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Table 4 The associations of serum vitamins levels with bone mineral density at different sites stratified by ethnicitya

From: Associations of serum vitamins levels with bone mineral density in the different race-ethnicities US adults

Sites Serum vitamins Mexican-American (N = 1484) Not Hispanic (N = 4539)
β 95% CI P β 95% CI P
Femur neck
  Serum folate 0.00003 −0.00067-0.00073 0.925 0.00027 0.00002–0.00057 0.047
  Serum vitamin A − 0.00740 − 0.01947-0.00467 0.229 0.01132 0.00478–0.01787 0.001
  Serum vitamin B12 0.00003 −0.00001-0.00007 0.157 −0.00001 −0.00003-0.00002 0.501
  Serum vitamin C 0.00015 −0.00013-0.00044 0.290 0.00027 0.00012–0.00042 0.001
  Serum vitamin E 0.00020 −0.00039-0.00080 0.500 0.00012 −0.00022-0.00045 0.504
Total region
  Serum folate −0.00032 −0.00104-0.00039 0.379 0.00032 0.00002–0.00063 0.039
  Serum vitamin A −0.00134 − 0.01370-0.01101 0.831 0.01115 0.00430–0.01799 0.001
  Serum vitamin B12 0.00004 −0.00001-0.00008 0.086 −0.00001 −0.00003-0.00003 0.960
  Serum vitamin C 0.00001 −0.00025-0.00034 0.766 0.00029 0.00013–0.00045 <  0.001
  Serum vitamin E 0.00022 −0.00039-0.00083 0.474 0.00032 −0.00003-0.00067 0.077
  1. aIn all sites, age, sex, body mass index, years of school completed, race, living regions, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, history of hypertension, history of diabetes, history of fracture, and sample design weights were adjusted
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