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Table 1 Radiographic parameters investigated in the current study with so far published reference values in children/adolescents

From: Is it possible to define reference values for radiographic parameters evaluating juvenile flatfoot deformity? A case-control study

Author Dorsoplantar Lateral
TC-dp TNC TMTIB Calc-MTV TMTI-dp Calc-P Costa-B TMTI-lat TC-lat
Davids [7] - 20° ± 9.8° - - 10° ± 7° 17° ± 6° - 13° ±7.5° (1–35°) 49° ± 6.9°
Vanderwilde [8] - - - - 6° ± 7° - - 8° ±6° 39° ± 7°
DePellegrin [9] - - - - - 20–30° 120–125° - 15–20°
Hell[3] Newborn: 40° (25–55°) 20° ± 9.8° - 10° ± 7° - 120–125° newborn: 20° (9–31°)
8 years of age: 5° (10–18°)
40° (25–55°)
Bourdet [6] 35–40° - - 5–30° - 15–20° - 0–10° -
Benedetti [4] inconsistent 0° ± 4° - - - - 120–125° 0° ± 4° inconsistent