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Table 1 Demographic data, characteristics and self-reported medical data, (N = 10)

From: “My life is under control with these medications”: an interpretative phenomenological analysis of managing chronic pain with opioids

 mean (range) or n (%)
Age, years43 (34–56)
Women6 (60)
Married/partner7 (70)
Education level
 Elementary school or less1 (10)
 High school5 (50)
 University4 (40)
Employment status
 Full time5 (50)
 Part time1 (10)
 Part time with sickness benefits3 (30)
 Unemployed1 (10)
Pain conditionsa
 Endometriosis1 (10)
 Fibromyalgia1 (10)
 Postherpetic neuralgia1 (10)
 Arthritis2 (20)
 Inflammatory bowel disease1 (10)
 Headache1 (10)
 Chronic osteomyelitis1 (10)
 Lumbago5 (50)
 Other unspecified pain1 (10)
More than one pain diagnoses4 (40)
Duration of pain, years17 (6–35)
>  10 years6 (60)
Opioid dose
Morphine Milligram Equivalent (MME)b
335 (20–960)
>  100 MME/day8 (80)
Duration of opioid therapy, years 12 (2–31) 
>  10 years4 (40)
  1. aClinical ICD 10 diagnoses
  2. bOpioid doses are reported in approximate morphine milligram equivalent (MME) [36]