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Table 1 Pre- and post-operative HKA angle, hindfoot alignment and AOFAS score

From: Association between changes in hip-knee-ankle angle and hindfoot alignment after total knee arthroplasty for varus knee osteoarthritis

Variables Pre-operative Post-operative P-value
HKA -9.15 ± 5.54 -2.37 ± 3.05 <0.001*
HFA 2.67 ± 3.97 0.52 ± 3.96 <0.001*
AOFAS 76.50± 10.89 90.40± 6.05 <0.001*
  1. Abbreviations: HKA Hip-Knee-Ankle, HFA hindfoot alignment, AOFAS The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society
  2. *indicates statistical significance at P <0.05