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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted associations for fall risk

From: Association between sarcopenia, physical performance and falls in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a 1-year prospective study

  Unadjusted Adjusted for age and sex1
Predictors OR [95% CI] p-value AUC [95% CI] p-value OR [95% CI] p-value -2 Log-Likelihood Cox- Snell R² Nagelkerke's R² AUC [95% CI] p-value
Medical data
 Age 1.04 [1.01-1.07] 0.017 0.60 [0.52-0.69] 0.026 n.a.       
 Sex1 1.46 [0.64-3.36] 0.370 0.47 [0.38-0.56] 0.523 n.a.       
 HAQ 1.62 [1.1-2.38] 0.014 0.65 [0.57-0.73] 0.002 1.52 [1.01-2.27] 0.043 215.25 0.05 0.07 0.65 [0.56-0.74] 0.001
 DAS28CRP 1.28 [0.93-1.76] 0.125 0.57 [0.47-0.66] 0.161 1.35 [0.97-1.87] 0.072 218.65 0.04 0.07 0.64 [0.55-0.72] 0.004
 RA disease duration 1.02 [0.98-1.05] 0.281 0.55 [0.45-0.64] 0.331 1.01 [0.97-1.04] 0.769 223.93 0.03 0.05 0.61 [0.53-0.7 0.014
Physical performance tests
 Handgrip strength (kg) 0.97 [0.93-1.0] 0.104 0.4 [0.33-0.5] 0.063 0.98 [0.94-1.03] 0.423 230.73 0.03 0.05 0.63 [0.54-0.72] 0.006
 Gait speed (m/s) 0.75 [0.18-3.17] 0.694 0.5 [0.38-0.56] 0.543 1.67 [036-7.83] 0.514 231.33 0.03 0.05 0.61 [0.53-0.7] 0.016
 CRT (sec) 1.02 [0.93-1.12] 0.634 0.5 [0.43-0.62] 0.602 0.98 [0.88-1.09] 0.698 225.03 0.04 0.06 0.63 [0.54-0.72] 0.007
 SPPB (score, metric) 0.97 [0.80-1.17] 0.736 0.5 [0.39-0.57] 0.666 1.10 [0.89-1.35] 0.394 231.01 0.03 0.05 0.62 [0.53-0.7] 0.014
 SPPB (score, category)
  Poor performer: 0-6 0.58 [0.07-4.87] 0.618 0.49 [0.40-0.58] 0.819 0.25 [0.03-2.25] 0.214 229.72 0.04 0.06 0.63 [0.53-0.72] 0.007
  Moderate performer: 7-9 1.43 [0.56-3.61] 0.453 1.00 [0.38-2.65] 0.997
  Good performer: 10-12 Reference Reference
  FICSIT-4 (score)
   Score 1-4 2.38 [1.13-5.0] 0.022 0.43 [0.33-0.52] 0.123 1.65 [0.72-3.8] 0.239 230.41 0.04 0.06 0.62 [0.54-0.71] 0.008
   Score 5 Reference Reference
  FICSIT-4 (metric) 0.74 [0.50-1.1] 0.137 0.43 [0.34-0.53] 0.150 0.94 [0.60-1.46] 0.768 231.67 0.03 0.05 0.61 [0.53-0.70] 0.015
Lean mass DXA
 ASM/h² (kg/m²) 0.8 [0.57-1.08] 0.135 0.4 [0.35-0.52] 0.170 0.82 [0.56-1.21] 0.314 230.73 0.04 0.06 0.62 [0.53-0.71] 0.009
 ASM/BMI (m²) 0.10 [0.01-1.29] 0.078 0.4 [0.35-0.53] 0.208 0.18 [0.0-7.13] 0.359 230.90 0.03 0.05 0.61 [0.52-0.7] 0.019
Leonardo tests
 CRTPrel (W/kg) 0.9 [0.81-1.04] 0.183 0.4 [0.35-0.54] 0.241 1 [0.87-1.14] 0.965 212.52 0.04 0.07 0.6 [0.55-0.73] 0.004
 2LJPrel (W/kg) 1 [0.90-1.0] 0.093 0.4 [0.34-0.52] 0.146 1.00 [0.94-1.07] 0.974 210.43 0.04 0.07 0.63 [0.54-0.72] 0.009
EFI (%)² n.a. 1 [0.99-1.03] 0.387 210.30 0.04 0.07 0.5 [0.44-0.63] 0.438
  1. 1Male = Reference
  2. 2EFI is already adjusted for age and sex