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Table 6 The associations of serum vitamins levels with bone mineral density at different sites stratified by sexa

From: Associations of serum vitamins levels with bone mineral density in the different race-ethnicities US adults

Sites Serum vitamins Males (N = 2686) Females (N = 3337)
β 95% CI P β 95% CI P
Femur neck
  Serum folate 0.00040 0.00010–0.00089 0.014 0.00016 −0.00015- 0.00047 0.299
  Serum vitamin A 0.01365 0.00431–0.02298 0.004 0.00298 −0.00421-0.01018 0.417
  Serum vitamin B12 −0.00001 −0.00005-0.00002 0.432 0.00001 −0.00001-0.00004 0.304
  Serum vitamin C 0.00022 0.00001–0.00044 0.046 0.00029 0.00012–0.00045 0.001
  Serum vitamin E −0.00007 −0.00054-0.00040 0.773 0.00030 −0.00008-0.00068 0.118
Total region
  Serum folate 0.00042 0.00018–0.00092 0.010 0.00015 −0.00018-0.00048 0.365
  Serum vitamin A 0.01709 0.00761–0.02657 <  0.001 0.00316 −0.00442-0.01073 0.414
  Serum vitamin B12 0.00001 −0.00003-0.00004 0.728 0.00002 −0.00001-0.00005 0.191
  Serum vitamin C 0.00028 0.00005–0.00050 0.016 0.00028 0.00010–0.00045 0.002
  Serum vitamin E 0.00029 −0.00019-0.00077 0.232 0.00037 −0.00002-0.00077 0.065
  1. aIn all sites, age, body mass index, years of school completed, race, ethnicity, living regions, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, history of hypertension, history of diabetes, history of fracture, and sample design weights were adjusted
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