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Table 2 Mean and SD for the Balanced Measures in three groups

From: Modeling the effect of static stretching and strengthening exercise in lengthened position on balance in low back pain subject with shortened hamstring: a randomized controlled clinical trial

Position Phase Static stretching Strengthening Control
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Right ANT Pre 81.27 (13.77) 81.33 (10.06) 79.27 (9.16)
Post 85.60 (12.24) 84.20 (11.69) 84.0 (11.16)
  MD (95% CI) 4.33 (0.49 to 8.17) 2.86 (− 0.42 to 6.15) 4.73 (− 0.38 to 9.85)
Right PL Pre 77.40 (16.48) 77.13 (9.41) 70.40 (16.46)
Post 85.80 (14.91) 85.07 (14.18) 77.53 (15.49)
  MD (95% CI) 8.40 (0.96 to 15.83) 7.93 (0.17 to 15.69) 7.13 (1.5 to 12.73)
Right PM Pre 72.93 (17.37) 70.53 (16.38) 67.40 (12.87)
Post 82.13 (15.20) 79.87 (16.83) 74.13 (15.75)
  MD (95% CI) 9.20 (5.11 to 13.28) 9.33 (3.31 to 15.35) 6.73(−1.5 to 14.94)
Left ANT Pre 81.53 (13.30) 79.47 (12.56) 79.80 (7.38)
Post 86.00 (13.55) 83.27 (13.58) 85.13 (10.16)
  MD (95% CI) 4.46 (1.54 to 7.38) 3.80 (0.62 to 6.97) 5.33 (0.51 to 10.15)
Left PL Pre 80.20 (15.95) 77.53 (17.23) 75.33 (13.14)
Post 86.00 (15.78) 86.26 (17.16) 81.00 (15.33)
  MD (95% CI) 5.80 (2.54 to 9.05) 8.73 (2.68 to 14.73) 5.66 (0.56 to 10.76)
Left PM Pre 71.27 (17.04) 69.00 (17.84) 67.33 (13.65)
Post 77.87 (16.65) 77.53 (16.41) 75.66 (17.41)
  MD (95% CI) 6.60 (2.44 to 10.75) 8.53 (3.30 to 13.76) 8.33 (5.17 to 10.46)
  1. Mean (SD) was reported/ MD (95% CI): Mean difference and 95% confidence interval