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Table 2 Radiographic data of patients in coronal and sagittal plane

From: Long-term results after the one-stage posterior-only surgical correction of thoraco-lumbar kyphoscoliosis in congenital spine deformity caused by two ipsilateral hemi-vertebrae

  Preoperative Postoperative Improvement (%) P value Final follow-up Improvement (%) P value
Coronal plane
 Segmental curve(°) 64.1 ± 16.8 17.1 ± 12.6 75.5 *0.000 15.8 ± 11.0 74.2 *0.000
 Cranial curve(°) 25.6 ± 11.4 8.0 ± 6.0 69.2 *0.000 7.7 ± 5.3 69.8 *0.000
 Caudal curve(°) 26.9 ± 9.3 6.9 ± 6.3 73.7 *0.000 8.2 ± 6.1 69.0 *0.000
 TS(%)a 13.8 ± 12.9 9.4 ± 11.5 31.9 0.295 4.8 ± 5.6 65.2 *0.019
 AVT(%)a 34.5 ± 13.1 10.5 ± 7.3 69.6 *0.000 12.3 ± 5.8 64.3 *0.000
Sagittal plane
 Segmental TL kyphosis(°) 59.9 ± 23.2 13.6 ± 9.5 77.3 *0.000 20.8 ± 13.8 65.3 *0.000
 Thoracic kyphosis(°) 60.6 ± 15.7 34.6 ± 11.0 42.9 *0.001 42.8 ± 12.5 29.4 *0.001
 Lumbar lordosis(°) 65.3 ± 13.1 46.6 ± 9.1 28.6 *0.000 45.8 ± 7.6 29.9 *0.000
 SVA (mm) 0.85 ± 1.14 1.0 ± 0.9 0.692 0.8 ± 0.9 6.2 0.782
  1. Notes: TS trunk shift, AVT apex vertebra translation, TL thoracolumbar, SVA sagittal vertebral axis
  2. aTrunk shift and AVT were related to the pelvis width and expressed in percentage to avoid effects of radiographic enlargement
  3. *Means there is statistical significant difference