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Table 4 Category, management and treatment outcomes of perioperative complications

From: Factors and predictive model associated with perioperative complications after long fusion in the treatment of adult non-degenerative scoliosis

Category Symptoms and signs Management Results
Cardiopulmonary Pleural effusion, atelectasis Thoracic closed drainage Recovered in 2w postoperatively
Congestive heart failure Consultation with cardiology, myocardium-nurturing, and control fluid infusion Recovered in 1w postoperatively
Infection Urinary infection Urine culture, anti-infection drug Recovered in 2w postoperatively
Neurological Radicular edema Dehydration and steroid treatment Recovered
Sensory deficit, peripheral nerve palsy Dehydration and nerve-nurturing treatment Recovered in 4w postoperatively
Nerve root injury Revision surgery Recovered
Gastrointestinal Ileus Fasting and water deprivation, acid-suppressive drugs, liquid paraffin, and glycerine enema Recovered in 2w
Acute pancreatitis Fluid replacement, monitoring electrolytes and oxygen saturation, anti-infection, and acid-suppressive drugs Recovered in 2w postoperatively
Incision Fat liquefaction Debridement and suture Recovered in 1w postoperatively
Non-aligned edges Dressing change and anti-infection drugs Recovered in 1w postoperatively
Atopic dermatitis Maintaining skin hydration and topical anti-inflammatory therapy Recovered