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Table 4 Mode of fixation and outcome in correlation to fracture severity

From: Outcomes of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: surgical treatment of 114 consecutive cases at a maximum care trauma center

Sanders Method of fixation Number of feet AOFAS
mean if n > 1
(range)
Secondary arthrodesis (n)
I (n = 3) ORIF plate 1 97 0
  ORIF screws 2 100 0
II (n = 18) ORIF plate 15 76.8 (52–100) 6
  ORIF screws 1 72 0
  K-wires 1 72 0
  ExFix 1 50 0
III (n = 32) ORIF plate 27 75.5 (46–97) 3
  ORIF screws 2 69.0 (40–98) 0
  K-wires 2 84.5 (84–85) 0
  ExFix 1 98 0
IV (n = 52) ORIF plate 38 74.9 (52–97) 8
  ExFix 9 60.0 (33–70) 1
  Primary fusion 5 49.7 (30–66) na
  1. na: not applicable.