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Table 2 Occurrence of super-ordinate themes and themes across individual cases

From: “My life is under control with these medications”: an interpretative phenomenological analysis of managing chronic pain with opioids

Super-ordinate themes and themesIPA01IPA02IPA03IPA04IPA05IPA06IPA07IPA08IPA09IPA10
Without opioids, the pain becomes the bossXXXXXXXXXX
The pain separates the self from the lived lifeXXXXXXXXXX
The loss of self or the questioned self X XXXXXXX
Experience of control and loss of controlXXXXXXXXXX
Opioids as a salvation and a curseXXXXXXXXXX
A difference between physical dependence and opioid use disorderXXX XXXXXX
Opioids as a menaceXXXXXXXXXX
Acknowledgement of the pain and acceptance of opioid therapy enables transition to a novel selfXXXXXXXXXX
The experience of disbelief and violation – being stigmatised for using opioidsXXXXXXX XX
Someone who acknowledges the pain and whom you can trustXXXXXXXXXX
Acceptance of the pain and opioid therapy as a part of the selfXXXXXXX XX