Skip to main content

Table 6 The impact of smoking on male anterior cervical HS patients

From: The impact of smoking on outcomes following anterior cervical fusion-nonfusion hybrid surgery: a retrospective single-center cohort study

  Current smoker Former smoker Nonsmoker P value
Number of patients 24 16 11  
Final Outcomes     
JOA 15.50 ± 0.83 15.94 ± 1.39 16.00 ± 1.18 0.335
NDI 8.04 ± 1.57 7.81 ± 3.47 6.55 ± 0.93 0.192
VAS-arm 1.58 ± 0.65 1.31 ± 1.25 1.55 ± 0.52 0.611
VAS-neck 1.50 ± 0.51 1.63 ± 0.50 1.55 ± 0.52 0.750
Segmental ROM 6.42 ± 2.81 6.98 ± 4.20 7.83 ± 3.14 0.520
C2-7 ROM 36.29 ± 9.92 35.09 ± 9.36 34.56 ± 10.46 0.870
Early fusion effect 2.63 ± 0.57 4.10 ± 1.66 5.35 ± 2.18  < 0.001*
1-year fusion rate 22 16 11 0.699
  1. HS hybrid surgery, JOA Japanese Orthopaedic Association, NDI neck disability index, VAS visual analog scale, ROM range of motion. *P < 0.05, statistically significant