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Table 2 Comparison of patients’ expectations at baseline and respective outcomes 12 months after total hip arthroplasty (THA)

From: The virtue of optimistic realism - expectation fulfillment predicts patient-rated global effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty

  Percentage of patients (N = 90) in each category at baseline (pre) and 12 months (12 m) after THA
Much better Better Somewhat better Unchanged Worse Uncertain
  pre 12 m pre 12 m pre 12 m pre 12 m pre 12 m pre 12 m
Hip pain 79 66 21 30 2 2
Back pain 37 6 34 30 7 30 9 33 1 13
Walking ability 83 48 15 36 1 14 1 1 1
Independence 67 33 25 46 2 19 2 2 4
Physical exercise 44 15 35 28 9 27 7 30 5
General function 59 21 37 42 1 29 3 8
Social interactions 32 2 30 20 5 40 27 38 6
Mental well-being 39 5 36 31 2 40 21 23 1 2
  1. Discrepancies between patients‘expectations at baseline and respective outcomes at 12 months after THA that exceed 20% are marked in bold