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Table 2 Occurrence of super-ordinate themes and themes across individual cases

From: “My life is under control with these medications”: an interpretative phenomenological analysis of managing chronic pain with opioids

Super-ordinate themes and themes IPA01 IPA02 IPA03 IPA04 IPA05 IPA06 IPA07 IPA08 IPA09 IPA10
Without opioids, the pain becomes the boss X X X X X X X X X X
The pain separates the self from the lived life X X X X X X X X X X
The loss of self or the questioned self   X   X X X X X X X
Experience of control and loss of control X X X X X X X X X X
Opioids as a salvation and a curse X X X X X X X X X X
A difference between physical dependence and opioid use disorder X X X   X X X X X X
Opioids as a menace X X X X X X X X X X
Acknowledgement of the pain and acceptance of opioid therapy enables transition to a novel self X X X X X X X X X X
The experience of disbelief and violation – being stigmatised for using opioids X X X X X X X   X X
Someone who acknowledges the pain and whom you can trust X X X X X X X X X X
Acceptance of the pain and opioid therapy as a part of the self X X X X X X X   X X