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Table 3 Mean values for FHP and cervical pain, ROM, strength and disability before and after therapeutic interventions in patients with mechanical neck pain (N = 20)

From: Combining targeted instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization applications and neuromuscular exercises can correct forward head posture and improve the functionality of patients with mechanical neck pain: a randomized control study

Variables Treatment 1st Treatment 4th Treatment 8th Treatment 2 weeks post-treatment 4 weeks post-treatment
Group A Group B Group A Group B Group A Group B Group A Group B Group A Group B
Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd)
Forward head position (deg) CVA in sitting Before 41,4 (3,2) 42,4 (3,2) 43,7 (3,1) 43,7 (3,6) 46,4 (2,7) 44,6 (3,20) 49,2 (2,6) 44,2 (3,3) 48,6 (2,4) 43,5 (3,0)
After 45,7 (2,8) 43,4 (2,9) 47,3 (3,6) 45,0 (2,8) 49,9 (2,7) 46,0 (3,0)
CVA in standing Before 46,9 (1,6) 47,0 (2,8) 48,7 (2,0) 47,2 (2,3) 50,8 (1,6) 48,7 (2,4) 52,6 (2,0) 48,5 (2,4) 52,0 (1,9) 47,1 (2,6)
After 50,3 (1,7) 48,0 (2,2) 52,1 (2,1) 48,9 (2,0) 54,1 (1,5) 50,5 (2,1)
Pain VAS scale Before 6,1 (1,3) 4,0 (2,3) 3,1 (1,8) 2,8 (2,0) 0,4 (0,3) 1,5 (1,4) 0,4 (0,5) 2,0 (1,5) 0,6 (0,5) 2,5 (1,6)
After 3,6 (1,5) 3,4 (2,1) 1,6 (1,4) 1,9 (1,3) 0,2 (0,4) 0,9 (0,9)
Cervical range of motion (deg) Flexion Before 58,7 (8,5) 54,5 (9,8) 64,2 (12,7) 54,4 (12,2) 69,7 (9,4) 58,2 (11,0) 70,2 (7,9) 55,8 (8,9) 69,0 (6,1) 55,3 (8,6)
After 64,7 (6,6) 58,1 (9,6) 70,1 (9,7) 61,4 (8,6) 71,4 (9,2) 62,9 (12,3)
extension Before 54,5 (12,7) 53,0 (8,8) 59,6 (9,2) 57,2 (9,8) 63,5 (10,7) 61,1 (11,9) 65,2 (8,6) 61,5 (10,3) 65,4 (9,3) 60,4 (11,4)
After 60,6 (11,8) 52,9 (11,3) 68,7 (13,5) 61,4 (10,10) 67,5 (9,4) 59,5 (8,9)
Lateral flexion (right) Before 42,8 (7,9) 36,0 (8,7) 49,7 (9,3) 40,0 (14,3) 55,0 (7,8) 46,2 (15,2) 58,1 (10,4) 45,1 (12,9) 58,5 (8,9) 43,0 (14,5)
After 46,5 (5,8) 43,6 (11,5) 56,2 (9,42) 43,8 (11,5) 62,3 (8,6) 49,4 (11,5)
Lateral flexion (left) Before 43,0 (6,3) 37,0 (4,8) 48,3 (9,6) 41,8 (11,7) 57,3 (9,6) 47,0 (12,9) 57,1 (9,6) 46,4 (12,5) 58,4 (9,9) 46,7 (13,2)
After 47,8 (6,2) 44,5 (9,6) 56,5 (9,8) 45,5 (12,3) 64,6 (9,4) 51,7 (9,6)
Rotation (right) Before 62,5 (17,0) 61,5 (17,8) 73,4 (16,4) 62,3 (17,1) 75,2 (6,3) 65,1 (18,9) 80,3 (7,8) 66,4 (20,6) 75,6 (11,8) 63,2 (17,9)
After 76,0 (14,2) 57,8 (16,3) 78,5 (10,92) 66,1 (18,4) 83,0 (5,9) 70,4 (20,7)
rotation (left) Before 64,5 (14,1) 62,4 (17,5) 70,5 (13,5) 64,6 (16,3) 76,6 (7,3) 66,3 (16,9) 79,9 (5,0) 69,3 (18,7) 79,0 (4,9) 64,0 (16,9)
After 76,5 (15,1) 61,9 (17,6) 78,8 (13,4) 68,6 (17,5) 84,0 (6,1) 67,8 (17,7)
Strength (kgr) Flexion Before 24,8 (13,2) 16,4 (3,9) 26,3 (8,8) 18,2 (7,0) 33,3 (10,5) 27,0 (9,9) 34,5 (9,7) 27,7 (10,6) 37,1 (12,5) 28,0 (10,5)
After 30,0 (8,4) 19,7 (7,2) 32,1 (11,9) 22,2 (8,7) 40,3 (12,0) 29,2 (12,2)
Extension Before 83,6 (22,3) 77,6 (30,8) 95,1 (35,1) 89,6 (44,3) 109,1 (34,6) 99,3 (51,7) 108,0 (35,4) 99,7 (50,4) 111,3 (31,1) 95,0 (45,5)
After 90,4 (20,7) 76,5 (32,7) 103,0 (32,6) 92,2 (50,5) 127,1 (28,4) 104,1 (51,8)
Lateral flexion (right) Before 35,1 (20,7) 30,4 (10,5) 42,1 (17,1) 35,5 (10,7) 44,0 (17,1) 48,3 (20,8) 48,0 (16,6) 46,9 (19,2) 51,0 (14,7) 47,1 (18,4)
After 44,3 (23,2) 30,3 (12,2) 45,3 (23,2) 38,9 (11,5) 50,3 (16,8) 55,8 (25,9)
Lateral flexion (left) Before 39,3 (29,3) 29,5 (9,6) 39,7 (25,5) 35,1 (14,7) 47,7 (23,4) 47,1 (26,2) 47,7 (17,4) 43,6 (17,5) 50,8 (13,3) 43,4 (17,8)
After 46,3 (26,6) 32,6 (12,7) 46,5 (26,2) 41,7 (14,1) 54,0 (22,3) 52,6 (28,9)
Disability Neck disability Index before 31,4 (10,1) 29 (11,1) 18,6 (6,7) 25 (10,8) 11,8 (3,9) 23 (10,5) 9,8 (3,6) 22,2 (9,2) 6,2 (1,9) 23,2 (7,2)