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Table 3 Pain characteristics among primary health care patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) and associations with health-related quality of life: results from logistic regression analyses (n = 517)

From: What factors are associated with health‐related quality of life among patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain? A cross‐sectional study in primary health care

Pain-related characteristics CMP patients Univariable analyses Multivariable analyses
n (%) OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Number of pain site g mean (SD) 3.5 (2.3)     
 0–2 208 (40.2) 1.0   1.0  
 3–5 214 (41.4) 2.5 1.7, 3.8 1.6 0.9, 2.7
 6–8 73 (14.1) 9.0 4.7, 17.3 2.0 0.7, 5.7
 9–12 21 (4.1) 12.1 3.4, 42.9 1.5 0.2, 10.9
Pain sites a mean (%)
 Head/neck/shoulder 87 (16.8) 4.4 2.6, 7.6 1.7 0.8, 3.7
 Chest/abdomen 176 (34.0) 4.5 1.3, 15.9 2.9 0.6, 13.8
 Elbow/hand 16 (3.1) 1.4 0.9, 2.0   
 Upper back 134 (25.9) 2.0 1.4, 3.1 0.8 0.5, 1.5
 Lower back 235 (45.5) 2.1 1.5, 3.0 1.3 0.8, 2.1
 Hip/thigh/Knee/ankle/foot 39 (7.5) 3.1 1.5, 6.6 1.2 0.4, 4.4
Current pain intensity b mean (SD)
 0–2 No to little pain 238 (46.0) 1.0   1.0  
 3–5 Low to moderate 195 (37.7) 3.9 2.6, 5.8 0.9 0.6, 1.0
 6–8 Severe 73 (14.1) 8.5 4.5, 16.1 1.1 0.6, 13.4
 9–10 Very severe to worst pain ever experienced 3 (0.6) 4.6 0.4, 51.1 0.7 0.4, 36.3
Pain more than 6 months c 420 (81.2) 3.9 2.3, 6.4 1.3 0.7, 2.6
Pain influence on everyday life mean (SD)
 General activityd 3.0 (2.6) 1.5 1.4, 1.6 1.1 0.9, 1.3
 Moodd 2.5 (2.6) 1.6 1.5, 1.8 1.3 1.1, 1.6
 Walking abilityd 1.6 (2.4) 1.4 1.2, 1.5 1.1 0.9, 1.2
 Normal working abillity b 2.7 (2.8) 1.5 1.3, 1.6 1.0 0.9, 1.2
 Relations with other peopleb 1.7 (2.4) 1.6 1.4, 1.8 0.8 0.6, 0.9
 Sleepe 2.9 (2.9) 1.5 1.4, 1.6 1.2 1.0, 1.3
 Enjoymente 2.4 (2.6) 1.7 1.5, 1.8 1.2 1.0, 1.5
  1. Numbers are n (%) unless otherwise stated; Bold indicates significant association between CP and pain related characteristics
  2. CMP Chronic musculoskeletal pain, SD Standard deviation
  3. Missing: an = 516; bn = 515; cn = 514; dn = 513; en = 512; fn = 509
  4. gMultiple response alternatives were allowed for occupational activity, analysed as individual variables