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Table 4 Crude and adjusted B-value with 95% CI for change in Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) (− 10 to 10, higher is better) from baseline to 3 months, goal classes, demographical, anthropometric, psychosocial and disease-specific variables. B > 0 indicates better outcome. N = 975

From: Associations between treatment goals, patient characteristics, and outcome measures for patients with musculoskeletal disorders in physiotherapy practice

Variable Univariate regression B (95% CI) p Multiple regression model B (95% CI) p
Goal classes     
Symptom only Reference   Reference  
Function/structure included .44 (−.12 to .99) .126 .35 (−.25 to .96) .249
Activity/participation included .52 (.02 to 1.05) .057 .16 (−.42 to .74) 589
Non-classifiable −.51 (−1.31 to .30) .220 −.30 (− 1.17 to .56) .492
Age −.02 (−.03 to .01) <.001 −.03 (−.04 to −.02) <.001
Gender .64 (.23 to 1.05) .002 .42 (−.02 to .86) .061
BMI −.01 (−.03 to.02) .662   
Treatment beliefa     
Totally agree Reference   Reference  
Agree −.54 (−.99 to −.08) .021 −.37 (−.80 to −.05) .082
Neither agree nor disagree −1.22 (−2.10 to −.34) .006 − 1.10 (− 1.90 to −.30) .007
Emotional distress (HSCL10, score 1–4), −.87 (− 1.28 to −.47) <.001 − 1.39 (− 1.81 to −.97) <.001
Severity (score 0–10) .52 (.41 to.64) <.001 .66 (.53 to .78) <.001
Duration     
  < 3 m Reference    
3-12 m .19 (−.63 to 1.02) .650   
  > 12 m .44 (−.30 to 1.17) .246   
Body region/diagnosis     
Spinal Reference    
Upper extremities .82 (.28 to 1.37) .003   
Lower extremities .45 (.01 to .90) .048   
Unspecific/multisite conditions −.44 (− 1.16 to .29) .236   
  1. CI Confidence intervals, HSCL10 Hopkins Symptom Check List 10 item version. Severity = average of pain intensity last week (0–10) and inverted rating of PSFS (0–10), higher is worse
  2. a: Two patients answered disagree and one patient answered totally disagree. Data not presented in table due to low number