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Table 1 Kinematic coupling between tarsal bones (under the pressure of 3N)

From: Finite element analysis of the kinematic coupling effect of the joints around talus when Ponseti manipulation

Tarsal bones Neu-0° PF-20° PF-40° DF-20° Mean
mm OR mm OR mm OR mm OR mm OR
Talus 1.218 1 1.524 1 1.135 1 0.844 1 1.18 1
Navicular 11.42 9.38 18.15 11.91 18.1 15.95 5.092 6.03 13.19 12.29
Calcaneus 7.04 5.78 10.48 6.88 10.21 8.99 4.965 5.88 8.17 7.13
Cuneiform-1 22.07 18.12 30.01 19.70 27.82 24.51 14.78 17.51 23.67 20.5
Cuneiform-2 16.36 13.43 23.95 15.72 23.07 20.33 10.02 11.87 18.35 16.3
Cuneiform-3 17.61 14.46 25.01 16.41 24.04 21.18 11.49 13.61 19.54 17.11
Cuboid 14.12 11.59 20.98 13.77 20.74 18.27 8.738 10.35 16.14 14.35
  1. Cuneiform-1: medial cuneiform; Cuneiform-2: intermedius cuneiform; Cuneiform-3: lateral cuneiform