers ≤45 years

From: Musculoskeletal pain intensity in different body regions and risk of disability pension among female eldercare workers: prospective cohort study with 11-year register follow-up

  Model 1 Model 2  
Body region Pain intensity N % HR 95% CI HR 95% CI PAR
Low-back No or low pain (0-2) 1986 49.8 1   1   10.9%
Moderate pain (3-4) 1166 29.3 1.11 (0.85–1.45) 1.15 (0.86–1.53)
High pain (5-6) 627 15.7 1.31 (0.97–1.77) 1.26 (0.90–1.77)
Very high pain (7-9) 208 5.2 1.84 (1.23–2.74) 1.73 (1.12–2.70)
Neck/shoulders No or low pain (0-2) 1856 46.4 1   1   27.6%
Moderate pain (3-4) 1059 26.5 1.12 (0.84–1.50) 1.24 (0.90–1.72)
High pain (5-6) 708 17.7 1.72 (1.28–2.30) 1.92 (1.40–2.65)
Very high pain (7-9) 374 9.4 2.27 (1.63–3.16) 2.66 (1.85–3.82)
Knees No or low pain (0-2) 3265 81.9 1   1   9.3%
Moderate pain (3-4) 431 10.8 1.36 (1.00–1.86) 1.24 (0.88–1.75)
High pain (5-6) 198 5.0 1.70 (1.16–2.51) 1.92 (1.28–2.87)
Very high pain (7-9) 93 2.3 2.15 (1.34–3.47) 2.33 (1.40–3.87)
  1. Model 1: Adjusted for age and each of the three pain regions
  2. Model 2: Model 1 + education + smoking + BMI + leisure time physical activity + psychosocial work factors (emotional demands, influence at work, role conflicts, quality of leadership) + physical exertion at work
  3. HR Hazard ratio
  4. PAR population attributable risk
  5. Statistically significant HRs are marked with bold