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Table 2 Mean (SD), median (IQR) and range of active shoulder abduction in degrees for males and females by five-year age groups

From: Shoulder range of movement in the general population: age and gender stratified normative data using a community-based cohort

   Left shoulder Right shoulder
Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Range Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Range
All participants Male (n = 1237) 149.7 (20.3) 152.0 (140–162) 0–180 151.5 (20.1) 156.0 (142–164) 0–180
Female (n = 1167) 147.7 (20.0) 150.0 (140–160) 22–180 149.7 (20.3) 152.0 (140–162) 0–180
20–24 years Male (n = 97) 158.8 (21.7) 162.3 (154–172) 90–180 158.4 (25.0) 164.0 (160–172) 78–180
  Female (n = 99) 156.0 (13.8) 158.0 (140–168) 126–174 156.4 (12.1) 160.0 (150–166) 128–170
25–29 years Male (n = 170) 153.4 (14.0) 153.4 (142–164) 122–180 154.1 (13.6) 160.0 (143–164) 124–180
  Female (n = 119) 155.2 (13.3) 150.0 (146–164) 124–180 157.3 (15.3) 158.4 (150–169) 120–180
30–34 years Male (n = 146) 156.1 (14.2) 160.0 (150–164) 100–178 157.0 (15.7) 160.0 (152–166) 90–180
  Female (n = 145) 155.9 (12.9) 158.0 (150–160) 110–180 156.0 (12.7) 156.0 (150–165) 100–180
35–39 years Male (n = 131) 153.4 (20.7) 158.0 (148–165) 50–180 155.1 (21.3) 160.0 (150–166) 40–180
  Female (n = 122) 156.4 (13.0) 158.0 (150–166) 100–180 158.8 (12.3) 160.0 (150–168) 120–180
40–44 years Male (n = 140) 151.6 (16.2) 154.0 (144–160) 82–180 154.9 (14.3) 158.0 (146–166) 100–180
  Female (n = 125) 152.5 (15.1) 154.0 (142–163) 98–180 154.9 (15.4) 158.0 (148–164) 66–180
45–49 years Male (n = 113) 152.4 (14.1) 154.0 (148–161) 78–180 154.5 (14.0) 156.0 (148–164) 104–180
  Female (n = 105) 148.5 (14.5) 150.0 (140–160) 90–180 151.1 (14.9) 152.0 (140–160) 100–180
50–54 years Male (n = 94) 154.6 (16.2) 160.0 (150–164) 74–180 158.1 (15.9) 160.0 (154–166) 60–180
  Female (n = 89) 149.3 (15.0) 150.0 (142–158) 90–180 151.4 (16.9) 154.0 (141–161) 76–180
55–59 years Male (n = 86) 146.5 (19.2) 150.0 (138–160) 60–179 148.6 (18.8) 150.0 (140–160) 60–180
  Female (n = 86) 146.2 (14.7) 148.0 (138–157) 100–180 149.6 (13.7) 150.0 (140–160) 110–176
60–64 years Male (n = 58) 145.0 (18.9) 148.0 (140–154) 76–180 145.9 (18.1) 148.0 (139–159) 74–180
  Female (n = 55) 138.2 (23.5) 142.0 (130–154) 32–173 138.8 (26.5) 142.0 (130–155) 20–180
65–69 years Male (n = 62) 135.7 (28.4) 140.0 (130–154) 0–170 137.5 (28.9) 142.0 (130–153) 0–180
  Female (n = 61) 140.5 (19.3) 142.0 (132–151) 70–176 142.6 (17.7) 144.0 (135–155) 72–175
70–74 years Male (n = 49) 134.8 (27.4) 141.6 (130–152) 0–174 137.2 (21.7) 141.3 (127–153) 52–174
  Female (n = 54) 131.8 (22.9) 138.0 (120–150) 22–170 132.7 (30.9) 141.8 (120–152) 0–172
75–79 years Male (n = 52) 134.2 (17.3) 138.0 (123–147) 70–164 136.4 (18.1) 140.0 (128–150) 70–178
  Female (n = 46) 127.8 (23.5) 130.0 (120–142) 32–170 133.3 (26.2) 140.0 (128–150) 36–165
80–84 years Male (n = 31) 125.0 (27.1) 129.0 (118–144) 30–178 130.5 (22.8) 132.0 (120–150) 78–180
  Female (n = 51) 115.0 (28.7) 121.2 (90–135) 32–166 120.9 (26.5) 124.5 (100–140) 40–164
85 years and over Male (n = 10) 119.7 (22.2) 121.7 (100–139) 80–160 118.9 (23.4) 111.9 (100–144) 80–160
Female (n = 10) 118.9 (28.8) 112.0 (100–152) 80–160 119.5 (35.3) 120.0 (105–158) 60–160