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Table 1 Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria

From: Effects of behavioural exercise therapy on the effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
• M51.2-M51.9 (other intervertebral disc disorders)
• M53.8, M53.9 (other specified/unspecified dorsopathies)
• M54.4-M54.9 (lumbago with sciatica, low back pain, pain in thoracic spine, other/unspecified dorsalgia)
• F45.4 (persistent somatoform pain disorder)
• F45.41 (chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors)
• F54 (psychological and behavioural factors associated with disorders or diseases classified elsewhere)
• specific underlying diagnosis of the back pain (e.g. radicular symptoms, myelopathy)
• considerably reduced health status (comorbidities)
• considerable reduction of sight and hearing
• severe psychiatric condition as secondary diagnosis
• age below 18 or over 65
• lack of ability to speak German
• ongoing application for retirement