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Table 1 mean and SD (approximated values) of absolute data measured on at the whole bone and at the gap level for the three groups. Anova and post-hoc test show where there was a significant difference.

From: Variable fixation promotes callus formation: an experimental study on transverse tibial osteotomies stabilized with locking plates

Whole bone LS VFLS3 VFLS6 Anova Post-hoc
Callus volume [ccm] 8.9 ± 1.6 12.5 ± 3.5 17.1 ± 5.1 p = 0.0056 VFLS6/LS (p = 0.0042)
Callus density [mgHA/ccm] 728 ± 32 748 ± 38 675 ± 17 p = 0.0025 VFLS6/LS (p = 0.022)
VFLS6/VFLS3 (p = 0.0024)
Trans callus volume [ccm] 5.1 ± 1.5 6.2 ± 2.3 7.1 ± 1.8 p = 0.200 n.a.
Cis callus volume [ccm] 3.8 ± 0.5 6.2 ± 1.7 9.9 ± 4.0 p = 0.0027 VFLS6/LS (p = 0.0020)
GAP LS VFLS3 VFLS6 Anova Post-hoc
Callus volume [ccm] 6.0 ± 1.1 6.8 ± 1.3 9.3 ± 2.3 p = 0.0087 VFLS6/LS (p = 0.0089)
VFLS6/VFLS3 (p = 0.0045)
Callus density [mgHA/ccm] 717 ± 34 730.8 ± 44.9 647.1 ± 20.5 p = 0.0016 VFLS6/LS (p = 0.0083)
VFLS6/VFLS3 (p = 0.0021)
Trans callus volume [ccm] 3.7 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.1 4.4 ± 1.3 p = 0.529 n.a.
Cis callus volume [ccm] 2.3 ± 0.3 3.0 ± 0.6 4.9 ± 1.3 p = 0.0003 VFLS6/LS (p = 0.0003)
VFLS6/VFLS3 (p = 0.0044)