Skip to main content

Table 4 Overall mean (SD) shoulder movement in degrees by hand dominance

From: Shoulder range of movement in the general population: age and gender stratified normative data using a community-based cohort

  Right hand (n = 2125) Left hand (n = 257)
Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Range Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Range
Left shoulder flexion 158.1 (18.3)* 160.0 (150–170) 0–180 161.9 (17.4)* 166.0 (150–177) 60–180
Right shoulder flexion 159.8 (18.7)* 162.0 (150–172) 10–180 161.7 (21.0)* 166.0 (154–176) 0–180
Left shoulder abduction 148.4 (20.6) 152.0 (140–160) 0–180 151.1 (16.5) 150.0 (140–162) 70–180
Right shoulder abduction 150.6 (20.1) 154.0 (140–164) 0–180 151.1 (20.9) 156.0 (140–164) 0–180
Left shoulder external rotation 56.4 (18.0)* 55.0 (45–57) 0–90 58.2 (17.1)* 60.0 (45–75) 10–90
Right shoulder external rotation 58.8 (17.8) 60.0 (45–75) 0–90 58.4 (17.7) 60.0 (45–75) 0–90
  1. *Statistically significant difference in active range between those who are right and left handed, Mann-Whitney U test, p < 0.05