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Table 2 Comparison of statistic data for major results after operation among the three groups

From: External fixator combined with three different fixation methods of fibula for treatment of extra-articular open fractures of distal tibia and fibula: a retrospective study

Group Patients (n) Operation Time(min) Blood Loss (ml) Costs* (1000 $) Imageological healing time of fracture(months) Complications Ankle function excellent and good rates(%)
Fracture union, n Infection, n
Delayed union Non-union Total Wound infection Pin tract infection Total
A 33 142.27 ± 47.05 177.27 ± 134.68 6.48 ± 1.11 6.90 ± 1.33 6 7 13 2 2 4 69.70%(23/33)
B 29 184.00 ± 48.56a 206.21 ± 112.48 9.37 ± 2.16a 6.70 ± 1.12 7 4 11 4 3 7 72.41%(21/29)
C 25 114.92 ± 36.09ab 157.60 ± 72.98 5.24 ± 1.21ab 5.67 ± 1.42ab 1 1 2ab 1 2 3 84.00%(21/25)
P <0.05 >0.05 <0.05 <0.05 <0.05 >0.05 >0.05 >0.05 >0.05
  1. Group A: simple external fixator fixation
  2. Group B: external fixator combined with plate-screw osteosynthesis
  3. Group C: external fixator combined with k-wire intramedullary fixation
  4. Costs*: include surgical costs and implants costs such as external fixator, steel plate, screws and kirschner wire
  5. aP<0.05 compared with Group A
  6. bP<0.05 compared with Group B