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Table 4 Effects of external knee adduction moments on intensity of pain measured by VAS and KOOS

From: Exploring the relationship between pain intensity and knee moments in participants with medial knee osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional study

  Estimate Standard error Standard estimate 95% CI P value
VAS
  Direct -2.50 1.61 -0.21 -5.66, 0.67 0.12
  Indirect -1.61 0.83 -0.14 -3.23, 0.02 0.05
  Total -4.10 0.16 -0.35 -7.21, -1.00 0.01
KOOS
  Direct -18.06 15.04 -0.19 -47.53, 11.41 0.23
  Indirect 5.38 6.07 0.08 -6.52, 17.27 0.38
  Total -12.69 14.09 -0.13 -40.30, 14.93 0.37