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Table 1 Demographic data, characteristics and self-reported medical data, (N = 10)

From: “My life is under control with these medications”: an interpretative phenomenological analysis of managing chronic pain with opioids

  mean (range) or n (%)
Age, years 43 (34–56)
Women 6 (60)
Married/partner 7 (70)
Education level
 Elementary school or less 1 (10)
 High school 5 (50)
 University 4 (40)
Employment status
 Full time 5 (50)
 Part time 1 (10)
 Part time with sickness benefits 3 (30)
 Unemployed 1 (10)
Pain conditionsa
 Endometriosis 1 (10)
 Fibromyalgia 1 (10)
 Postherpetic neuralgia 1 (10)
 Arthritis 2 (20)
 Inflammatory bowel disease 1 (10)
 Headache 1 (10)
 Chronic osteomyelitis 1 (10)
 Lumbago 5 (50)
 Other unspecified pain 1 (10)
More than one pain diagnoses 4 (40)
Duration of pain, years 17 (6–35)
>  10 years 6 (60)
Opioid dose
Morphine Milligram Equivalent (MME)b
335 (20–960)
>  100 MME/day 8 (80)
Duration of opioid therapy, years 12 (2–31)  
>  10 years 4 (40)
  1. aClinical ICD 10 diagnoses
  2. bOpioid doses are reported in approximate morphine milligram equivalent (MME) [36]