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Table 2 Association between β-carotene intake and risk of fracture under the Bayesian meta-analysis

From: Effects of β-carotene intake on the risk of fracture: a Bayesian meta-analysis

Subgroup No. of studies RR (95% CrI) Probability (%) that the RR is:
≤ 1.0 ≤ 0.9 ≤ 0.8
Overall studies 9 0.67 (0.51, 0.82) 1.00 0.99 0.95
Hip fracture 6 0.63 (0.44, 0.82) 0.99 0.99 0.95
By study design
 Case-control studies 3 0.55 (0.14, 0.96) 0.95 0.92 0.88
 Cohort studies 6 0.82 (0.58, 0.99) 0.92 0.77 0.45
By Geographic region
 US 3 0.86 (0.35, 1.37) 0.75 0.62 0.46
 Europe 3 0.91 (0.75, 1.00) 0.91 0.44 0.10
 China/ Singapore 3 0.58 (0.28, 0.89) 0.97 0.95 0.91
By Sex
 Females 8 0.76 (0.44, 1.07) 0.92 0.83 0.66
 Males 6 0.88 (0.73, 0.99) 0.91 0.85 0.75
  1. Abreviation: RR risk ratio, 95% CrI 95% credible interval